About Tommaso di Somma, IX. marchese di Circello
- Per gentile concessione http://www.nobili-napoletani.it © Ogni diritto riservato; The first ancestor was Nicola di Somma who lived in the 13th century. His son Nicola (+ 1318) was councillor of the Angevin kings of Sicily. His descendant Ferdinando di Somma (+ 1613) was on 10-9-1607 created Principe di Colle in the peerage of the Kingdom of Naples.
- it.wikipedia... ; English translation - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
- Tommaso Maria Somma, better known as Marquis of Circello, (Circello, March 12, 1737 - Naples, March 28, 1826) was an Italian politician, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.
- Second son of Prince Gennaro Maria Somma Hill, inherited the title of marquis of Circello with which it is known. Summaries of the studies did quite young. In 1757 he was admitted in the company of the royal bodyguards and was able to make friends with the young King Ferdinand. He followed a successful career in the army, especially in diplomacy and politics through his friendship with the king. He was minister at Copenhagen (1775), then in Vienna, Paris (1786 to 1793). Witnessed great events and participated in plots and conspiracies, often carrying a policy contrary to the interests of his country, but always managing to maintain positions and acquired the confidence of his sovereign, who, however, regarded him as a faithful minister, but inept, harmless and easy to condition and use. William Drummond, the English Minister at Naples and Palermo from 1801 to 1803 from 1806 to 1808, "no one was most unsuitable for Foreign Affairs of Circello" , while Luigi Blanch Circello "a little wit and little positive knowledge, was commendable for the character ", for Pietro Colletta," the Marquis Circello, a veteran of the absolute monarchy [...], so it was in danger, superb in the venture, always sad ".
- He was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs and Secretary of State ad interim by Ferdinand IV of Bourbon, with a decree of June 4, 1815 aboard the English ship The Queen, anchored in the harbor of the Bay, before returning to Naples from Sicily [4 ]. His policies led to an intervention ultrareazionaria moderator of King Ferdinand of Austrian Chancellor Metternich, after which he was fired June 27, 1816 Prince of Canosa, the most ardent interpreter of the politics and the presidency of the Council passed the de 'Medici while, as usual, came out unscathed Circello retaining the foreign ministry.
- The Somma had a leading role also in the events following the grant of the Constitution of 1820 by Ferdinand I. The same day (July 6, 1820) in which the king announced the granting of Somma, while declaring the king to be "ecstatic", began to send dispatches abroad, where it stated that every act of the king was considered void because it made under duress, thus invoking the Austrian intervention . Even before troops invaded the Kingdom of Frimont, Somma was appointed head of government and from Ljubljana, to employment took place (March 1821), he could rule the kingdom of the Two Sicilies, according to its principles: full support for Canosa and his sadistic measures against the Carbonari, approving the use of the whip and even the summary convictions to death because "the dead are those who do not speak anymore, nor can disturb the peace of the living" . The reports of the Sum of the ambassadors of the Holy Alliance, which according to the congress resolved to Ljubljana in fact controlled the action of the Neapolitan government, however, remained very tense: in early June 1822 of the Foreign Sum was replaced by the rider Alvaro Ruffo, ambassador to Vienna. Rather than accept the humiliation of relegation, Somma preferred to resign from office as president of the board being replaced by moderate Luigi de 'Medici.