Wilhelm, Herzog in Bayern

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Wilhelm von Bayern (Wittelsbach), Herzog

Spanish: Guillermo Wittelsbach, duque en Baviera
Death: January 08, 1837 (84)
Immediate Family:

Son of Johann von Wittelsbach, Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen and Sophie Charlotte Gräfin zu Salm-Dhaun
Husband of Maria Anna von Wittelsbach, Prinzessin von Zweibrücken
Father of Unnamed son von Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen, Pfalzgraf; Marie Elisabeth, Herzogin in Bayern and Pius August von Bayern, Herzog

Managed by: FARKAS Mihály László
Last Updated:

About Wilhelm, Herzog in Bayern

Duke Wilhelm in Bavaria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Count Palatine of Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen

Duke in Bavaria

Spouse Countess Palatine Maria Anna of Birkenfeld-Zweibrücken


Maria Elisabeth, Princess of Neûchatel

Duke Pius August

Full name

German: Wilhelm

House House of Wittelsbach

Father John, Count Palatine of Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen

Mother Wildgravine and Rhinegravine Sophie Charlotte of Salm-Dhaun

Born 10 November 1752

Gelnhausen, Palatinate-Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen

Died 8 January 1837 (aged 84)

Landshut or Bamberg, Kingdom of Bavaria

Burial Tegernsee Abbey

Duke Wilhelm in Bavaria[1][2], full German name: Wilhelm, Herzog in Bayern (born 10 November 1752 in Gelnhausen, Palatinate-Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen[1][2]; died 8 January 1837 in Landshut or Bamberg, Kingdom of Bavaria[1][2]) was Count Palatine of Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen between 1789 and 1799 and first Duke in Bavaria from 16 February 1799 until his death in 1837. From 17 December 1803 to 20 March 1806, Wilhelm was titled Duke of Berg. Wilhelm was a great-grandfather of Empress Elisabeth of Austria through his son Duke Pius August in Bavaria.

Contents [hide]

1 Early life

2 Marriage and issue

3 Duke in Bavaria

4 Death

5 Titles, styles, honours and arms

5.1 Titles and styles

6 References

[edit]Early life

Wilhelm was born on 10 November 1752 in Gelnhausen to John, Count Palatine of Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen and his wife Wildgravine and Rhinegravine Sophie Charlotte of Salm-Dhaun.[2] In 1778, Wilhelm became an honorary member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities.[1]

[edit]Marriage and issue

Wilhelm married Countess Palatine Maria Anna of Birkenfeld-Zweibrücken, daughter of Frederick Michael, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken and his wife Countess Palatine Maria Franziska of Sulzbach, on 30 January 1780 in Mannheim.[2] Wilhelm and Maria Anna had two children:[2]

unnamed son (6 May 1782)[2]

Duchess Maria Elisabeth Amalie Franziska in Bavaria (5 May 1784 – 1 June 1849)[2]

Duke Pius August in Bavaria (1 August 1786 – 3 August 1837)[2]

[edit]Duke in Bavaria

On 16 February 1799, the head of the House of Wittelsbach Charles Theodore, Elector of Bavaria died. At the time there were two surviving branches of the Wittelsbach family: Zweibrücken (headed by Duke Maximilian Joseph) and Birkenfeld (headed by Count Palatine Wilhelm). Maximilian Joseph inherited Charles Theodor's title of Elector of Bavaria, while Wilhelm was compensated with the title of Duke in Bavaria. The form Duke in Bavaria was selected because in 1506 primogeniture had been established in the House of Wittelsbach resulting in there being only one Duke of Bavaria at any given time.


Wilhelm was interred at the family burial crypt of the Dukes in Bavaria at Tegernsee Abbey.

[edit]Titles, styles, honours and arms

[edit]Titles and styles

10 November 1752 – 31 March 1789: Count Palatine Wilhelm of Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen

31 March 1789 – 16 February 1799: The Count Palatine of Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen

16 February 1799 – 8 January 1837: His Royal Highness The Duke in Bavaria

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Wilhelm, Herzog in Bayern's Timeline

November 10, 1752
May 6, 1782
Landshut, Bayern, Deutschland(HRR)
May 5, 1784
Landshut, Bayern, Deutschland(HRR)
August 2, 1786
Landshut, Bayern, Deutschland(HRR)
January 8, 1837
Age 84