William Montague, 2nd Baron Montague

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William de Montagu, 2nd Lord of Montague

Also Known As: "Montacute", "de Montacute"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Cassington, Oxfordshire, England
Death: Died in Gascogne, Midi-Pyrenees, France
Place of Burial: Oxford, Oxfordshire, England, UK
Immediate Family:

Son of Simon de Montagu, 1st Baron Montagu and Hawise de St. Amand
Husband of Elizabeth de Montfort
Father of Lady Catherine Carrington; William Montagu, 1st Earl of Salisbury; Alice de Montagu; Mary Cogan and Edward Montagu, 1st Baron Montagu
Half brother of Elizabeth de Montagu

Occupation: 2nd Baron of Montacute, Baron Montagu, Baron, Baron de Montacute
Managed by: Andrew Dean Kemp
Last Updated:

About William Montague, 2nd Baron Montague

Montagu, Earls of Salisbury

Richard de Montagu [a] b abt 1125, d bef 1166. He md Alice abt 1148. She was b abt 1130.

Child of Richard de Montagu and Alice was:

William de Montagu [b] b abt 1156, d abt 1217. He md Isabel abt 1180. She was b abt 1164.

Child of William de Montagu and Isabel was:

Drew de Montagu [c] b abt 1183, d abt 1216. He md Aline/Aliva Basset abt 1206, daughter of Alan Basset and Aline de Gay.

Child of Drew de Montagu and Aline Basset was:

Sir William de Montagu [d], Knight, b abt 1214, d 23 Sep 1270. He md Bertha abt 1236. She was b abt 1222.

Child of William de Montagu and Bertha was:

Sir Simon de Montagu [e], Lord Montagu, Knight, b abt 1250, d 26 Sep 1316. He md [1] Hawise de St. Amand abt 1270, daughter of Amauri de St. Amand; and [2] Isabel abt 1287. Hawise de St. Amand was b abt 1256, d bef 1287.

Child of Simon de Montagu and Hawise de St. Amand was:

Sir William de Montagu [f], Lord Montagu, Knight, b abt 1272, d 18 Oct 1319, Gascony, France. He md Elizabeth de Montfort abt 1295, daughter of Sir Piers de Montfort and Maud de la

Mare.

Identified children of William de Montagu and Elizabeth de Montfort were:

Sir William de Montagu b abt 1302.

Alice de Montagu b abt 1315. She md Sir Ralph Daubeney, Knight, bef 27 Jan 1332/33, son of Sir Helie/Elis Daubeney, Lord Daubeney, and Joan

He spent much of his adult life in the wars in Scotland, Wales, and abroad. In May 1304 he was with the King at the siege of Stirling. He, along with his uncle, Amauri de St. Amand, governor of Oxford Castle, and others, were imprisoned in the Tower for an alleged offense at Oxford, but he was soon acquitted. He was ceremoniously knighted, with many others, at the knighting of Prince Edward on 22 May 1306. In 1311 he was commissioned to survey Hastings and other castles and their defenses and to provide custodians for them, and on 29 Sep he was given charge of Berkhamstead Castle. In May 1313, he accompanied the King and Queen overseas to attend the coronation of Louis X. In 1315/16 he was a commander in Wales, and in Jul 1316 was at Bristol to settle the dispute between Sir Bartholomew de Badlesmere and the burgesses. In Jun 1317, the King granted him the manors of Gravesend in Kent and Kingsbury in Somerset, and on 26 Sep he had a grant of free warren in Saxlingham, Norfolk, and other of his manors. He was summoned to Parliament 20 Nov 1317 and later, and in Aug 1318 was made keeper of Abingdon Abbey. In Nov of that year he was appointed Seneschal of Gascony, where he died the following year. His widow, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Piers de Montfort of Beaudesert, co. Warwick, survived him, and on 8 Jun 1322, she married Sir Thomas de Furnival, whom she survived.

...more 'potted history from FamilySearch below:


Montagu, Earls of Salisbury

Richard de Montagu [a] b abt 1125, d bef 1166. He md Alice abt 1148. She was b abt 1130.

Child of Richard de Montagu and Alice was:

William de Montagu [b] b abt 1156, d abt 1217. He md Isabel abt 1180. She was b abt 1164.

Child of William de Montagu and Isabel was:

Drew de Montagu [c] b abt 1183, d abt 1216. He md Aline/Aliva Basset abt 1206, daughter of Alan Basset and Aline de Gay.

Child of Drew de Montagu and Aline Basset was:

Sir William de Montagu [d], Knight, b abt 1214, d 23 Sep 1270. He md Bertha abt 1236. She was b abt 1222.

Child of William de Montagu and Bertha was:

Sir Simon de Montagu [e], Lord Montagu, Knight, b abt 1250, d 26 Sep 1316. He md [1] Hawise de St. Amand abt 1270, daughter of Amauri de St. Amand; and [2] Isabel abt 1287. Hawise de St. Amand was b abt 1256, d bef 1287.

Child of Simon de Montagu and Hawise de St. Amand was:

Sir William de Montagu [f], Lord Montagu, Knight, b abt 1272, d 18 Oct 1319, Gascony, France. He md Elizabeth de Montfort abt 1295, daughter of Sir Piers de Montfort and Maud de la

Mare.

Identified children of William de Montagu and Elizabeth de Montfort were:

Sir William de Montagu b abt 1302.

Alice de Montagu b abt 1315. She md Sir Ralph Daubeney, Knight, bef 27 Jan 1332/33, son of Sir Helie/Elis Daubeney, Lord Daubeney, and Joan

William Montagu, alias de Montacute, 1st Earl of Salisbury, 3rd Baron Montagu, King of Mann (1301 – 30 January 1344) was an English nobleman and loyal servant of King Edward III.

The son of William Montagu, 2nd Baron Montagu, he entered the royal household at an early age and became a close companion of the young Prince Edward. The relationship continued after Edward was crowned king following the deposition of Edward II in 1327. In 1330, Montagu was one of Edward's main accomplices in the coup against Roger Mortimer, who up until then had been acting as the king's protector.

In the following years Montagu served the king in various capacities, primarily in the Scottish Wars. He was richly rewarded, and among other things received the lordship of the Isle of Man. In 1337, he was created Earl of Salisbury, and given an annual income of 1000 marks to go with the title. He served on the Continent in the early years of the Hundred Years' War, but in 1340 he was captured by the French, and in return for his freedom had to promise never to fight in France again. Salisbury died of wounds suffered at a tournament early in 1344.

Legend has iit that Montagu's wife Catherine was raped by Edward III, but this story is almost certainly French propaganda. William and Catherine had six children, most of whom married into the nobility. Modern historians have called William Montague Edward's "most intimate personal friend"[1] and "the chief influence behind the throne from Mortimer's downfall in 1330 until his own death in 1344."[2]

from: https://familysearch.org/tree/#view=merge&person=9CNJ-4NY&otherPerson=94PK-NL2

William Montagu, born at Cassington, Oxfordshire in 1301, was the second but eldest surviving son of William Montagu, 2nd Baron Montagu, and Elizabeth de Montfort, daughter of Sir Peter Montfort of Beaudesert, Warwickshire.[3] by Matilda/Maud de la Mare daughter and heiress of Henry de la Mare of Ashtead, Surrey, Royal Justice, Seneschal of William Longspree II Earl of Salisbury.[4] The Montagu family, a West Country family with roots going back to the Conquest, held extensive lands in Somerset, Dorset and Devon.[5] The father, William Montagu, distinguished himself in the Scottish Wars during the reign of Edward I, and served as steward of Edward II's household. Some members of the nobility, including Thomas of Lancaster, viewed Montagu with suspicion, as a member of a court party with undue influence on the king.[6] For this reason he was sent to Aquitaine, to serve as seneschal. Here he died on 18 October 1319.[6] Even though he sat in parliament as a baron, the second lord Montagu never rose above a level of purely regional importance.[7]

Early service[edit]The younger William was still a minor at the time of his father's death, and entered the royal household as a ward of the king in 1320.[8] On 21 February 1323 he was granted his father's lands and title.[3] His service to Edward II took him abroad to the Continent in both 1320 and 1325.[3] In 1326 he was knighted.[7] After the deposition of Edward II in 1327, Montagu continued in the service of Edward's son Edward III. He helped the new king in repelling the Scottish invasion of 1327, and was created knight banneret in 1328.[3]

Montagu enjoyed a close relationship with Edward III, and accompanied him abroad on a diplomatic mission in 1329. That same year he was sent on an embassy to negotiate a marriage alliance with King Philip VI of France.[3] His most important task, however, came in connection with a mission to the Papacy in Avignon. The young king—along with his government—was under the dominance of his mother Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer, who had been responsible for the deposition of the king's father.[9] Montagu explained the king's situation, and Pope John XXII asked for a special signal that assure him that he was dealing with the king in person. After Montagu's return, Richard Bury, Keeper of the Privy Seal, wrote to inform the pope that only letters containing the words pater sancte (holy father), in Edward's own handwriting, were indeed from the king. Only Edward, Bury and Montagu were party to the scheme.[10]

Coup against Mortimer[edit]When Mortimer discovered the conspiracy against him, Montagu was brought in for interrogation – along with the king – but gave nothing away.[8] Afterward he supposedly advised Edward to move against his protector, because "It was better that they should eat the dog than that the dog should eat them".[3] On 19 October 1330, while Mortimer and Isabella were entrenched in Nottingham Castle, the constable of the castle showed Montagu a secret entrance through an underground tunnel.[11] Along with Edward de Bohun, Robert Ufford, and John Neville and others, he entered the castle, where he met up with the king.[3] A short brawl followed before Mortimer was captured. The queen stormed into the chamber shouting "Good son, have pity on noble Mortimer".[12] Edward did not obey his mother's wishes, and a few weeks later Mortimer was executed for treason in London.[13] As a reward for his part in the coup, Montagu was given lands worth £1000, including the Welsh lordship of Denbigh that had belonged to Mortimer.[14] His family also benefited; his brother Simon Montacute became Bishop of Worcester and later of Ely.[15] Another brother, Edward Montagu, 1st Baron Montagu, married Alice of Norfolk, a co-heir of Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk.[16]

Service under Edward III Edward III founded the Order of the Garter in 1348, and included Salisbury's son among the founding members.In the years to come, Montagu acted as Edward's closest companion.[1] In April 1331, the two went on a secret expedition to France, disguised as merchants so they would not be recognised. In September of the same year, Montagu held a tournament at Cheapside, where he and the king were costumed as Tartars.[3] From 1333 onwards, Montagu was deeply engaged in the Scottish Wars, and distinguished himself at the Siege of Berwick and the Battle of Halidon Hill. It was after this event that his lordship over the Isle of Man was recognised, a right he held from his grandfather.[3] The lordship was at the moment of a purely theoretical nature, however, since the island was still under Scottish control.

In February 1334 Montagu was sent on a commission to Edinburgh, to demand Edward Balliol's homage to Edward. In the great summer campaign of 1335, it was Montagu who provided the largest English contingent, with 180 men-at-arms and 136 archers.[3] He was well rewarded for his contributions: after the Scots had been forced to cede the Lowlands, Montagu was granted the county of Peeblesshire. He was also allowed to buy the wardship of Roger Mortimer's son Roger for 1000 marks, a deal that turned out to be very lucrative for Montagu.[17] At this point, however, the fortunes were turning for the English in Scotland. Montagu campaigned in the north again in 1337, but the siege of Dunbar met with failure.[18] Following the abortive attempt in Scotland, Edward III turned his attention to the continent.

The Hundred Years' War[edit]Montagu was created Earl of Salisbury on 16 March 1337. This was one of six comital promotions Edward III made that day, in preparation for what was to become the Hundred Years' War.[19] To allow Montagu to support his new status, the king granted him land and rent of a value of 1000 marks a year. The money was provided from the royal stannaries of Cornwall.[20] A contemporary poem tells of a vow made by the earl on the eve of the wars – he would not open one of his eyes while fighting in France. The story is probably a satire; the truth was that Montagu had already lost the use of one of his eyes in a tournament.[21]

In April 1337, Montagu was appointed to a diplomatic commission to Valenciennes, to establish alliances with Flanders and the German princes.[22] In July 1338, he accompanied the king on another mission to the continent, again providing the greatest number of soldiers, with 123 men-at-arms and 50 archers.[3] In September of that year he was made Marshal of England. After the death of Thomas of Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk, this office had come into the hands of Norfolk's daughter Margaret. The king did not trust the office with her husband, so he decided instead to bestow it on his trusted companion, Montagu.[23] Edward's policy of building alliances put him in great debt, and when he left the Low Countries to return to England late in 1338, Salisbury had to stay behind as surety to the king's debtors, along with the king's family and the Earl of Derby.[24] The earl had earlier voiced concerns about the costly alliances, but he nevertheless remained loyal to the king's strategy.[25]

While Edward was away, Salisbury was captured by the French at Lille in April 1340, and imprisoned in Paris.[3] Reportedly, King Philip VI of France wanted to execute Salisbury and Robert Ufford, Earl of Suffolk, who was captured with him. Philip was, however, dissuaded by John of Bohemia, who argued that the earls could come in handy in an exchange, should any French noblemen be captured.[26] Though released on parole in September, it was not until May 1342 that he reached a final settlement with the French. Salisbury was freed in a prisoner exchange, but only on the condition that he never fight in France again.[3]

Final years Salisbury's residence of Bisham Manor in Berkshire.Salisbury had long been frustrated by the failure of the government in England to provide sufficient funds for the war effort.[27] On his return, however, he played little part in the conflict of 1341 between King Edward and Chancellor John Stratford. In May that year he was appointed to a committee to hear the king's charges against Stratford, but little came from this.[28] In 1342–43 he fought with Robert of Artois in the Breton War of Succession, and in 1343 helped negotiate the Truce of Malestroit.[3] It was probably sometime after this he made good his claim on the Isle of Man, by conquering it. Less

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William Montague, 2nd Baron Montague's Timeline

1275
1275
Cassington, Oxfordshire, England
1301
1301
Age 26
Cassington, Oxfordshire, England
1312
January 1312
Age 37
Salisbury, Wiltshire, England, United Kingdom
1313
1313
Age 38
Salisbury, Wiltshire, England
1315
1315
Age 40
Salisbury, Wiltshire, UK
1319
October 18, 1319
Age 44
Gascogne, Midi-Pyrenees, France
1320
1320
Age 44
Oxford, Oxfordshire, England, UK
1324
1324
Age 44
1928
July 3, 1928
Age 44
July 3, 1928
Age 44