Queen Toda Aznárez, reina consorte de Navarra

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Queen Toda Aznárez, reina consorte de Navarra

Also Known As: "Urraca /Salvadores/", "La Reine de Pamplon de Aragon?", "Toda Aznarez", "Tota", "Galindez"
Birthdate: (82)
Death: Died
Place of Burial: La Rioja, España
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Aznar Sánchez de Larraún and Onneca Fortúnez
Wife of Sancho I, rey de Navarra
Mother of Nunilo Jimena Sánchez de Aragón y Navarra; Sancha Sánchez de Navarra, reina consorte de León; García III, rey de Navarra; Órbita Sánchez de Navarra; Velasquita Sánchez de Navarra and 3 others
Sister of Sancha Aznárez and Sancho Aznárez
Half sister of Muhammad ibn Abd Allah (Emir?) of Cordoba, II; Zayd Ibn Abdullah; Zara bint Abd Allah and Zahabon Ibn Zayd (Cordova)

Occupation: Queen of Pamplona
Managed by: James Fred Patin, Jr.
Last Updated:

About Queen Toda Aznárez, reina consorte de Navarra

http://www.biografiasyvidas.com/biografia/t/toda.htm

http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toda_de_Pamplona

Toda Aznárez (2 de enero de 876 - 15 de octubre de 958) fue reina de Pamplona por su matrimonio con Sancho Garcés I de Pamplona. Era hija de Aznar Sánchez de Larraún y Onneca Fortúnez (que eran primos hermanos) y nieta de Fortún Garcés (rey de Pamplona).

Tuvo siete hijos en su matrimonio con Sancho I:

1)Urraca de Pamplona, que casaría con Ramiro II de León.

2) Oneca de Pamplona, casada con Alfonso IV el Monje de León. Fue reina de León entre 926 y 931. Murió en 931.

3) Sancha de Pamplona, casada en primeras nupcias con Ordoño II de León, en segundas con el conde alavés Álvaro Herrameliz y en terceras, con Fernán González, conde de Castilla.

4) García I Sánchez, rey de Pamplona, casado con Andregoto Galíndez y con Teresa de León.

5) Velasquita o Belasquita Sánchez, casada en primeras nupcias con el conde Momo (Munio), en segundas con Galindo de Ribagorza y en terceras con Fortún Galíndez.

6) Munia (Muña) de Pamplona.

7) Orbita de Navarra, probablemente casada con al-Tawil, gobernador de Huesca. Pudo ser hija póstuma, como hace suponer el significado de su nombre, "la huérfana".

El sepulcro de la reina Toda, sarcófago de muy sencilla compostura, se encuentra en el atrio del Monasterio de Suso, monasterio que en la época pertenecía al Reino de Pamplona.

Tía carnal de Abderramán III, cuando el mismo monarca dirigía una aceifa en el 934 que tomaba rumbo al reino de Pamplona, invocó sus lazos de parentesco para que el califa le concediera la paz y se alejara de su reino. Abderramán en respuesta, impuso que la reina Toda se presentara en el campamento musulmán como prueba de buenos propósitos. Toda se presentó con su séquito en Calahorra, donde estaba instalado el califa, que la recibió con altos honores. En Calahorra la reina rindió vasallaje a Abderramán III y selló un tratado de no agresión y de colaboración con el califa, que invistió al hijo de Toda, García Sánchez I de Pamplona "el Vascón", como rey de Pamplona y sus distritos. Después de este tratado entre Toda y el califa, las tropas musulmanas atravesaron el ahora aliado Reino de Pamplona y marcharon contra el Reino de León donde asolaron Álava y Castilla.

Una breve noticia del año 956 de un monje del monasterio de Saint Gall en los Alpes bávaros, al escribir sobre el descalabro musulmán en el año 939 de la batalla de Simancas y la posterior jornada de Alhándega, atribuye la victoria a la reina Toda.

Un eclipse de sol se produjo alrededor de la hora tercia del día 19 de julio, en el año cuarto del rey Otón, viernes, luna 29. El mismo día, en la región de Galicia, un ejército innumerable de sarracenos fue casi aniquilado, menos su rey y 49 guerreros suyos, por cierta reina llamada Toda.

Justiniano Rodríguez, Ramiro II, rey de León, Burgos, La Olmeda, 1998.1

Su nieto Sancho I de León, hijo de su hija Urraca, no era del agrado de los nobles leoneses y castellanos. Estos, encabezados por el conde Fernán González, le destronaron y nombraron rey a Ordoño IV. Doña Toda ayudó a Sancho a pactar con el califa Abderramán III, su sobrino -nieto de su madre Oneca- para recuperar el trono.


Toda Aznárez, also Teuda de Larraun or Tota (c. 885-aft. 970), was the queen-consort of Navarre through her marriage (his second) to Sancho I (905-925). She married him when he was an old man.

She was the daughter of Aznar Sánchez, lord of Larraun, paternal grandson of king García Íñiguez of Pamplona, while her mother Oneca Fortúnez was a daughter of king Fortún Garcés. Thus, Toda's children were also descendants of the Arista dynasty of Navarrese monarchs. She was sister of Sancha Aznárez, wife of king Jimeno Garcés, her husband's brother and successor, while Toda and Sancha were also aunts of Caliph Abd-ar-Rahman III, through their mother's first marriage to ‘Abdullah ibn Muhammad.

[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toda_of_Navarre]


Toda Aznárez, also Teuda de Larraun or Tota (c. 885-aft. 970), was the queen-consort of Navarre through her marriage (his second) to Sancho I (905-925). She married him when he was an old man.

She was the daughter of Aznar Sánchez, lord of Larraun, and Oneca Fortúnez, who herself was a daughter of King Fortún Garcés. Thus, Toda's children also descendants of the Arista dynasty of Navarrese monarchs. She was also aunt, through her mother's first marriage to ‘Abdullah ibn Muhammad, of Caliph Abd-ar-Rahman III.

Her eldest son was García, who succeeded his father with his uncle Jimeno as regent and co-king (until 931). Toda became co-regent and guardian of her son. She was sole regent from her brother-in-law Jimeno's death to 934. She was an energetic diplomat, arranging political marriages for her daughters among the competing royalty and nobility of Christian Iberia.

The Codex of Roda gives Sancho and Toda six children:

   * Oneca (d. 931), married Alfonso IV the Monk of León in 926
   * Sancha, married firstly Ordoño II of León, secondly Count Alvaro Herraméliz of Álava, and thirdly Fernán González, Count of Castile
   * Urraca, married Ramiro II of León
   * Velasquita (or Belasquita), married firstly Munio, count of Vizcaya, secondly Galindo, son of Bernard count of Ribagorza.
   * Orbita
   * García, king of Pamplona, married firstly Andregota Galíndez and secondly Teresa

Nieta de Fortún Garcés, Rey de Pamplona (Wiki,Toda de Navarra)


Toda of Navarre

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 (Redirected from Toda Aznárez)

Toda Aznárez, also Teuda de Larraun or Tota (c. 885-aft. 970), was the queen-consort of Navarre through her marriage (his second) to Sancho I (905-925). She married him when he was an old man.

She was the daughter of Aznar Sánchez, lord of Larraun, paternal grandson of king García Íñiguez of Pamplona, while her mother Oneca Fortúnez was a daughter of king Fortún Garcés. Thus, Toda's children were also descendants of the Arista dynasty of Navarrese monarchs. She was sister of Sancha Aznárez, wife of king Jimeno Garcés, her husband's brother and successor, while Toda and Sancha were also aunts of Caliph Abd-ar-Rahman III, through their mother's first marriage to ‘Abdullah ibn Muhammad.

When her son García Sánchez I succeeded his uncle Jimeno as king in 931, Toda became regent and guardian of her son. However, in 934 her nephew Abd-ar-Rahman III intervened on behalf of his cousin, removing Toda to allow García to rule alone. She had been an energetic diplomat, arranging political marriages for her daughters among the competing royalty and nobility of Christian Iberia.

The Codex of Roda gives Sancho and Toda six children:

Oneca (d. 931), married Alfonso IV the Monk of León in 926

Sancha, married firstly Ordoño II of León, secondly Count Alvaro Herraméliz of Álava, and thirdly Fernán González, Count of Castile

Urraca, married Ramiro II of León

Velasquita (or Belasquita), married firstly Munio, count of Vizcaya, secondly Galindo, son of Bernard count of Ribagorza.

Orbita

García, king of Pamplona


Toda Aznárez, also Teuda de Larraun or Tota (c. 885-aft. 970), was the queen-consort of Navarre through her marriage (his second) to Sancho I (905-925). She married him when he was an old man.

She was the daughter of Aznar Sánchez, lord of Larraun, paternal grandson of king García Íñiguez of Pamplona, while her mother Oneca Fortúnez was a daughter of king Fortún Garcés. Thus, Toda's children were also descendants of the Arista dynasty of Navarrese monarchs. She was sister of Sancha Aznárez, wife of king Jimeno Garcés, her husband's brother and successor, while Toda and Sancha were also aunts of Caliph Abd-ar-Rahman III, through their mother's first marriage to ‘Abdullah ibn Muhammad.

When her son García Sánchez I succeeded his uncle Jimeno as king in 931, Toda became regent and guardian of her son. However, in 934 her nephew Abd-ar-Rahman III intervened on behalf of his cousin, removing Toda to allow García to rule alone. She had been an energetic diplomat, arranging political marriages for her daughters among the competing royalty and nobility of Christian Iberia.

The Codex of Roda gives Sancho and Toda six children:

Oneca (d. 931), married Alfonso IV the Monk of León in 926

Sancha, married firstly Ordoño II of León, secondly Count Alvaro Herraméliz of Álava, and thirdly Fernán González, Count of Castile

Urraca, married Ramiro II of León

Velasquita (or Belasquita), married firstly Munio, count of Vizcaya, secondly Galindo, son of Bernard count of Ribagorza.

Orbita

García, king of Pamplona


Urraca Aznárez de Aragón1

b. circa 880

Father Aznar II Galíndez, conde de Aragón b. circa 840, d. before 893

    Urraca Aznárez de Aragón was born circa 880. She was the daughter of Aznar II Galíndez, conde de Aragón. Urraca Aznárez de Aragón married Sancho I Garcés, rey de Pamplona, son of García II Jiménez, regente de Pamplona and Dadailidis de Bigorre, before 905; His 1st.1

Family

Sancho I Garcés, rey de Pamplona b. circa 881?, d. 11 October 925

Children

Urraca Sánchez de Pamplona+ b. c 905, d. 23 Jun 9561

Oneca Sánchez de Navarra+ b. c 9051

Citations

[S187] Royal Genealogy Database, online http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/public/genealogy/


Toda de Navarra

De Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

Toda Aznárez (2 de enero de 876 - 15 de octubre de 958) fue reina de Pamplona por su matrimonio con Sancho Garcés I de Pamplona. Era hija de Aznar Sánchez de Larraún y Oneca Fortúnez (que eran primos hermanos) y nieta de Fortún Garcés (rey de Pamplona).

Tía carnal de Abderramán III, cuando el mismo monarca dirigía una aceifa en el 934 que tomaba rumbo al reino de Pamplona, invocó sus lazos de parentesco para que el califa le concediera la paz y se alejara de su reino. Abderramán en respuesta, impuso que la reina Toda se presentara en el campamento musulmán como prueba de buenos propósitos. Toda se presentó con su séquito en Calahorra, donde estaba instalado el califa, que la recibió con altos honores. En Calahorra la reina rindió vasallaje a Abderramán III y selló un tratado de no agresión y de colaboración con el califa, que invistió al hijo de Toda, García Sánchez I de Pamplona "el Vascón", como rey de Pamplona y sus distritos. Después de este tratado entre Toda y el califa, las tropas musulmanas atravesaron el ahora aliado Reino de Pamplona y marcharon contra el Reino de León donde asolaron Álava y Castilla.

Una breve noticia del año 956 de un monje del monasterio de Saint Gall en los Alpes bávaros, al escribir sobre el descalabro musulmán en el año 939 de la batalla de Simancas y la posterior jornada de Alhándega, atribuye la victoria a la reina Toda.

Un eclipse de sol se produjo alrededor de la hora tercia del día 19 de julio, en el año cuarto del rey Otón, viernes, luna 29. El mismo día, en la región de Galicia, un ejército innumerable de sarracenos fue casi aniquilado, menos su rey y 49 guerreros suyos, por cierta reina llamada Toda.

Justiniano Rodríguez, Ramiro II, rey de León, Burgos, La Olmeda, 1998.[1]

Su nieto Sancho I de León, hijo de su hija Urraca, no era del agrado de los nobles leoneses y castellanos. Estos, encabezados por el conde Fernán González, le destronaron y nombraron rey a Ordoño IV. Doña Toda ayudó a Sancho a pactar con el califa Abderramán III, su sobrino -nieto de su madre Oneca- para recuperar el trono.

Tuvo siete hijos en su matrimonio con Sancho I:

Urraca de Pamplona, que casaría con Ramiro II de León.

Oneca de Pamplona, casada con Alfonso IV el Monje de León. Fue reina de León entre 926 y 931. Murió en 931.


Inscripción junto al sepulcro de la reina Toda.Sancha de Pamplona, casada en primeras nupcias con Ordoño II de León, en segundas con el conde alavés Álvaro Herrameliz y en terceras, con Fernán González, conde de Castilla.

García I Sánchez, rey de Pamplona, casado con Andregoto Galíndez y con Teresa de León.

Velasquita o Belasquita Sánchez, casada en primeras nupcias con el conde Momo (Munio), en segundas con Galindo de Ribagorza y en terceras con Fortún Galíndez.

Munia (Muña) de Pamplona.

Orbita de Navarra, probablemente casada con al-Tawil, gobernador de Huesca. Pudo ser hija póstuma, como hace suponer el significado de su nombre, "la huérfana".

El sepulcro de la reina Toda, sarcófago de muy sencilla compostura, se encuentra en el atrio del Monasterio de Suso, monasterio que en la época pertenecía al Reino de Pamplona.

Desde el año 2001 tiene una calle con su nombre en el barrio pamplonés de la Rochapea.


Toda Aznárez, also Teuda de Larraun or Tota (c. 885-aft. 970), was the queen-consort of Pamplona through her marriage to Sancho I, who reigned 905-925, and was regent of Pamplona, 931-934.

She was the daughter of Aznar Sánchez, lord of Larraun, paternal grandson of king García Íñiguez of Pamplona, while her mother Oneca Fortúnez was a daughter of king Fortún Garcés. Thus, Toda's children were also descendants of the Arista dynasty of Navarrese monarchs. She was sister of Sancha Aznárez, wife of king Jimeno Garcés, her husband's brother and successor, while Toda and Sancha were also aunts of Caliph Abd-ar-Rahman III, through their mother's first marriage to ‘Abdullah ibn Muhammad.

With the death of her brother-in-law Jimeno in 931, she became regent and guardian for her young son, García Sánchez I. In 934 Toda signed a treaty pledging allegiance to her nephew Abd-ar-Rahman III, and released hostages of the Banu Di n-Nun clan, the caliph confirming the rule of her son García (this has sometimes been interpreted as an act of the Caliph to liberate García from his mother's direct control). This led to the rebellion in Falces by a count Fortún Garcés, an "irascible man who hated Muslims", the uprising being suppressed with Cordoban arms. Toda violated her treaty in 937, forcing a punitive campaign. She had been an energetic diplomat, arranging political marriages for her daughters among the competing royalty and nobility of Christian Iberia.

The Codex of Roda gives Sancho and Toda six children:

   * Oneca (d. 931), married Alfonso IV the Monk of León in 926
   * Sancha, married firstly Ordoño II of León, secondly Count Alvaro Herraméliz of Álava, and thirdly Fernán González, Count of Castile
   * Urraca, married Ramiro II of León
   * Velasquita (or Belasquita), married firstly Munio, count of Vizcaya, secondly Galindo, son of Bernard count of Ribagorza, and thirdly Fortún Galíndez, duke of Nájera.
   * Orbita
   * García, king of Pamplona

O sepulcro da rainha Toda, sarcófago de simples compostura, encontra-se no adro do Mosteiro de Suso, mosteiro que na época pertencia ao Reino de Pamplona.


Toda Aznárez, also Teuda de Larraun or Tota (c. 885-aft. 970), was the queen-consort of Navarre through her marriage (his second) to Sancho I (905-925). She married him when he was an old man.

She was the daughter of Aznar Sánchez, lord of Larraun, paternal grandson of king García Íñiguez of Pamplona, while her mother Oneca Fortúnez was a daughter of king Fortún Garcés. Thus, Toda's children were also descendants of the Arista dynasty of Navarrese monarchs. She was sister of Sancha Aznárez, wife of king Jimeno Garcés, her husband's brother and successor, while Toda and Sancha were also aunts of Caliph Abd-ar-Rahman III, through their mother's first marriage to ‘Abdullah ibn Muhammad.

When her son García Sánchez I succeeded his uncle Jimeno as king in 931, Toda became regent and guardian of her son. However, in 934 her nephew Abd-ar-Rahman III intervened on behalf of his cousin, removing Toda to allow García to rule alone. She had been an energetic diplomat, arranging political marriages for her daughters among the competing royalty and nobility of Christian Iberia.

The Codex of Roda gives Sancho and Toda six children:

Oneca (d. 931), married Alfonso IV the Monk of León in 926

Sancha, married firstly Ordoño II of León, secondly Count Alvaro Herraméliz of Álava, and thirdly Fernán González, Count of Castile

Urraca, married Ramiro II of León

Velasquita (or Belasquita), married firstly Munio, count of Vizcaya, secondly Galindo, son of Bernard count of Ribagorza.

Orbita

García, king of Pamplona


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toda_of_NavarreToda Aznárez, also Teuda de Larraun or Tota (c. 885-aft. 970), was the queen-consort of Pamplona through her marriage to Sancho I, who reigned 905-925, and was regent of Pamplona, 931-934. Later in life, she ruled a subkingdom created for her.

She was the daughter of Aznar Sánchez, lord of Larraun, paternal grandson of king García Íñiguez of Pamplona, while her mother Onneca Fortúnez was a daughter of king Fortún Garcés. Thus, Toda's children were also descendants of the Arista dynasty of Navarrese monarchs. She was sister of Sancha Aznárez, wife of king Jimeno Garcés, her husband's brother and successor, while Toda and Sancha were also aunts of Caliph Abd-ar-Rahman III, through their mother's first marriage to ‘Abdullah ibn Muhammad.

With the death of her brother-in-law Jimeno in 931, she became regent and guardian for her young son, García Sánchez I. In 934 Toda signed a treaty pledging allegiance to her nephew Abd-ar-Rahman III, and released hostages of the Banu Di n-Nun clan, the caliph confirming the rule of her son García (this has sometimes been interpreted as an act of the Caliph to liberate García from his mother's direct control). This led to the rebellion in Falces by a count Fortún Garcés, an "irascible man who hated Muslims", the uprising being suppressed with Cordoban arms. Toda violated her treaty in 937, forcing a punitive campaign.

During several stretches she appears in the royal charters of the kingdom to the exclusion of her daughter-in-law, the queen, from 947 to 955, and again in 959. In 958. she was ruling her own subkingdom, in the area of Degio and Lizarra, towns not otherwise identified.[1]

The same year, she took an interest in the health of her Leonese grandson Sancho I, whose obesity was largely responsible for his dethronement.[2][3] Toda requested the assistance of Abd-ar-Rahman III, Cordóba being renowned for its physicians. The caliph sent her his Jewish physician Hasdai ibn Shaprut, who promised to cure Sancho on condition that Toda visit Cordóba.[4] Therefore, Toda, her son García Sánchez I of Pamplona and grandson Sancho I of León, nobles and clergymen arrived in Cordóba, where they were received with full honors and amid much pomp.[5][6][7] The arrival of this Christian queen in the capital of an Islamic caliphate enhanced Abd-ar-Rahman III's prestige among his subjects,[8] and is considered a landmark in the history of medieval diplomacy.[9] Sancho's medical treatment was successful, and he was "relieved from his excessive corpulence."[10][11]

She had been an energetic diplomat, arranging political marriages for her daughters among the competing royalty and nobility of Christian Iberia. The Codex of Roda gives Sancho and Toda six children:

Oneca (d. 931), married Alfonso IV the Monk of León in 926 Sancha, married firstly Ordoño II of León, secondly Count Alvaro Herraméliz of Álava, and thirdly Fernán González, Count of Castile Urraca, married Ramiro II of León Velasquita (or Belasquita), married firstly Munio, count of Vizcaya, secondly Galindo, son of Bernard count of Ri


=================

De Wikipedia:

Tía carnal de Abderramán III, cuando el mismo monarca dirigía una aceifa en el 934 que tomaba rumbo al reino de Pamplona, invocó sus lazos de parentesco para que el califa le concediera la paz y se alejara de su reino. Abderramán en respuesta, impuso que la reina Toda se presentara en el campamento musulmán como prueba de buenos propósitos. Toda se presentó con su séquito en Calahorra, donde estaba instalado el califa, que la recibió con altos honores. En Calahorra la reina rindió vasallaje a Abderramán III y selló un tratado de no agresión y de colaboración con el califa, que invistió al hijo de Toda, García Sánchez I de Pamplona «el Vascón», como rey de Pamplona y sus distritos. Después de este tratado entre Toda y el califa, las tropas musulmanas atravesaron el ahora aliado Reino de Pamplona y marcharon contra el Reino de León donde asolaron Álava y Castilla.


Toda Aznárez (2 January 876-15 October 958) was queen of Pamplona by her marriage with Sancho Garces I of Pamplona. She was the daughter of Aznar Sánchez de Larraún and Onneca Fortúnez, who were first cousins, and granddaughter of Fortún Garces, king of Pamplona.

Aunt carnal of Abderramán III, when the same monarch directed an aceifa in the 934 that took course to the kingdom of Pamplona, ​​invoked its ties of kinship so that the caliph granted the peace to him and it moved away of his kingdom. Abderraman in response, imposed that the queen Toda appeared in the Muslim camp as proof of good intentions. All came with his entourage in Calahorra, where the caliph was installed, who received it with high honors. In Calahorra the queen paid vassalage to Abderramán III and sealed a treaty of non-aggression and collaboration with the caliph, who invested the son of Toda, Garcia Sánchez I of Pamplona "the Vascon", like king of Pamplona and its districts. After this treaty between Toda and the caliph,

A brief news of the year 956 of a monk of the monastery of Saint Gall in the Bavarian Alps, writing about the Muslim ruin in 939 of the battle of Simancas and the later day of Alhondane, attributes the victory to the queen All.

An eclipse of the sun occurred around the third hour of July 19, in the fourth year of King Otto, Friday, the 29th. On the same day, in the region of Galicia, an innumerable army of Saracens was almost annihilated, less His king and 49 warriors of his, by a certain queen called Toda. [4]

His grandson Sancho I de León, dubbed "the Crassus", son of his daughter Urraca, was not to the liking of the Leon and Castilian nobles. These, headed by Count Fernán González, dethroned and appointed king to Ordoño IV. Queen Toda helped Sancho to agree with the caliph Abderramán III, its nephew - grandson of its mother Onneca - to reclaim the throne. Thus the joint armies of the caliph Toda and Sancho attacked the kingdom of Leon and managed to depose Ordoño.

Offspring

Of its marriage with the king Sancho, seven children were born. The network of matrimonial alliances favored by Toda extended the influence of the vascon kingdom that later exerted a strong influence in the kingdom of Leon. His children were:

Urraca, wife of Ramiro II de León. Oneca de Pamplona, ​​married to Alfonso IV de León.

Inscription next to the sepulcher of the queen Toda.Sancha of Pamplona, ​​married in first nuptials with Ordoño II of Leon, [/] in second with the count Alavés Alvaro Toolful [7] and in thirds between 931 and 935 with Fernán Gonzalez, Count of Castile. [8] García, king of Pamplona, ​​married to Andregoto Galíndez and Teresa Ramírez. Velasquita or Belasquita Sánchez, married in first nuptials with Count Munio Vélaz, in second with Galindo de Ribagorza and in third with Fortún Galíndez. Munia (Muña) of Pamplona. Orbita de Pamplona, ​​probably married to al-Tawil, governor of Huesca. She could be a posthumous daughter, as she supposes the meaning of her name, "the Orphan." The sepulcher of Queen Toda, sarcophagus of very simple composure,

Since 2001 it has a street with its name in the neighborhood pamplon s de la Rochapea.