Rev. William Greenleaf Eliot

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Rev. William Greenleaf Eliot

Birthdate:
Birthplace: New Bedford, Bristol, Massachusetts, New Bedford, Bristol County, Massachusetts, United States
Death: January 23, 1887 (75)
Pass Christian, Missouri, Pass Christian, Harrison County, Mississippi, United States
Place of Burial: St. Louis, Missouri, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of William Greenleaf Eliot, Sr. and Margaret Greenleaf Eliot
Husband of Abigail Adams Eliot
Father of Rev. Thomas Lamb Eliot; Henry Ware Eliot, Sr.; Mary Rhodes Eliot; William Cranch Eliot; Elizabeth Cranch Eliot and 8 others
Brother of Rep. Thomas Dawes Eliot, Hon.; Hannah Dawes Lamb; Elizabeth Margaret Furness; Nancy Cranch Eliot; Francis Andrew Eliot and 2 others

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Rev. William Greenleaf Eliot

Wikipedia Biographical Summary:

...William Greenleaf Eliot (August 5, 1811 – January 23, 1887) was an American educator, Unitarian minister, and civic leader in Missouri. He is most notable for founding Washington University in St. Louis, but also contributed to the founding of numerous other civic institutions, such as the St. Louis Art Museum, public school system, and charitable institutions..."

"...Eliot was born in New Bedford, Massachusetts. After attending the Friends Academy in New Bedford, Eliot attended Columbian College (now the George Washington University) in Washington, D.C., and graduated in 1831. Eliot did graduate work at Harvard Divinity School and graduated in 1834. He was ordained a minister of the Unitarian church on August 17, 1834...."

"...He was the grandfather of poet T. S. Eliot (1888–1965). W.G. Eliot's wife, Abigail Adams Cranch, was the daughter of William Cranch, a nephew of Abigail Adams. William Eliot's father, mother, and wife were first cousins of each other. Their mothers were siblings, as well as sisters of Rebecca Greenleaf. (She married Noah Webster.)..."

SOURCE: Wikipedia contributors, 'William Greenleaf Eliot', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 6 August 2011, 22:53 UTC, <http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=William_Greenleaf_Eliot&o...> [accessed 15 August 2011]

William Greenleaf Eliot was an American educator, Unitarian minister, and civic leader in Missouri. He is most notable for founding Washington University in St. Louis, but also contributed to the founding of numerous other civic institutions, such as the Saint Louis Art Museum, public school system, and charitable institutions. The modernist poet T. S. Eliot was his grandson.

Eliot was born in New Bedford, Massachusetts. After attending the Friends Academy in New Bedford, Eliot attended Columbian College (now the George Washington University) in Washington, D.C., and graduated in 1831. Eliot did graduate work at Harvard Divinity School and graduated in 1834. He was ordained a minister of the Unitarian church on August 17, 1834.

After his ordination, Eliot moved to St. Louis, where he lived for the rest of his life, until 1887. There he founded the Church of the Messiah, the first Unitarian church west of the Mississippi River. Today it is called the First Unitarian Church of Saint Louis. He led the congregation from 1834 to 1870, through a period of rapid expansion of the city.

Eliot was active in civic life, and instrumental in founding many civic institutions, including the St. Louis Public Schools, the Saint Louis Art Museum, Mission Free School, South Side Day Nursery, and the Western Sanitary Commission to provide medical care and supplies during the Civil War. In 1861 he was part of a small group of men who helped Generals Nathaniel Lyon and Francis P. Blair to retain Missouri in the Union. He contributed to the development of the Colored Orphans' Home, Soldiers' Orphans' Home, Memorial Home, Blind Girls' Home, Women's Christian Home, and other charitable institutions. When Ralph Waldo Emerson visited St. Louis, he had met Eliot and called him "the Saint of the West."

Eliot had a strong interest in developing educational opportunities in St. Louis. He co-founded Washington University in St. Louis (initially called Eliot Seminary - much to his chagrin) in 1853. He donated funds to its construction and served as its chancellor from 1870 to 1887. In 1859 he founded Mary Institute, a school for girls which he named after his daughter, who died young. It is now part of the co-educational Mary Institute and St. Louis Country Day School.

Eliot was also a writer, publishing Doctrines of Christianity; Lectures to Young Men; Lectures to Young Women (re-printed as Home and Influence); Discipline of Sorrow; and The Story of Archer Alexander: From Slavery to Freedom. These ranged from works of theology in the Unitarian tradition to specific moral advice to young people. He advocated individual responsibility. In public policy he supported women's suffrage and prohibition of alcohol.

Eliot was honored for his civic contributions with a star on the St. Louis Walk of Fame. Eliot Unitarian Chapel in Kirkwood, Missouri, is named for W. G. Eliot.

The Eliots had 14 children but not all survived to adulthood. Among their children were Rev. Thomas Lamb Eliot, Regent and Trustee of Reed College, and Henry Ware Eliot, businessman. W.G. Eliot was the grandfather of poet T. S. Eliot, Martha May Eliot, a pediatrician and expert in public health and her sister, Abigail Adams Eliot, co-founder of the Eliot-Pearson School at Tufts University.

Dr. Eliot was the brother of Thomas D. Eliot, U.S. Congressman from Massachusetts. William Greenleaf Eliot's wife, Abigail Adams Cranch, was the daughter of William Cranch, a nephew of Abigail Adams. William G. Eliot's father, mother, and wife were first cousins of each other. Their mothers were three of the daughters of William Greenleaf (Elizabeth, Margaret and Nancy respectively.)


William, one of eight children, graduated from Georgetown in 1831 and three years later finished his education at Harvard University's Divinity School. After moving to St. Louis, Eliot established the First Congregational Church and was ordained pastor of the church. During the Civil War he was appointed a member of the Western Sanitary Commission. He was a large benefactor of educational institutions in St. Louis and co-founded Washington University with his good friend Wayman Crow. Originally named Eliot Seminary, the name was eventually changed to Washington University. Eliot became chancellor in 1871 and was associated with the university for the rest of his life. William Greenleaf Eliot was the grandfather of author T.S. Eliot.

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Rev. William Greenleaf Eliot's Timeline

1811
August 5, 1811
New Bedford, Bristol County, Massachusetts, United States
1838
May 11, 1838
1839
November 26, 1839
1841
October 13, 1841
St. Louis, Missouri, United States
1843
November 25, 1843
St. Louis, St. Louis County, Missouri, United States
1845
December 7, 1845
1847
December 17, 1847
1849
July 25, 1849
1851
February 28, 1851