About Rep. Stephen W. Kellogg (D-CT)
Stephen Wright Kellogg (b. Shelburne, Massachusetts, April 5, 1822 – d. Waterbury, Connecticut, January 27, 1904) was an American politician, attorney, and judge.
He worked on his father's farm until he was twenty, in the winter attending or teaching school. In the fall of 1842 he entered Amherst College, but remained there only two terms; then he joined the class of 1846 at Yale College, was a member of Skull and Bones, and was graduated with highest honors. Among his classmates and fellow bonesmen was the Hon. Henry Baldwin Harrison, his lifelong friend.
After a few months of school teaching he entered the Yale Law School, and was admitted to the bar in June, 1848. First he began to practice in Naugatuck, Connecticut where he remained until 1854, and then having been elected judge of probate for the district of Waterbury, he removed to that then small city. He held this office for seven years. In 1854 the legislature appointed him judge of the New Haven County Court. From 1866 to 1869, and 1877 to 1883, he was the City Attorney of Waterbury, Connecticut; and until a short time before his death he was constantly occupied in the practice of his profession.
Meantime his active mind and restless energy found congenial occupation in the stirring political events of the times. In 1851 he was clerk of the State Senate; in 1853 a senator; in 1856 a member of the House; and he was a delegate to the Republican National Conventions of 1860, of 1868, and of 1876. Three times he was elected to US Congress from the usually Democratic second district, and his perseverance and success in protecting and advancing both the public and personal interests of his constituents were remarkable. In 1875 he lost his bid for re-election to James Phelps, but even in this election Kellogg received over 45% of the vote.
He was Colonel of the Second Regiment, Connecticut National Guard, from 1863 to 1866, and Brigadier-General from 1866 to 1870. He was the author and promoter of legislation organizing the active militia in an efficient body known as the Connecticut National Guard. He never lost interest in public affairs, and to them, until within a few weeks of his death, aged 81, his voice and pen were often devoted.
1. ^ http://politicalgraveyard.com/bio/kellian-kellum.html 2. ^ http://www.cslib.org/memorials/kelloggs.htm
* Stephen Wright Kellogg at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
Source: Downloaded 2011 from Wikipedia.
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STEPHEN W. KELLOGG was born at Shelburne, Massachusetts, April 5,1822; graduated at Yale College in 1846; studied law, was admitted to the Bar, and has since 1854 practiced at Waterbury; was Clerk of the State Senate of Connecticut in 1851; was a member of the State Senate in 1853, and of the State House of Representatives in 1856; was Judge of the New Haven County Court in 1854; was elected Judge of Probate in 1854, and held the office six years; and was a delegate to the National Republican Conventions of I860 and 1868.
He was elected a Representative from Connecticut to the Forty-first Congress as a Republican from a District that had given 2,700 Democratic majority at the last previous State election, and, taking his seat April 9, 1869, was appointed a member of the Committee on the Judiciary. He was active in his opposition to the income tax, having introduced the first bill in the House for its reduction or repeal. The following is an extract from one of his speeches on the tax bill, delivered June 2, 1870:
I trust the House will strike out all these provisions for the continuance of the income tax, and end the obnoxious thing forever. The people demand at our hands a reduction of taxation, and they demand it now. They ask that its burdens be lightened, and they ask that it be done now. It is of vastly more importance to the business of the country that taxation should be moderately reduced, than it is to pay off large amounts of the public debt speedily. Enough of taxation should be retained for the expenses of the Government, the payment of bounties and pensions, the interest of the public debt, and enough of the principal to strengthen the public credit, and give assurance of the constant reduction and final payment of the debt. But when the statement of the public debt for June 1, as sent to us yesterday by the Secretary of the Treasury, shows that the reduction of the debt during the month of May has been the enormous sum of $14,301,902 57, or nearly half a million a day drained from the channels of the business of the country, and that the whole reduction of the debt since March 1, 1870, has been $31,766,105 39, I ask the distinguished Chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means if lie does not think the business of the country deserves a little more relief than his proposed reduction of taxation of only about thirty-three million dollars annually.
The history of this tax in Great Britain was given yesterday by my honorable friend from New York. The statesmen of that country had exhausted every other source of taxation before Mr. Pitt ventured upon this measure, in the struggle that was then going on for the supremacy, if not for the existence of her power. Every other species of taxation had long before been exercised, and this was the last devilish invention. She had had taxes upon marriages, taxes upon births, and taxes upon burials. A duke had formerly paid fifty pounds tax on his marriage, and thirty poinds tax on the birth of his eldest son. There had been special taxes on bachelors over twenty-five, and I know my friend from Maine [Mr. Hale] and others here would object to that provision in our law. There bad also been special taxes on widowers who had no children. The old story of her all pervading system of taxation is familiar; it was like the plague of Egypt, that entered even their dwellings, their bed-chambers, and their kneading-troughs. They taxed every thing but God's own sunshine, and they even taxed that, for they had their "window tax;" and according to the number of panes of glass was the light taxed that entered cottage or palace. But yet this income tax of Mr. Pitt was so unpopular that when it expired, six months after the close of the war, there was a general cry of joy and relief all over the realm.
Mr. Kellogg was re-elected to the Forty-second and Forty-third Congresses, during which he took rank among the most prominent and efficient of our national legislators. He served as a member of the Committee on the Pacific Railroad and tho Committee on War Claims. He was chairman of the Committee an Expenditures in the Navy Department. He is an able debater, and a rapid, earnest, and impressive speaker.
Source: The American Government ...: Biographies of members of the House of representatives of the Forty-third Congress, (Google eBook), William Horatio Barnes, W.H. & O.H. Morrison, 1874, pages 75-76. Downloaded 2011.
Stephen W.Kellogg was born in the town of Shelburne.Mass., April 5th, 1822, and was descended from revolutionary stock; his great-grandfather was first lieutenant in a company raised the first year of the struggle for independence and was with General Arnold in that wonderful winter march across the wilderness of Maine to Canada, and died before the walls of Quebec. His grandfather, at that time a lad of 16, served in the American army, the last year of the war.
The boyhood of Stephen W. Kellogg was spent on his father's farm, but when he was 16 years old he attended school at the Shelburne Falls Academy, Reverend John Alden being the principal. Afterward he attended, for a short time, the select school of Alvin Andertice of the law, but maintains to an unusual degree his interest in public matters.
At the close of the war Mr. Kellogg was active in organizing a national guard to take the place of the state militia and drew the bill and procured its passage, which first gave the name national guard to the active militia of Connecticut. That name was subsequently adopted by a large number of other states, being now in general use. He was colonel of the 2d Regiment, Conn. N. G., for three years, and was afterward brigadier general of the guard, resigning that position while in congress.
Mr. Kellogg was married September 10th, 1851, to Lucia Hosmer Andrews, a granddaughter of Chief Justice Hosmer, who for 30 years was a member of the supreme court of Connecticut. Major-General Samuel H. Parsons, of the American army, in the revolution, was her great-grandfather. By this union there were seven children, six now living. His three daughters are married to Frank C. Plume, of Waterbury; E. N. English, of New Haven; and Irving H. Chase, of Waterbury — all active young business men. Of the three sons the eldest, Frank W., graduated from Annapolis in 1879, and is now an officer in the United States navy. John P. graduated from Yale in 1882, was in the law school of that university two years, and was admitted to the New Haven bar in 1884. He is now associated with his father. The youngest son, Charles P., graduated from Yale in June, 1890, and is now in its law school.
Source: History of New Haven County, Connecticut, Volume 2 (Google eBook), John L. Rockey, W. W. Preston, 1892; downloaded 2011.
Rep. Stephen W. Kellogg (D-CT)的年谱
Shelburne, Franklin County, Massachusetts, United States
Waterbury, New Haven County, Connecticut, United States
Waterbury, New Haven County, Connecticut, United States