Thomas Lindley, II

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Thomas Lindley, II

Birthdate: (75)
Birthplace: County Wicklow, Leinster, Ireland
Death: September 14, 1781 (75)
Lindley's Mill, Orange County, Norfth Carolina, United States (Killed, likely in the defense of his home during the American Revolutionary War)
Place of Burial: Snow Camp, Alamance County, North Carolina, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of James Lindley, "The Immigrant" and Eleanor Jones
Husband of Ruth Lindley (Hadley)
Father of Katheren Morrison; Captain James L Lindley; Simon Lindley; Thomas Lindley, II; William Lindley, Sr. and 6 others
Brother of Rachel Lindley; James Lindley; Robert Lindley; William Lindley; Elizabeth Barnes and 7 others
Half brother of Sarah Jane Jones

Occupation: Military: Rev. Patriot
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Thomas Lindley, II

Birth: Feb. 25, 1706 - County Wicklow, Ireland

Death: Sep. 14, 1781 - Alamance County, North Carolina, USA

Died during the Revolutionary War on the day after the Battle of Lindley's Mill, which was fought adjacent to Thomas's mill.

Family links:


  • James Lindley (1681 - 1726)


  • Katheren Lindley White (1732 - 1811)*
  • Thomas Lindley (1740 - 1833)*
  • William Lindley (1742 - 1784)*
  • Ruth Lindley Hadley (1745 - 1798)*
  • Elanor Lindley Maris (1750 - 1783)*
  • Deborah Lindley Newlin (1755 - 1824)*
  • Jonathan Lindley (1756 - 1828)*


  • Ruth Hadley Lindley (1712 - 1785)

Note: Encyclopedia Quaker Genealogy Vol 1 pg 358-358, Birth Date, Death Date, Burial Location

Burial: Spring Monthly Meeting Cemetery, Snow Camp, Alamance County, North Carolina, USA

Maintained by: Pumbaa

Originally Created by: Greg Derylo

  • Record added: Apr 06, 2007
  • Find A Grave Memorial# 18791487

DIRECT LINE OF: Erla Butler Adams; Marcia Allenby; Paul Anderson (husb of Virginia Anderson); Don Harvey, Columbus IN; Tom Nash; Jackie Bohan, El Cajon, CA; Bill Walsh; Robert Brown, Carmel, IN; Helen Whitehill Lent ; Cindy Baker; Connie Bortsfield Bartlett; Susan Rubel; Tom Rosenberger; Bill Rust; Donald Grossman; Caroline Rober; Betty Honeycutt; Ann Williams;

  • !1 Exh, Hinshaw Vol I, Sub by Cheska Wheatley
  • 2. Marrs from data given me by Betty Harvey, her source unk to me.
  • 3. marr date Sources: Notes on the Quaker Hadley Family by Chalmers Hadley - 1916 A Hadley Genalogy (Vol I) edited by Curtis Healton - 1974 "Ancestory of Simon Hadley the Immigrant & some of his descendants. Encyc of Amer Quaker Gen, Vol I, Cane Creek MM, Orange Co. NC, Hinshaw Quaker Marriage Certificates, New Garden MM, Chester Co., Pa, 1704-1799, by Gwen Bjorkman . - all submitted to me by Linda Roholt
  • 4. This begins Linda Roholt's line.
  • 5. b & d date, marr from: "A Hadley Genealogy" Vol I, pub by the Hadley Genealogical Soc. of So. Calif.; 1974, page 26

Thomas Lindley served as a member of the Provincial Assembly in PA. In 1753, he and his wife Ruth moved to the Cane Creek area of north-central NC, where they were soon joined by Ruth's brother Joshua and sister Hannah and their families. They were among the early mbrs of Cane Creek Mtg; and later were among the organizers of Spring Mtg, est in 1773 about six miles east of the Cane Creek Mtg. Thomas donated six acres of the land to the Spring Mtg.

In the early records of Orange Co., NC, is found this agreement:--"Hugh Laughlin, Planter, on the one part, and Thomas Lindley, Planter, on the other, have agreed to become partners and in joint company to erect and build a water grist mill on Cane Creek, on the south side of Haw River. The water to be taken out of that land owned by Hugh Laughlin and the mill to be built on that part owned by Thomas Lindley, 3 3/4 acres. Sept. Court 1755"

From a history of Hillsboro, Orange Co. NC, 1750-1952, by Lefler and Wager:-- "In September 1756 Thomas Lindley engaged, by contract, Hugh Laughlin to build and put into opeation a grist mill on the banks of Cane Creek, which flows into the Haw River. Later, the Regulators took 39 barrels of flour from the Lindley Mill, located about 18 miles from Hillsboro , NC. He had the post office in his home, know as Lindley's Store. He died the same day the Battle of Lindley Mill was fought, probably in defense of his home, Sept 14, 1781.

His family helped to care for the wounded and buried the dead in the church yard, Tories and Whigs alike. The mill building was torn down in 1875 ."

His will dated 3-15-1780, was probated in Aug 1782. (Book A, P 252, Alamance Co.)

UPDATE: 1999-04-11

The following 176 entries were found in the "PREM" (pre-1968) and "LOCI " (post-1968) files.... 86. 86-106102: Bradfield, Allen L. (Allen Lee), 1926- Thomas Lindley and Ruth Hadley : the wedding of Cindy's ancestral lines of Hadley and Lindley, her sixth great grandmother, Ruth Hadley and grandfather, Thomas Lindley : a brief account of their lives and times, including an analysis of what is currently known / Bridgeport? Ill.] :

  • A.L. Bradfield, 1979. i , 76 leaves ; 28 cm.
  • LC CALL NUMBER: CS71.L746 1979

Thomas Lindley was born in Kilconner, Carlow Co. Ireland on 25 February 1706. In 1713, at the age of 7, he immigrated to America with his parents , and settled in London Grove, Chester County. Pennsylvania - a Quaker settlement founded by William Penn.

The Quakers were very strict in their religious beliefs and conduct. Some aspects of the social life of the Irish Friends is described on page 227 of the book "Immigration of the Irish Quakers." At New Garden Monthly Meeting, 11 Mo. 31, 1729, London Grove, it was informed that "John C--- -n in Controversie with Thomas L---ly did through provecation Curse & Swear, and that ye sd L---ly Did use Scurrilous vain & unbecoming Language to John C---n. An acknowledgment from these offenders was accepted, but the privilege to sit in business meetings was withdrawn." On 2 Mo. 25, 17 30, "John C---n & Thomas L---ly was a fighting. The former was then disowned, while the latter expressing his sorrow was retained in membership."

At the age of 25, on 21 Oct, 1731, Thomas married Ruth Hadley, daughter of Simon and Ruth Keran Hadley. In the "Quaker Marriage certificates, New Garden Monthly Meeting, Chester Co. PA, 1704-1799", "Thomas Lindly son of James Lindly of London Grove in ye County of Chester in ye Province of Pensilvenia, Deceased, & Ruth Hadly Daughter of Simon Hadly of ye County of New Castle on Delaware . . . 21 , 10m, 1731 . . . at Newgarden Meeting house in ye County of Chester ..." Also present at wedding were Simon HADLY, Ruth HADLY, Elenor JONES, Joshua HADLY, James LINDLY, Deborah FRED, Hannah DIXSON, Mary JACKSON, Robt PARKE, Benja FRED, Abel PARKE , Thos PARKE junr, Robt LINDLY, and Jonathan PARKE.

Thomas Lindley had surveyed to him 480 acres on the Swalara River in Paxtang Township in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania in1733. He was the Justice of Peace of the Provincial Ear section then in Lancaster County, now Darphin and Lebonan County, Pennsylvania. This was stated in the Commissio n books in Office of the Secretary of the Commonwealth. He represented Lancaster County in the Pennsylvania Legislature from 1739 through 1743.

There is a deed at West Chester, Chester County, Pennsylvania, (book H, page 521) which states Thomas Lindley of London Grove, yeoman, and Ruth his wife, conveyed land to John Jackson, and is dated 13 February 1753. Because their daughter Deborah was born in North Carolina in the summer of 1753, it would seem quite certain that Thomas Lindley and his family moved to North Carolina during the early part of 1753. They settled at Cane Creek near Hillsboro, in Orange County. (This area is now in Alamance County, North Carolina.) Thomas and Ruth were among the early members of the Quaker's Cane Creek Meeting and were also among the organizers of the Spring Meeting, established in 1773. They donated 6 acres of land for the Spring Meeting and it is located about six miles to the east of the Cane Creek Meeting.

According to records, around 1751 Henry Holliday, Hugh Laughlin, and Thomas Lindley went together to the Cane Creek Valley to prepare to settle their families in that area at a later date. The three men selected adjoining tracts of land, all bordering on Cane Creek .

In 1755, Thomas Lindley and his friend and neighbor, Hugh Laughlin, formed a partnership and built a grist mill on Cane Creek. It was located on the south side of the Haw River, in Alamance County (then Orange County .) The water flowed from Laughlin's Land and the mill was constructed on 3 and 3/4 acres owned by Thomas Lindley. In the 1755 September Court, the partnership agreement was recorded in the records of the City of Hillsboro, North Carolina, and reads as follows: "Hugh Laughlin, Planter, on the one part, and Thomas Lindley, Planter, on the other, have agreed to be come partners and in joint company to erect and build a water grist mil l on Cane Creek, on the south side of Haw River. The water to be taken out of that land owned by Hugh Laughlin and the mill to be built on that part owned by Thomas Lindley, 3 and 3/4 acres. Sept Court 1755." This mill was located about 18 miles from Hillsboro, North Carolina .

From Vol. 3 of Land Grants of Granville District Pt. Rowan Co. NC #469 5 : On 22 Feb 1759 Thomas Lindley received 600 acres in the Parish of St . Matthew on the South Fork of Cane Creek and on the West Side of Haw River. This was witnessed by W Churton and Francis Green. It was entered on June 26, 1755 and surveyed on May 8 1756. SOC. Thomas Green, Wm. McFerson and W Churton Surveyor Plat and face of grant read "... A tract of land in Orange County" - back of grant reads "Rowan County"

Patent Book 14 lists another Grant received by Thomas Lindley (#4057 on p age 447). It states he received 356 acres in Orange County, North Carolina in the Parish of St Matthew on the South side of Cane Creek and on the North side of Haw Riber above the Piney Mountain, joining the sd Creek OR: /s/ Thomas Lindley Wits: William Reed, Alexr Mebane entered 26 April 1753 surveyed 26 Jun 1755 SOC: Jas Lindley, Jno Woody W Churton D S Plat reads "... Land Surveyed for " Alexr Meban"

In "The Battle of Lindley's Mill" written by Algie I. Newlin, the battle at the mill is described as one of the fiercest battles fought in Chatham County, North Carolina during the Revolutionary War. The mill had become a favorite rendezvous of Colonel Fanning and the Tories. (The Tories were colonists who remained loyal to King George III of England). The Whig Militia Force was seeking to release the captured Governor Thomas Burke, and the battle ended in a draw. As neither side actually won, after th e battle each accused the other of leaving the field first. The Battle o f Lindley's Mill closed the war in North Carolina, and a month later, Lor d Cornwallis surrendered the tattered remains of a once proud British Arm y at Yorktown. According to the "History of Hillsboro, Orange County, N orth Carolina," the Regulators took 39 barrels of flour from the Lindle y Mill on September 14, 1781. At this time Thomas Lindley had a store and post office in his home, known as the Lindley Store. On that same day during the Battle of Lindley Mill, Thomas Lindley was killed - most likely in defense of his home. His family helped care for the wounded and buried the dead - Tories and Whigs alike - in the church yard.

From "History of Snow Camp, North Carolina" by Juanita Owens Euliss, 1971 : After 1796, Mrs. Laughlin died and the Laughlin plantation was sold by the sons-in-law. Thomas Lindley [son of William], grandson of the firs t Thomas Lindley, bought the Laughlin half interest in the mill. The mill remained in the Lindley family until 1844. William Lindley sold it to Paris Benlow. Benlow sold it to John and Joshua Dixon in 1854 and it become known as the Lower Dixon Mill. After almost 30 years, the Dixon family sold it to W. Harrison, who sold it after 3 years to R L Sutphin in 1893. Son, Jonathan Thompson bought a half interest, rebuilt, and bought out Sutphin in 1893. The mill has been owned and remodeled by many others since. The book written by Algie I Newlin, "The Battle of Lindley Mill", states that the Lindley Mill building was torn down in 1875 and replaced by another building, which still stands. The Lindley's Mill is now known as Sutphen's Mill, but was known as Lindley's Mill for over 100 years.

Thomas Lindley was a very well known man and held in high esteem in his community. He, his wife, Ruth and several family members are buried in th e Spring Meeting Graveyard. There is a special grave marker on the grav e saying, "In memory of Thomas Lindley, 25-2, 1706, 14-9, 1781 . Ruth Hadley, 6-12, 1712, 4-12, 1785.

Thomas Lindley's will is recorded in Book A, page 252, in the clerk of the court's office in Hillsboro, North Carolina. The will is dated 15 March 1780, and was probated in August of 1782. It mentions his wife Ruth , and children Thomas, Ruth Hadley, William Lindly (son of William Lindly, deceased), Thomas Lindly (son of James Lindly, deceased).

[Brøderbund WFT Vol. 16, Ed. 1, Tree #0785 and Vol.16,File#0785.FTW]

"He was Quaker.

Thomas came from Ireland to PA in 1713 with his parents, when he was seven years old. It appears likely that Henry Holliday, Hugh Laughlin, and Thomas Lindley went together to the Cane Creek valley in NC to make the necessary preparations for settling there with their families at a later date. Prudence and a regard for the welfare of wives and children prompted this prospecting and preparatory expedition. There is little except the weight of reason to cause one to choose 1751 for this preliminary expedition rather than 1750. The three men selected adjoining tracts of land, all bordering on Cane Creek. Their houses, built less than a mile apart, must have been "raised" cooperatively. The boundary line between Hugh Laughlin's tract of land and that of Thomas Lindley struck Cane Creek at a natural setting for a mill. The common boundary line, as it struck the creek, left the mill site on the land of Thomas Lindley and the site of the dam on Hugh Laughlin's side on the line. At the time of traveling from PA to NC, child Elinor was a baby, only 5 or 6 months old. However, Katherine was eighteen and she and some of the other children were capable of helping their mother along the way. Thomas and Ruth founded Spring Mtg about 1751."

Date Revised: 27 Jan 2018 by Jane Smith

Thomas Lindley - Find A Grave

Thomas Lindley Sr - Family Search

Died during the Revolutionary War on the day after the Battle of Lindley's Mill, which was fought adjacent to Thomas's mill.

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Thomas Lindley, II's Timeline

February 25, 1706
County Wicklow, Leinster, Ireland
September 22, 1732
Age 26
London Grove, Chester County, Province of Pennsylvania
September 22, 1735
Age 29
London Grove Township, Chester County, Province of Pennsylvania
January 5, 1737
Age 30
London Grove, Chester, Pennsylvania, United States
August 7, 1740
Age 34
London Grove, Chester County, Province of Pennsylvania, (Present USA)
December 27, 1742
Age 36
London Grove, Chester County, Colony of Pennsylvania, British Colonial America
March 25, 1745
Age 39
London Grove, Chester County, Province of Pennsylvania
October 13, 1747
Age 41
London Grove, Chester, Pennsylvania, USA
September 15, 1750
Age 44
London Grove, Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States