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About William Cuningham, 9th Earl of Glencairn
From Clan Cunningham
A consistent supporter of Charles 1st, the 9th Earl was obliged to forfeit his title to the Scottish Parliament, but in time when he realized the possibility of Scotland being drawn into the feud between Charles and his Parliament in London, William's support for the monarch quickly diminished. His title was restored and following the execution of Charles 1st, the 9th Earl fought with the Highland clans against General Monk when Cromwell invaded Scotland. Following a personal duel and skirmishes in the ranks he withdrew his forces/ thereafter engaging Monk's columns at Dumbarton where overwhelming odds forced him to surrender on honorable terms. He returned home but was thrown into prison on suspicion of plotting/ but following the Restoration, Charles 2nd rewarded him with the appointment of Privy Councilor. A few years later he was elevated to Lord Chancellor but further political intrigues reduced his powers to almost nothing and he died a disillusioned man.
William Cunningham, 9th Earl of Glencairn (1610–1664), was a Scottish nobleman, Lord Chancellor of Scotland, and a cavalier. He was also the chief of Clan Cunningham.
The eldest son of William Cunningham, 8th Earl of Glencairn, on July 21, 1637 this William obtained a ratification from King Charles 1st, under the Royal Sign Manual, of the original Glencairn Letters Patent of 1488.
He was sworn a member of the Privy Council of Scotland and in 1641 was appointed a Commissioner of the Treasury.
The Earl supported the Royalist cause of his King, and in 1643 joined with the Duke of Hamilton and the Earls of Lanark and Roxburgh, in opposing the sending of a Scottish army into England to assist the English Parliamentary Army. For this loyalty he received a (now published) personal letter from the King.
He was appointed Lord Justice General by parliament in 1646. He knew of and is said to have "entered heartily into" the attempted rescue of Charles I in 1648, and was subsequently deprived by parliament of this post on February 15, 1649, under the Act of Classes. The parliament, now being dominant, at the instance of the Public Prosecutor, then passed a Decreet, on March 2, 1650, annulling the original Glencairn Letters Patent of 1488. (This was rescinded at the Restoration}.
Glencairn then led an insurrection in the Highlands in 1653 (See: Royalist rising of 1651 to 1654) in favour of King Charles II, when General Monk had possession of Scotland. In January 1654 he was commissioned by Charles II to command the Royal forces in all of Scotland, numbering some 3,500 men, but he later handed his command to General Middleton. About this time Glencairn and Lieutenant-General Sir George Munro, 1st of Newmore engaged in a duel with both pistols & swords two miles to the south of Dornoch. Munro had poured scorn on the quality of their forces and Glencairn had defended them, challenging Munro, who lost but was only wounded. Middleton initially placed the Earl under arrest, but the Earl left the army a fortnight later.
He was then arrested by Monck in 1655, who later permitted him to return home. Glencairn was excepted from Oliver Cromwell's "grace and pardon", but nevertheless was one of the peers whom Monk called to the Convention he summoned when he was about to march into England in 1659. It was at this Convention that Glencairn called for Monk to declare for a free parliament.
Upon the Restoration Glencairn waited upon King Charles II at London, when he was again sworn a Privy Councillor and appointed Sheriff Principal of Ayrshire. On January 19, 1661, he was constituted Lord Chancellor of Scotland for life, upon the resignation of the Earl of Loudon.
Glencairn was Chancellor of the University of Glasgow from 1660, and was one of the principal advisors of the re-establishment of Episcopacy in Scotland. He was not, however, opposed to Presbyterianism, and the subsequent bitter disputes between the two religious factions greatly distressed him and affected his health.
The Earl died at Belton, East Lothian, on May 30, 1663, aged 54 years. He was buried, with great pomp, in the south-east aisle of St. Giles Cathedral in Edinburgh, on the 28th July following.
References: Anderson, William, The Scottish Nation, Edinburgh, 1867, p.312-3.
- William Cuninghame, 9th Earl of Glencairn1
- M, #109753, b. circa 1610, d. 27 January 1664/65
- Last Edited=20 Feb 2011
- William Cuninghame, 9th Earl of Glencairn was born circa 1610.1 He was the son of William Cuninghame, 8th Earl of Glencairn and Lady Janet Kerr.2 He married, secondly, Lady Margaret Montgomerie, daughter of Alexander Montgomerie, 6th Earl of Eglinton and Lady Anne Livingstone.3 He married by contract, firstly, Lady Anne Ogilvy, daughter of James Ogilvy, 1st Earl of Findlater and Lady Elizabeth Leslie, on 5 April 1637.3 He died on 27 January 1664/65 at Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.1 He was also reported to have died on 30 May 1664 at Belton, East Lothian, Scotland.3
- He succeeded to the title of 9th Earl of Glencairn [S., 1488] in October 1631.1 He succeeded to the title of 9th Lord Kilmaurs [S., 1464] in October 1631.4 He was invested as a Privy Counsellor (P.C.) [Scotland] in 1641.4 In 1653 he commanded an uprising on behalf of King Charles II.4 He held the office of Lord Chancellor of Scotland between 1661 and 1664.4 He was invested as a Privy Counsellor (P.C.) [Scotland] in February 1660/61.4
- Children of William Cuninghame, 9th Earl of Glencairn and Lady Anne Ogilvy
- 1.Alexander Cuninghame, 10th Earl of Glencairn+2 d. 26 May 1670
- 2.Lady Jean Cuninghame+2
- 3.James Cuninghame, Lord Kilmaur1 d. 30 May 1664
- 4.Lady Margaret Cuninghame+5
- 5.John Cuninghame, 11th Earl of Glencairn+2 d. 14 Dec 1703
- 6.William Cuninghame, Lord Kilmaur6 d. b 1631
- 7.Lady Anne Cuninghame6
- 8.Lady Elizabeth Cuninghame6
- 1.[S8] BP1999 volume 1, page 1283. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S8]
- 2.[S37] BP2003 See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]
- 3.[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume V, page 673. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
- 4.[S37] BP2003. [S37]
- 5.[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume I, page 422.
- 6.[S47] BIFR1976 volume 1, page 994. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S47]
- From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p10976.htm#i109753
The History of Kilmaurs Place.==
- The building seen today (2008) replaced the ane ancient, strong building, belonging to the Earl of Glencairne, environed with a fair parke, called Carmell wod, from the watter of Carmell that runs by it. The Place was begun by William Cunningham, 9th Earl of Glencairn (1610–64), Lord Chancellor of Scotland (1660–64). A most extensive and imposing building was intended, however financial problems and his unexpected death resulted the abandonment of the original design; today's structure represents the remnants of the unfinished mansion. .... etc.
William Cunninghame of Kilmaurs (1610–1664), 9th Earl of Glencairn
- William Cunningham, 9th Earl of Glencairn was at first a loyal supporter of Charles I and for this reason he was forced to forfeit his title to the Scottish Parliament; but in time he realized the possibility of Scotland being drawn into the feud between Charles and his Parliament in London, upon which his support for this absolute monarch quickly diminished. William's title was restored and following the execution of Charles I, he fought with the Highland clans against General Monck when Oliver Cromwell invaded Scotland.
- Following a personal duel and skirmishes in the ranks he withdrew his forces. He thereafter fought Monk's columns at Dumbarton where overwhelming odds forced him to surrender on honorable terms. He returned home but was thrown into prison on suspicion of plotting, being mistrusted by Archbishop Sharp. Following the Restoration, Charles II rewarded him with the appointment of Privy Councilor. A few years later he was elevated to Lord Chancellor, during which time he started to enlarge Kilmaurs Place. Further political intrigues reduced his power and standing greatly and he died a disillusioned man. The large vaulted room in Kilmaurs Place is known as the 'Chancellor's Hall.'
- From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kilmaurs_Place
Earl of Glencairn
- Earl of Glencairn was a title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created in 1488 for Alexander Cunningham, 1st Lord Kilmaurs (created 1450). The name was taken from the parish of Glencairn in Dumfriesshire so named for the Cairn Waters which run through it.
- On the death of the fifteenth earl in 1796, there existing no original Letters Patent of the creation nor a given remainder in the various confirmations in title of previous earls the title became dormant.
- The earldom was claimed by Sir Adam Fergusson of Kilkerran, Bt., as heir of line of Alexander 10th, Earl of Glencairn and was opposed by Sir Walter Montgomery Cunningham of Corshill, Bt., as presumed heir male along with Lady Henriet Don, sister of the last earl, and wife of Sir Alexander Don of Newton Don, Roxburghshire. The House of Lords Committee of Privileges on 14 July 1797, chaired by the Lord Chancellor (Lord Rosslyn), in deciding the claim of the first-named, took a view unfavourable to all the claimants, and adjudged, that while Sir Adam Fergusson had shown himself to be the heir-general of Alexander, 10th Earl of Glencairn who died in 1670, he had not made out his right to the title. However, the decision was severely criticised by the jurist John Riddell in the 19th century and by Sir Iain Moncreiffe of that Ilk in the 20th.
- The current pretenders to the Earls of Glencairn are the Montgomery-Cuninghame baronets, although no claim has as yet been forthcoming. It may be, having been recognised by the Lord Lyon as Chief of the Arms and Name of Cunninghame, though not as rightful heir to the dormant Earldom, that Sir John Montgomery Cuninghame will pursue his claim.
Earls of Glencairn (1488)
- Alexander Cunningham, 1st Earl of Glencairn (1426–1488)
- Robert Cunningham, 2nd Earl of Glencairn, was affected by the Act Rescissory of October 1488 and so was de jure Earl of Glencairn. He married **
- Cuthbert Cunningham, 3rd Earl of Glencairn (1470–1541), restored to the Earldom by the 1503 Act Revocatory.
- William Cunningham, 4th Earl of Glencairn (c. 1490-1547)
- Alexander Cunningham, 5th Earl of Glencairn (d.1574)
- William Cunningham, 6th Earl of Glencairn (1526–1580)
- James Cunningham, 7th Earl of Glencairn (1552–1630)
- William Cunningham, 8th Earl of Glencairn (1575–1631)
- William Cunningham, 9th Earl of Glencairn (1610–1664)
- Alexander Cunningham, 10th Earl of Glencairn (died without male issue, 1670).
- John Cunningham, 11th Earl of Glencairn (d.1703) succeeded his brother and matriculated the arms in 1672.
- William Cunningham, 12th Earl of Glencairn (d.1734)
- William Cunningham, 13th Earl of Glencairn (d.1775)
- James Cunningham, 14th Earl of Glencairn (1749–1791) unmarried and died without issue; succeeded by his brother.
- John Cunningham, 15th Earl of Glencairn (1750–1796) died without issue.
- From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earl_of_Glencairn
The original grant of the Earldom in 1488 was confirmed to him, his heirs and successors by Charter 21st July 1637; Privy Councillor [S] and a Commissioner of the Scottish Treasury 1641; appointed Lord Justice General by the Scottish Parliament 1647, but deprived in 1649 when he tried to rescue King Charles I ; his patent of Earldom was annulled by Act of Parliament 2nd March 1649; a member of the Committee of Estates 1651; Commander of the forces in Scotland for King Charles II 1653-54; arrested 1655 and exempted from Cromwell's 'Act of Grace'; a promoter of the Restoration of the monarchy; Sheriff of Ayrshire, and Chancellor of the University of Glasgow 1660-61; Privy Councilor [S] 1660-61; Lord Chancellor of Scotland 1661-64.
William Cuningham, 9th Earl of Glencairn's Timeline
Belton, East Lothian, Scotland
Glencairn, Dumfriesshire, Scotalnd
Glencairn, Dumfries-shire, Scotland
May 30, 1664
Belton, Haddingtonshire, Scotland
July 28, 1664