Thurston Raynor, of Elmsett & Southold

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Thurston Raynor, of Elmsett & Southold

Birthplace: Elmsett, Suffolk, England
Death: before November 4, 1667
Southold, Southampton, Suffolk, New York
Immediate Family:

Son of Edward Raynor and Margery Raynor
Husband of Elizabeth Raynor and Martha Raynor
Father of Thurston Raynor, Jr.; Joseph Raynor; Elizabeth Lupton; Sarah Clark; Lydia Lupton and 5 others
Brother of Mary Cooper; Robert Raynor; Edward Jr Raynor; Anna Lewes; Margery Raynor and 5 others
Half brother of Mary Raynor

Occupation: A pioneer settler of both Southampton and Southold, first towns of Eastern Long Island
Managed by: Ann Margrethe Nilsen
Last Updated:

About Thurston Raynor, of Elmsett & Southold

Thurston Raynor

  • Birth: Baptized Elmsett, Suffolk, 21 September 1593, son of Edward Raynor [NEHGR 66:165].
  • Death: Between 6 July 1667 (date of will) and 4 November 1667 (probate of will).
  • Parents: Edward Reyner of Elmsett, co Suffolk, Margery
  • Married: (1) By 1620 Elizabeth ______. (2) By about 1639 Martha Wood, daughter of EDMUND WOOD [1635, Unknown]

He was christened in Elmsett, England on 21 Sept 1593. He 1st married an Elizabeth,and they came to America in 1634, on the Ship "Elizabeth". They lived in Watertown, Mass, then Wethersfield, Conn, Stamford, Conn, then Hempstead (Long Island) New York. In June 1649, they settled in Southampton (Suffolk) New York.

Children born to them were: Thurston, Joseph (married Mary Young(s)), Elizabeth, Sarah, and Lydia.

Born to him during his 2nd marriage, to Martha (WOOD) were: Mary, Abigail, Deborah, Hannah, and Jonathan.

Thurston RAYNOR died in 1667, in Southampton (Suffolk)New York.

"It seems clear that Thurston Jr. died young and that his father left only two surviving sons, Joseph by the first wife Elizabeth, and Jonathan by the second wife Martha since he was born after 1646 (a minor in 1667) and since Martha's mother was a Lum and Jonathan was called kinsman of Samuel Lum. Furthermore, in September 1680 Martha widow of Mr. Thurston Raynor conveyed land to her son Jonathan [Southampton T.R., 5:195]."



Edward Rayner (1624-1682) Information taken from a series of unidentified articles in "Raynor Family History," by Clinton E. Metz - Freeport Village Historian (undated abt 1970)

Freeport's founder was an orphan when he crossed the Atlantic with his uncle Thurston Raynor. That fact has always been suspected but has been a source of contention until research finally bore fruit at the Suffolk County Historical Society Museum in Riverhead, on Long Island.

Thompson, in his famous Long island History called Edward and Thurston brothers - Pelletreau's "American Families of Historical Lineage" contended that Edward probably was Thurston's son when they sailed together from Ipswich, England in 1634.

Now, like a breeze dispelling fog, comes a pair of letters found at the Riverhead Museum. The letters from George W. Matthews of Cutchogue (formerly a Rockville Centre resident) said that he had a copy of the will of Edward Raynor - the Freeport founder's grandfather - which was probated in Elmset, England on July 7, 1621.

After mentioning his "son Thurston" three times in the will, Mr. Raynor bequested sums of money to others, including "Ann, Marie, John, Edward and Robert, sons and daughters of my late son Edward Raynor, deceased."

Mr. Matthews kindly shared a copy of the will. He also shared a copy of a will written by an earlier ancestor, Robert Reynere of Wickham Market, County of Suffolk, England, on October 4, 1571.

Robert Reynere's great-grandson Edward sailed to massachusetts with his uncle Thurston. The boy's mother had died in England before his father. Orphaned, Edward joined the children of his uncle Thurston and aunt Elizabeth on their voyage to the "new world." Thurston ultimately settled in Southampton.

Mr. Matthews quotes Donald Linus Jacobus, editor-in-chief for many years of the American Genealogist, on the origin of the Raynor family in England. Jacobus' statement, summarized briefly follows:

"The Raynors derived from Robert Reynere of Wickham Market, Suffolk, who died testate between October 4 and December 5, 1571. His son Edward Raynor of Elmsett in the same county, made a will on March 22, 1620, proved July 7, 1621, which names his sons Edward, Richard, John, Samuel, Thurston and Robert, and daughter Anne, wife of Robert Lewes of Great Bricet, Suffolk, as well as a son-in-law Henryn Pinson until the grand-children's 18th birthday."

Clifford Roe Raynor of Manorville gave copies of both wills to Mr. Matthews.

The other discovery sheds light - or at least presents an ingeniopus theory on the name of Edward raynor's wife. A quest in the Genealogy Room of the New York Public Library uncovered a 1946 survey, entitled "Edward Raynor of Hempstead, Long Island and some of his descendants," by Henry Alanson Tredwell. Edward's wife was probably named Deborah Partridge before her marriage.

From her husband's will, plus the wills of Elizabeth Partridge of Flushing dated 1696, and Thomas Partridge of the same place, dated 1696, Mr. Treadwell believes that Mrs. Raynor may have been the Deborah Raynor listed as a Hempstead Town resident in 1698.


Edward Rayner (Raynere, Raynor) of Raynertown (Freeport), LI, NY

The first Raynors to come to America were Thurston Raynor, his wife, Elizabeth, their five children, and Thurston’s ten year old nephew, Edward Raynor. Residents of Elmsett, in the County of Suffolk, they left Ipswich, England in April 1634 aboard the ship, Elizabeth, and arrived in Boston three months later. They settled first in Watertown, Massachusetts, and in 1636, along with some other Watertown families, they went to Wethersfield, Connecticut, where Thurston Raynor was listed among the first settlers. In 1641, Thurston Raynor and his family and several other families from Wethersfield moved on to settle Rippowams, the area now known as Stamford, Connecticut. Three years later, in 1644, Thurston Raynor once again uprooted his family and joined with twenty-two other Rippowams families in following their religious leader, Rev. Denton, to Long Island where they settled Hempstead, in the western part of the Island.

The Edward Raynor family, the largest of the Raynor families, have generally lived in Nassau County and the western part of Suffolk County. Before the middle of the past century Freeport, in Nassau County, was known as Raynortown, due to the large number of Raynor descendants living there. Edward Raynor is said to have founded the settlement area in 1659.

The Raynor family often intermarried with the Carman and "Rock" Smith families whom they consequently share a great deal of history. This genealogy relates to the descendants of Edward and Thurston Raynor who settled early at Southampton (his descendants stiuck mainly to the east end of LI).

Edward Raynor came to America with his Uncle Thurston Raynor in the year 1634. The ship, Elizabeth of Ipswich, departed Ispwich, England on April 30, 1634 with 108 passengers. They arrived in Boston Harbor in July 1634. Edward was ten years old and a orphan. At the age of 21, Edward elected to stay in Hempstead, NY, and eventually establish his home in "South Woods." It was later named Raynor South, then Raynortown. Until the mid-nineteen century it was named Freeport.

Information pertaining to the Raynor Family is from the book "Josiah Raynor of Manorville, LI, NY" by Stuart Payne Howell. The Raynor/Rayner family of Long Island by Clinton E. Metz - Freeport Village Historian (undated abt 1970)


Bond, Henry Genealogy of the Families and Descendants of the Early Settlers of Watertown MA, pp 410, 912

"Raynor. --Embarked at Ipswich, Eng., April, 1634, in the Elizabeth, Wm. Andrews, master, Thurston Raynor, aged 40, wife Elizabeth, aged 36, and children, Thurston, aged 19; Joseph, aged 11; Edward, aged 10; Elizaberth, aged 9; Sarah, aged 7, and Lydia, aged 1 yr. He was one of the small colony from Wat., that settled Wethersfield, Conn. He was Committee of Wethersfield to the General Court, 1637, and was a magistrate, 1643-61. He was a proprietor of Wat., 1642, although gone to Conn. [See Hinman, p. 76.]"

TAG Vol. 37, pp 10-16

"The origin of the Raynor family in England was revealed in the New England Hist. and Gen. Register, 66:164-167, the English data being contributed by Elizabeth French (since Mrs. J. Gardner Bartlett), with copious notes relating to the children of Thurston Raynor by Henry Edwards Scott.". ....

"His will, dated 6 July 1667, proved 4 Nov. 1667, named son Joseph, son Jonatham (under 21), wife Martha, and gave £10 apiece to "my other five children." He appointed his brother-in-law Samuel Clark and cousin Mr. John Howell overseers. Witnesses: John Howell, Henry Pierson. [Abstracts, New York Wills, 1:6.]" ...

"His first wife, Elizabeth, was obviously mother of the children they brought with them. She probably did not survive very long, and apparently most of her children did not survive to adult years. He married second, probably by 1638, Martha Wood, baptized at Halifax, co. York, 8 apr. 1612, daughter of Edmund and Martha (Lum) Wood. ..."

Copied from "Origins of Rayner" on the New England Historical Genealogic Society Website.

 "The early examples of Rayner in New England fit comfortably into this brief history of the surname. Thurston Rayner who arrived with his family in Watertown, Massachusetts, in 1634 was from the Suffolk parish of Elmsett, close to Essex, and Humphrey Reyner of Rowley, Massachusetts, was from Batley, no more than a mile from Birstall and six from Rastrick. In 1545 a Humphrey Rayner of Batley was one of the very few men in the county to bear that first name."

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Thurston Raynor, of Elmsett & Southold's Timeline

September 21, 1594
Elmsett, Suffolk, England
September 21, 1594
Elmsett, Suffolk, England
September 19, 1620
Age 25
Elmsett, Suffolk, England
Age 28
Elmsett, Suffolk, England
Age 30
Elmsett, Suffolk, England
Age 32
Elmsett, Suffolk, England
Age 38
Elmsett, Suffolk , England
Age 43
Wethersfield, Connecticut Colony