William Lockhart Bronner Hope

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William Lockhart Bronner Hope

Birthplace: Port Melbourne, VIC, Australia
Death: Died in Giza, Egypt
Cause of death: bullet wounds
Immediate Family:

Son of William Lockhart Bronner Hope and Emma Sophia Hope
Husband of Francis Ethel Winifred Hope
Brother of Grace Elizabeth Jeany Minster; Wilhemina Jessie Agnes Hester; Elsie Emma Augusta Hope; Margaret Lily Hope; Andrew Edward Hope [Williams] and 1 other

Managed by: Barry Edward Minster, MA, JP,
Last Updated:

About William Lockhart Bronner Hope

Service number: 3013 Rank: Corporal Unit: 1 Australian Battalion Imperial Camel Corps Service: Australian Army Conflict: 1914-1918 Date of death: 19 April 1917 Cemetery or memorial details: Jerusalem Memorial, Israel War Grave Register notes: HOPE, Cpl. William Lockhart Bronner, 3013. 1st Australian Bn. Imperial Camel Corps. 19th April, 1917. Age 25. Son of William Lockhart Hope and Emma Sophia Hope; husband of Francis Ethel Winifred Hope, of Monival, 3, Park Avenue, Glenhuntly, Victoria, Australia. Native of Port Melbourne, Victoria. Source: AWM145 Roll of Honour cards, 1914-1918 War, Army

The Argus 23rd October 1917

HOPE. - Officially reported killed in action (previously reported missing), whilst bravely bearing an urgent despatch on April 19, at Gaza, Palestine, Corporal William Lockhart Bronner Hope, Imperial Camel Corps, late 6th Battalion, dearly loved husband of Winifred, Glenhuntly, aged 25 years 5 months; on active service since September, 1915.

He gave his life for others sleep on beloved and take thy rest; we miss you most who loved you, best some day we will understand.

HOPE - killed in action (previously reported missing) at Gaza on April 19th Corporal W L B Hope, dearly loved son in law of Mr and Mrs F Wood and loved brother in law of Dorothy Monivale, Park Avenue, Glenhuntly, late of West Brunswick, So dearly loved, so sadly missed.

ID number H06040 Object type Black & white - Print silver gelatin Collection Photograph Description PORTRAIT OF 3013 CORPORAL WILLIAM L.B. HOPE, N0. 2 COMPANY IMPERIAL CAMEL CORPS (LATE 6TH BATTALION), KILLED IN ACTION, 1917-04-19. Rank: Corporal Service No: 3013 Battalion: 1st Regiment: Imperial Camel Corps Contingent: Australian Born: Port Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Enlisted: Port Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Resident: Port Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Educated: State School, Port Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Died How: Killed in action Date of Death: 19 April 1917 Place of Death: Gaza, Palestine (Syria) Age: 25 Arena: Egypt

Comments: Corporal Hope was a Signaller at the time of his death and was bearing urgent messages from Capt. A. E. G. Campbell to Lieut.-Col. G. Langley.

Family Details: Son of William Lockhart Hope and Emma Sophia Hope; husband of Francis Ethel Winifred Hope, of Monival, 3, Park Avenue, Glenhuntly, Victoria, Australia. Cemetery or Memorial: Jerusalem Memorial, Palestine Grave or Memorial Ref: Panel 59 Occupation: Compositor

HOPE. - Officially reported killed in action (previously reported missing), whilst bravely bearing an urgent despatch on April 19, at Gaza, Palestine, Corporal William Lockhart Bronner Hope, Imperial Camel Corps, late 6th Battalion, dearly loved husband of Winifred, Glenhuntly, aged 25 years 5 months; on active service since September, 1915.

He gave his life for others sleep on beloved and take thy rest, we miss you most who loved you best Some day we will understand

Hope - killed in action (previously reported missing at Gaza on April 19th Corporal W L B Hope, dearly loved son in law of Mr and Mrs F Wood and loved brother in law of Dorothy "Monivale" Park Avenue, Glenhuntly, late of West Brunswick So dearly loved, so sadly missed

HOPE — In sad but loving memory of our eldest son Corporal W.L.B. Hope No. 3013. No. 2 Company, Imperial Camel Corps, late 10th of 6th Battalion reported killed in action at Gaza, Palestine. 19th April, 1917. Ever remembered Inserted by father, mother, sisters and brother. and undo 23!l Ih'du.trr.s; , Port Melbourne

HOPE -ln sad and loving memory of my dear brother. Corporal W.L.B.Hope, killed In action on the 19th April, 1917. at Gaza. Our Will. Too dearly loved ever to be forgotten. inserted by Jess and Will Elsternwick

HOPE— In loving memory of my dear brother, Killed at Gaza battle 19th April. 1917. Though death divides fond memories cling. inserted by his loving sister and brother-in-law Alma and Walter Smale.

HOPE. — In loving remembrance of Corporal W.L.B. Hope. signaller Imperial Camel Corps. killed in action at Gaza 19th April, 1917. -Win.

HOPE— To the beloved and everlasting memory Corporal W.L.B. Hope, killed In action at Gaza 19th April. 1917. inserted by F and E Wood. Glen Huntly

HOPE— In loving memory of Corporal William Hope. who was killed on the 19th April, 1917; also Lieutenant Minster, who was killed on 5th October 1917. Ever remembered inserted by his loving sister and brother-in-law Grace and les Minster and nephew Trevor "Nyora", 99 Spray street, elwood


The Imperial Camel Corps Brigade (ICCB) was a camel-mounted infantry brigade that the British Empire raised in December 1916 during the First World War for service in the Middle East. From a small beginning the unit eventually grew to a brigade of four battalions, one battalion each from Great Britain and New Zealand and two battalions from Australia. Support troops included a mountain artillery battery, a machine gun squadron, Royal Engineers, a field ambulance, and an administrative train. The ICC became part of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) and fought in several battles and engagements, in the Senussi Campaign, the Sinai and Palestine Campaign, and in the Arab Revolt. The brigade suffered 246 men killed. The ICC was disbanded in May 1919 after the end of the war.


Australian camel company The advantages of camels in a desert environment are well known, and the British Army had raised the Somaliland Camel Corps in 1912.[1] However the British Army forces serving in Egypt at the start of the First World War did not possess their own camel formation. The first units of what became the Imperial Camel Corps were four company-sized formations that conducted long-range patrols around the Suez Canal and the Sinai Desert. The companies were raised in Egypt in January 1916 from Australians returning from the failed Gallipoli Campaign. The Indian princely state of Bikaner supplied the first camels as the Bikaner Camel Corps already used camels. These camels were later only used as draught animals and the lighter Egyptian camel became the mount chosen for carrying troops. The camels could cover an average distance of 3 miles (4.8 km) an hour, or 6 miles (9.7 km) an hour trotting, while carrying a soldier, his equipment and supplies.[2] The camel companies consisted of a small headquarters and four sections, each of seven groups of four men. The establishment of a company was 130 men, all armed with the standard British bolt action rifle of the time, the Lee–Enfield.[2] However the move from patrol to a more combat role in August 1916 led to a re-organisation. Each company added a machine-gun section of fifteen men with three Lewis guns; the company headquarters also received extra staff. All this increased company strength to 184 men. The four companies were expected to operate as independent units that travelled by camel but then dismounted to fight as infantrymen. Following the practise of cavalry and mounted infantry units, one man of each group of four held the camels when the team was in action, which reduced a team's firepower by a quarter. However it was soon discovered that camels were not as nervous as horses when faced with artillery and rifle fire, and one man would look after twelve to sixteen camels once the troopers had dismounted.[2] In March 1916 six new companies were raised from British yeomanry regiments. Then in June another four Australian companies were raised from reinforcements intended for the Australian Light Horse regiments. Reinforcements from New Zealand intended for the New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade formed two companies, one created in August and the second in November.[3] Brigade[edit]

The Hong Kong and Singapore (Mountain) Battery The Imperial Camel Brigade was formed on 19 December 1916,[4][5] under the command of Brigadier General Clement Leslie Smith VC.[6] The brigade originally comprised three battalions, 1st (Australian), 2nd (British), and 3rd (Australian), plus supporting units.[nb 2] Each of the battalions had an authorised strength of 770 men and 922 camels. A battalion comprised four companies and a headquarters. The 4th (ANZAC) Battalion was raised in May 1917, but instead of increasing the brigade fighting strength, it was decided one battalion would always be resting and refitting, while three battalions served at the front.[5][7] To complete the brigade structure and supply added firepower, the brigade received some other units: the 265th (Camel) Machine Gun Squadron, with eight Vickers machine guns, and the Hong Kong and Singapore (Mountain) Battery, armed with six BL 2.75 inch Mountain Guns. Despite their title, the battery was formed by men from the British Indian Army.[8] The brigade also had its own Royal Engineers (the 10th (Camel) Field Troop), a signal section, the Australian (Camel) Field Ambulance, and the 97th Australian Dental Unit, which with only four men was the brigade's smallest unit. The brigade included the ICC Mobile Veterinary Section, and the brigade's logistic units were the ICC Brigade Ammunition Column and the ICC Brigade Train, which carried enough supplies for five days. The total brigade strength was around 4,150 men and 4,800 camels.[5][9] Operational history[edit] 1916[edit] Battalions[edit]

Imperial Camel Corps at the Battle of Magdhaba In March 1916, after two months of training, the first camel patrols left their depot at Abassi on the outskirts of Cairo to patrol the Libyan desert. In 1915 the Senussi had attacked British and Egyptian outposts along the Suez canal and the Mediterranean coast. The resulting Senussi Campaign was largely over by then, but the patrols were to show the Senussi that the British were watching them, and to protect the border areas.[3] Around the same time long-range patrols, each of about thirty men, went into the south and south-east of the Sinai desert to detect any Ottoman incursion into the area. When the patrols discovered Ottoman outposts, the brigade organized a company-strength raid against the outposts. The ICC undertook similar patrols in the north to protect the rail and water lines, which were vital for any British attack.[10] Brigade[edit] The Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) went over to the offensive in the Sinai Desert in August, winning the Battle of Romani. In support of these operations in December the brigade moved into the Sinai; their first large battle came during the Battle of Magdhaba on 23 December, two days after the brigade was formed.[4][10] 1917[edit] On 9 January 1917 the ICC was involved in another victory during the Battle of Rafa, which forced the Ottomans to withdraw the Sinai outposts towards Gaza. This also reduced the need for independent camel patrols across the Sinai; in May the EEF consolidated the now-surplus companies into a new unit, the 4th (ANZAC) Battalion.[10] The intensity of operations grew and the ICC were next involved in the capture of the Turkish force at Bir el Hassana,[nb 3] the defeats during the First Battle of Gaza in March, and the Second Battle of Gaza in April and a raid on the Sana redoubt in August. They then had a break to refit. Subsequently they participated in the victories in the Battle of Beersheba, the Third Battle of Gaza, and at Battle of Mughar Ridge during October and November. By the end of the year the advance had crossed the Sinai and entered Palestine.[10] 1918[edit]

ICC troops crossing the River Jordan to attack Amman April 1918 Early in 1918, the ICC moved to the area of the Jordan valley and took part in the attack in March and April. The First Battle of Amman was unsuccessful; after three days of battle the British were unable to break through the Ottoman defences around the city and had to withdraw. The 4th (Anzac) Battalion did succeed in capturing Hill 3039 overlooking the city and managed to hold out for twenty-four hours in the face of artillery and infantry attacks, until ordered to withdraw.[10] During the Second Transjordan attack on Shunet Nimrin and Es Salt, the camel brigade were assigned the western defence of the Jordan River ford at Umm esh Shert defending the left flank of the 4th Light Horse Brigade. The camel brigade was unable to support the light horsemen, which were attacked on the left flank and forced to withdraw.[11] When the EEF advanced out of the Sinai and into Palestine, the change in terrain led to the disbandment of the ICC. In June 1918, the Australian troops were used to form the 14th and 15th Light Horse Regiments. The New Zealand troops formed the 2nd New Zealand Machine Gun Squadron. All three units became part of the 5th Light Horse Brigade. The six British companies remained part of the ICC for a while longer. Two of them fought with T.E. Lawrence in the Arab Revolt, and in July 1918 carried out operations sabotaging the Hejaz railway line. However, no reinforcements were assigned and the six remaining companies were reduced in strength to two before they were eventually disbanded in May 1919.[12] Aftermath[edit]

Imperial Camel Corps Memorial in London Over two years of service cost the ICC 246 deaths: 106 British, 84 Australians, 41 New Zealanders, and nine men from India.[12][13] A memorial to the Imperial Camel Corps was unveiled on the 22 July 1921, on the Thames Embankment in London. On one side it is inscribed with the names of all the members of the corps who died during the war, while on the front is the sentiment; To the Glorious and Immortal Memory of the Officers, N.C.O's and Men of the Imperial Camel Corps – British, Australian, New Zealand, Indian – who fell in action or died of wounds and disease in Egypt, Sinai, and Palestine, 1916, 1917, 1918.[12] The monument also lists all the battles and engagements fought by the corps; 1916: Romani, Baharia, Mazar, Dakhla, Maghara, El. Arish, Maghdaba 1917: Rafa, Hassana, Gaza 1, Gaza 2, Sana Redoubt, Beersheba, Bir Khu Weilfe, Hill 265 1918: Amman, Jordan Valley, Mudawar (Hedjaz)[13] Order of battle[edit] The strength of the brigade/corps in the field was around 3,380 men and 3,880 camels, with one battalion resting. Brigade Headquarters (40 men) 1st (Australian) Battalion (770 men) 2nd (British) Camel Battalion (770 men) 3rd (Australian) Camel Battalion (770 men) 4th (ANZAC) Camel Battalion (770 men) Hong Kong and Singapore (Mountain) Battery (255 men) 265th (Camel) Machine Gun Squadron (115 men) 10th (Camel) Field Troop, Royal Engineers (71 men) Signal Section, ICC Brigade (30 men) Australian (Camel) Field Ambulance (185 men) 97th Australian Dental Unit (4 men) ICC Mobile Veterinary Section (42 men) ICC Brigade Ammunition Column (75 men) ICC Brigade Train (245 men) [5][7]

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William Lockhart Bronner Hope's Timeline

Port Melbourne, VIC, Australia
April 19, 1917
Age 26
Giza, Egypt
Age 26