Władysław I Herman, Duke of Poland

Польское Княжество

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Władysław I Herman of Great Poland, Duke of Poland

Polish: Władysław I Herman of Great Poland, książę, German: Władysław I. Herman of Great Poland, Herzog, Czech: Vladislav I. Herman of Great Poland, kníže, Russian: Князь Польский Владислав I Герман of Great Poland, Пяст
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Kraków, Małopolskie, Poland
Death: June 04, 1102 (55-63)
Płock, Mazowieckie, Polska
Immediate Family:

Son of Duke of Poland Casimir and Maria Dobroniega of Kiev
Husband of Юдит; Przecława z Prawdziców; Judith of Bohemia and Judith Maria of Swabia
Father of Zbigniew of Poland; Bolesław III Wrymouth, Duke of Poland; Judit Maria of Kiev; Agnes I, Abbess of Quedlinburg and NN Władysławówna
Brother of Bolesław II the Generous, King of Poland; Mieszko Kazimierzowic; Otton Kazimierzowic and Świętosława Swatawa of Poland

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About Władysław I Herman, Duke of Poland

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/W%C5%82adys%C5%82aw_I_Herman

http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/W%C5%82adys%C5%82aw_I_Herman

http://www.friesian.com/perifran.htm#kings

http://www.halat.pl/poland1.html

Władysław I Herman (b. ca. 1044[1] - d. 4 June 1102), was a Duke of Poland from 1079 until his death.

He was the second son of Casimir I the Restorer by his wife Maria Dobroniega, daughter of Vladimir the Great, Grand Duke of Kiev.

Biography

As the second son, Władysław was not destined for the throne. However, due to the flight from Poland of his older brother Bolesław II the Bold in 1079, he was elevated to the rank of Duke of Poland. Opinions vary on whether Władysław played an active role in the plot to depose his brother or whether he was handed the authority simply because he was the most proper person, being the next in line in the absence of the king and his son Mieszko Bolesławowic.

In 1080, in order to improve the relations between Poland and Bohemia, Władysław married Judith, the daughter of the Duke (and first King from 1085) Vratislaus II. After this, the foreign policy of the Duke levitated strongly towards appeasement of the Holy Roman Empire.

He accepted overlordship of the Empire, and when in 1085 while in Mainz the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV announced that his father-in-law Vratislaus II to be King of Bohemia and Poland, Władysław did not object. He also never pursued the Royal crown due to his subservient status. Soon after, he was forced by the barons of Poland to recall from exile in Hungary his nephew and rightful heir to the Polish throne, Mieszko Bolesławowic. The young prince accepted the overlordship of his uncle and gave up his hereditary claims in exchange for becoming first in line of succession. Władysław was forced to accept the terms of his nephew, because his eldest and only son at that time, Zbigniew, was illegitimate because he had been born from a union not recognized by the church. Władysław's relations with the Emperor were considerably improved after his second marriage with his sister Judith (also Dowager Queen of Hungary) in 1089, who took the name Judith of Swabia after her wedding in order to distinguish herself from the late first wife of Władysław (Judith of Bohemia).

Władysław abandoned the alliance with Hungary favored by his deposed brother, and joined the anti-Papal camp. Also, he resumed paying tribute for Silesia to Bohemia. In addition Kraków and Cieszyn were ceded to Bohemia, Lubusz Land was lost to Germany while Przemyśl Land in the east was lost to Halych-Ruthenia. Władysław did make attempts to regain the control of Pomerania, and through numerous expeditions was temporarily (1090-1091) able to do so.

Although Władysław was formally Dux and an Overlord of Poland, in reality the barons who banished his brother used this victory to strengthen their position. It's not surprising therefore, that within a short time the Duke was forced to give up the government to his Count Palatine, (Polish: wojewoda) a high born noble named Sieciech. Sieciech's administration of the realm was negatively perceived by those of the barons who were not the beneficiaries of the power shift.

The birth of the future Bolesław III completely changed the political situation in Poland. Mieszko Boleslawowic was already seventeen at that time and was, by the previous agreement made after his return, the first in line to succeed. In 1089 Mieszko died under mysterious circumstances, probably poisoned on the orders of Sieciech and Duchess Judith-Sophia. Almost immediately, Zbigniew was sent to Germany and placed in the Quedlinburg Abbey. With the idea of forcing his first-born son to take the holy vows, Władysław intended to deprive him of any chance of succession.

In 1090 Sieciech, with help of Polish forces under his command, managed to gain control of Gdansk Pomerania, albeit for a short time. Major towns were garrisoned by Polish troops, the rest were burned, in order to thwart any future resistance. Several months later, however, a rebellion of native elites led to the restoration of the region’s independence from Poland.

Sieciech's tyrannical rule reflected negatively on Władysław, causing a massive political migration out of Poland. In 1093 Silesia rebelled, and the comes Magnus with the assistance of the Bohemian and Polish knights welcomed Zbigniew after he escaped from Germany; however, soon Sieciech captured the prince and imprisoned him. The increasing dissatisfaction in the country forced the release of Zbigniew in 1097. Immediately after this Władysław (after an unsuccessfully retaliatory expedition against Silesia and forced to recognized Zbigniew as the legitimate heir) appointed his sons as commanders of the army which was formed in order to recapture Gdansk Pomerania.

Simultaneously a great migration of Jews from Western Europe to Poland began circa 1096, around the time of the First Crusade. Władysław, a tolerant ruler, attracted the Jews into his domains, and permitted to settle throughout the entire country without restriction.

Soon Zbigniew and Bolesław decided to join forces and demanded that the reigns of the government should be handed over to them. Władysław agreed to divide the realm between the brothers, each to be granted his own province while he himself kept control of Mazovia and its capital at Płock. Władysław also retained control of the most important cities i.e. Wrocław, Krakow and Sandomierz. Zbigniew’s province encompassed Greater Poland including Gniezno, Kuyavia, Łęczyca and Sieradz. Bolesław’s territory included Lesser Poland, Silesia and Lubusz Land.

However, Sieciech, alarmed by the evident diminution of his power, began to intrigue against the brothers. Władysław decided to support him against his own sons. Defeated, in 1101 and after the mediation of the Archbishop of Gniezno Martin, the Duke was forced to confiscate Sieciech's properties and exiled him.

Władysław died on 4 June 1102, without resolving the issue of succession, leaving his sons to struggle for supremacy. His body was interned in the Płock Cathedral. Churches Founded: St. Idzi Church in Kraków Church "On the Sand" in Kraków St. Idzi Church in Inowlodz Wawel Cathedral with the Silver Bells Tower

Władysław founded several churches in Poland. Most notably he was the founder of the Romanesque Wawel Cathedral of which the Silver Bells Tower still remains standing. He was also very fond of Saint Giles (Polish: Idzi) to whom he founded no less than three churches: in Kraków, Inowlodz and Giebultow. This is attributed to the fact that while his first wife was finally pregnant after six years of childless marriage, the Duke sent rich gifts to the Benedictine monastery of Saint Gilles in southern France, begging for a healthy child. When a boy was born, Wladyslaw began building churches in his honor. He also founded a church "on the sand" dedicated to Virgin Mary which was granted to the Carmelites. Health issues

According to Gallus Anonymus, Władysław long suffered from a debilitating ailment that affected his legs. There is also a legend which states that in 1086 Władysław was affected by a terrible pox, with abscesses that affected his nose and face. According to the legend Holy Virgin appeared in the duke's dream and led him to find the cure in the sandy area outside the city. Once healed Władysław founded a Church of Holiest Virgin Mary "on the sand" in the spot where he found the cure. Marriages and Issue

Before Władysław took the title of Duke of Poland, probably during the 1070s, he had a relationship with certain Przecława, whose exact origins are unknown, although some sources stated that she belonged to the Prawdzic clan. Her status is also a matter of dispute among the historians: some believed that she only was Władysław's mistress and others asserted that she was his wife, but this union was performed under pagan rituals and in consequence not recognized by the Church as a valid marriage. By 1080, one year after Władysław ascended to the Polish throne, Przecława either died or was sent away; it's believed by some sources that after she was dismissed by the Duke, Przecława took the veil under the name of Christina (Polish: Krystyna) and died around 1092. This union produced a son, Zbigniew (b. ca. 1070/73 - d. ca. 1112/14), who was considered illegitimate.

In 1080 Władysław married firstly with Judith (b. ca. 1056 - d. 25 December 1086), daughter of Duke (and since 1085 King) Vratislaus II of Bohemia. They had one son:

  1. Bolesław III Wrymouth (b. 20 August 1086 – d. 28 October 1138).

In 1089 Władysław married secondly with Judith (b. ca. 1054 - d. 14 March ca. 1105), daughter of Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor and widow of King Solomon of Hungary. They had four daughters:

  1. Sophia (b. ca. 1089 - d. bef. 12 May 1112), married bef. 1108 to Yaroslav I, Prince of Vladimir-Volynia.
  2. Agnes (b. ca. 1090 - d. 29 December 1127), Abbess of Quedlinburg (1110) and Gandersheim (1111).
  3. Adelaide (b. ca. 1091 - d. 25/26 March 1127), married bef. 1118 to Dietrich III, Count of Vohburg and Margrave of the Northern March.   4. A daughter (b. ca. 1092 - d. bef. 1111), married ca. 1111 with a Polish lord.

Wladislaw I Herman, Duke of Poland was born in 1043. He was the son of Casimir I, Duke of Poland and Dobronega Maria of Kiev. He married, firstly, Judith of Bohemia, daughter of Vladislav I, Duke of Bohemia, circa 1080.

He married, secondly, Judith Salian, daughter of Heinrich III, Holy Roman Emperor and Agnes de Poitou, circa 1089.  He died in 1102. (19 

Wladislaw I Herman, Duke of Poland was a member of the House of Piast. He succeeded to the title of Duke of Poland in 1080.

Children of Wladislaw I Herman, Duke of Poland and Judith of Bohemia -1. Zbigniew, Duke of Poland d. 1107

-2. Boleslaw III, Duke of Poland+ b. 1085, d. 1138 

Władysław I Herman (c. 1043-1102), Duke of Poland, was a son of Casimir I and brother of Bolesław II of Poland. Władysław Herman (also called Włodzisław Herman) took power in 1079, after his brother Bolesław II the Bold was forced into exile, and supported Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV in a bid to restore peace. Władysław Herman was first married to Judith Premyslid. His second wife was Judith of Swabia, [edit]Children

He had an illegitimate son, Zbigniew of Poland (1070-1112). Later, with Judith Premyslid he had a son, Bolesław III Wrymouth (1085-1138), who succeeded him, ruling jointly with Zbigniew until 1107 at which point Boleslaw had Zbigniew banished, and became sole ruler. With Judith of Swabia, daughter of Emperor Henry III, Wladyslaw had a three daughters, second of them was Agnes of Gandersheim, who became an Abbess.


MedLands & Wikipedia [de][eng] identify another daughter: Adelaide, Margravin of Vohburg. Poles say no.

- http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/POLAND.htm#BoleslawIIIdied1138A

Prince Władysław & his second wife had [four] children:

  • daughter (after 1088-before 12 Oct 1112) ...... . . .
  • AGNES ([1090]-[1126/27]). ...... . ..
  • [ADELAJDA ([1090/91]-25/26 Mar [1127]). The Notæ Genealogicæ Bavaricæ refers to the first wife of "Marchio Dietpoldus" as "de Polonia"[193]. The primary source which confirms her parentage more specifically has not yet been identified. She is not one of Władysław's daughters referred to in the Chronicæ Polanorum[194]. The Fundatio Monasterii Richenbacensis names "Adelheidis" as wife of "marchio Dietpaldus" in connection with the foundation of Reichenbach[195]. The necrology of Admont records the death "VIII Kal Mar" of "Adelheit marchyonissa"[196]. m ([before 1105]) as his first wife, DIETPOLD [III] Graf von Vohburg, Cham und Nabberg Markgraf der Nordgau, son of DIEPOLD [II] von Giengen Markgraf im Nordgau & his wife Liutgarde von Zähringen (-1146).]
  • daughter (1090-)...... .. .

be careful not to translate the attention warnings confusing documents, into notices of identity denial

- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/W%C5%82adys%C5%82aw_I_Herman

  1. Sophia (b. c. 1089 – d. bef. 12 May 1112), married bef. 1108 to Yaroslav Sviatopolkovich, Prince of Volhynia, son of Sviatopolk II of Kiev.
  2. Agnes (b. c. 1090 – d. 29 December 1127), Abbess of Quedlinburg (1110) and Gandersheim (1111).
  3. Adelaide (b. c. 1091 – d. 25/26 March 1127), married bef. 1118 to Dietrich III, Count of Vohburg and Margrave of the Northern March.[8]
  4. A daughter (b. c. 1092 – d. bef. 1111), married c. 1111 with a Polish lord.

- https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adelajda_von_Polen (3th daughter of 4)


О Władysław I Herman, Duke of Poland (русский)

Князь Польский (1079-1102 годы) из рода Пястов

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Władysław I Herman, Duke of Poland's Timeline

1043
1043
Kraków, Małopolskie, Poland
1070
1070
Age 27
Poland
1085
August 20, 1085
Age 42
Kraków, Małopolskie, Poland
1089
1089
Age 46
1090
1090
Age 47
Kraków, Małopolskie, Poland
1091
1091
Age 48
Poland
1102
June 4, 1102
Age 59
Płock, Mazowieckie, Polska