Thomas Maria Wingfield, MP

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Thomas Maria Wingfield, MP

Birthplace: Letheringham, Oxfordshire, England
Death: Died
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir Richard Wingfield, Kt. and Bridget Tyrwhitt
Husband of Etranildo Wingfield; Margaret Wingfield and Margaret Crewse
Father of Edward Maria Wingfield, MP, 1st Governor of Virginia and Thomas Maria Wingfield, II
Brother of Charles Wingfield; James / Jacques Wingfield, MP; Lawrence Wingfield; Jane Wingfield; Mary Wingfield and 4 others
Half brother of Sir George Hervey, MP and Henry Hervey

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About Thomas Maria Wingfield, MP

  • WINGFIELD, Thomas Maria (?1516-57), of Stoneley, Hunts. and London.
  • b. ?1516, 2nd s. of Sir Richard Wingfield of Kimbolton by 2nd w. Bridget, da. and h. of Sir John Wiltshire of Stone Castle, Kent; bro. of Jacques. educ. Oxf. BA 1534. m. (1) Margaret (d.1546), wid. of James Cole and William Sabine (d. Apr. 1543) of Ipswich, Suff.; (2) by 1550, Margaret, da. of Edward Kaye of Woodsome, Yorks., at least 2s. inc. Edward Maria†.1
  • Offices Held
    • Rector, Warrington, Lancs. 6 Dec. 1527-8 Nov. 1537; j.p. Hunts. 1554, commr. sewers, Cambs., Hunts., I. of Ely, Lincs., Northants., Notts. 1555.2
  • The herald who registered the Wingfield pedigree in 1613 enshrined the legend that Thomas Maria Wingfield had been ‘so christened by Queen Mary and Cardinal Pole’. Unacceptable as it stands, since Mary was a near-contemporary of Wingfield, the derivation was not wholly fictitious: Wingfield’s godmother was almost certainly Mary, Queen of France, a relative of Sir Richard Wingfield both through his marriage to her great-aunt and through hers to Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk, and the cardinal-godfather was doubtless Thomas Wolsey, the elder Wingfield’s diplomatic chief.3
  • Wingfield’s widowed mother married in succession (Sir) Nicholas Harvey and Sir Robert Tyrwhitt I, whose standing at court was matched by her own as an intimate of Anne Boleyn; the ‘young Wingfield’ who served at the coronation of 1533 was either Thomas Maria or his elder brother. At that time Wingfield was in the midst of what looks like a false start in his career: in December 1527 he had been made rector of Warrington. It was his uncle Humphrey Wingfield and a clerk named Robert Brown who had presented this 11 year-old to the benefice, and they had done so in virtue of a grant from his father, the former chancellor of the duchy who had been dead two years. Wingfield was to retain the rectory, which was doubtless intended to finance his education, until December 1537, when his resignation of it may have marked his coming of age and his decision to forgo the ecclesiastical career planned for him. He had by then taken his degree at Oxford and he is not met with again until 1545, when he was assessed for subsidy at 20s. on landed property at Ipswich; his uncle Sir Humphrey, who died in that year, had long been a leading figure in the town, and Wingfield’s marriage to William Sabine’s widow may have been a cause or an effect of his own sojourn there. One consequence of the marriage was a rift with his stepson Ambrose Cole, whom he accused in Chancery of slander and robbery.4
  • By 1552 Wingfield had remarried and returned to Huntingdonshire, where he settled at Stoneley, near Kimbolton, on property which he bought from Oliver Leder. Kimbolton itself was in the custody of his stepfather Sir Robert Tyrwhitt, one of the two lords lieutenant of the county. Wingfield’s election to four of the next five Parliaments argues an interest in politics and religion of which there is no earlier trace in his career. First returned for Huntingdon, a duchy of Lancaster borough, with his cousin William Tyrwhitt, at a time when Sir Robert Tyrwhitt stood well with the Duke of Northumberland’s confidant Sir John Gates, the chancellor of the duchy, he twice retained the seat after Mary’s accession and the advent of a new chancellor in Sir Robert Rochester. His brother Jacques was a faithful servant of Stephen Gardiner, and Wingfield did not compromise himself by opposing the restoration of Catholicism, but his association with the leading dissidents in the shire could not have commended him to the court, and he was probably one of those whom the government sought to exclude, and in his case successfully, by the directive of October 1554 for the election of resident Catholics. If on this occasion Wingfield hoped for promotion to the knighthood of the shire he was disappointed, although his brother-in-law William Lawrence II was more fortunate, but in the following year he took the senior place; his stepfather Tyrwhitt attended the election which was presided over by his neighbour Sir Oliver Leder as sheriff. Wingfield’s parliamentary swansong was the vote which he gave against one of the government’s bills.5
  • During these years Wingfield engaged in several small property transactions around Stoneley, prosecuted a chancery suit concerning a parsonage in Bedfordshire, and joined with his stepfather to buy more than 5,000 acres at Woodwalton, Huntingdonshire. Like his father and elder brother, Wingfield died prematurely and suddenly. The will which he made on 14 Aug. 1557, the day before he died, is known from its citation in the inquisition post mortem of the following 7 June. His wife was to have two thirds of his lands during the minority of the heir Edward Maria.6
  • Ref Volumes: 1509-1558
  • Author: T. M. Hofmann
  • Notes
  • 1. Date of birth estimated from elder brother’s in 1514 and from his resignation of Warrington rectory in 1537. Vis. Hunts. (Cam. Soc. xliii), 33, 131; Vis. Northants. ed. Metcalfe, 16; PCC 16 Alen; Emden, Biog. Reg. Univ. Oxf. 1501-40, p. 632; CP 40/1142, f. 471.
  • 2. Emden, 632; CPR, 1553-4, pp. 20, 35; 1554-5, p. 109.
  • 3. Vis. Hunts. 131.
  • 4. LP Hen. VIII, vi; VCH Lancs. iii. 311 and n; C. Haigh, Ref. and Resistance in Tudor Lancs. 24-25; E179/181/270; C1/1391/88, 89.
  • 5. VCH Hunts. ii. 365; iii. 81; C219/24/80; Guildford mus. Loseley 1331/2.
  • 6. Cal. Feet of Fines, Hunts. ed. Turner, 143, 146; CPR, 1550-3, p. 271; 1553-4, p. 349; C1/1482/104; E150/102/3, 315/222/10
  • From:


  • Thomas Maria Wingfield1
  • M, #672313
  • Last Edited=28 Dec 2015
  • Thomas Maria Wingfield is the son of Sir Richard Wingfield and Bridget Wiltshire.1 He married unknown Kerrye.1
  • Child of Thomas Maria Wingfield and unknown Kerrye
    • Edward Maria Wingfield1 b. c 1560
  • Citations
  • [S37] BP2003 volume 2, page 3200. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]
  • From:


  • Thomas Maria WINGFIELD of Stonley Priory (Sir MP)
  • Father: Richard WINGFIELD of Kimbolton Castle (Sir Knight)
  • Mother: Bridget WILTSHIRE
  • Married 1: Margaret ? (w.1 Son Johnson - w.2 William Sabyn)
  • Married 2: Margaret KERRYE 1550
  • Children:
    • 1. Edward Maria WINGFIELD
    • 2. Thomas Maria WINGFIELD (Sir)
    • 3. Gamaliel WINGFIELD
    • 4. Richard WINGFIELD
  • From: Maria WINGFIELD (Sir MP)1


  • Sir Richard Wingfield, High Steward of Cambridge University, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9
  • M, #52841, b. circa 1477, d. 22 July 1525
  • Father Sir John Wingfield, Sheriff of Norfolk & Suffolk10,2,11,5,6,7,8 b. c 1426, d. 11 May 1481
  • Mother Elizabeth FitzLewis10,2,11,5,6,7,8 b. c 1436
  • Sir Richard Wingfield, High Steward of Cambridge University, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster was born circa 1477 at of Kimbolton Castle, Huntingdonshire, England.10,2 He married Katherine Wydeville, daughter of Sir Richard Wydeville, 1st Earl Rivers, Constable of England, Lord High Treasurer and Jacquetta (Jacqueline) of Luxembourg, on 24 February 1496; No issue.1,2,3,4,12,6,7,8,9 Sir Richard Wingfield, High Steward of Cambridge University, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster married Bridget Wiltshire, daughter of Sir John Wiltshire, Comptroller of Calais and Margaret, before 1513; They had 4 sons (Charles; Thomas Maria; Sir Jacques (James); & Lawrence) & 6 daughters (Jane, wife of Thomas Wolriche, Esq., & of Francis Roe; Elizabeth; Katherine; Mary; Margaret, wife of Sir Thomas Newnham, & of Mr. Moyle; Cecily, wife of Mr. Maidenhead).4,5,6,7,8 Sir Richard Wingfield, High Steward of Cambridge University, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster left a will on 6 April 1525.4,5,7,8 He died on 22 July 1525 at Toledo, Castile-La Mancha, Spain; Buried there in the church of Friars Observants of San Juan de los Reyes.1,10,2,4,5,7,8 His estate was probated on 9 February 1526.4,5,7,8
  • Family 1 Katherine Wydeville b. c 1458, d. 18 May 1497
  • Family 2 Bridget Wiltshire b. c 1490, d. bt Jan 1534 - Apr 1538
  • Citations
  • [S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. II, p. 390.
  • [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 675.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 336.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 558-559.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 82-83.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. III, p. 199.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. III, p. 515-516.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. V, p. 19-21.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. V, p. 427.
  • [S11577] Unknown author, Burke's Commoners, Vol. II, p., 479.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 335-336.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 80-81.
  • From:


  • Edward Maria Wingfield, sometimes hyphenated as Edward-Maria Wingfield (born 1550, Stonely Priory, near Kimbolton – died 1631[1]) was a soldier, Member of Parliament, (1593) and English colonist in America. He was the son of Thomas Maria Wingfield, and the grandson of Richard Wingfield.
  • Captain John Smith wrote that from 1602–03 Wingfield was one of the early and prime movers and organisers in "showing great charge and industry"[2] in getting the Virginia Venture moving: he was one of the four incorporators for the London Virginia Company in the Virginia Charter of 1606 and one of its biggest financial backers.[3] He recruited (with his cousin, Captain Bartholomew Gosnold) about forty of the 104 would-be colonists, and was the only shareholder to sail. In the first election in the New World, he was elected by his peers as the President of the governing council for one year beginning May 13, 1607, of what became the first successful, English-speaking colony in the New World at Jamestown, Virginia.
  • After four months, on September 10, because "he ever held the men to working, watching and warding",[4] and because of lack of food, death from disease and attack by the "naturals" (during the worst famine and drought for 800 years), Wingfield was made a scapegoat and was deposed on petty charges.[5] On the return of the Supply Boat on April 10, 1608, Wingfield was sent back to London to answer the charge of being an atheist, and one suspected of having Spanish sympathies. Smith's prime biographer, Philip L. Barbour, however, wrote of the "superlative pettiness of the charges... none of the accusations amounting to anything." Wingfield cleared his reputation, was named in the Second Virginia Charter, 1609, and was active in the Virginia Company until 1620, when he was 70 years old.[citation needed]
  • He died in 1631 and was buried on April 13 at St Andrew's Parish Church, Kimbolton, ten weeks before John Smith.[6]
  • Wingfield was born in 1550 at Stonely Priory (dissolved ca. 1536), near Kimbolton, Huntingdonshire (present-day Cambridgeshire), the eldest son of Thomas Maria Wingfield, the Elder, and Margaret (née Kay; from Woodsome, Yorkshire).[7] and was raised as a Protestant[8] His middle name, "Maria" (pronounced [mah-RYE-uh]), derived from Mary Tudor, Queen of France,[9] sister of King Henry VIII, not Henry VIII's same named devoutly Catholic daughter, Mary Tudor.
  • Edward's father, Thomas Maria Wingfield, MP (who had in 1536 renounced his calling as a priest), died when Edward was seven years old.[10] Before he was twelve years of age, his mother remarried, to James Cruwys of Fotheringhay,[11] Northamptonshire, who became his guardian; yet the father figure in his early years appears to have been his uncle, Jacques Wingfield, one of six contemporary martial Wingfields.
  • .... etc.
  • From:


  • Sir Richard Wingfield KG of Kimbolton Castle (c. 1456 – 22 July 1525) was an influential courtier and diplomat in the early years of the Tudor dynasty of England.
  • He was born at Letheringham, Suffolk to Sir John Wingfield (c. 1428 – 10 May 1481) and his wife Elizabeth FitzLewis (c. 1431-1497). He was the eleventh of twelve sons; and brother to Humphrey Wingfield. His paternal grandparents were Sir Robert Wingfield and Elizabeth Gousell. He was one of the major landowners in Huntingdonshire and lived at Kimbolton Castle.[1]
  • .... etc.
  • His first wife Catherine, née Woodville, sister of Queen Elizabeth Woodville, died in 1497, and Wingfield was a widower for some time. He married in about 1513, his second wife, Bridget Wiltshire, daughter and heiress of Sir John Wiltshire of Stone Castle and Isabella Clothall. They were parents to ten children:
    • Charles Wingfield of Kimbolton Castle (1513 – 24 May 1540). He married Joan Knollys, a sister to Sir Francis Knollys and sister-in-law to Lady Catherine Carey.
    • Thomas Maria Wingfield of Stonley Priory. A Member of Parliament. He married first widow Mrs. Margaret Sabyn and secondly Margaret Kerrye.
    • Jacques Wingfield of Stone Castle (c. 1519-1587?). A politician first known for long-term service to Stephen Gardiner, Bishop of Winchester.
    • Henry Wingfield.
    • Jane Wingfield. Married first Thomas Worlich of Alconbury and secondly Francis Roe.
    • Mary Wingfield.
    • Margaret Wingfield. She married first Sir Thomas Newman and secondly a son of the Moyle family.
    • Anne Wingfield. She married into the Maidenhead family.
    • Elizabeth Wingfield. She married into the Latimer family.
    • Catherine Wingfield.
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Thomas Maria Wingfield, MP's Timeline

Letheringham, Oxfordshire, England
Age 34
Stonely, Huntingdonshire now Cambridgeshire, England
August 15, 1557
Age 41
Age 41