Vermudo I el Diácono, rey de Asturias

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Vermudo I 'el Diácono', rey de Asturias

Also Known As: "Bermudo I 'el diácono' de Asturias); Vermudo; Veremund; Bermudo I de Obetao (Ovetum/Oveto/Oviedo); Bermudo I de Cantabria", "Bermudo Froilez; Bermudo I 'el diáconu' d'Asturies; (castellano) Bermudo I de Asturias", "El Diácono", "Vermundo", "The Deacon", "the...", "..."
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Principality of Asturias, Spain
Death: Died
Immediate Family:

Son of Fruela, duque de Cantabria and Menina Gundersindez
Husband of Ursinda Muniadona de Coimbra and Ozenda de Navarra, reina consorte de Asturias
Father of Ramiro I, rey de Asturias; Cristina; García and Joan Per Ñool
Brother of N.N.; Aurelio I, rey de Asturias; Numabella of Cantabria; N.N. of Cantabria; Rodrigo Froilaz, I Conde de Castilla and 2 others

Occupation: Rei d'Asturies (castellano: Rey de Asturias) [788/789-791], Roi, des Asturies, de Léon, Konge, Príncipe de Leão, King of Asturias, Rey de Astúrias (767-), Sacerdote, Rey de Asturias, principe de Léon, Príncipe (infante) de Leon
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Vermudo I el Diácono, rey de Asturias

Bermudo I d'Asturies [1]

[* c.750 - † c.797]

Hijo de Fruela Pérez (hermano de Alfonso I 'el católico'), nieto del duque Pedro de Cantabria y hermano del rey Aurelio, Bermudo I, llamado 'el diácono' por su condición anterior a su entronamiento, fue rey de Asturias entre 788 o 789 y 791.

Sucesor de Mauregato tras la muerte de éste, hacia 788. Es electo rey en perjuicio del hijo de su primo Fruela I, el futuro Alfonso II 'el casto' (quien fuera depuesto por su predecesor), traspasando las leyes góticas que inhabilitaban el poder real a quienes hubieran recibido la tonsura eclesiástica, esto, ya que Bermudo profesaba en órdenes religiosas en ese momento.

Durante su reinado, Hisham I efectuó dos aceifas contra los cristianos que devastaron la región. La primera remontó el río Ebro y se adentró en Álava y al-Ailá, devastando la zona. La segunda saqueó el interior de Galicia. Cuando este último ejército volvía hacia Córdoba, Bermudo I trató de cortarle el paso cerca de Villafranca del Bierzo, a orillas del río Burbia (791), pero fue derrotado espantosamente. Ante esta situación decidió abdicar en favor se su pariente Alfonso II.

Regresa a su estado clerical, viviendo como diácono en el palacio real de Oviedo hasta su muerte, la que sucede en una fecha cercana o posterior al año 797. Pasó a la historia como un rey generoso, magnánimo e ilustrado.

MATRIMONIO Y DESCENDIENTES

Se dice que aún siendo diácono casó con Ozenda Nunilona [3], de quien se separa en 791 para retomar su vida religiosa. Con ella tuvo cuatro hijos:

1. Ramiro, futuro Rey asturiano;

2. García;

3. Cristina; y

4. Thisiena.

---

NOTAS

[1] Basada en el artículo de 'Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre', editada y ampliada.

[2] Existen versiones que hacen a Bermudo I 'el diácono', de Asturias, hijo de Vimarano, infante del reino de Asturias, a su vez segundo hijo de Alfonso I 'el católico' de Asturias. Vimarano habría sido asesinado por su hermano Fruela, porque le estaba ganando las simpatías de muchos y podría impedirle su propia ascensión al trono. Quizás como forma de reparar el daño, Fruela habría tomado a Bermudo y lo hace criar "como un hijo". Esta versión es tomada como 'legendaria'. Estudios contemporáneos afirman que la hipótesis presentada en la biografía aquí tratada es más verosímil.

[3] Mayormente conocida como <Numila>, aparece en las crónicas de Rodrigo de Toledo y de Lucas de Tuy como <Imilo> o <Nunilo>. Para efectos de esta biografía, se utiliza el nombre que aparece en su epitafio, donde es nombrada como Ozenda (Ursinda). Era hija de Flavio Ataúlfo, magnate gallego nieto del rey godo Witiza.



http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bermudo_I

Bermudo I (o Vermudo I) de Asturias, llamado el Diácono, fue rey de Asturias del 789 al 791. Era hijo de Fruela Pérez (un hermano de Alfonso I el Católico), nieto del duque Pedro de Cantabria y hermano del rey Aurelio.

Durante su reinado el reino sufrió incursiones musulmanas en Álava y Galicia. Tras ser derrotado varias veces por tropas andalusíes de Hisham I en la batalla del río Burbia, en El Bierzo, abdicó y regresó a su antiguo estado clerical (791). Murió en una fecha cercana o posterior al año 797.

Se casó con Numila, quien en las crónicas de Rodrigo de Toledo y Lucas de Tuy es llamada Imilo o Nunilo, pero que en su epitafio es nombrada Ozenda (Ursinda). Era hija de Flavio Ataúlfo, magnate gallego nieto del rey godo Witiza. Su hijo fue Ramiro. Éste, más adelante, obtendría también la corona (842) tras el reinado anterior de Alfonso II, que fue quien sucedió a Bermudo I.

Pasó a la historia como un rey generoso, magnánimo e ilustrado.


Bermudo I (also Vermudo or Veremund) was the king of Asturias from 788 or 789 to 791. His nickname, the Deacon, was supposedly given because of his having been a deacon before becoming king. He was a son of Fruela, brother of King Alfonso I, and brother of King Aurelius.

The rest of his reign saw Moorish raids into Álava and Galicia. He was defeated badly at Bierzo and abdicated the throne in 791, returning to his frock. Nevertheless, he was considered a generous and illustrious man in his time.


Rey de Asturias, 789-791. Durante su reinado el reino sufrió incursiones musulmanas en Álava y Galicia. Tras ser derrotado varias veces por tropas andalusíes de Hisham I en El Bierzo, abdicó y regresó a su antiguo estado clerical (791). Pasó a la historia como un rey generoso, magnánimo e ilustrado.

FUENTES:

-http://www.abcgenealogia.com/Godos00.html

-http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bermudo_I_de_Asturias


Bermudo I (also Vermudo or Veremund), called the Deacon or the Monk, was the King of Asturias from 788 or 789 until his abdication in 791. He was a son of Fruela, brother of Alfonso I, and a brother of Aurelius. The nature of the end of his reign ushered in a new period in Asturian-Arab relations.

Bermudo was elected by the palatine officials (the nobility of the royal palace) to replace Mauregatus, who had died of natural causes in 788. Since Mauregatus had ascended the throne in a coup d'état with regional support in 783 and the succession of Bermudo proceeded without incident, it is probable that Mauregatus had procured a change in the ranks of the palatine nobility and that Bermudo was thus put forward as the candidate to, like Mauregatus, prevent the succession of Alfonso II, the son and heir of Fruela I. Though the Chronicle of Alfonso III in both its extant versions makes Bermudo out to be a deacon at his succession, this fact would only reinforce the notion that his election was a determined move to oppose Alfonso.

In any case, he did not reign long. He was forced to defend against an Arab-Berber invasion of Álava and Galicia and was defeated in battle in Burbia, probably the Bierzo, in 791. Though the closest Christian sources do not name his opponents, the battle can be linked with the first major engagement of a series of aggressive campaigns launched against the Asturian kingdom in the 790s. The Muslim commander at Burbia is named in Ibn al-Athir as Yūsuf ibn Bukht and the battle is likewise recorded in al-Maqqarī. Bermudo abdicated his throne after his defeat, though whether volitionally (as the Chronicle of Alfonso III states, "because he was [or remembered he was] a deacon") or forced is unknown. Historically in Spain under the Visigoths, a king of proven military inadequacy was often forced to abdicate. Nevertheless, he was considered a generous and illustrious man in his time, "merciful and pious" in the words of the Chronicle of Albelda.

Bermudo was succeeded by Alfonso II and he left behind a son, who later reigned as Ramiro I, by an anonymous wife. He reportedly lived for a long time after his abdication, perhaps as a monk, and on good terms with his successor.


Ramiro I (c.790–850) became King of Asturias in 842 and reigned until his death. Son of Bermudo I, he succeeded Alfonso II.

First, he had to deal with the usurper Nepocian, defeating him at the Battle of the Bridge of Cornellana, by the river Narcea. Ramiro then removed the system of election which allowed his family to be displaced by a faction of nobles.

During his turbulent reign, the chronicles relate that he had to fend off attacks from both the Moors and the Vikings. Supposedly, he defeated the former in the legendary Battle of Clavijo. At this battle, Saint James the Greater, the Moor-Slayer, appeared above a white horse, giving rise to his cult in Spain.

In 846, the Christian population of León fled before a Moorish attack, and it was not reoccupied until 856, under Ordono I.

The art and architecture of his reign forms the Ramirense phase of Asturian art. His court was the centre of great splendour, of which the palace and church of Santa María del Naranco and San Miguel de Lillo are testimony.

Ramiro died at Liño and was succeeded by his son, the aforementioned Ordoño.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bermudo_I_of_Asturias
Bermudo I of Asturias

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Bermudo I (also Vermudo or Veremund) was the king of Asturias from 788 or 789 to 791. His nickname, the Deacon, was supposedly given because of his having been a deacon before becoming king. He was a son of Fruela, brother of King Alfonso I, and brother of King Aurelius.

The rest of his reign saw Moorish raids into Álava and Galicia. He was defeated badly at Bierzo and abdicated the throne in 791, returning to his frock. Nevertheless, he was considered a generous and illustrious man in his time.


Bermudo I (also Vermudo or Veremund) was the king of Asturias from 788 or 789 to 791. His nickname, the Deacon, was supposedly given because of his having been a deacon before becoming king. He was a son of Fruela, brother of King Alfonso I, and brother of King Aurelius.

The rest of his reign saw Moorish raids into Álava and Galicia. He was defeated badly at Bierzo and abdicated the throne in 791, returning to his frock. Nevertheless, he was considered a generous and illustrious man in his time.


8º REI DAS ASTÚRIAS, Espanha
Froila das Asturias (? - c. 842) (Ger. 37)

- Bermudo das Asturias

Bermudo das Asturias casou com Nunilo de Coimbra (c. 777 - ?) (Ger. 36)

- Ramiro I de Leão, rei das Asturias (c. 791 - 850)

in: Reino de Leão e das Astúrias <http://familiamelobanha.no.sapo.pt/Reino%20de%20Leao%20e%20das%20Asturias.htm>

______________________________________________________________________________

Bermudo, príncipe de Leon

  • c. 0750 + 0842

Padres

Padre: Froila de Leon * c. 0760

Madre: N

Matrimonios

c. 0790 Ursinda Muniadona de Coimbra * c. 0750

Hijos

  • Ramiro I, rey de León * c. 0770 Paterna de Castilla
  • Garcia, rey de Asturias
  • Cristina de Asturias
  • Tisiena Duquesa de Suevia

Titulos y Señorios

  • Infantes de León

in: GeneAll.pt <http://www.geneall.net/H/per_page.php?id=8176>

______________________________________________________________________________

Bermudo I ou Vermudo das Asturias ou Veremund (? - 797) foi Rei das Astúrias de 788 a 791. A sua alcunha, o Diácono, deve-se ao facto de ser diácono antes e depois de ter subido ao trono.

Durante o seu reinado de três anos sofreu varios ataques muçulmanos em Álava e na Galiza. Após uma dura derrota causada pelas tropas atacantes que provinham das hostes andaluezes de Hisham I al-Ándalus em Bierzo, abdicou do trono, regressando ao seu antigo estado clerical em 791.

É considerado pelos autores como um rei generoso, magnânimo e iluminado, para a época.

Foi filho de Fruela da Cantábria (725 - 768) e de Munia Lopez 730 -?), filha de Froila Petri de Leão e duque da Cantábria (700 - 757). Foi casado com Numila, que nas crónicas de Rodrigo de Toledo e de Lucas de Tui é chamada Imilo e de Nunilo. No seu epitáfio é nomeada como Ozenda (Ursinda), filha de Flavio Ataúlfo, Rico homem da Galiza, neto de do rei dos godos Witiza, de quem teve:

  1. Ramiro I das Astúrias (790 - 850) casado com Urraca Paterna de Castela filha de Diego Rodríguez Conde de Castela

. in: Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre <http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bermudo_I_das_Ast%C3%BArias>

______________________________________________________________________________

Veja também:

Fue elegido rey por los nobles para reemplazar en el trono al rey Mauregato de Asturias. Durante su reinado el reino sufrió incursiones musulmanas en Álava y Galicia. Tras ser derrotado varias veces por tropas andalusíes de Hisham I en la batalla del río Burbia, en El Bierzo, abdicó y regresó a su antiguo estado clerical, en el año 791. Tras su abdicación vivió en la corte de su sucesor, Alfonso II el Casto

Falleció en el año 797, y pasó a la historia como un rey generoso, magnánimo e ilustrado.


Bermudo “el Diácono” sucedió a Mauregato. Reinó de 789 a 791. Pese a tener un hijo, promovió el regreso al trono del exiliado Alfonso, “Bermudo I reinó tres años, a lo largo de los cuales fue clemente y piadoso. Durante su reinado tuvo lugar una batalla en Burbia. Abdicó después voluntariamente


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bermudo_I_of_Asturias

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Vermudo I el Diácono, rey de Asturias's Timeline

750
750
Principality of Asturias, Spain
780
780
Age 30
789
789
Age 39
King of leon
789
Age 39
King of leon
789
Age 39
King of leon
790
790
Age 40
797
797
Age 47
????
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