William "Wedgbar" Underwood

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William "Wedgbar" Underwood's Geni Profile

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About William "Wedgbar" Underwood

Researchers seem to agree that William Wedgbar Underwood fathered 17 children. There are 21 listed above; does anyone know who doesn't belong, or if any are duplicated? Help!!

For more pictures and documents go to the Media section.

Discrepancy in death dates: May 9, 1852 - per Find A Grave Memorial #130592368.


  • 1. Mary “Polly” Eastridge - marriage occurred 1790 when she was 31 years of age.
  • 2. Margaret Wilson - per family Bible viewed by the Judge (during the process of her petitioning for a widow's pension) - marriage date was confirmed as June 20, 1831.


  • Anna/Annie Slaveless (went by Underwood when bonding two of her children) - so far no marriage record found. It is thought that William "Wedgbar" & Elizabeth Anna "Annie" Slaveless never married, although she sometimes went by the Underwood surname: on 6th December 1805, Anna UNDERWOOD binds herself, her daughter Betsey and her son Joel unto John R. Johnson (Will Book 1, pgs. 143 &144) [ Wilkes Co., NC Wills]

No marriage record of William and Anna/Annie, a Cherokee woman, has been found, but it has been proven that he had children by her while he was married to Mary "Polly" Eastridge. William was listed under an alias name, "Bill Doolan" on some of the claim forms sent in to the Government by descendants of Anna. I have seen some comments online referencing outlaw Bill Doolen, speculating that he and William Wedgbar could have been affiliated, or the same person. However, outlaw Bill Doolen lived from 1858 - 1896, which was after William Wedgbar’s death.

http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bfhawkins&id=I3945 - infomation about William Wedgbar Underwood's wives and which children were by which wife/partner.

William was a veteran of the Revolutionary War, enlisting March 19, 1780 in Culpepper Co., VA. He served under Major General Baron von Steuban. He was discharged on July 30, 1783 in Savannah, GA. William applied for a pension based on his service during the Revolutionary War on October 4, 1824 in Haywood Co., NC. In the transcription of the application he is referred to as "William Wedgbare alias William Underwood." The first sentence of the original document says: "This day came William Wigebare [sic] alias William Underwood age 65 years.". When William applied for a Revolutionary War pension on Oct. 4, 1824, he stated he had a boy about 16, a girl about 12, a boy about 10, and a wife 55 years old and consumptive (Tuberculosis). He was granted a pension of $8 per month.

Transciption of William's pension court proceeding: "From: State of North Carolina, Superior Court of Law, Haywood, County, October 4, 1824 - "This day came William Wedgbare alias William Underwood age 65 years, into court being a court of cord for Haywood County for the purpose of obtaining a pension as a soldier of the Revolutionary Army being unable to support himself any long by bodily infirmity; That he enlisted in the Virginia Continental Establishment for the war on the 19th of March or there about in 1780 for the war, in the county of Culpeper; That he was marched to Cumberland Courthouse and there inspected and received by Baron Stueben; That he continued to serve faithfully in the army____? continental serving faithfully as a soldier on various skirmishes under the command of Baron Stueben in the first regiment of Virginia Regulars in Continental establishment commanded by Colonel Posey, Major Finley, Captain Shelton's Company. Always in service, was at the Siege of Yorktown where Lord Cornwallis surrendered after which he fell under the command of General Anthony Wayne and was marched south and was at the time of the Evacuation of Charleston before that city____and also at Savannah; That he then continued in the service until discharged as appears from the certificate attached. And he further swears that he has always been a resident citizen of the United States, that he has lived the County of Haywood for near nine years, that he has not for the purpose of bringing himself within of an Act of Congress 18th of March 1818 and subsequent acts of Congress making provision for pension engaged in Land & Naval Service of the United States during the Revolution War conveyed away any of its property debts or claims either as land equity for the purpose of receiving any ____? thereby for the purpose of obtaining a pension from the United States that he is infirmed having met with the misfortune to have his back and loin so that he cannot obtain a comfortable subsistence by his body labors that he has no other property of any kind or claim either Land or Equity by which he expects to gain any benefit except that contained in the following. to be all to wit. Schedule for William Wedgbare alias William Underwood:

one____? about $40.00, 2 cows & calf 20.00, 2 bed & furniture 15.00, kitchen furniture 5.00, some poultry & Milk 7.00, total $87.00

Has Contracted for a the tract of 50 acres of land at $75.00 and paid only $9.75 and no money to pay balance and the State will not give him the land until paid for that he live on the State land with any title & have a wife 55 years old and infirmed and is consumptive habit & three children with his, a son nearly of full age, a daughter about 12, and a little boy about 10 years of age and no way to support but his trade of a farmer which he is not able to do much at." Sworn in open court John B. Love, Clerk and William X his mark Wedgbare $8/month. For a partial transcription of William Underwood's pension application, go to the Media/Documents section.

A document in the Media section shows the Land Office Military Warrant granting him 200 acres for his military service. It is dated 31st July, 1783. This is only a part of that document, and I’m looking for the rest of it online. Any help? Thanks!

Following his death, his 2nd wife Margaret (Wilson) Underwood applied for a widow's pension. "Veteran was pensioned at the rate of $8 per month commencing April 6, 1825, for 3 years service as a private in the Virginia Continental line. Veteran's widow was pensioned at the rate of $96 per annum commencing February 3rd, 1853, for her husband's service as a private in the Virginia Continental line."

William's family is shown in the 1810 Census of Buncombe Co., NC, the 1820 Census of Haywood Co., NC, the 1830 Census of Macon Co., NC, and the 1840 Census of Haywood Co., NC.

This website - http://family.castedo.com/webtrees/individual.php?pid=I1542&ged=Sargent: "Undocumented story: William was the illegitimate son of an English aristocrat. His last name was Redwine. William's mother was a maid at the estate. When it became apparent she was pregnant with his child, she was sent to America. William's surname was Redwine, but he changed it to his stepfather's name, Underwood. He went by the name William Wedgbar, aka Underwood, on his legal documents." William's mother, Margaret Hammett, is shown in her GENI profile as being born in Virginia (colony) so is it likely she would have traveled to England? Or could her birthplace be incorrect as listed? More research needed!

He was listed as "William Wedgbare Underwood" on a Cherokee Indian Claim for monies by grandson William S. Underwood, on May 18, 1905. This claim was denied.

Sources: Information on William Wedgbar Underwood, his family, ancestors and descendants, comes from several sources:

LDS ancestral files.


http://revwarapps.org/w2292.pdf - transcription of his application for a pension based on his service in the American Revolution. There are many references to his family in this application. "Pension application of William Wedgbare (Underwood) - W2292, Margaret - fn59VA. Transcribed by Will Graves 8/21/1."

Martchenke@aol.com (http://boards.ancestry.co.uk/surnames.underwood/361.384.385.386.620.1425/mb.ashx) who posts: "I do believe his correct name was Widgbarr (AKA Underwood), William. As listed in Rev. War Petition records, Congress 26. Session 2, Journal page 48, claim date 1-4-1841. I also have some info on his Indian bond woman, Elizabeth Ann (Annie)Slaveles."

Researcher (and descendant) Melissa Crawford (melissa815@earthlink.net) who shares: "I am descendant from William Wedgbar Underwood. Looking for information on Annie Slaveless, the Cherokee Indian that William has chldren with. I have also heard that Margaret Wilson, another of William's wives, was Creek Indian. William was a Revolutionary War soldier and lived in the Buncombe County, NC area, later in life may have lived in north Georgia with one of his sons."

Susan Underwood (underwds@aol.com) - "I would be happy to send copies of ...Natl Archives records I have on William; if you like I will also send the Culpeper probate records of Lott U. William U., died 1773 1774 respectively. These gentlemen may or may not be connected; the time & location are right, but nothing stronger than that. Email me your address if you'd like them. Thanks, Susan U. http://boards.ancestry.co.uk/thread.aspx?o=0&m=361.384.385.386.388.390&p=surnames.underwood.

"I will send you what I have including several indian applications of his offspring. They were all denied, but they are a wealth of info. Fern (fern@tir.com)"

A William D. Underwood of Rutherford Co., NC, served in Co. H., NC Reg. during the Indian Removal of 1838. This may be a different man than William Wedgbar Underwood.

https://www.myheritage.com/FP/genealogy-search-ppc.php?type=&action=person&siteId=280570711&indId=1510894&origin=profile - picture of William Wedgbar Underwood that is shown in this GENI profile


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William "Wedgbar" Underwood's Timeline

Buncombe, North Carolina, United States
Age 33
Age 35
Haywood, NC, USA
Age 37
Towns County, Georgia, United States
Age 37
Buncombe, NC, USA
Age 39
Wilkes County, North Carolina, USA
July 12, 1799
Age 40
North Carolina, United States
Age 41
Haywood, NC, USA
Age 43
Wilkes, NC, USA