About Sir Thomas Long, KB, MP
Thomas Long of Draycot
Sir Thomas Long of Draycot (c. 1451–1509) was an English politician.
Born in Wiltshire, the son of John Long and his wife Margaret Wayte, he succeeded to the Draycot estates on the death of his father on 20 September 1478, and inherited South Wraxall from his uncle Henry Long in 1490. Long was among the 'great compaignye of noble men' who went with Edward, Duke of Buckingham, in 1496 to meet the King at Taunton, then in pursuit of Perkin Warbeck. In 1501 he received a knighthood at the marriage of Henry VII's eldest son, Arthur, Prince of Wales, and he was also at the reception of Catherine of Aragon at Shaftesbury in October of that year.
Long was elected Member of Parliament for Westbury in 1491. He was appointed High Sheriff of Wiltshire in 1500 and again in 1506. He was present at the coronation of Henry VIII in 1509.
He married Margery, daughter of Sir George Darell, of Littlecote House, and had one daughter and seven sons, including Sir Richard Long (c.1494-1546)? and Sir Henry Long (c.1489-.1556).
Long died in 1509 and his remains are entombed in a 'rich gothique altar monument' (as described by John Aubrey) in the church of St James at Draycot, Wiltshire. Hanging above his tomb until recently, and authenticated by the British Museum, were his armour Haume (helmet) and gauntlets, dating from c.1490. These are now safely kept in the Devizes Museum in Wiltshire.
The present Charles, Prince of Wales is a descendant of Sir Thomas Long, as is Mark Phillips, the first husband of Anne, Princess Royal.
See also: Category:Long family of Wiltshire
- Inquisition Post Mortem: An Adventurous Jaunt Through a 500 Year History of the Courtiers, Clothiers and Parliamentarians of the Long Family of Wiltshire; Cheryl Nicol 2011
- Hand of Fate. The History of the Longs, Wellesleys and the Draycot Estate in Wiltshire. Tim Couzens 2001 ISBN 1 903341 72 6
- 1.^ Society in the Elizabethan Age — Hubert Hall 2003
- 2.^ The Lineage and Ancestry of H.R.H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales — Gerald Paget 1977
- A Political Index to the Histories of Great Britain & Ireland — Robert Beatson 1806
- The Gentleman's Magazine
- Burke's History of the Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland — John Burke 1838
- Historical account of the family of Long of Wiltshire (1889)
- I. Robert Long.
- II. Henry Long.
- II. John Long.
- III. Sir Thomas Long.
- IV. Sir Henry Long.
- III. Sir Thomas Long.
- But to return. Persons of the name of Long have been connected with the county of Wilts since the year 1254, and we conclude these persons were the originators of the family, but as some of the connecting links are missing, we will commence with the first known possessor of South Wraxall, viz. Robert Long, Esq. This gentleman was a justice of the peace in 1426, and M.P. for Wilts in 1433. Surely this is respectable enough, and the "good old times " seem to have commenced long after. Robert Long is stated to have married Alice, daughter of Reginald Popham, of North Bradley, Wilts, by whom he had issue three sons, Henry, John, and Reginald. In the 25th year of the reign of Henry VI., viz. in the year 1447, Henry was found to be his heir, and to be upwards of thirty years of age, while Thomas Wayte was found to be the heir of Margaret, his wife, and to be upwards of twenty-four years of age. This, therefore, seems conclusively to prove that Robert Long must have married a second time, and that this wife was Margaret, relict of Edward Wayte, of Draycot Cerne, and daughter of Philip Popham, of Berton Sacy, in Hampshire. This may account for the two coats of arms, one without, and the other with a crescent. It is supposed that this Robert Long was the original projector of the old Manor House. But there is no existing record to decide at what date the house was built, and the coats of arms are of no assistance, as they were put up long afterwards. We do not know more than we have mentioned about Robert Long, except that he was living in the year 1459, when he was mentioned in the
- Will of Robert Lord Hungerford, and that he left three sons, Henry, John, and Reginald.
- Before depositing this old squire in his grave, let us see if we can find out anything about the life of a squire ......
- Robert Long died after 1459, as he is mentioned as living in that year by Robert Lord Hungerford in his Will. He was probably buried at Wraxall, and was succeeded by his eldest son, Henry Long, Esq. This gentleman was Sheriff for Wilts in 1457, 1476, and 1483. He married three times. His first wife was Johanne, daughter of J. Ernleigh. She died in 1468. He married secondly Margaret, daughter of John Newburgh, of Lulworth, in Dorsetshire. He married thirdly, another Joan, who survived him, but her maiden name is not known. He had no children by either of his wives. He made his Will (see appendix) on the 1st day of May, 1490, and died October 20th, 1490. He lived and died a zealous Catholic. In his Will he "commends his soul to God the Father Almighty, the blessed Virgin Mary, and all Saints, and requests that his body be buried in the church of Wroxhall. Amongst other bequests are xxs. for vestments. There is a very ancient tomb still existing in Wraxall parish church, which is supposed to be the burying-place of the widow of Henry Long, Esq. The crimping cap shows that it is a widow, and the arms show that she was descended from a Berkeley and a Seymour. From existing records it is
- evident that a daughter of Thomas Berkeley and Elizabeth Seymer married a Long, as this is the only marriage on record, the dates of which will warrant the marriage. The tomb itself is supposed to have been erected by Sir Thomas Long, Knight, who inherited the estates of his uncle. This Sir Thomas was the eldest son and heir of John Long (the second son of Robert Long). He married Margaret Wayte, the daughter of his stepmother by a previous husband. She was the eventual heiress of Draycot, and thus the manor of Draycot was acquired "in jure uxoris," and Aubrey says it was held by petit serjeantie, viz. by being marshall at the king's coronation, which was the reason the Cernes, who held it prior to the Waytes, gave the Marshall's lock for their cognizance. Sir Thomas Long was sheriff in 1501, and was executor to Richard Lord St. Amand in 1508. He married Margery, daughter of Sir George Darell, of Littlecote, Wilts. Sir Thomas Long was one of the "Greate compaigny of noble menne," who went with Edward, Duke of Buckingham, in 1496, to meet King Henry VII. at Taunton, who was then engaged in the pursuit of Perkin Warbeck. In Aubrey's time there was a painted glass window representing this fact, but no trace of it now remains. Aubrey says he saw it himself, and as he died in the year 1700, on his way to Draycot, the date of its destruction may be conjectured nearly. This was during the reign of Hope Long, Esq., at the Manor House, and curious things are said to have happened in his time, which we shall refer to more at length in our biographies of the Longs. Sir Thomas Long was at the marriage of Prince Arthur, and was knighted then. He "lyes buried by the north wall of the chancell, under a rich Gothique alter monument of free-stone without inscription, his heaume and crest do yet hang up." Sir Thomas made his Will in 1510, and died in that year. He was succeeded by his son,
- Sir Henry Longe, Knight. This gentleman was sheriff for Wilts in 1512, 1526, 1537, and 1542; for Somerset in
- 1538, and for Dorset in 1539. He was M.P. for Wilts in 1552-53. He married first, Frideswide, daughter of Sir John Hungerford, of Down Ampney, great-grandson of the Lord Treasurer, by whom he had two sons and two daughters. The two sons died in infancy; his wife dying a few years after marriage. Sir Henry married secondly, Eleanor, daughter of Richard Wrottesley, of Wrottesley, in Staffordshire, relict of Edmund Leversedge, of Frome Selwood, Somersetshire, and by her, who died in 1543, he had six sons and three daughters. Sir Henry Longe was present at the siege of Boulogne, and also accompanied Henry VIII. to the Field of the Cloth of Gold. He was knighted for making a gallant charge at Therouenne, in Picardy, in the sight of Henry, when a new crest, consisting of a lion's head, with a man's hand in its mouth, was granted to him. His banner bears this motto, "Fortune soies heureux." It is supposed that Sir Henry did not improve or enlarge the Manor House, because there is no trace anywhere of these honours, and it is more than probable that if he had built anything at all, he would have caused his honours to be engraved thereon. The only trace of this gentleman's residence is some initials on a fireplace in one of the bedrooms, but which is thought to be the ancient parleure. On one side there is S. H. L. for Sir Henry Long, and on the other H. E,, linked together by a Gordian knot. This is for Henry and Eleanor, his second wife. Sir Henry Longe died in 1556, and was buried at Draycot. He was succeeded by Sir Robert Longe, Knight, of Wraxall and Draycot. He was born in 1517, was sheriff for Wilts in 1575. He was also esquire of the body of King Henry VIII., and served at the siege of Boulogne. He married Barbara, daughter of Sir Edward Carne, of Wenny, Glamorganshire, and had four sons and one daughter. One of his sons (Henry) was murdered by Charles and Henry Danvers. Another son was named Jewell, after the famous Bishop of Sarum. He was buried at Box, and .....
- Sir Thomas Long of Draycot (Sheriff of Wiltshire)
- Born: ABT 1451
- Died: 1509
- Father: John LONG of Draycot
- Mother: Margaret WAYTE
- Married: Margery DARRELL (dau. of Sir George Darrell and Margaret Stourton)
- 1. Henry LONG (Sir) (See his Biography)
- 2. Richard LONG (Sir) (See his Biography)
- 3. Son LONG
- Born in Wiltshire, the son of John Long of Draycot Cerne and his wife Margaret Wayte who, according to the printed Long family pedigree, was his half-sister. There were three sons from this marriage. John Long, the son of Robert Long and Margaret Godfrey, he was elected Member of Parliament for Cricklade in 1442 and in 1449 was an Elector for Wiltshire.
- Thomas succeeded to the Draycot estates on the death of his father on 20 Sep 1478, and inherited South Wraxall from his uncle Henry Long of Wraxall (b. ABT 1417 - d. 3 May 1490).
- Henry Long was an English politician and lawyer, Member of Parliament for Old Sarum in 1535, and in 1442 for Devizes, for Wiltshire in 1449, 1453-4, and again 1472-5. He served on various commissions between 1450 and 1488 and was High Sheriff of Wiltshire in 1456, 1475, and 1482-3. In Shakespeare's play Richard III, the Sheriff, introduced in Act Five, Scene One, was Henry Long of Wraxall, who was Sheriff in the time of Richard III, in 1483. Long married three times; to Joan Ernle, Margaret Newburgh and Joan Malwyn. He inherited the manor of South Wraxall from his father, but having no issue, the manor devolved on his 'nephew Sir Thomas'.
- Long was among the 'great compaignye of noble men' who went with Edward, Duke of Buckingham, in 1496 to meet Henry VII at Taunton, then in pursuit of Perkin Warbeck. In 1501 he received a knighthood at the marriage of Henry VII's eldest son, Arthur, Prince of Wales, and he was also at the reception of Catalina de Aragon at Shaftesbury in Oct of that year.
- Long was elected Member of Parliament for Westbury in 1491. He was appointed High Sheriff of Wiltshire in 1500 and again in 1506. He was present at the coronation of Henry VIII in 1509.
- He married Margery, daughter of Sir George Darell, of Littlecote House, and had one daughter and seven sons, including Sir Richard Long and Sir Henry Long.
- Long died in 1509 and his remains are entombed in a 'rich gothique altar monument' (as described by John Aubrey) in the church of St James at Draycot, Wiltshire. Hanging above his tomb until recently, and authenticated by the British Museum, were his armour Haume (helmet) and gauntlets, dating from ABT 1490. These are now safely kept in the Devizes Museum in Wiltshire.
- For more information see: Long family of Wiltshire
- From: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/Bios/ThomasLong.htm
- Thomas Long1
- M, b. circa 1455
- Father John Long1 b. c 1420
- Mother Margaret Wayte1 b. c 1423
- Thomas Long was born circa 1455 at of Wraxall, Wiltshire, England.1 He married Margery Darell, daughter of Sir George Darrell, Sheriff of Wiltshire, Somersetshire, & Dorsetshire and Margaret Stourton, circa 1490.1 Thomas Long left a will in 1510.1
- Family Margery Darell b. c 1462
- Sir Richard Long1 d. 29 Sep 1546
- 1.[S61] Unknown author, Family Group Sheets, SLC Archives.
- From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p1931.htm#i58019
- Sir Thomas Longe1
- M, #193093, b. 1451, d. 1508
- Last Edited=24 May 2006
- Sir Thomas Longe was born in 1451 at Wiltshire, England.1 He was the son of John Longe and Margaret Wayte.1 He married Margery Darrell, daughter of Sir George Darrell and Margaret Stourton.1 He died in 1508 at Draycot, Wiltshire, England.1 He was buried in 1508 at St. James Church, Draycot, Wiltshire, England.1 His will was probated on 21 October 1508.1
- He succeeded to the Draycot and Wraxall estates from his father.1 He held the office of Sheriff of Wiltshire.1 He was invested as a Knight in 1501.1
- Children of Sir Thomas Longe and Margery Darrell
- 1.Reverend Thomas Longe1
- 2.William Longe1
- 3.Edward Longe1 d. a 1508
- 4.Joan Longe1
- 5.Robert Longe1 d. 1564
- 6.Sir Richard Long+1 b. 1474, d. 29 Sep 1546
- 7.John Longe1 b. c 1483
**8.Sir Henry Long+1 b. 1489, d. 1556
- 1.[S1381] Cheryl Nicol, "re: Long Family," e-mail message to Darryl Lundy, 5 July 2005 to 14 May 2006. Hereinafter cited as "re: Long Family."
- From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p19310.htm#i193093
- LONG, Sir Richard (by 1494-1546), of Southwark, Surr. and Shingay, Cambs.
- b. by 1494, 3rd s. of Sir Thomas Long of Draycot Cerne, and bro. of Sir Henry. m. settlement 10 Nov. 1541, Margaret, da. of John Donington of Stoke Newington, Mdx., wid. of Sir Thomas Kitson (d. 11 Sept. 1540) of London and Hengrave, Suff., 1s. 3da. Kntd. 18 Oct. 1537.2
- From: http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1509-1558/member/long-sir-richard-1494-1546
- LONG, Sir Henry (by 1487-1556), of Draycot Cerne, Wilts.
- b. by 1487, 1st s. of Sir Thomas Long of Draycot Cerne by Margery, da. of Sir George Darrell of Littlecote; bro. of Sir Richard. m. (1) Frideswide, da. of Sir John Hungerford of Down Ampney, Glos., 1s. 2da.; (2) by 1516, Eleanor, da. of Richard Wrottesley of Wrottesley, Staffs., wid. of Edmund Liversedge (d. 7 Sept. 1508) of Frome Selwood, Som., 5s. inc. John and Robert 2da. suc. fa. Sept./Oct. 1508. Kntd. 25 Sept. 1513.3
- From: http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1509-1558/member/long-sir-henry-1487-1556
- John Long of Draycot Cerne (c. 1419 – 20 September 1478) was an English politician.
- Born in Wiltshire, the son of Robert Long and Margaret Godfrey, he was elected Member of Parliament for Cricklade in 1442 and in 1449 was an Elector for Wiltshire. He died 20 September 1478 and is buried at Draycot Cerne, Wiltshire.
- He married Margaret Wayte who, according to the printed Long family pedigree, was his half-sister. There were three sons from this marriage including Sir Thomas Long of Draycot.
- From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Long_(politician)
- Sir Richard Long (ca. 1494 – 1546) was an English politician and courtier, for many years a member of the Privy Chamber of Henry VIII.
- Long was the third son of Sir Thomas Long of Draycot (ca. 1449–1508), Wiltshire landowner, and his wife, Margery (d. in or after 1508), daughter of Sir George Darrell of Littlecote House in Wiltshire.
- Long was among the retinue of Sir Gilbert Talbot in 1512, who went as deputy to Calais, and by 1515 he was one of the spears of Calais, a post that he seems to have held for the rest of his life. How he came to be appointed to the court is not clear, but Long was listed by the Treasurer of the Chamber as working in the stables in December 1528, and certainly by 1533 he was an esquire of the stable. He had come to the attention of Cromwell by this time, who, with the exception in times of war, arranged for him to be non-resident in Calais. In 1532 Cromwell received a letter from Long's brother, Henry, to thank him for his favour to Richard. In 1535 Long was appointed to the privy chamber as Gentleman Usher, possibly through the influence of Cromwell. He quickly rose in prominence, gaining the favour of the King.
- In 1537 he was knighted, on 15 October in the celebrations following the baptism of Prince Edward, in which he was one of the bearers of the canopy held over the infant in the baptismal procession, and the same day that his kinsman Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset was created earl of Hertford. In 1538 Long was appointed Master of the Buckhounds and Master of the Hawks. By 1539, he was a Gentleman of the Privy Chamber, and was present at the reception of Anne of Cleves, also in 1539. He was MP for Southwark the same year. Surviving the fall of his patron Cromwell, Long became a prominent servant of the government throughout the 1540s. He was one of the most senior members of the privy chamber during these years and his intimacy with the King made him a useful agent for secret and covert affairs.
- Arriving in January 1541 at Calais to put its affairs in order, Long was described by the French ambassador, Charles de Marillac, bishop of Vienne, as 'a person of authority and conduct' (LP Henry VIII, 16.466). On his return he was instructed to arrest Sir John Wallop, a diplomat suspected of colluding with Cardinal Pole. This was a sensitive mission, and its failure was blamed not on Long, but on his kinsman Hertford. Later that year he worked on various commissions and juries dealing with the treason of Catherine Howard.
- Making use of Long's military experience, the government appointed him governor of Guernsey, Alderney, and Sark in 1541, a post that he held until retirement due to illness in 1545, and in 1542 he was appointed captain of Kingston upon Hull with power to levy forces whenever occasion required, and with a place on the king's council of the north.
- In a letter written by Henry VIII, he referred to Long as 'our trusty & right well-beloved Councillor, Sir Richard Long, Knt'. In 1542 Long gave the King a gift of a pair of purple satin stockings 'embrauded all over with pirles of damask gold and damask silver', and the following year the King granted Long the manor of Shingay in Cambridgeshire.
- On 10 November 1541 he obtained the marriage settlement of Margaret Donnington, only daughter of John Donnington of Stoke Newington in Middlesex, and widow of Sir Thomas Kitson of Hengrave Hall, Suffolk. They had one son, Henry, to whom the King stood as godfather in 1544, and three daughters, Jane, Katherine and Mary. His granddaughter Elizabeth married William Russell, 1st Baron Russell of Thornhaugh.
- He received large grants of Abbey lands from Henry VIII, in Essex, Cambridge, Suffolk and elsewhere, and together with his marriage, meant that like his fellow courtiers Welsbourne and Walsh, he was a rich man at his death on 30 September 1546. His widow married John Bourchier, 2nd Earl of Bath, on 11 December 1548. She died on 20 December 1561 at Stoke Newington and was buried at Hengrave on 12 January 1562.
- From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sir_Richard_Long_(c.1494-1546)
- Sir Henry Long (ca. 1489—1556) was born in Wiltshire, eldest surviving son and heir of Sir Thomas Long of Draycot, landowner, of Draycot Cerne in Wiltshire, and his wife, Margery (d. in or after 1508), daughter of Sir George Darrell of Littlecote House in Wiltshire.
- Long was appointed High Sheriff of Wiltshire in 1512, 1526, 1536 and 1542, and High Sheriff of Somerset and Dorset in 1538. He replaced Sir Edward Darrell when the latter died as Member of Parliament for Wiltshire in 1532 and was re-elected in 1552. He was also Hereditary Bailiff of Charlton Wood and Keeper of Braden Forest, east of Malmesbury. Together with his brother Richard, he was present at the baptism of Prince Edward.
- He inherited the manor of Stock & Stockley from his father and later purchased the manor of South Wraxall. Long was at the Siege of Boulogne, having the command of 200 men, whom he raised for that expedition. His Captain was severely wounded in an unsuccessful attack on the castle, 1 September 1544. He also accompanied Henry VIII to the Field of the Cloth of Gold and was knighted for making a gallant charge at Therouenne at Picardy in the sight of the King, for which he was granted a new crest, consisting of a lions head with a man's hand in its mouth.
- Long's close relationship with Henry VIII paid dividends at the Dissolution of the Monasteries, with grants of land in Wiltshire; Lyneham and Littlecote in Hilmarton, together with the rectory, great tithes and advowson of the vicarage of Lyneham, all formerly belonging to Bradenstoke Priory. He leased the manor of Fasterne from Catherine Parr who, after the death of her husband Henry VIII, had re-married Sir Thomas Seymour, brother of Protector Somerset. The Protector coveted Fasterne, and negotiated with Sir Henry Long to resign his lease. When she heard of this, Catherine was highly indignant. She was not on good terms with the Protector, because he had declined to give her some valuable jewels which, as she maintained, King Henry had given her for her own. She vowed she would stop the Protector getting his hands on the Fasterne lease, and would go herself "tomorrow, Saturday, at three o’clock" to the young King Edward, and give full utterance to her feelings against the Protector, his uncle. But the formidable uncle-Protector of the realm was not to be meddled with. Whether she kept her promise, and how far she succeeded in getting the diamonds, is not clear, but Somerset succeeded in getting Fasterne. Sir Henry Long somewhat unwillingly parted with it for a sum of money and the office of Ranger of Braden Forest for his life.
- Long married firstly, Jane (or Frydeswyde), daughter of Sir John Hungerford and Margaret Blount. He married secondly, Eleanor, daughter of Sir Richard Wrottesley and Dorothy Sutton. He had several children with both his wives, including Sir Robert Long. Sir Henry Long died 8 October 1556 and is buried at Draycot in Wiltshire. His second wife died about 1543.
- From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sir_Henry_Long_(c.1489-.1556)
Sir Thomas Long, KB, MP's Timeline
Probably Draycot, Wiltshire, England
Probably Draycott, Wiltshire, England
Probably Draycot, Wiltshire, England
Wraxall, Wiltshire, England
Probably Draycot, Wiltshire, England
Probably Draycot, Wiltshire, England
Stoke Newington, Middlesex, England