Thomas Pinckney, US Congress

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Thomas Pinckney

Birthdate: (78)
Birthplace: Charleston, Dorchester , South Carolina
Death: November 2, 1828 (78)
South Carolina
Place of Burial: Charleston, Charleston, South Carolina, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Charles Cotesworth Pinckney and Eliza Lucas
Husband of <private> Pinckney; Elizabeth Pinckney and Frances Pinckney
Father of <private> deButts; <private> Pinckney; <private> Gay; Colonel Thomas Pinckney; Elizabeth Brewton Lowndes and 2 others
Brother of George Lucas Pinckney; Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, Signer of the U.S. Constitution and Henrietta Lucas Horry

Managed by: Private User
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Immediate Family

About Thomas Pinckney, US Congress

Thomas Pinckney has been recognized by the DAR as an American patriot for his military service during the American Revolution. His DAR number is A089106.

Thomas Pinckney (October 23, 1750 – November 2, 1828) was an early American statesman, diplomat and veteran of both the American Revolutionary War and the War of 1812.

Pinckney was born in Charleston, South Carolina, where his father, Charles Pinckney, was a prominent colonial official. When Pinckney was 3, his father brought the family to Great Britain on colonial business, and after his father's death in 1758, Pinckney continued his education in Great Britain (at Westminster and Oxford University) and France. He returned to South Carolina in 1774 and became an ardent Patriot in the American Revolution. In 1775 he was commissioned as captain in the 1st South Carolina Regiment of the Continental Army. After seeing much action, he became an aide-de-camp to General Horatio Gates, and was captured by the British at the disastrous Battle of Camden in 1780. After recovering from his wounds, he was released in a prisoner exchange. In 1781 he fought under Lafayette in Virginia.

After the war, Pickney spent some years running his plantations before he returned to politics. Pinckney was governor of South Carolina from 1787 to 1789, most notably presiding over the state convention that ratified the new U.S. Constitution, and then served in the South Carolina House of Representatives in 1791. He was appointed by President George Washington to be the U.S. minister (ambassador) to Great Britain in 1792. While there, he was unable to get British concessions on issues such as impressment or the Northwest frontier forts, so that Washington sent John Jay as a special envoy to negotiate the controversial Jay Treaty. For part of his tenure (1794-1795) as ambassador in Britain, Pinckney also served as Envoy Extraordinary to Spain. He arranged the Treaty of San Lorenzo, also known as Pinckney's Treaty, with Spain in 1795.

Pinckney's diplomatic success with Spain made him popular at home, and on his return the Federalist party made him a candidate in the 1796 presidential election (as the intended running-mate of John Adams). While Adams won the presidential election, complicated scheming to ensure that Adams would have more presidential votes than Pinckney ended up making their opponent Thomas Jefferson vice-president.

Pinckney was elected to the United States House of Representatives from South Carolina to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of William L. Smith, and he served from November 1797 to March 1801. While in Congress, Pinckney served as one of the managers appointed by the House in 1798 to conduct the impeachment proceedings against William Blount.

Pinckney served as a major general in the United States Army during the War of 1812. His last public role before his death in Charleston was as president general of the Society of the Cincinnati (1825-1828).

Pinckneyville, Georgia was named after Thomas Pinckney after he traveled through the area. That town no longer exists, as its residents left to found the nearby Norcross. Pinckneyville is the name of a Middle School in the Norcross area.

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Thomas Pinckney, US Congress's Timeline

October 22, 1750
Charleston, Dorchester , South Carolina
Age 29
Age 30
Charleston Charleston County South Carolina
Age 33
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Age 38
Charleston, SC, USA
November 2, 1828
Age 78
South Carolina