Thomas Goodenow of Sudbury

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Thomas Goodenow

Birthdate: (48)
Birthplace: Donhead, St. Andrew, Wiltshire, England
Death: September 29, 1666 (44-52)
Place of Burial: Marlborough, Middlesex, MA
Immediate Family:

Son of Thomas Goodynow of Donhead; NN Goodnow; Ursula Haynes Goodenow and NN Goodnow
Husband of Jane Goodnow and Jane Goodenow
Father of Susanna Miles / Rediat; Thomas Goodenow, Jr.; Elizabeth Goodenow; Nathaniel Goodenow; Mary Ross and 5 others
Brother of Ward Goodenow; Ralph Goodenow; John Goodenow; Simon Goodenow; Capt. Edmund Goodenow and 3 others

Occupation: Emigrated on the ship "Confidence, " 1638, Listed as planned to sail with his family in 1638 with 110
Managed by: Private User
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About Thomas Goodenow of Sudbury

Thomas Goodenow

  • Birth: Dec 20 1617 - of Donhead, St. Andrew, Wiltshire, England
  • Parents: Thomas Goodenow-Goodynow, Ursula Haynes
  • Wife: Joanna, Jane Ruddick
  • Death: Sep 29 1666 - Marlboro, Middlesex, Massachusetts

"Five members of the Goodenowe family came to America from the south of England in 1638. Three brothers, John, Thomas, and Edmund, and their sisters, Ursula and Dorothy. The brothers had lived nearby each other in England: John in Semley, Thomas in Shaftsbury, and Edmund in Dunhead, in the neighboring shires of Dorset and Wilts.

In 1638, they sailed from Southampton to Boston aboard the 200 ton ship Confidence. Shortly after their arrival, they joined others to settle the 19th town in Massachusetts. To this day the name is well known there, and the Goodenow Library stands as a tribute to the descendant of the line of Edmund Goodenow.

The oldest brother, John, had only daughters, thus ending the name in his line. Edmund, the youngest, was by far the most distinguished of the three, being prominent in Sudbury town affairs all his life. His death in 1688 is still commemorated by an ancient tombstone in the old Sudbury Cemetery in Wayland, Massachusetts. Three grandsons by his son John, has sizable families are are the ancestors of about half the families in America today.

The remaining brother, Thomas, stayed in Sudbury until 1656, when he joined a group that pushed westward to settle the town of Marlborough, Massachusetts. The name is well known in that area from the loss of one of his granddaughters. On the highway west of town stands a marker in memory of Mary Goodenow.

Edmund's descendents remained in Sudbury for many generations; those of the family in eastern Massachusetts today are largely descended from his line. Abraham, of the 8th generation, was the first of his line to migrate westward, about 1795, finally settling in what is today Tioga County, New York. The first of our ancestors to be buried in Appalachin, Tioga County, is Chauncey Goodenow. This is a mere seven or eight miles west of Endicott, New York on the banks of the Susquahanna River.

As the families pushed westward, they left behind them an interesting heritage. Goodenow Mountain and Goodenow River in the Adirondacks, Goodenow, Illinois and Goodenow Hills in Washington stand as mute evidence of the advance of this family. A Goodenow founded Maquoketa, Iowa and another founded Kansas State University in Manhattan, Kansas. Some were prominent, but most were just plain common folks." (Donald B. Goodenow,, location of the Immigrant Ships Transcribers' Guild page for the Confidence, 1638)


  • Nellie Palmer George Genealogy: As with so many of the early colonies during the Indian warfare, Sudbury was, as well, beseiged by Indian attack. Thomas's grand daughter was yet another victim. She and a Mrs. Fay, while gathering herbs in a meadow, were surprised by a party of 24 Indinans. Mrs. Fay succeeded in making it to the fort, however, Mary Goodnow, who was a cripple, could not escape. She was scalped and her body found within sight of the garrison. A company marched in pursuit--found the Indians--as well as little Mary Goodnow's scalp.
  • Thomas Goodenow 1 was born on 20 Dec 1617 in Of Donhead, St. Andrew, Wiltshire, England. He was christened on 20 Dec 1617 in Dunhead, St Andrews, Wiltshire, England. He died on 29 Sep 1666 in Marlboro, Middlesex, Massachusetts. He was buried on 5 Oct 1666 in Marlborough, Middlesex, Massachusetts. He married Jane Ruddick about 1630/1636 in Shaftsbury, Dorsetshire, England.
  • Of Shaftesbury, Dorset, England. Sudbury. Freeman 1643; one of the grantees of Marlborough (Farmer, p. 124). He arrived 24 April 1638 on the Confidence from Northampton to Boston with his wife Jane, his son Thomas, and his sister Ursula. Also on board were his brother John Goodenow, aged 42, his wife Jane and his daughters Lydia and Jane; his brother Edmund, aged 27, his wife Ann, and sons John and Thomas.
  • in Ship "Confidence"||Massachusetts Bay Colony||
  • There is some question about a first marriage to Joanna ______ and whether Nathaniel, a child born in England belonged to Jane or Joanna. In the CONFIDENCE he was accompanied by his wife, Jane, son Thomas, one year, and sisters, Ursula and Dorothy. Some believe the latter was Dorothy Ruddick, married

to John Ruddick, brother of Jane.

  • Thomas, 1608, a Proprietor of Sudbury, was living there in 1638. He petitioned for, and became an early settler of Marlboro, MA, his house lot being next to that of Joseph Rice.
  • He was a Selectman of Marlboro in 1661-1662 and 1664. He was also Guard of the fence, commissioned to build a bridge across the Sudbury River, surveyor of ye Highway, Marlboro. In 1656 voted 32 acres.
  • He bequeathed to two daughters, Susanna and Jane; his "loving yoak fellow Joane Goodenow"; to every one of his grandchildren ,"a shepe", ten years after his decease; to his two married daughters, Marie and Abigail, and son, Samuel. His wife and son Samuel were executors and "my two brothers John Rudduck and Edmund Goodenow and old Brother Ward my three loving friends" were overseers.
  • A Thomas Goodenow, returned to England in 1655 and brought Nathaniel Goodenow, age 16, over in the SPEEDWELL from London in 1656. Some believe Nathaniel was more likely the son of Nathaniel, Thomas's brother, who remained in England. What is known is that boys went to live with relatives in Sudbury after


Sources: LDS Archive Records, Stearns, New Hampshire Genealogies, Savage, Genealogical Dictionary, Hudson, History of Sudbury, 1889.

Became a freeman in 1643. Came to New England at the age of 30 with wife Jane and son Thomas age 1 year and sister Ursula who died Feb 23 16.. they came on the ship Confidence April 11, 1638 and settled in Sudbury. He was a proprietor 1639 , a selectman 1639 and then moved to Marlborough.

Also on the Confidence was his brother Edmund age 27 and his wife Anne and children John age 42 and his wife Jane and children

view all 23

Thomas Goodenow of Sudbury's Timeline

December 20, 1617
Donhead, St. Andrew, Wiltshire, England
December 20, 1617
Dunhead, Wiltshire, England
December 20, 1617
Dunhead, St Andrews, Wiltshire, England
December 20, 1617
Dunhead, St Andrews, Wiltshire, England
November 25, 1631
Age 13
St. James,Shaftesbury,Wiltshire,England
Age 14
Age 20
Shaftsbury, Wiltshire, , England
August 25, 1640
Age 22
Sudbury, Massachusetts Bay Colony
March 11, 1642
Age 24
Sudbury, Middlesex, Massachusetts