Wahanganoche Arroyha Powhatan, King of the Patawomeck
|Also Known As:||"Whipsewasin", "Whipsewasson", "King Wahaganoche", "King of Patawomke", "Chief Whipsewasson Wahanganoche"|
|Birthplace:||west of the Potomac River, (current Stafford County, Virginia)|
|Death:||Died in Old Rappahannock County (now Caroline County), Virginia|
|Occupation:||King of Patawomke, Chief of Tribe, Chief|
|Managed by:||James Garland Winningham, Jr.|
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About Wahanganoche Arroyha Powhatan, King of the Patawomeck
Chief Wahanganoche, King of Patawomke
(Patawomeck, a tribe now recognized by the State of Virginia)
From: THE VIRGINIA INDIAN TRIBES: 17TH CENTURY, Leaflet 57, Apr 1933, 2nd Printing Sept 1940, Dept of Indian Art, Denver Art Museum, Denver Colorado: "POTOMAC or PATAWOMEKE. An important tribe in 1600's centering about a town of the same name in Stafford County, Virginia on a peninsula formed by the Potomac River. Population then about 800. Today perhaps 150 mixed bloods live in the neighborhood, about 8 miles north of Fredericksburg."
"The descendants of the Patawomeke Tribe in Stafford have always been proud of their Indian heritage and have passed down their descent from Chief Japasaw for many generations. They have lived in the same area in and around Passapatanzy (8 miles North of Fredericksburg, VA, now on the border of Stafford and King George counties), the seat of Japasaw and his son, Wahanganoche, "King of Patomeck", since the early 1600's. footnote 8. "A Brief Outline of Recorded History of the Patawomeck Tribe" William L. Deyo, 2000.
2016: "The Patawomeck tribe of Virginia Indians is based in Stafford County, Virginia, along the Potomac River (Patawomeck is another spelling of Potomac). It is one of Virginia's 11 recognized Native American tribes. It is not federally recognized. It achieved state recognition in February 2010, aided by anthropology research conducted by the College of William and Mary. In the 17th century, at the time of early English colonization, the Patawomeck tribe was a "fringe" component of the Powhatan Confederacy. At times it was allied with others in the confederacy, and at others, the Patawomeck allied with the English colonists.Today the tribe numbers approximately 1,500 members. Eighty percent live within ten miles (16 km) of their historic village of Patawomeck. They are undertaking to revive their historic Algonquian language. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patawomeck]
Chief Japasaw was a brother to Chief Powhatan, the first Indian leader met by the Jamestown colonists. Wahunsonacock Powhatan, Chief of the Powhatan was the father of Matoaka Amonute "Rebecca" Powhatan, aka Pocahontas. Pocahontas's mother was from the Patawomeck Tribe, one of the tribes in the Powhatan Confederacy.
Chief Wahanganoche, King of Patawomke, is last known to have lived at Passapatanazy in 1662 when Capt. Giles Brent and others were reprimanded for assault and false accusations against the chief. footnote 10, above source.
"The family material on the Indian annihilation goes hand in hand with the recorded history of the year 1666 when the General Court of Virginia declared war on the Patawomekes and other area tribes, at which time Capt. Giles Brent and others engaged in battle against the area Indians. Since he had a personal grudge against the Patawomekes, having been reprimanded and punished for his charges and assault against Chief Wahanganoche, it is most logical that they were prime targets. This fits with the Curtis ancestor, a Patawomeke Indian girl named "Ontonah", who was orphaned after both of her parents were killed during a confrontation between the white settlers and the Indians. The Curtis family raised Ontonah and gave her the Christian name of "Elizabeth". Elizabeth Ontonah married one of the Curtis boys with whom she was raised. Her name was repeated among her Stafford County descendants even up to the twentieth century.
Information about the 1666 war against the Patawomeke Tribe is vital in understanding their fate. The following is taken from the Minutes of the General Council and General Court of Colonial Virginia, edited by H.R. McIlwaine.
Meeting at James City, July the 10th 1666....It is therefore ordered for revenge of the former and for the prevention of future mischiefs that the towns of Monzation, Nanzimond, and Port Tobacco with the whole nation of the Doegs and Potomacks be forthwith prosecuted with war to their utter destruction if possible and that their women and children and their goods or as much of it as shall be taken to be disposed of according to instructions as shall be issued from the Right Honourable Governor. And it is further ordered that the said war be managed by such officers with such numbers of men and by such ways and means as the Governor shall think fit.
The book "Pocahontas's People", by Helen C. Rountree, states (p95) that in July 1665 (apparently this should be 1666, per the General Council minutes above) war was declared on the Patawomekes, and states, "The outcome of the war is uncertain, but the Patawomecks disappear from the surviving English records thereafter." On the same page it is further stated that in June 1666, the English Governor ordered the Rappahannock County militia to attack and exterminate the Indians within reach, with permission to sell captive women and children into servitude. It should be noted that the domain of the Patawomekes straddled the adjoining counties of Stafford and Rappahannock at that time.
Campbell, Charles. History of the Colony and ancient Dominion of Virginia. (Spartanburg, S.C.: Reprint Co., 1965), 1860: "Wahanganoche, chief of Potomac, charged with treason and murder by Captain Charles Brent, before the assembly, was acquitted; and Brent, together with Captain George Mason and others, were ordered to pay that chief a certain sum in roanoke, or in matchcoats, (from matchkore, a deerskin,) in satisfaction of the injuries. Brent, Mason, and others were afterwards punished by fines, suspension from office, and disfranchisement, for offences committed against the Indians, and for showing contempt to the governor's warrant in relation to the chief of Potomac."
The fate of Chief Wahanganoche, King of the Patawomeke was as follows: He was taken to Williamsburg, Va in 1662 and tried by the court there on charges brought against him and others by Capt. Giles Brent. He was acquitted of all charges and was allowed to return home. Chief Wahanganoche was apparently given a silver medallion during this time, by the Virginia Assembly. (Henings Statutes, vol 2 p 142) After the trial, Chief Wahanganoche and his company headed back to Passipatanzy, but the old chief never made it back home. Chief Wahanganoche's silver medallion was unearthed in Caroline County in the early 1860's, in an area that was logically in the path of the chief on his way home from Williamsburg. A letter written on 1 April 1664 by Col John Catlett to his cousin in England, telling of the events of the past year, told of the capture and trial of the "King of Potomek", indicating that he was, in Catlett's belief, unjustly acquitted. He told of the death of the chief on his way home after his release and believed that he got what he deserved. Chief Wahanganoche's death is not described, and it is not clear whether it was natural or by murder.
Notes for King Wahanganoche .
(1) Bill Deyo, Tribal Historian, states the following:
Wahanganoche's father was the petty-chief, Japasaw, or more correctly, I-oppasus, who had become the King of Patawomeck by the 1620s. I do not know the wife of Wahanganoche, but I-oppasus had two wives. One whose name I do not know but who was a daughter of Powhatan and I-oppasus' own niece or half-niece. It is possible that she was the daughter of Powhatan called Cahoke or Kaokee, traditionally the ancestor of the Peyton and Roberson families of Patawomeck blood, who was said to have been a daughter of Powhatan. His other wife was Paupauwiske who was known to have had a child, possibly Wahanganoche, as was written about by Henry Spelman. The Curtis family traditionally descends from the Patawomeck Indian girl, Ontonah, left an orphan by the battle of 1666. As the Peyton and Roberson families also descend from her, she may be the link back to the wife of I-oppassus who was the daughter of Powhatan, Kaokee (?). The Bryan(t) family of Stafford County in the mid 1600s and beyond connects to the royal blood of the Patawomeck Indian Tribe through their last chief, Wahanganoche (alias Whipsewasson), nephew of the great chief, Powhatan, father of Pocahontas. The Bryan(t)s and their descendants have multiple lines of descent from Wahanganoche and other members of the Patawomeck Tribe. The first generation of Indian blood included Dr. Richard Bryan(t), Martha Bryan(t) [wife of Thomas Foley], Thomas Bryan(t), Silent Bryan(t), and others. Dr. Richard Bryan(t)'s son, also a Dr. Richard Bryan(t) (died 1749, King George Co., VA), married Seth Anderson, also of Indian blood of the royal line of the Pamunkey Tribe, who was also his cousin through the Patawomecks. Since Dr. Richard Bryan(t) Sr.'s wife, Anne (Meese) Redman, was the daughter of Henry Meese, whose first wife is also believed to have been a daughter of Chief Wahanganoche, it is no wonder why the Bryan(t) descendants form the greatest number of the current Patawomeck Tribe, officially recognized by the Stafford County Government.
See information written by William L. Deyo, Tribal Historian, on Patawomeck Indians.
See information in book "Green Meadows, The History of the Curtis Family of Virginia" by Kimberly Curtis Campbell., 1998.
See information "The Paynes of Virginia " by Brooke Payne 2nd Ed 1998.
Birth and death date from Douglas Curtis at Curtis Family Reunion June 8, 2002.
Wahanganoche Arroyha Powhatan, King of the Patawomeck's Timeline
(current Stafford County, Virginia)
Virginia, United States
Patawomeck territory west of the Potomac River, (current Stafford County, Virginia)
April 1, 1664
Old Rappahannock County (now Caroline County), Virginia