Thomas Percy, 7th Earl of Northumberland
|Also Known As:||"7th Earl of Northumberland"|
|Death:||Died in York, UK|
|Cause of death:||Executed for treason-beheaded|
Son of Sir Thomas Percy and Eleanor Holland
|Occupation:||Order of the Garter; beatified by Leo XIII 13 May 1895|
|Managed by:||Carole (Erickson) Pomeroy, Vol. ...|
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Thomas Percy, 7th Earl of Northumberland
Blessed Thomas Percy, 7th Earl of Northumberland, 1st Baron Percy, KG (1528 – 22 August 1572), led the Rising of the North and was executed for treason. He was later beatified by the Catholic Church.
Percy was the eldest son of Sir Thomas Percy and Eleanor, daughter of Sir Guiscard Harbottal. He was the nephew of Henry Percy, 6th Earl of Northumberland, with whom Anne Boleyn had a romantic association before she became the wife of King Henry VIII.When Thomas was eight years old his father, Sir Thomas Percy, was executed at Tyburn (2 June 1537) for having taken a leading part in the Pilgrimage of Grace, and he also is considered a martyr by many. Thomas and his brother Henry were then removed from their mother's keeping and entrusted to Sir Thomas Tempest.
In 1549, when Thomas Percy came of age, an Act was passed "for the restitution in blood of Mr. Thomas Percy". Shortly afterwards he was knighted, and, three years later, in Queen Mary's reign, he regained his ancestral honours and lands. He was returned as Member of Parliament for Westmorland in the Parliament of England called in November 1554. Declared governor of Prudhoe Castle he besieged and took Scarborough Castle, which was seized by rebels in 1557. In reward he was granted the title of Earl of Northumberland and the Baronies of Percy, Poynings, Lucy, Bryan, and Fitzpane were restored to him, on 1 May 1557. He was installed at Whitehall with great pomp, and soon after was named Warden General of the Marches, in which capacity he fought and defeated the Scots.
On Elizabeth's accession the earl, whose loyalty to the Catholic Church was known, was kept in the North while the anti-Catholic measures of Elizabeth's first Parliament were passed. Elizabeth continued to show him favour, and in 1563 gave him the Order of the Garter. He had then resigned the wardenship and was living in the South. But the systematic persecution of the Catholics rendered their position most difficult, and in the autumn of 1569 the Catholic gentry in the North, stirred up by rumours of the approaching excommunication of Elizabeth, were planning to liberate Mary, Queen of Scots, and obtain liberty of worship. Earl Thomas with the Earl of Westmorland wrote to the pope asking for advice, but before their letter reached Rome circumstances hurried them into action against their better judgment.
In 1558 he married Anne Somerset, daughter of Henry Somerset, 2nd Earl of Worcester, by whom he had the following progeny:
- Thomas Percy, Baron Percy (d. 1560), predeceased his father
- Elizabeth Percy, wife of Richard Woodroffe of Woolley, son of Francis Woodroffe.
- Joan Percy, wife of Lord Henry Seymour, a younger son of Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset by his wife Anne Stanhope.
- Lucy Percy, wife of Edward Stanley of Tong Castle, the son of Sir Thomas Stanley by his wife Margaret Vernon
- Mary Percy (11 June 1570 - 1643), a nun, founder of Benedictine Dames in Brussels from which nearly all the existing houses of Benedictine nuns in England are descended.
After the Rising of the North failed, Thomas fled to Scotland, where he was captured by the Earl of Morton, one of the leading Scottish nobles. After three years, he was sold to the English Government for two thousand pounds. He was conducted to York and on 22 August 1572 was beheaded at a public execution, refusing an offer to save his life by renouncing Catholicism. His headless body was buried at the now demolished St Crux church in York.
His wife survived him, as did four daughters who were his co-heirs. As his only son had predeceased him without male issue, the earldom passed to his younger brother Henry Percy, 8th Earl of Northumberland.
He was beatified by Pope Leo XIII on 13 May 1895 and his festival was appointed to be observed in the Diocese of Hexham and Newcastle annually on 14 November.
- Thomas Percy, 7th Earl of Northumberland1
- M, #52365, b. 1528, d. 22 August 1572
- Father Sir Thomas Percy d. 2 Jun 1537
- Mother Eleanor Harbottle1 b. 1504, d. Apr 1567
- Thomas Percy, 7th Earl of Northumberland was born in 1528 at of Petworth, Sussex, England.1,2 He married Anne Somerset, daughter of Sir Henry Somerset, 2nd Earl Worcester, Constable of Bristol Castle and Elizabeth Browne, on 12 June 1558 at Raglan, Monmouthshire, England.2 Thomas Percy, 7th Earl of Northumberland died on 22 August 1572 at York, Yorkshire, England; Beheaded; age 44; d.s.p.m.s.2
- Family Anne Somerset b. c 1534, d. c 8 Sep 1591
- [S61] Unknown author, Family Group Sheets, Family History Archives, SLC.
- [S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. IX, p. 728-729.
- From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p1742.htm#i52365
- Thomas Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland
- M, #10457, b. 1528, d. 22 August 1572
- Last Edited=5 Jun 2015
- Thomas Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland was born in 1528.2 He was the son of Sir Thomas Percy and Eleanor Harbottle.2,3 He married Lady Anne Somerset, daughter of Henry Somerset, 2nd Earl of Worcester and Elizabeth Browne, on 12 June 1558.2 He died on 22 August 1572 at York, Yorkshire, England, beheaded.2
- He was invested as a Knight on 30 April 1557.2 He was created 1st Baron Percy [England] on 30 April 1557, with special remainder to his brother Henry.2 He held the office of High Marshal of the Army in the North in May 1557.2 He was created 1st Earl of Northumberland [England] on 1 May 1557, with special remainder to his brother Henry.2 He held the office of Constable of Richmond and Middleham Castles in July 1557.2 He held the office of Warden for the Eastern Marches in August 1557.2 He was joint commissioner to negotiate peace with the Scots in January 1557/58.2 In November 1569 he conspired with the 6th Earl of Westmorland to liberate Mary, Queen of Scots (under house arrest in England).2 He took Barnard Castle, County Durham and Hartlepool, but was forced by government troops to flee to Scotland.2 In 1571 he was attainted, but his 1557 titles were able to be inherited by his brother Henry.2 On 29 March 1572 he was extradited to England by the Regent Mar.2
- When beheaded for conspiring against Queen Elizabeth (avowing the Pope's supremacy, and affirming the realm to be in a state of schism, and those obedient to Elizabeth no better than heretics), his honours would have fallen under his attainder, but for the revisionary clause in favour of his brother.
- Children of Thomas Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland and Lady Anne Somerset
- Lady Elizabeth Percy2
- Lady Lucy Percy+4
- Lady Jane Percy2
- Lady Mary Percy2
- Thomas Percy, Baron Percy2 d. 1560
- [S3409] Caroline Maubois, "re: Penancoet Family," e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 2 December 2008. Hereinafter cited as "re: Penancoet Family."
- [S37] BP2003 volume 2, page 2941. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]
- [S8] BP1999 volume 2, page 2121. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S8]
- [S37] BP2003. [S37]
- From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p1046.htm#i10457
- Thomas PERCY (7º E. Northumberland)
- Born: 1528/34, Petworth, Sussex, England
- Died: 22 Aug 1572, York, Yorkshire
- Notes: See his Biography. http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/Bios/ThomasPercy(7ENorthumberland).htm
- Father: Thomas PERCY (Sir)
- Mother: Eleanor HARBOTTLE
- Married: Anne SOMERSET (C. Northumberland) 12 Jun 1558, Raglan, Monmouthshire, England
- 1. Elizabeth PERCY
- 2. Thomas PERCY (b. 1560 - d. 1560)
- 3. Lucy PERCY
- 4. Joan PERCY
- 5. Mary PERCY
- From: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/PERCY.htm#Thomas PERCY (7º E. Northumberland)
- Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 44
- Percy, Thomas (1528-1572) by Sidney Lee
- PERCY, THOMAS, seventh Earl of Northumberland (1528–1572), born in 1528, was elder son of Sir Thomas Percy, by his wife Eleanor, daughter of Guiscard Harbottal of Beamish, Durham. The father, a younger son of Henry Algernon Percy, fifth earl of Northumberland [q. v.], took a prominent part with his brother Ingelram in the Yorkshire rebellion of 1536 (the ‘Pilgrimage of Grace’), was attainted, and was executed at Tyburn on 2 June 1537, being buried in the Crutched Friars' Church, London. Thereupon his elder brother, Henry Algernon Percy, sixth earl [q. v.], fearing the effect of the attainder on the fortunes of the family, voluntarily surrendered his estates to the crown, and on his death, on 29 June 1537, the title fell into abeyance. Sir Thomas's widow married Sir Richard Holland of Denton, Lancashire, and died in 1567.
- Young Thomas and his brother Henry were entrusted, as boys, to the care of a Yorkshire squire, Sir Thomas Tempest of Tong Hall. They were restored in blood on 14 March 1549. Soon afterwards Thomas was permitted to inherit a little property destined for him by his uncle, the sixth earl. A catholic by conviction, he was favourably noticed by Queen Mary, who made him governor of Prudhoe Castle. In 1557 he displayed much courage in recapturing Scarborough, which had been seized by Sir Thomas Stafford, who was acting in collusion with the French. On 30 April 1557 he was knighted and created Baron Percy, and on the day following was promoted to the earldom of Northumberland, in consideration of ‘his noble descent, constancy, virtue, and value in arms, and other strong qualifications.’ Failing heirs male of his own, the title was to devolve on his brother Henry. A further portion of the estates attaching to the earldom was made over to him. A few weeks later he was nominated a member of the council of the north and high marshal of the army in the north.
- Other honours quickly followed. He was elected a member of Gray's Inn in June, and became bailiff of the liberty of Richmond (June 26), and chief keeper of Richmond forest, and constable of Richmond and Middleham castles (26 July). On 2 Aug. 1557 he was appointed joint lord-warden-general of the east and middle marches towards Scotland, and captain of Berwick, and a week later lord-warden-general of the middle marches (Tynedale and Riddesdale). The general protection of the borders from the raids of the Scots was thus entrusted to his care. He performed his duties with much vigilance, and in August 1558 he anticipated a project of the Scots for surprising Norham and Wark castles. In January 1558–9 he raised a thousand men to garrison Berwick against the threatened invasion of the French.
- His avowed catholic sympathies did not, however, commend him to Queen Elizabeth and her advisers. It is true that on her accession he was again nominated lord-warden-general of the east and middle marches, and was made lord-lieutenant of Northumberland, and, as chief commissioner to treat with Scotland respecting the boundaries of the two kingdoms, signed a treaty at Upsettington on 31 May 1559 (Rymer, Fœdera, xv. 472–4). But the borderers sent to London complaints of his rule: Ralph Sadler was ordered to inquire into the alleged grievances, and in his despatches expressed doubt of the wisdom or loyalty both of Northumberland and of his brother Henry. In 1560 the earl, smarting under Sadler's comments, resigned his office. Lord Grey, his wife's uncle, was appointed in his place. But Northumberland peremptorily refused to receive his successor at Alnwick Castle, and he raised objections when it was proposed in 1562 that he should invite the Queen of Scots there, so that she might have an interview in the castle with Queen Elizabeth. None the less he was elected K.G. on 22 April 1563. In 1565 Lord Burghley's agents reported that he was ‘dangerously obstinate in religion.’
- In 1567 he was exasperated by a claim preferred by the crown to a newly discovered copper-mine on his estate of Newland in Cumberland; the authorities ignored his demand for compensation.
- On 16 May 1568 Mary Queen of Scots landed at Workington in Cumberland, and was conducted by the deputy-warden of the marches, Sir Richard Lowther [q. v.], to Carlisle two days later. Northumberland asserted that the custody of the fugitive queen should by right be entrusted to him, as the chief magnate of the district. The council of the north seems to have given some recognition to his claim. Leaving his house at Topcliffe, he arrived at Carlisle, and was admitted to an interview with Mary Stuart. He expressed the fullest sympathy with her in her misfortunes. His friendly bearing was hotly resented by the government. Orders were at once sent from London that he should leave Carlisle forthwith. He obeyed with reluctance, and, meeting Sir Francis Knollys [q. v.], Queen Mary's new keeper, at Boroughbridge, bitterly complained that he had been treated with gross disrespect (Wright, Queen Elizabeth, i. 272–275).
- Northumberland's dissatisfaction with Elizabeth's government now reached a crisis. Simple-minded by nature, he had no political ambitions, but he was devoted to the religion of his fathers, and had inherited a strong sense of his own and his family's importance in the border country. Had no efforts been made to thwart the peaceful exercise of his family's traditional authority, he would doubtless have spent his life in the sports of hunting and hawking, which he loved, and in exchanging hospitalities with his neighbours. But the imprisonment of Queen Mary—a champion of his faith—in his neighbourhood, and the rejection of his pretensions to hold free communication with her, roused in him a spirit of rebellion which his catholic friends and neighbours, who avowedly hated protestant rule, fanned into flame. Emissaries from Spain were aware of the discontent with the government which was current among the northern catholics, and they entered into communication with Northumberland, and promised him the aid of Spanish troops if any widespread insurrection could be arranged. An army of Spaniards would be sent over by the Duke of Alva. During 1569 Vitelli, marques of Catena, arrived in London under pretence of conducting an embassy, in order to be in readiness to take the command of a Spanish force on its landing. Thus encouraged, Northumberland allied himself with Charles Neville, ninth earl of Westmorland [q. v.], and together they resolved to set Queen Mary free by force, and to restore the catholic religion. A benediction on the enterprise was pronounced by Pius V. The Earl of Sussex, president of the council of the north, was on friendly terms with both the earls, and in September 1569 sumptuously entertained them and their retainers. He soon saw grounds for suspecting their loyalty; but they had formulated no plan of campaign, and there were no open signs of coming trouble. At Sussex's suggestion, the two earls were suddenly summoned to London early in November 1569. Northumberland excused himself in a letter, in which he declared his fidelity to the crown (14 Nov.). But the ruse of the government created a panic among the conspirators, and hurried them prematurely into action. On 15 Nov. some soldiers arrived at Northumberland's house at Topcliffe, bearing orders for his arrest as a precautionary measure. He succeeded in eluding the troops, and joined Westmorland at his house at Brancepeth. There they set up their standard and issued a proclamation announcing their intention to restore the catholic religion, and inviting assistance. Another proclamation followed, promising the release of Queen Mary, who was in confinement at Tutbury. The earls and their retainers were immediately joined by many of the neighbouring gentry, and they soon found themselves at the head of a force of seventeen hundred horse and four thousand foot. The cavalry was a well-trained body; the infantry was an undisciplined rabble. The next day (16 Nov.) the rebels marched to Durham, where they destroyed the service-books and set up the mass in the minster. On the 17th they moved south to Darlington; between the 18th and the 20th Northumberland visited Richmond, Northallerton, and Boroughbridge, appealing to the inhabitants to join him. On the 20th the two earls, with the Countess of Northumberland, celebrated mass at Ripon.
- On Tuesday, 22 Nov., the whole body of rebels mustered under the two earls on Clifford Moor. Sir George Bowes, who had thrown himself into Barnard Castle, assembled an army in their rear, while Sir John Forster and Sir Henry Percy, Northumberland's brother, were collecting troops for the queen on the borders. The government published answers to the two earls' proclamation, and Northumberland was, with much ceremony, expelled at Windsor from the order of the Garter. From Clifford Moor the earls at first resolved to march on York, where the Earl of Sussex lay. But they suddenly changed their plans, and determined to besiege Bowes in Barnard Castle. Bowes held the fortress gallantly against them for eleven days, and then marched out with the honours of war and joined Sussex. In the meantime Sir John Forster and Sir Henry Percy pursued Westmorland, who had retired to Durham and ‘did give to the said earle a great skirmish.’ Northumberland withdrew to Topcliffe, and on 11 Dec. Sussex marched thither from York. As Sussex advanced to the north the two earls reunited their forces and retreated towards the borders. At Hexham on 16 Dec. they disbanded their followers, who dispersed ‘every man to save himself as he could’ (Stowe). The rising thus came, after a month, to a very impotent conclusion, and the government treated with the utmost rigour all the actors in it who fell into their hands.
- Northumberland and his wife, with Westmorland and his chief followers, arrived in Lidderdale and took refuge with Hector Graham of Harlaw, a robber-chieftain who infested the district. Thence Westmorland escaped to the Low Countries. But the Earl of Moray, the regent of Scotland, obtained from Graham of Harlaw, for a pecuniary consideration, the surrender of Northumberland, and in January 1570 he was carried to Edinburgh with seven of his adherents. At first he was not kept in custody, though a guard of the regent's men was set to watch his movements; but he was subsequently committed to the care of Sir William Douglas at Lochleven Castle. His wife remained on the borders, first at Ferniehurst, but subsequently at Hume Castle. She declined an offer of permission to join her husband at Edinburgh, on the ground that she might thus imperil her liberty and could be of greater assistance to her husband at a distance. She corresponded with sympathisers in the Low Countries, and made every effort to raise money in order to ransom her husband. In August 1570 she arrived at Antwerp. Philip II sent her six thousand marks and the pope four thousand crowns, and she and her friends devised a plan by which Northumberland might be sent into Flanders. But her energetic endeavours to purchase his liberty failed.
- The English government negotiated with the Scottish government for his surrender with greater effect. Neither the regent Moray nor his successor, the Earl of Lennox, showed, it is true, any readiness to comply with the English government's demand, and Northumberland's brother recommended him to confess his offence and throw himself upon Queen Elizabeth's mercy. But in August 1572 the Earl of Mar, who had become regent in the previous year, finally decided to hand him over to Queen Elizabeth's officers on payment of 2,000l. Northumberland arrived at Berwick on 15 Aug. and was committed to the care of Lord Hunsdon. On 17 Aug. Hunsdon delivered him at Alnwick to Sir John Forster, who brought him to York. He was beheaded there on 22 Aug. on a scaffold erected in ‘the Pavement,’ or chief market-place. With his last breath he declared his faith in the catholic church, adding ‘I am a Percy in life and death.’ His head was placed on a pole above Micklegate Bar, but his body was buried in Crux church in the presence of two men and three maidservants and ‘a stranger in disguise, who, causing suspicion, immediately fled.’ There is an entry recording his execution in the parish register of St. Margaret's, Walmgate, York. A ballad on his delivery to the English is in Percy's ‘Reliques.’ In Cotton MS. Calig. B, iv. 243, are pathetic verses by a partisan, ‘one Singleton, a gentleman of Lancashire, now prisoner at York for religion.’ They are printed by Wright (i. 423) and in ‘Notes and Queries’ (7th ser. vii. 264). Queen Mary had given him a relic—a thorn of Christ's crown, which was set in a golden cross. This he wore on the day of his death, and bequeathed to his daughter Elizabeth. It is now in Stonyhurst College. A copy by Phillips of an old portrait, representing him in the robes of the Garter, is at Alnwick. Another, dated 1566, is at Petworth, and is engraved in Sharpe's ‘Memorials.’ A third portrait, painted on panel, belonged to Sir Charles Slingsby of Scriven.
- His widow, Anne, third daughter of Henry Somerset, second earl of Worcester, resided for a time at Liège on a small pension from the king of Spain. She seems to have written and circulated there a ‘Discours des troubles du Comte de Northumberland.’ Of a very managing disposition, she endeavoured to arrange a match between Don John of Austria and Queen Mary Stuart. In 1573 English agents described her as ‘one of the principal practitioners at Mechlin;’ subsequently she removed to Brussels, and entertained many English catholic exiles. In 1576 the Spanish government agreed, at Queen Elizabeth's request, to expel her from Spanish territory. Her exile was not, however, permanent. She died of smallpox in a convent at Namur in 1591.
- Four daughters survived her: Elizabeth, wife of Richard Woodruffe of Woolley, Yorkshire, whose descendant is Mr. Edward Peacock, F.S.A., of Bottesford Manor, Lincolnshire; Mary, prioress of a convent of English Benedictine dames at Brussels, afterwards removed to Winchester; Lucy, wife of Sir Edward Stanley, K.B., of Eynsham, Oxfordshire, whose second daughter, Venetia, married Sir Kenelm Digby [q. v.]; Jane, wife of Lord Henry Seymour, younger son of Edward, earl of Hertford. A son Thomas had died young in 1560. Northumberland's title passed by virtue of the reversionary clause in his patent of creation, and despite his attainder, to his brother Henry, eighth earl [q. v.]
- [De Fonblanque's Annals of the House of Percy (1887), ii. 3–125; Collins's Peerage; Froude's Hist. of England; Camden's Annals; Sharpe's Memorials of the Rebellion of 1569; Sadler's State Papers; Correspondence of Sir George Bowes; Cal. State Papers, Dom. 1569–70; Stow's Chronicle; Wright's Queen Elizabeth; Doyle's Official Baronage; G. E. C[okayne]'s Complete Peerage.]
- From: https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Percy,_Thomas_(1528-1572)_(DNB00)
- https://archive.org/stream/dictionaryofnati44stepuoft#page/433/mode/1up to https://archive.org/stream/dictionaryofnati44stepuoft#page/436/mode/1up
- Thomas Percy
- Birth: Jun. 10, 1528
- Death: Aug. 22, 1572 York, North Yorkshire, England
- Earl of Northumberland
- Family links:
- Thomas Percy (1504 - 1537)
- Thomas Percy (1528 - 1572)
- Mary Percy Slingsby (1532 - 1598)*
- Henry Percy (1532 - 1585)*
- Burial: St Crux Church, York, York Unitary Authority, North Yorkshire, England
- Find A Grave Memorial# 123937853
- From: http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=123937853
- Henry Algernon Percy, 5th Earl of Northumberland, KG (13 January 1477 – 19 May 1527) was an English nobleman and a member of the courts of both Kings Henry VII and Henry VIII.
- Percy was son of Henry Percy, 4th Earl of Northumberland, by his wife Maud Herbert, daughter of William Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke (1423–1469). Alan Percy was his younger brother.
- Henry Algernon Percy was well looked after and brought up at the court of King Henry VII, while his sisters' marriages were the object of careful negotiation. He was made K.B. 21 November 1489, at the time when Prince Arthur was created Prince of Wales.
- On 28 April 1489 Henry Algernon Percy succeeded his father, Henry Percy, 4th Earl of Northumberland, as 5th Earl of Northumberland.
- Northumberland attended King Henry VII at the conclusion of the Treaty of Etaples in 1492, .... etc
- Northumberland married Catherine Spencer (d. 1542), daughter of Sir Robert Spencer of Spencer Combe in the parish of Crediton, Devon, by his wife Eleanor Beaufort, Countess of Ormonde. By Catherine he had three sons and two daughters:
- Henry Percy, 6th Earl of Northumberland (1502–1537)
- Sir Thomas Percy (c. 1504 – 2 June 1537). He was executed as a participant in the Pilgrimage of Grace. He was father of both Thomas Percy, 7th Earl of Northumberland and Henry Percy, 8th Earl of Northumberland. A daughter, Joan, married an Arthur Harris of Prittlewell, Essex and had issue. Percy's wife, Eleanor Harbottle, had been previously married to Sir Richard Holland. Between 15 September 1562 and 27 January 1563 his step-daughter Mary Holland, who died before 16 November 1570, married Arthur Pole, without issue.
- Sir Ingelram Percy (c. 1506–1538). He was a participant in the Pilgrimage of Grace. He died imprisoned in the Tower of London. He had an illegitimate daughter, Isabel, who married Henry Tempest.
- Lady Margaret (c. 1508–1540), who married Henry Clifford, 1st Earl of Cumberland.
- Maud, who may have married William, Lord Conyers (but there is no record of the marriage in the Conyers pedigree).
- He died at Wressell on 19 May 1527, and was buried at Beverley, where he had built a splendid shrine.
- Northumberland displayed magnificence in his tastes, and being one of the richest magnates of his day, kept a very large household establishment, and was fond of building. Leland praised the devices for the library at Wressell, presumably arranged by him. He encouraged the poet John Skelton, who wrote the elegy on his father. A manuscript formerly in his possession (British Museum Reg. Bib. 18 D ii.) consists of poems, chiefly by Lydgate.
- From: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Percy,_5th_Earl_of_Northumberland
- Sir Thomas Percy (c. 1504–2 June 1537) was a participant in the 1537 Bigod's Rebellion in the aftermath of the Pilgrimage of Grace, a Roman Catholic uprising against King Henry VIII. He was convicted of treason and hanged, drawn and quartered at Tyburn.  The Catholic Encyclopedia (1913) states that he "is considered a martyr by many".
- He was born in about 1504 at Alnwick Castle, Northumberland, the second son of Henry Percy, 5th Earl of Northumberland by his wife Lady Catherine Spencer.
- His elder brother Henry Percy, 6th Earl of Northumberland, who had long been failing in health, died after having been persuaded to leave all his estates to King Henry VIII. However the earldom was restored to Thomas's eldest son, who was succeeded in the title by his younger brother, from whom all later Earl and Dukes of Northumberland are descended.
- He married Eleanor Harbottle, daughter of Guiscard Harbottle by his wife Jane Willoughby, by whom he had 7 children together:
- Thomas Percy, 7th Earl of Northumberland,
- Henry Percy, 8th Earl of Northumberland,
- Guiscard Percy
- Richard Percy
- Joan Percy
- Mary Percy, wife of Sir Francis Slingsby.
- Catherine Percy.
- From: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Percy_(Pilgrimage_of_Grace)
Thomas Percy, 7th Earl of Northumberland's Timeline
Old Aberdeen, United Kingdom
Borris, Leinster, Ireland
August 22, 1572