William Henry Vanderbilt, III, 59th Governor of Rhode Island

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William Henry Vanderbilt, III

Birthdate: (79)
Birthplace: New York City, New York County, New York, United States
Death: Died in Williamstown, Berkshire County, Massachusetts, United States
Cause of death: Lung cancer
Immediate Family:

Son of Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt (RMS Lusitania victim) and Ellen Tuck Fitzsimons
Husband of Helen Vanderbilt
Ex-husband of <private> Whitfield (Davies) and Anne Gordon Vanderbilt
Father of Emily V Wade; <private> Hartwell (Vanderbilt); <private> Vanderbilt, Jr.; <private> Aidinoff (Vanderbilt); <private> Cook and 5 others
Half brother of Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt, II and George Washington Vanderbilt, III

Managed by: Darlene Patricia Potts
Last Updated:
view all 20

Immediate Family

    • <private> Whitfield (Davies)
      ex-spouse
    • daughter
    • <private> Hartwell (Vanderbilt)
      child
    • <private> Vanderbilt, Jr.
      child
    • <private> Aidinoff (Vanderbilt)
      child
    • <private> Cook
      child
    • <private> Dickens (Cook)
      child
    • <private> Hall (Cook)
      child
    • <private> Cook
      child
    • <private> Cook
      child

About William Henry Vanderbilt, III, 59th Governor of Rhode Island

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Henry_Vanderbilt_III

William Henry Vanderbilt III (November 24, 1901 – April 14, 1981) was an American Republican politician and a member of the prominent United States Vanderbilt family.


Biography


Born in New York City, he was the son of Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt and Ellen French. Vanderbilt's father was a great-grandson of Cornelius Vanderbilt, who founded the family fortune in railroads and shipping. William Vanderbilt's parents divorced in 1908 and through his father's second marriage he had two half-brothers, Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt II, and George Washington Vanderbilt III. In 1915, his father perished in the sinking of the RMS Lusitania. In 1934, his cousin on his mother's side, Ellen Tuck French, married John Jacob Astor VI, bringing together two of America's most famous families.


Educated at St. George's School in Middletown, Rhode Island and the Evans School in Mesa, Arizona, he attended Princeton University but dropped out during his first year. In 1940, Vanderbilt received an LL.D. from Bates College. At age of maturity, Vanderbilt inherited a $5 million trust fund plus the 450 acre (1.8 km²) "Oakland Farm" in Portsmouth, Rhode Island, one of his father's estates that included a number of thoroughbred horses. He made the farm his permanent home, and in 1925 started a bus company, carrying passengers between Newport and Providence. Within a few years he expanded the business to serve points throughout New England and New York. A member of the United States Republican Party, in 1928 he was a delegate to the Republican National Convention from Rhode Island and that year was elected to the State Senate.


Vanderbilt married Emily O'Neill Davies, granddaughter of Daniel O'Neill, owner of the Pittsburgh Dispatch newspaper, and daughter of Frederick Martin Davies on 1 November 1923 at Grace Church, New York. Emily was the grandniece of Frederick Townsend Martin, a prominent writer of the 1920s. The couple gave birth to a daughter, Emily "Paddy" Vanderbilt on 12 May 1925 in New York.[1] The couple's marriage was troubled and Emily sued for divorce in Paris in the summer of 1926, but reconciled. She again sued for divorce in Newport, Rhode Island which was granted in June, 1928.


William Henry Vanderbilt III served in the Rhode Island State Senate for six years then took time off to be with his sick wife, Anne Gordon Colby. On her recovery, he re-entered political life and successfully ran for Governor of Rhode Island, serving between 1939 and 1941. However, his refusal to dole out patronage to fellow Republicans weakened his power base and a scandal over wire-tapping by a private detective firm he had hired to investigate election fraud, cost him re-election. Shortly thereafter, when the United States entered World War II, Vanderbilt joined the United States Navy.


He eventually left Rhode Island and moved to a farm in South Williamstown, Massachusetts. He died on April 14, 1981 at the age of 79.


William Henry Vanderbilt III was born in New York City on November 24, 1901. He was the son of Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt and Ellen "Elsie" French. Vanderbilt's father was a great-grandson of Cornelius Vanderbilt, who founded the family fortune in railroads and shipping. William Vanderbilt's parents divorced in 1908, and through his father's second marriage he had two half-brothers, Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt II, and George Washington Vanderbilt III. In 1915, his father perished in the sinking of the RMS Lusitania. In 1934, his cousin on his mother's side, Ellen Tuck French, married John Jacob Astor VI, bringing together two of America's most famous and wealthy families.

Education Vanderbilt was educated at St. George's School in Middletown, Rhode Island (Class of 1919) and the Evans School in Mesa, Arizona, he attended Princeton University but dropped out during his first year. In 1940, Vanderbilt received an honorary LL.D. from Bates College.

Inheritance When he turned 21, the then legal age of majority, in 1922, Vanderbilt inherited a $5 million trust fund plus the 450 acre Oakland Farm in Portsmouth, Rhode Island, one of his father's estates that included a number of thoroughbred horses. He made the farm his permanent home until the end of the Second World War.

Career First World War Shortly before the United States declared war on Germany during the First World War, Vanderbilt dropped out of St. George's School upon his appointment as a midshipman in the U.S. Naval Coast Defense Reserve to rank from March 20, 1917. As he was only 15 at the time, he was one of the youngest Americans to have served in the war. (It is unclear how he was able to join the service at such a young age but, probably, his family connections were a factor. Another curiosity is that he was the only person to hold the rank of midshipman in the Naval Reserve.)

During his service in the Navy, Vanderbilt served on the torpedo test ship USS Vesuvius from April 17 to May 31, 1917, the Naval Torpedo Station in Newport from June 1, 1917 to March 7, 1918, aide for information Second Naval District from March 7 to July 15, 1918, in Norfolk, Virginia from July 23 to September 16, 1918, New London, Connecticut from September 19 to November 14, 1918 and as a plank owner of the newly commissioned destroyer USS Evans from November 11, 1918 to August 30, 1919. While assigned to the Evans Vanderbilt was served aboard her on a cruise to Europe from June to August 1919. He was discharged from the Navy shortly after the cruise.

The Short Line In 1925, Vanderbilt started a coach bus company, called The Short Line, carrying passengers between Newport and Providence. Within a few years he expanded the business to serve points throughout New England and New York. The Short Line was purchased by George Sage in 1955 and, in 1970, was renamed Bonanza Bus Lines. Bonanza eventually merged with the Coach USA bus line in 1998 and was sold to Peter Pan Bus Lines in 2003. The Short Line's original terminal building in Newport still stands and is located near the intersection of Spring and Touro streets.

As a state senator and successful business leader, Vanderbilt was also a champion of the Mount Hope Bridge which connects Aquidneck Island with the mainland on the road north to Providence, Rhode Island from Newport. He was named the Chairman of the Mount Hope Bridge Commission and gave the opening address at the bridge's dedication on October 24, 1929.

Political career Vanderbilt was a member of the Republican Party. In 1928 he was a delegate to the Republican National Convention from Rhode Island and that year was elected to the Rhode Island State Senate. Vanderbilt served in the State Senate for six years (1929–1935) and then took time off to be with his ailing wife, Anne Gordon Colby. On her recovery, he re-entered political life and successfully ran for Governor of Rhode Island in 1938. He served one two year term from January 1939 to January 1941. His refusal to dole out patronage to fellow Republicans, however, weakened his power base and a scandal over wire-tapping by a private detective firm he had hired to investigate election fraud, cost him re-election in 1940.

Navy service during World War II In May 1941 Vanderbilt, an officer in the Naval Reserve, was called to active duty in June 1941 with the rank of lieutenant commander and initially assigned to the Panama Canal Zone. He was promoted to commander on August 15, 1942. In 1942 Vanderbilt was assigned as executive officer of the Special Operations Branch of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) under General William J. Donovan. In May 1944 he was assigned to the staff of Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, commander in chief of the Pacific Fleet, in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. He was promoted to the rank of captain prior to the end of the war.

Later life After his discharge from the Navy at the end of the war, Vanderbilt left Rhode Island and retired to a farm in South Williamstown, Massachusetts. Oakland Farm and its 150 acres in Portsmouth, Rhode Island was sold and divided into housing lots by the end of the 1940s.

Personal life Vanderbilt married Emily O'Neill Davies (1903–1935),[9] granddaughter of Daniel O'Neill, owner of the Pittsburgh Dispatch newspaper, and daughter of Frederick Martin Davies on November 1, 1923 at Grace Church, New York. Emily was the grandniece of Frederick Townsend Martin, a prominent writer of the 1920s. The couple gave birth to a daughter:

Emily "Paddy" Vanderbilt (b. 1925), who married Jeptha Wade, both graduates of MIT. The couple's marriage was troubled and Emily sued for divorce in Paris in the summer of 1926, but reconciled. She again sued for divorce in Newport, Rhode Island which was granted in June 1928. She later married Sigourney Thayer (1896–1944), for less than a year, and then Raoul Whitfield (1896-1945), shortly before her death in 1935.

On December 27, 1929, Vanderbilt married for the second time to Anne Gordon Colby (1909–1974) of West Orange, New Jersey. Together, they had three children:

Anne Vanderbilt (d. 2014), who was married Samuel Adams Hartwell, Sr. Elsie Vanderbilt, who married M. Bernard Aidinoff (1929–2016) in 1996. William H. Vanderbilt Jr. This marriage also ended in divorce in 1969 after 40 years of marriage, and Vanderbilt promptly re-married the following year to Helen Cummings Cook (d. 1997), who was previously married to John R. Cook, founder of Warren Cable Co., who survived him in death.

Vanderbilt died of cancer on April 14, 1981, at the age of 79. He was buried in the Southlawn Cemetery in Williamstown, Massachusetts.

Awards For his service in the Navy, Vanderbilt was entitled to the following medals - World War I Victory Medal Naval Reserve Medal American Defense Service Medal with "BASE" clasp American Campaign Medal Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal World War II Victory Medal

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William Henry Vanderbilt, III, 59th Governor of Rhode Island's Timeline

1901
November 24, 1901
New York City, New York County, New York, United States
1981
April 14, 1981
Age 79
Williamstown, Berkshire County, Massachusetts, United States