William Caldwell

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William Caldwell

Also Known As: "Loyalist"
Birthplace: County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland
Death: 1822 (71-72)
Immediate Family:

Son of William Caldwell and Rebecca Caldwell
Husband of Elizabeth Caldwell
Father of Hugh Caldwell

Managed by: Private User
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About William Caldwell


William Caldwell (c. 1750 – 20 February 1822), was a Scots-Irish immigrant to North America who became a soldier with the British Indian Department. He fought against the American rebels in the American Revolutionary War, especially with Butler's Rangers, based near upstate New York. After the war, together with other Loyalists, Caldwell was granted land in Upper Canada (now Ontario). He helped found the town of Amherstburg, near the mouth of the Detroit River. He also served as a Lieutenant Colonel in the War of 1812, and from 1814-1815 as the Superintendent of Indians in the Western Department. He was a merchant and farmer in Amherstburg.

William Caldwell is believed to be the son of William and Rebecka Caldwell of County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. As a young man, he immigrated to Pennsylvania in the British colonies of North America in 1773.

His initiation into combat was in the Wyoming Valley, Pennsylvania when Pennsylvanians fought against Connecticut settlers. In 1774, he served in Dunmore's War. In 1775, he was appointed an officer in the British Indian Department.

Before his marriage, while in Fort Niagara, Caldwell had a relationship with a Mohawk woman. They named their mixed-race son, born about 1782, Billy Caldwell.[1] The boy was first raised with his mother's people.

In 1783 Caldwell married Suzanne Baby, daughter of Jacques Baby dit Dupéron. Together they had eight children, five sons and three daughters.[1]

In 1789 his father brought the boy Billy Caldwell into his family and gave him an education. Billy Caldwell later lived in the United States after 1818, where he became a prominent representative of the Potowatomi people in Illinois and Iowa. He was sometimes known to them as Sauganash, their term for a British Canadian

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William Caldwell's Timeline

County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland
May 10, 1774
Age 24
Londonderry, Derry, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom
Age 72