Umberto I, King of Italy

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Umberto I di Savoia, King of Italy

Italian: Umberto I Rainerio Carlo Emanuele Giovanni Maria Ferdinando Eugenio di Savoia, re d'Italia
Also Known As: "Крал Умберто І Савойски", "Humbert Ranier Charles Emmanuel John Mary Ferdinand Eugene of Savoy"
Birthdate: (56)
Birthplace: Torino, Piemonte, Sardinia
Death: July 29, 1900 (56)
Monza, Lombardy–Venetia (Assassinated with four revolver shots by the Italo-American anarchist Gaetano Bresci in Monza, on the evening of 29 July 1900)
Place of Burial: Roma, Lazio, Italia
Immediate Family:

Son of Victor Emmanuel II di Savoia, re d'Italia and Maria Adelaide of Austria, Queen of Sardinia
Husband of Margherita of Savoy, Queen consort of Italy
Father of Victor Emmanuel III, King of Italy
Brother of Maria Clotilde Therese Louise di Savoia-Carignano, Princess of Montfort, Princess Napoléon Bonaparte; Amadeo I, king of Spain España; Duke Prince Oddone Duke of Savoy-Monferrat; Maria Pia di Savoia, Rainha consorte de Portugal; Prince Carlo Duke of Savoy-Chablais and 1 other
Half brother of Emanuela di Roverbella; Vittoria Guerrieri; Count Emanuele of Alberto Guerrieri Mirafiori and Fontanafredda and Maria Pia Adelaide Montecuccoli-Laderchi, marchese di Guiglia e Marano

Occupation: King of Italy 1878-1900, King of Italy (Jan. 9, 1878 - July 29, 1900), King of Italy
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Umberto I, King of Italy


Predecessor: Victor Emmanuel II Successor: Victor Emmanuel III

Umberto I (14. maaliskuuta 1844 – 29. heinäkuuta 1900) (Umberto Rainerio Carlo Emanuele Giovanni Maria Ferdinando Eugenio, Principe del Piemonte) oli Italian kuningas 9. tammikuuta 1878 lähtien kuolemaansa saakka. Vasemmistossa hän oli vihattu vanhoillisuutensa vuoksi ja lopulta anarkisti Gaetano Bresci murhasi hänet.

Umberto oli Sardinian kuningas Viktor Emanuel II:n (vuodesta 1861 Italian kuningas) ja arkkiherttuatar Adelaiden poika. Hän syntyi Torinossa, joka oli tuolloin Sardinian kuningaskunnan pääkaupunki. Maaliskuussa 1858 hän liittyi Sardinian armeijaan ja taisteli Solferinossa 1859 ja Custozassa 1866.

21. huhtikuuta 1868 Umberto nai serkkunsa, Savoijin prinsessa Margherita Teresa Giovannan. Heidän poikansa olivat Viktor Emanuel, Napolin prinssi ja Viktor Emanuel, Italian kuningas.

Umberto I or Humbert I (Italian: Umberto Ranieri Carlo Emanuele Giovanni Maria Ferdinando Eugenio di Savoia, English: Humbert Ranier Charles Emmanuel John Mary Ferdinand Eugene of Savoy; 14 March 1844 – 29 July 1900), nicknamed the Good (in Italian il Buono), was the King of Italy from 9 January 1878 until his death.

Umberto's reign saw Italy attempt colonial expansion into the Horn of Africa, successfully gaining Eritrea and Somalia despite being defeated by Abyssinia at the Battle of Adowa in 1896. In 1882, he approved the Triple Alliance with the German Empire and Austria-Hungary.

He was deeply loathed in leftist circles because of his conservatism and support of the Bava-Beccaris massacre in Milan. He was especially hated by anarchists, who attempted an assassination on him during the first year of his reign. He was killed by another anarchist, Gaetano Bresci, two years after the Bava-Beccaris massacre.

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Umberto I, King of Italy's Timeline

March 14, 1844
Torino, Piemonte, Sardinia
March 14, 1844
- March 23, 1849
Turin, Turin, Piedmont, Italy
April 14, 1844
Torino, Sadinia
March 23, 1849
- January 9, 1878
Age 5
Rome, Rome, Lazio, Italy
November 11, 1869
Age 25
Naples, Metropolitan City of Naples, Campania, Italy
January 9, 1878
- July 29, 1900
Age 33
Rome, Rome, Lazio, Italy
July 29, 1900
Age 56
Monza, Lombardy–Venetia
Age 55
Roma, Lazio, Italia