About William Newland, of Sandwich
- Birth: about 1612, Bridgewater, Somerset, England
- Death: April 1694, Sandwich, Barnstable, Massachusetts
- Parents: William Newland & Agnes Greenway
- Siblings: John Newland, of Sandwich and Mary Collins (Newland)
- Wives: Elizabeth Smith, Rose Allen (widow of Joseph Holloway)
- Children: Mercy Edwards (Newland); Elizabeth Newland and Rose Buck (Newland)
In October 1657, Ralph Allen and William Newland were the first men charged for Quaker activities in Sandwich, and were jailed for refusing to post surety for good behavior. They spent five months in jail in the winter and were released at the March 1657/58 court after paying fines. He subsequently refused to take the oath of fidelity (five cases from 1659-1661). The practice of fining Quakers stopped in 1661 when the King of England ordered Massachusetts Bay to stop hanging Quakers and inflicting physical punishment such as flogging or cutting off their ears. Plymouth Colony followed suit by stopping their harrassment of the Quakers. Ralph was well known to the court as the most abusive and belligerant of the Quaker activists, and the first brought into court. (1)
The will of William Newland of Sandwich, dated 26 Aug 1690, was probated 6 May 1695. Named daughter Mercy (Mary?) Edwards; her daughter Elizabeth; son in law William Edwards; brother John Newland; brother in law William Allin; wife Rose.
He married, May 19, 1648, Rose Holloway.
- Mary, John and Mercy.
"This was probably a second marriage, as he must have been an adult in 1637, when he is of record as a citizen. It is quite possible that the next mentioned was his son."
(I) Jeremiah Newland was a resident of Taunton as early as 1657. He had a wife Katherine, and sons Anthony, born Aug. 1, 1657, and Benjamin; undoubtedly others of whom no record can now be found." (From NORTHERN NEW YORK: Genealogical and family history of northern New York)
William Newland married Rose Holloway on May 19, 1648. On April 16, 1649, Mary Newland was born to William and Rose, which would mean that Mary was conceived around the time of William and Rose's marriage day, considering a normal gestation period (n.b. a first child is often born later than the ninth month, even sometimes bordering on the tenth). We know from the records that Newland also had another daughter, but there is no mention of a name or birthdate in the records. The records do mention a John Newland, of Sandwich, who was contemporary with William and was possibly a brother or other "close" relation. The same is possibly true for Jeremiah Newland, but the evidence does not seem as strong because Jeremiah is from Taunton.
The records suggest that Newland's occupation dealt with livestock (cattle and swine), although there is no real support for a strong assertion. We do know that Newland was licensed by the Court, to "draw" (or sell) wine to travelers in Sandwich, although this seems to be a secondary business which was conditional to consumer demand. There is only one mention of Newland acquiring land, and this is six acres at a meadow between Moonoonuscusett and Shaume.
The records show that Newland was admitted as a freeman in 1641. However, on October 6, 1659, Newland was disenfranchised for abetting and entertaining Quakers, contrary to the orders of the Court. The story is as follows:
In the earlier records (1941-1955), Newland seems to have been a fairly civic-minded fellow, as he served his share of public duties. These include serving as a jury member, as a surveyor for the highways around Sandwich, as a lieutenant to train men in arms, as a deputy, and most repeatedly, as a committee member for the town of Sandwich.
After 1955, there is only one mention of Newland serving in a public capacity (as a surveyor for the highways). It is remarkable that such a steady, early public service career would all but come to a stop over the remaining years of his life. There seems to be an explanation for this abruptness, though, and it centers around the events contained in the following record of October 6, 1657:
William Newland, for causing or incurraging Tho: Burgis to lett Christopher Holder, one of those called Quakers, to take a coppy of the Gounors warrant, which said warrant required the said holder and his ptener to appeer att Plymouth, and for promising to stand betwixt the said Burgis and any damage that should befall him in the abouesaid respect, and for calling of diuers psons together to his house to the said Quakers, was centanced by the Court to find surties for his good behauiour. . . which the said William Newland refused to doe, where comited to the custitie of the cheife marshall.
It is apparent that Newland was a Quaker, or at the very least a Quaker sympathizer, as he was more than once fined for entertaining Quakers in his home or for attending their meetings. It is also apparent that Newland was steadfast in his beliefs about the Quaker religion, as evidence shows that he was willing to undergo prosecution by the law to further the Quaker cause. Jailed in October of 1657 for an incident involving the support of Quakers, Newland was not released until March of 1658.
The Quaker belief seems to run wide throughout the Newland family. His wife, Rose, was fined alongside William, as was John Newland and his wife. The Quaker religion also affected other family groups in the Sandwich community. Given that Newland's name is mentioned alongside the Ralph Allin, Snr.and Richard Kerby, Snr.. families in reference to their Quaker "offenses", and that he was disenfranchised with Henry Howland for his part in Quakerism, it is probably safe to say that these four groups (Newlands, Allins, Kerbys, and Howlands) formed the infrastructure of the Quaker society within Sandwich.
Newland had at least one servant, John Baddo, who tried to steal a horse and run away from Newland. He was caught and publicly whipped.
211 "After Joseph [Holloway] passed away, Rose married for a second time to a man named William Newland on 16 May 1648 in the New Plymouth Colony. This was also William's second marriage, having previously been married to a woman named Elizabeth Smith."
1664 1 March 1663/1664 Records 7:114 Newland's name is mentioned in a case between Samuell Allin and John Barnes, in which Barnes claimed that "one of William Newlands daughters was with child and that shee layed it to three men . . . [one] was Samuell Allin".
From NORTHERN NEW YORK: Genealogical and family history of northern New York: a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the founding of a nation. New York: Lewis Historical Pub. Co. 1910. Transcribed by Coralynn Brown. "Newland."
"The early records of New England are very meagre regarding this name, and the burning of the Taunton records over fifty years ago [this was written in 1910] makes it impossible to learn definitely of many things concerning the family. There was an Anthony Newland at Salisbury, Mass., in 1650, but he disappeared from the records there and is supposed to have gone to Taunton. William Newland went to Lynn, where he must have stayed a very short time, to Sandwich, Mass. in 1637, and was made a freeman of the colony there in 1641. He was representative to the general court in 1642-43-44, but was disfranchised Oct. 3, 1655, for kindness to Quakers.
1. WILLIAM NEWLAND, The Immigrant was born 1605, and died 1695 (Source: Ancestral Lines). He married (1) CATHERINE MELLOWES Jan 17, 1627/28 in Boston, Lincolnshire, England (Source: The Great Migration Begins), daughter of ABRAHAM MELLOWES and MARTHA BULKELEY. She was born Abt. 1607 in Boston, Lincolnshire, England (Source: The Great Migration Begins), and died Bef. 1648. SIC: a different William Newland He married (2) ROSE ALLEN (Source: Robert Charles Anderson, George F. Sanborn, Melinde Lutz Sanborn, The Great Migration, Vol. I, A-B, 29.) May 19, 1648 in Sandwich, Barnstable Co., MA (Source: Records of Plymouth Colony), daughter of GEORGE ALLEN and UNKNOWN. She was born Abt. 1621 (Source: Robert Charles Anderson, George F. Sanborn, Melinde Lutz Sanborn, The Great Migration, Vol. I, A-B, 29.), and died Aft. 1689 (Source: Ancestral Lines).
- Robert Charles Anderson. The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633. Vol. 1-3. Boston, MA, USA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995. Sketch - Preserved Puritan: Abraham Mellowes.
- The Plymouth Colony Archive Project: William Newland of Sandwich
- The Great Migration, Anderson, Robert Charles & George F. Sanborn, Melinde Lutz Sanborn, (New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston, Massachusetts, 1999), p. 28.