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William Cranch

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Weymouth, Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States
Death: Died in Washington, District of Columbia, District of Columbia, United States
Place of Burial: Washington, District of Columbia, District of Columbia, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Richard Cranch and Mary Smith
Husband of Anna Cranch
Father of Abigail Adams Eliot; John Cranch; Margaret Dawes Brooks; William Greenleaf Cranch; Richard Cranch and 6 others
Brother of Elizabeth Cranch; Joseph Cranch and Lucy Cranch

Occupation: Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia
Managed by: Marcia Tugendhat
Last Updated:

About William Cranch

Wikipedia Biographical Summary:

"...William Cranch (July 17, 1769 – September 1, 1855) was an American judge and the second reporter of decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States..."

"...Born in Weymouth, Massachusetts, he was a nephew of Abigail Adams. His father was Richard Cranch, an English-born clockmaker and Massachusetts legislator and his mother was Mary Smith, the elder sister of Abigail Smith Adams, wife of John Adams, the second President of the United States. William Cranch graduated from Harvard College with honors in 1787 and was admitted to the Massachusetts bar in 1790..."

"...Cranch died in Washington, D.C., aged 86..."

"...William Cranch's daughter Abigail Adams Cranch married William Greenleaf Eliot. William Eliot and Abigail Cranch were the parents of Henry Ware Eliot and the grandparents of T. S. Eliot..."

SOURCE: Wikipedia contributors, 'William Cranch', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 5 June 2011, 19:57 UTC, <http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=William_Cranch&oldid=432731873> [accessed 15 August 2011]


William Cranch (July 17, 1769 – September 1, 1855) was an American judge and the second reporter of decisions of the United States Supreme Court.

Born in Weymouth, Massachusetts, he was a nephew of Abigail Adams. His father was Richard Cranch, an English-born clockmaker and his mother was Mary Smith, the elder sister of Abigail Smith Adams, wife of John Adams, the 2nd President of the United States.

At the time, the reporter was an unofficial post and he used his own funds to produce the reports. Cranch took on the responsibility because of his respect for precedent. He was slow in producing his reports of cases and their accuracy was questioned.

When a land speculation bankrupted him, his uncle John Adams rescued him by appointing him to be judge of the District of Columbia circuit court, where he served until his death. In his role as Chief Judge of this court he swore in two presidents, John Tyler and Millard Fillmore, who each assumed the presidency upon the death of their predecessor.

Cranch, like William Marbury, was one of the "Midnight Judges" appointed under the Judiciary Act of 1801 that led to the Supreme Court case Marbury v. Madison. During his tenure on the court, Cranch published a biography of Adams, and was a member of the Academy of Arts and Sciences.

He died in Washington, D.C., aged 86.

William Cranch's daughter Abigail Adams Cranch married William Greenleaf Eliot. Eliot and Cranch were the parents of Henry Ware Eliot and the grandparents of T. S. Eliot.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Cranch

Cranch, William (1769-1855) — of District of Columbia. Born in Weymouth, Norfolk County, Mass., July 17, 1769. Nephew by marriage of John Adams; first cousin of John Quincy Adams. Judge of U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit, 1801, 1806. Died September 1, 1855 in Washington, District of Columbia. Interment at Congressional Cemetery, Washington, D.C.

Parents: Richard Cranch, Mary Smith

Spouse: Anna Greenleaf

Born: 3 Jun 1772 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts

Died: 16 Sep 1842 in Washington, District Of Columbia

Marriage: 6 Apr 1795 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts

Children ,Sex ,Birth

William Greenleaf Cranch M 11 Jan 1796

Richard Cranch M 26 Jun 1797

Anne Allen Cranch F 28 Apr 1799

Mary Cranch F 26 Sep 1801

Elizabeth Eliot Cranch F 8 Feb 1805 Edit

John Cranch M 2 Feb 1807 in Washington D.C.

Edward Pope Cranch M 29 May 1809 Edit

Christopher Pearse Cranch M 8 Mar 1813 in Alexandria, Virginia

Virginia Cranch F Jan 1815 Edit

Abigail Adams Cranch F 20 Feb 1817 in Alexandria, Virginia

Margaret Dawes Cranch F 15 Apr 1819

view all 16

William Cranch's Timeline

1769
July 17, 1769
Weymouth, Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States
1787
1787
Age 17
Harvard University, with honors
1796
January 11, 1796
Age 26
1797
June 26, 1797
Age 27
1799
April 28, 1799
Age 29
1801
September 26, 1801
Age 32
1805
February 8, 1805
Age 35
1807
February 2, 1807
Age 37
Washington DC
1809
May 29, 1809
Age 39