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Walter Neale (Neal)

Birthplace: Bedford, England
Death: Died in Hillmorton, Warwick, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Walter Neale and Ann Neal
Husband of Elizabeth Neale
Father of Walter Neal, Capt. and Samuel Neal

Managed by: Private User
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Immediate Family

About Walter Neale,_Walter_(DNB00)

NEALE, WALTER, New England explorer, was grandson of William Neale, one of the auditors to Queen Elizabeth, of Warnford, Hampshire, by his first wife, Agnes, daughter of Robert Bowyer of Chichester (Berry. In 1618 he fought under Count Ernest of Mansfeld on behalf of the elector palatine, both in Bohemia and in the Rhine country, and rose to be captain. His difficulties compelled him in February 1625 to petition for a grant of two thousand decayed trees in the New Forest in lieu of a month's pay (460l.) due to his company (Cal. State Papers, Dom. 1623–5, p. 487), and in February 1629 he again prayed for relief (ib. 1628–9, p. 480). In 1630 he sailed for Piscataqua, or the lower settlement of New Hampshire, to act as governor of the infant colony at Portsmouth. He promised to discover a reported great lake towards the west, so as to secure to his employers a monopoly of the beaver trade (Winthrop, Hist. of New England, ed. Savage, 1825, i. 38). During a stay of three years he ‘exactly discovered,’ according to his own account, all the rivers and harbours in the habitable part of the country, reformed abuses, subdued the natives, and settled a staple trade of commodities, especially for building ships. On 15 Aug. 1633 Neale embarked for England, and in 1634, at the request of the king, was chosen captain of the company of the Artillery Garden in London (Cal. State Papers, Dom. 1633–1634, pp. 230, 443). He applied soon afterwards for the place of muster master of the city (ib. 1611-18, p. 340). After carefully drilling the company for four years, Neale asked to be appointed sergeant-major of Virginia, but George Donne, second son of the dean of St. Paul's, obtained the post (ib. Col. Ser., American and West Indies, 1574–1660, pp. 134–5, 285). He was appointed in 1639 lieutenant-governor of Portsmouth (ib. Dom. 1639, pp. 32, 391).

Walter Neale ("flourished" from 1618–1639) was an English military officer and an explorer and colonial administrator in the territory of New England that later became New Hampshire.

Born into a family that had served Queen Elizabeth I, Neale served in military campaigns in Europe from 1618 until about 1625. In 1629 he was hired by Sir Ferdinando Gorges and John Mason. Gorges and Mason, who between them claimed most of the territory north of the mouth of the Merrimack River, formed the Laconia Company to explore the interior, and they hired Neale to do this exploration, as well as to administer Mason's "lower" plantations on the Piscataqua River (on the coastline of present-day New Hampshire).

In 1630 Neale arrived at Piscataqua. His administration of the lower plantations was marred by boundary disagreements with Thomas Wiggin, who administered the upper plantations on the river. He led exploratory expeditions as far as the White Mountains in the interior of New Hampshire, but never located the "Lake of the Iroquois" that his employers believed to exist. He returned to England in 1633; the Laconia Company venture failed.

In 1634 King Charles I gave him command of the artillery park in London, and he was soon after appointed muster master of the city militia. He sought but did not obtain a military post in the Colony of Virginia. His last known posting is as lieutenant governor of Plymouth in 1639.

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Walter Neale's Timeline

Bedford, England
Age 21
Portsmouth, Rockingham, New Hampshire, United States
Age 23
Portsmouth, Rockingham, NH, USA
Age 27
Hillmorton, Warwick, England
January 12, 1955
Age 27
January 23, 1955
Age 27
February 4, 1960
Age 27