Urbaine Baudrau Dit Graveline

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Urbaine Baudrau Dit Graveline

Birthplace: Clermont, Herault, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
Death: Died in Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Place of Burial: Montréal, Quebec, Canada
Immediate Family:

Son of Jean Baudreau and Marie Chauveau
Husband of Mathurine-Marguerite Juillet
Father of Gabriel Baudreau dit Graveline; Marie-Ursule Baudreau dite Graveline; Marie Baudreau dit Graveline; Sieur Jean-Baptiste Baudreau dit Graveline; Marie-Elisabeth Isabelle Baudreau dite Graveline and 4 others

Occupation: Procureur, Syndic, Holy Family Militia (1663), Pro-Curator for Montreal Colony
Managed by: James Fred Patin, Jr.
Last Updated:

About Urbaine Baudrau Dit Graveline



The history of the Beaudreau and Graveline families began in 1653 with the arrival from France of a young man pioneer named Urbain Baudreau dit Graveline. Sailing form the small port of LaRochelle in France aboard a small vessel, a determined group of soldiers and adventurers began its perilous journey.

Urbain had signed a contract for five years to serve the colony of Montreal as a militiaman to protect

it from the attacks of the dreaded Iroquois Indians. Following his discharge from his original contract in 1658, Urbain returned to France brieftly, but returned again in July of 1659 aboard the St-André.

Upon his return, he received from the owners of the colony, a land grant as compensation for his service. He decided to settle down and raise a family, so in 1664 he married Mathurine Juillet, the daughter of another colonial hero, Blaise Juillet, who had given his life in defense of the colony. Together they had eight children : four sons and four daughters.

During his early years in Ville-Marie, as Montreal was then known, Urbain worked as a landclearer for others in addition to working his own land. But, beginning in 1660, he began to acquire parcels of land on the shore of the St. Lawrence River. In 1663, he was elected syndic (trustee) of the colony, a position of some importance, though unpaid. He represented the other colonists in their dealings with the owners of the colony. His term lasted three years.

He lived a long and full life. Urbain passed away in 1695 in Montreal at about 70 years of age. He was buried in the cemetery adjoining the Church of Notre-Dame the next day.

His children inherited their father's sense of determination and adventure. The second son, Jean-Baptiste, was a soldier, businessman and adventurer who later became a pioneer settler along the Gulf Coast in the Mobile, Alabama area. Gabriel was a carpenter and businessman who, along with his wife, lost his life on a trip exploring the Mississipi River while they were searching for minerals.

Paul, the third oldest son, stayed in the area of Montreal for most of his life. He married and had eight children who lived to adulthood. The youngest son, Jean (John), was a butcher, soldier, and farmer. He also married, had five children and lived in the Richelieu Valley region.

Today, the descendants of Urbain Baudreau dit Graveline are scattered from coast to coast in the United States and Canada. We hope that this book will serve as a catalyst to future generations of family researchers and historians to continue the work only begun here.

Urbain Baudreau dit Graveline came from France to Montreal during “The Great Recruitment Of 1653. Here is his story:

In 1633, Urbain Beaudreau was born in the port town of Gravelines, France to Jean Beaudreau and Marie Chaveau.

In the early 1650's, the French colony of Ville-Marie, now Montreal in Canada, was on the verge of extinction due to attacks by the Iroquois. Since there were only about 100 people living in the colony, the Governor General, M. de Maissoneuve, decided to recruit more colonists. Maisonneuve left Ville-Marie in the autumn of 1651, intent upon recruiting 100 new settlers. Between March and May of 1653, 153 young Frenchmen were recruited to go to Montreal and serve the colony. Urbain Beaudreau was one of these men. Urbain signed a contract agreeing to serve Montreal for 5 years in defense of the colony against the Iroquois, and to help clear the land, for 75 pounds annual salary. In return, he would be housed and fed, and, at the end of his contract, he would be brought back to France at no cost to himself, if he so desired. Similar agreements were made with the other recruits.

On June 20, 1653 a small ship, the St Nicholas of Nantes, left the port of Saint-Nazaire in France and began the journey to Quebec City. Unfortunately, after only a few days at sea, the ship began to take on water and had to return to France. A month went by before the Saint Nicolas of Nantes was once again deemed seaworthy. It departed France on July 20, 1653 with only 111 of the original 153 recruits, including young Urbain Beaudreau. The journey to Quebec City was fraught with hardships. There were many storms at sea, and several passengers became very ill on the trip. During the voyage, Urbain, along with Sister Marguerite Bourgeoys and others, nursed the sick. Eight recruits died on the journey. Finally, on September 22, 1653, the ship reached its destination, Quebec City.

Following a brief disagreement between the Governor Generals of Quebec City and Montreal over which colony would get the recruits, the new colonists journeyed to Montreal. On November 16, 1653, nearly five months after leaving the port of Saint-Nazaire, the little band of settlers finally set foot on the soil of Montreal.

Once his five-year contract was completed, Urbain returned to France. One year later, however, in 1659, he returned to Montreal to settle permanently. On October 20, 1664 Urbain married Marguerite (Mathurine) Juillet, a 15 year old girl, daughter of Blaise Juillet, a man who had moved to North America in 1644, and had been killed by the Iroquois in 1660.

Young couples were encouraged to populate the small colony and Urbain and Mathurine truly cooperated by having eight children. Their children were:

   Gabriel Graveline - born July 24 1666
   Marie Ursula Graveline - born December 8, 1668
   Jean Baptiste dit Graveline - born May 18, 1671
   Elizabeth Graveline - born May 3, 1673
   Marie Ann Graveline - born August 29, 1675
   Paul Graveline - born May 19, 1682
   Marie Madeline Graveline - born June 9, 1686
   Jean Graveline - born June 13, 1690

At first, Montreal (or Ville Marie, as it was called) was a missionary settlement. Later, as the fur trade spread, it became an important trading center. We know that Urbain and his sons were involved in the fur trade. On December 21, 1666 Urbain Baudreau dit Graveline is elected syndic of the community and preserves this station until May 31, 1667. Urbain prospered in New France and purchased several different properties. In 1687, Urbain bought two lots on Notre Dame Street, near the present Bonsecours Chapel. He built his in-town home on this property, but records show that he was living at a rural property, the Hills of St Francis on the east side of Montreal (Ville Marie), on acreage which he owned for farming purposes. In December, 1689, he bought land on the east side of St Gabriel Street between Notre Dame Street and St Therese Street, which he later sold to his future son in law, Pierre Ducharme. This land is occupied today by the building of the Quebec Provincial Archives, opposite the Auberge St Gabriel, the oldest Inn in North America, which was established in 1672.

On January 18, 1696, Urbain Beaudreau dit Graveline died. He was a wealthy man for his time. The eight children of Urbain and Mathurine left a mark on the histories of both Canada and the United States. His daughters married prosperous New France men and went on to produce large families of their own. The third child of Urbain and Mathurine was Jean Baptiste. He was born on May 18, 1671 and baptized the same day in Montreal.

source: http://www.gulfcoastroots.com/urbain.html

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Urbaine Baudrau Dit Graveline's Timeline

May 3, 1633
Clermont, Herault, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
July 24, 1666
Age 33
Ville-Marie (Montreal) Quebec Canada
Age 32
Montréal, , Québec, Canada
Age 32
Montréal, , Québec, Canada
December 7, 1668
Age 35
Ville-Marie (Montreal) Quebec Canada
December 8, 1668
Age 35
Montreal, Montreal, QC, Canada
May 18, 1671
Age 38
Ville-Marie (Montreal) Quebec Canada
May 3, 1673
Age 40
Ville-Marie (Montreal) Quebec Canada
August 29, 1675
Age 42
Ville-Marie (Montreal) Quebec Canada