William de Balliol, Clerk to the Chancery

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William de Balliol, Clerk to the Chancery

Birthplace: Barnard Castle, England
Death: circa 1312 (57-65)
Kent, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir Henry de Baliol of Cavers and Lora de Valognes
Brother of Guy de Baliol, of Cavers; Sir Alexander de Baliol of Cavers, 1st Lord Balliol and Constance de Baliol

Occupation: Clerk to the Chancery
Managed by: Michele McAffee
Last Updated:

About William de Balliol, Clerk to the Chancery

John A. C. Vincent, "Sir Alexander Balliol of Cavers and the barony of Valoynes" in The Genealogist, Vol 6 (1882), pp. 1-7. Footnote 1

1 That they were brothers is shown by a record (Chapter House, Scotch documents, Box 100, No. 187), printed in Stevenson's Documents &.c. i, 285. Robert Hayrun (Heron), rector of the church of Forde, and adjunct to the chamberlain of Scotland, acknowledges that he has received on Friday, 21 March, 1291-2, “ do domino Alex° do Ball[iolo] Gamerario scocie per menus domini Will'i do Bull[iolo] fratris sui, clerici, in parts solucionis vadiorum meorum,” 13l (38 8d. VOL. VI. B

(from Alexander de Balliol, Chamberlain of Scotland, by the hand of William de Balliol, his brother, a clerk)


William is sometimes identified as brother of John de Baliol, King of Scots. This is thought to be because he is known to have been a brother of Alexander of Cavers, the Chamberlain, and Alexander is sometimes erroneously described as brother rather than cousin of King John.



An 1876 genealogy of this family put forward the claim that William Balliol was a younger brother of King John Balliol (James Renat Scott, Memorials of the Family of Scott, of Scot's Hall (1876)).


William was brother to Alexander Balliol of Cavers, Chamberlain of Scotland, John Balliol." VCH Kent says "The Grey Friars at Canterbury received numerous bequests, and their church was the burial-place of many people of rank and many citizens of Canterbury. Among those buried here were William Balliol le Scot, sixth son of John Balliol and Devorguila, 1313."

This family is Norman in origin ("de Bailleul") and some later descendants are called Bailey. They first appear in County Durham, but are a key family in the history of medieval Scotland, producing two kings.

Guy de Bailleul or Baliol was living in 1090, and was the father (or grandfather; some genealogies insert a son Hugh) of Bernard or Barnard de Baliol, who built the famous castle in County Durham (above). The town which grew up around it has the same name. Bernard married Mathilde, and they were the parents of anotherBernard, who was recognized by Empress Matilda as first Lord of Barnard's Castle. He married Agnes de Pincheni (or Picquigny) and died sometime after 1138. Their son Eustace de Baliol of Barnard Castle (died 1211) married Perronnelle (died probably in 1198, widow of Robert Fitzpiers). We know of three sons: (1) Hugh de Baliol of Barnard Castle (see below); (2) Sir Henry de Baliol of Cavers, Chamberlain of Scotland (see further below); and (3) Eustace de Baliol, Sheriff of Cumberland.

Hugh de Baliol of Barnard Castle (born c1189) married Cecily de la Fontaine(uncertain parentage); they had at least four sons and one daughter:(1) Ada (marriedJohn FitzRobert de Warkworth and Clavering, our ancestors via Neville); (2-4) Eustace, Bernard and Jocelyn; and the eldest son (5) John de Baliol of Barnard Castle (1212-1268), who married Devorguilla of Galloway (see Galloway andScotland). She was next in line for the Scottish throne when the "Maid of Norway" drowned, but she died at about the same time, in 1290. They had eight children: (1) Hugh (1240-1271, no children); (2) Cecilia (married John de Burgh; our ancestors through several lines); (3) Sir Alexander Baliol of Barnard Castle (1241-1278, no children); (4) Mary (born c1246), married Sir John 'the Black' Comyn, Lord of Badenoch; (5) Ada (married Walter de Lindsay, Lord of Lamberton - many descendants via de Coucy, but not us as far as I can tell); (6) John Baliol, Lord of Galloway, King of Scots (1249-1313; four children but evidently no grandchildren); and (7) Alan Baliol of Barnard Castle (1250-1272).

Sir Henry de Baliol of Cavers, Chamberlain of Scotland (died 1311) has many descendants, but apparently not us. A grandson married a daughter of William Wallace, and from them comes the family of Baillie of Hoprig; a son is the ancestor of the Scotts of Brabourne. I suspect a Magruder descent here but am still working on it.

The arms are described as: Gules, an orle argent; here impaled with Galloway (Argent, a lion rampant azure) - the arms used today by Baliol College, Oxford.

Surname also shown as "de Baliol".

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William de Balliol, Clerk to the Chancery's Timeline

Barnard Castle, Durham, England, United Kingdom
Age 61
Kent, England