Historical records matching Thomas Hunt Morgan, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1933
About Thomas Hunt Morgan, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1933
Thomas Hunt Morgan was an American evolutionary biologist, geneticist, embryologist, and science author who won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1933 for discoveries elucidating the role that the chromosome plays in heredity.
Morgan received his Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins University in zoology in 1890 and researched embryology during his tenure at Bryn Mawr. Following the rediscovery of Mendelian inheritance in 1900, Morgan's research moved to the study of mutation in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. In his famous Fly Room at Columbia University, Morgan demonstrated that genes are carried on chromosomes and are the mechanical basis of heredity. These discoveries formed the basis of the modern science of genetics.
During his distinguished career, Morgan wrote 22 books and 370 scientific papers. As a result of his work, Drosophila became a major model organism in contemporary genetics. The Division of Biology which he established at the California Institute of Technology has produced seven Nobel Prize winners.
- Waterston, Charles D; Macmillan Shearer, A (July 2006). Biographical index of former fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 1783-2002: Biographical Index. II. Edinburgh: The Royal Society of Edinburgh. ISBN 978-0-902198-84-5. page 667
Thomas Hunt Morgan, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1933's Timeline
September 25, 1866
Lexington, Fayette County, Kentucky, United States
February 22, 1906
June 25, 1907
January 5, 1910
August 20, 1911
New Bedford, MA, USA
December 4, 1945
Pasadena, Los Angeles County, California, United States
Johns Hopkins, PhD