Matching family tree profiles for William Ll de Lancaster, 1st Feudal Baron of Kendal
About William Ll de Lancaster, 1st Feudal Baron of Kendal
Summary for Sir William II de Lancaster (1156-1184), Baron of Kendale
- Father: William I "Taillebois" de Lancaster (d. after 1166) Lord of Kendal and Lonsdale
- Mother: Gundred de Warenne, Countess of Warwick
- 1. Helwise or Alvicia de Lancaster (m1. William de Peverel of Nottingham, m2. Richard de Moreville)
Speculative Siblings or Half-Siblings (from English Wikipedia):
- *1. Jordan, who died young, and is mentioned in a benefaction to St Mary de Pré in Leicester. In the same benefaction, William II is also mentioned, apparently an adult.
- 2. Agnes who married Alexander de Windsore (Farrer 1906).
- 3. Sigrid, married to William the clerk of Garstang. (Farrer 1906).
- 4. Perhaps Warine de Lancaster, royal falconer, and ancestor of a family known as "de Lea"
- Helwise de Stuteville
- 1. Hawise de Lancaster, Heiress of Kendale (m. Gilbert FitzRoger FitzReinfrid, Baron of Kendal)
Birth: Unknown. (1156 is apparently speculation based on the date of his parents' marriage)
Marriage: Unknown date and place with Helwise de Stuteville.
Death: 1184 according to "Records related to the Barony of Kendale" published by British History Online.
Burial: Furness Abbey, Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria, England.
Occupation: Baron of Kendale
Alternate Names: William II de Lancaster, Baron of Kendale or Kendal or Kentdale
From the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy page on Untitled English Nobility: http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLISHNOBILITYMEDIEVAL3L-O.htm#_Toc254761419
Chapter 4. LANCASTER
Generation 1: IVO Tailbot . m ---. The name of Ivo´s wife is not known. Ivo & his wife had one child:
Generation 2: ELTHRED . An undated manuscript relating to Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire names “Elthredum” as son of ”Ivo Tailbot”. m ---. The name of Elthred´s wife is not known. Elthred & his wife had one child:
Generation 3: KETEL . An undated manuscript relating to Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire names “Ketellum” as son of ”Elthredum”. m ---. The name of Ketel´s wife is not known. Ketel & his wife had one child:
Generation 4: GILBERT (William de Lancaster's grandfather)
An undated manuscript relating to Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire names “Gilbertum” as son of ”Ketellus”.
m GODITHA, daughter of ---. The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.
Gilbert & his wife had [two] children:
1. WILLIAM "Taillebois" de Lancaster (-after 1166). (William's father)
“Willielmus filius Ranulphi” confirmed the foundation of St Bee´s priory, Cumberland by undated charter, dated to [1105/20], which refers to donations by “Willielmus filius Gilberti de Lancastria”. An undated manuscript relating to Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire names “Willielmum de Lancaster” as son of ”Gilbertus”. A charter of King Henry II confirmed the donation to Furness by “Willilemum filium Gilberti” also named “primus Willielmum de Lancaster, baronem de Kendale, qui prius vocabatur de Tailboys”.
Lord of Kendale and Lonsdale in Westmoreland in 1166.
A charter of King Henry II records that “primus Willielmum de Lancaster, baronem de Kendale, qui prius vocabatur de Tailboys” married “Gundredam comitissam Warwic”.
[m firstly ---. No direct proof has been found of this supposed first marriage. However, assuming that Hawise, wife of Richard de Moreville, was the daughter of William de Lancaster, she must have been born from an otherwise unrecorded first marriage, given the estimated birth date of William´s known wife Gundred de Warenne.]
m [secondly] ([Jun 1153/1156]) as her second husband, GUNDRED de Warenne, widow of ROGER de Beaumont Earl of Warwick, daughter of WILLIAM de Warenne Earl of Surrey & his wife Elisabeth de Vermandois [Capet] ([1120 or after]-after 1166).
Guillaume de Jumièges records that the elder daughter of "Guillaume II de Warenne comte de Surrey" & his wife married "Roger comte de Warwick, fils du comte Henri, frère de Robert comte de Meulan et né de Marguerite sœur de Rotrou comte du Perche" but does not name her. Robert of Torigny names "Gondrada sorore uterine Galeranni comitis Mellenti" as wife of "Rogero comite Warwicensi". An undated manuscript relating to Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire records that “Willielmum de Lancaster” married ”Gundredam prius comitissam de Warwyke”.
Her second marriage is confirmed by a charter of King Henry II which records that “primus Willielmum de Lancaster, baronem de Kendale, qui prius vocabatur de Tailboys” married “Gundredam comitissam Warwic”.
William & his [first] wife had [one child]:
a) [HAWISE de Lancaster . "Ricardus de Morevill constabularius regis Scottie" donated "totam terram de Blanesleye" to Melrose abbey, with the consent of "Willi de Morevill filii et heredis mei", for the souls of "mee et…uxoris mee Auicie et Willi filii mei", by undated charter. "Will de Morev" confirmed the donation of "totam terram de Bleyneslei" to Melrose abbey, made by "pater meus Ric de Moreuill", for the souls of "mee et…uxoris mee", by undated charter witnessed by "Ric de Morv patre meo, Auice de Loncastre matre…". There is uncertainty surrounding this "Hawise de Lancaster". Her marriage to William Peveril is confirmed by the undated charter under which “Avisia de Lancastria, uxor Willielmi Peverel” donated property to Derley Priory by undated charter. According to Domesday Descendants, she married secondly Richard de Morville (no corresponding primary source cited). The primary source which confirms that the widow of William Peverel was the same person who remarried Richard de Morville has not yet been identified. There is also a difficulty concerning Hawise´s parentage. Domesday Descendants states that the wife of Richard de Morville was the daughter of William de Lancaster (no corresponding primary source cited). As can be seen from the chronology of William de Lancaster´s known wife Gundred de Warenne, this affiliation would only be possible if Hawise had been born from an otherwise unrecorded earlier marriage. On the other hand, the onomastics are favourable for this affiliation, as each succeeding generation of the "de Lancaster" family included a Hawise de Lancaster. A different affiliation is suggested by the Complete Peerage which speculates that the wife of William Peverel was Hawise, daughter of Roger de Montgommery Lord of Lancaster & his wife Almodis Ctss de la Marche. This is not an ideal fit. Her supposed father Roger was banished from England in 1102 and retired to La Marche, so it is unclear why Hawise would have been described as “de Lancastria” in a charter which must have been dated about 40 years later. In any case, the chronology is unfavourable. It is unlikely that the wife of Roger de Montgommery, Almodis de la Marche, was born much later than 1070, given the known chronology of her family, which means that her children would have been born before 1110 at the latest. On the other hand, it is likely that William Peverel´s second marriage should be dated to the early 1140s at the earliest, as his first wife is named in one of the charters of Stephen King of England (who succeeded in 1135). Such a marriage date is late if his second wife was born in the early 1100s, and impossible assuming that his widow was the same person who married Richard de Morville and had children by him in the late 1150s. m firstly as his second wife, WILLIAM Peverel of Nottingham, son of WILLIAM Peverel & his wife Adeline ([1100/05]-after 1155). m secondly RICHARD de Moreville, son of HUGH de Morville & his wife Beatrice de Beauchamp (-1189).
William & his [second] wife had one child:
b) WILLIAM de Lancaster (-bur Furness Abbey).
An undated manuscript relating to Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire names “Willielmus de Lancaster secundus” as son of ”Willielmum de Lancaster”. A charter of King Henry II confirmed the donation to Furness by “Willilemum filium Gilberti” and names “Willielmum secundum” as son of “primus Willielmum de Lancaster, baronem de Kendale, qui prius vocabatur de Tailboys” and his wife “Gundredam comitissam Warwic”.
“Willielmus de Lancastre” donated property to Furness Abbey, for the soul of “Agnetis sponsæ meæ” by charter dated 6 Nov 1240 which records that “avi mei…Willielmi de Lancastre” was buried in the abbey.
m HELWISE de Stuteville, daughter of ---.
An undated manuscript relating to Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire records that “Willielmus de Lancaster secundus” married ”Helewisiam”. A charter of King Henry II records that “Willielmum secundum” married “Helewisam de Stuteville” by whom he was father of “Helewisam” who married “Gilberto filio Rogeri filii Reynfredi”.
William & his wife had one child:
i) HAWISE de Lancaster . An undated manuscript relating to Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire names “Helewisia” as daughter of “Willielmus de Lancaster secundus” and his wife, adding that she married ”Gilbert filium Raynfridi”. A charter of King Henry II names “Helewisam” as daughter of “Willielmum secundum” and his wife “Helewisam de Stuteville”, adding that she married “Gilberto filio Rogeri filii Reynfredi”. m GILBERT FitzRoger FitzReinfrid Lord of Kendal, son of ROGER FitzReinfrid & his wife --- (-before 1220).
2. [GILBERT de Lancaster . (William's uncle.) "…Gillebto de Lancas--- Ricardo filio Gillebti" witnessed the undated charter under which "Ricardus de Moravilla constabularius regis Scotie et Willelmus filius eius et heres" donated property "in Witelei" to Melrose abbey. It is possible that "Gillebto de Lancas" in this charter was related to Hawise de Lancaster, the wife of Richard de Morville, possibly her paternal uncle. It is not known whether "Ricardo filio Gillebti" was the son of the same person, although this is suggested because the name follows Gilbert´s.]
 Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire VI, p. 909.  Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire VI, p. 909.  Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire VI, p. 909.  Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire VI, p. 909.  Dugdale Monasticon III, St. Bee´s Priory, Cumberland, III, p. 577.  Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire VI, p. 909.  Dugdale Monasticon V, Furness Abbey, Lancashire, X, p. 248.  Domesday Descendants, p. 539.  Dugdale Monasticon V, Furness Abbey, Lancashire, X, p. 248.  Guizot, M. (ed.) (1826) Histoire des ducs de Normandie, par Guillaume de Jumiège (Paris) (“WJ”), VIII.41, pp. 307-8.  Chronique de Robert de Torigny I, 1153, p. 273.  Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire VI, p. 909.  Dugdale Monasticon V, Furness Abbey, Lancashire, X, p. 248.  Bannatyne Club (1837) Liber Sancte Marie de Melros: Munimenta Vetustiora Monasterii Cisterciensis de Melros (Edinburgh) ("Melrose Liber"), Tome I, 94, p. 82.  Melrose Liber, Tome I, 95, p. 83.  Dugdale Monasticon VI, Derley Priory, Derbyshire, XIX, p. 361.  Domesday Descendants, p. 603.  Domesday Descendants, p. 603.  CP I Appendix I, p. 762.  Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire VI, p. 909.  Dugdale Monasticon V, Furness Abbey, Lancashire, X, p. 248.  Dugdale Monasticon V, Furness Abbey, Lancashire, V, p. 247.  Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire VI, p. 909.  Dugdale Monasticon V, Furness Abbey, Lancashire, X, p. 248.  Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire VI, p. 909.  Dugdale Monasticon V, Furness Abbey, Lancashire, X, p. 248.  Melrose Liber, Tome I, 106, p. 95.
Birth Date 1156 or 1119 (source?)
From the Wikipedia page on William de Lancaster I http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William%2C_lord_of_Kendal
William de Lancaster I, or William Fitz Gilbert, was a nobleman of the 12th century in Northwest England. He was possibly also referred to as William de Tailboys (de Taillebois) when younger. He is the first person of whom we have any record to bear the name of Lancaster and pass it on to his descendants as a family name. He died in about 1170.
Most securely, we can say that William's father was named Gilbert, and his mother was Godith. They are both mentioned clearly in a benefaction of William to St Mary de Pré. Indeed, William was often referred to as William the son of Gilbert.
William was also said to have descended from both Ivo de Taillebois and Eldred of Workington, contemporaries of William Rufus, but the exact nature of the relationship is unclear and indeed controversial. Most likely, the connection is through daughters or illegitimate sons of these two men. Some sources exist, as follows. ..
1. The most widespread account, that Ivo was simply the father Eldred, and Eldred the father (or grandfather) of Gilbert, unfortunately now seems to be wrong, or at least has gone out of favor.
Descendants and relatives
William married Gundreda, perhaps his second wife, who was said to be the daughter of William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey and Elizabeth of Vermandois. She was the widow of Roger, the Earl of Warwick. Note that King Stephen's son, William, married Gundred's niece, Isabel de Warenne. This implies a very close relationship with the King's party.
William had issue:
1. Avicia, who married first to William de Peveral, and secondly to Richard de Morville, constable of Scotland.
2. William, who became William de Lancaster II, and whose legitimate heir Helewise de Lancaster married Gilbert son of Roger Fitz Reinfrid. Many modern Lancasters, especially in Cumbria, appear to descend from his two illegitimate sons, Gilbert and Jordan.
3. Jordan, who died young, and is mentioned in a benefaction to St Mary de Pré in Leicester. In the same benefaction, William II is also mentioned, apparently an adult.
4. Agnes who married Alexander de Windsore (Farrer 1906).
5. Sigrid, married to William the clerk of Garstang. (Farrer 1906).
6. Perhaps Warine de Lancaster, royal falconer, and ancestor of a family known as "de Lea". The charters concerning Forton in the Cockersand Chartulary say, firstly that William de Lancaster II confirmed a grant made by his father to Warine, father of Henry de Lea, and secondly, in Hugh de Morville's confirmation that this William de Lancaster I was "his uncle" (awnculi sui). Was William Henry's uncle or Warine's? If he was Warine's uncle then the theory is that Warine was the son of an otherwise unknown brother of William de Lancaster I named Gilbert.
Excerpt from Barony of Kendal (Wikipedia, 12/23/2016)
There is some doubt about who should be named as the first true Baron of Kendal. It is generally associated with the family of William de Lancaster I, and before him, with his apparent relatives, the Norman, Ivo de Taillebois, and William's uncle, the Anglo-Saxon Ketel (or Chetell) son of Eldred of Workington. William de Lancaster I was in any case the first administrator of the region after England recovered the area from King David I of Scotland.
The blazonry attributed to William de Lancaster I and several of his descendants who were Barons of Kendal. William is thought to be related to Ivo de Taillebois, who helped administer the Cumbrian region and formed Kendal into what would become the barony, under the first two Norman kings, William the Conqueror and William Rufus. Ketel fitz Eldred is known to have been lord over similar areas after the death of Ivo, and before the time when William took over. But between Ivo and William, a period which included Scottish occupation, the history of the Barony of Kendal is very unclear.
The arms of Westmorland. In modern times, the two red bars were incorporated into the arms of the traditional county of Westmorland, as a representation of the Kendal half of that county. The apple tree represents Appleby, or Northern Westmorland.
Two historical records claim a direct line of father-son descent from Ivo to Eldred to Ketel to Gilbert, which was the name of the father of William de Lancaster (also known as "William son of Gilbert"). These were records made much later in Cockersand Abbey and St Mary's Abbey in Yorkshire. But modern commentators believe this to be impossible, and made by placing a sequence of lords into the simplest possible family tree. Furthermore, records have been found which describe Ketel not as William's grandfather, but as his uncle (Latin avunculus, so probably a maternal uncle).
More contemporary is a record in the Coucher Book of Furness Abbey. Helewise, granddaughter and heir of William is a party, and it was asserted there that William de Lancaster I had first been known as William de Tailboys, before receiving the right to be called "Willelmum de Lancastre, Baronem de Kendale". This is the only relatively contemporary evidence that William had a Taillebois connection, probably through his father Gilbert, and it also suggests that during the 12th century, Kendal was associated somehow with the honour of Lancaster, because William was described as becoming Baron of one, and taking up the title from the other. William Farrer argued that such links go back before 1066. He argued that Kendal and the neighbouring parts of Lancashire, Furness to the west, and northern Lancashire to the south, formed a single administrative district in the old Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Northumbria.
Furness, Kendal, and North Lancashire, bounded on the north by the river Duddon, Dunmail Raise, Kirkstone Pass, and Borrow Beck, and on the south by the river Ribble, formed a complete fiscal area of five hundred teamlands for the levying of Danegeld.
So during the lifetime of William de Lancastre, the link between Kendal and Lancashire was by this account an older link, which was only broken later as the honour of Lancaster came under more direct royal control, and Furness came under the control of the powerful Abbey of Furness. Documents show that disputes concerning control of Furness continued between the Barons of Kendal and the Abbey of Furness for several generations.
Despite common assertions to the contrary, Farrer and Curwen thought that William was probably not a true "Baron" of Kendal, in the sense of being a direct tenant of the monarch, because he appears to have had lords above him apart from the king. Farrer wrote in the Introduction to Records of Kendal:
After a careful review of the evidence which has been sketched above, the author is of opinion that no barony or reputed barony of Kentdale existed prior to the grants of 1189–90; and that neither William de Lancaster, son of Gilbert, nor William de Lancaster II, his son and successor, can be rightly described as "baron" of Kentdale.
Instead, Farrer and Curwen believed that William I and II were actually tenants of the lord controlling northern Westmorland. Therefore, the eventual county of Westmorland was not originally a merger, but a takeover, which was then re-structured in the time of King Richard I of England. On 15 April 1190, Richard acquitted the then Baron of Kendal, Gilbert fitz Reinfrid, of his dues to northern Westmorland. It was only 13 years later, on 28 October 1203, that King John granted to Robert de Veteriponte in fee "Appleby and Brough with all their appendages with the bailiwick and the rent of the county with the services of all tenants (not holding of the king by military service) to hold by the service of four knights." The service to the crown for Kendal was by comparison the service of two knights. There was a second William de Lancaster, son of the first, who was either the next baron, or according to Farrer the first definite Baron of Kendal. And after him came the above-mentioned Gilbert son of Roger fitz Reinfrid, the husband of Helewise, who was the daughter and heiress of William de Lancastre II. Gilbert was one of the barons whose seal is found on the Magna Carta, and he participated in the so-called First Baron's War.
The last true Baron of the whole of the Barony of Kendal was the son of Gilbert fitz Reinfrid, who used the name William de Lancastre III. After his death, the Barony was divided between the husbands of his daughters.
Farrer's Introduction to his Records of Kendal British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/kendale-barony/vol1/vii-xvii & Edenlinks website: http://edenlinks.rootsweb.ancestry.com/1gp/RECORDS/FAR/INTRO.HTM .
- Jump up ^ Vision of Britain - History of Kendal ward
- Jump up ^ Records relating to the Barony of Kendale: volume 2
- Jump up ^ Vision of Britain - History of Lonsdale ward
- Jump up ^ Wainwright, "Grey Crag", The Far Eastern Fells
- ^ Jump up to: a b Farrer; Curwen (1923), "Introduction", Records of Kendal, 1. Also at .
- Jump up ^ 'Appendices: Kendal Castle and the Westmorland coat of arms', in Records Relating To the Barony of Kendale: Volume 3, ed. John F Curwen (Kendal, 1926), pp. 308-312. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/kendale-barony/vol3/pp308-312 [accessed 18 March 2016].
- Jump up ^ For William Farrer's remarks on this see Farrer, William (1902), Lancashire Pipe Rolls and Early Lancashire Charters, p. 305 and p.vii (Addenda and Corrigenda) concerning p. 389 I.18, and Farrer (1909), The Chartulary of Cockersand Abbey of the Premonstratensian Order, Volume I, Part II, pp. 305–8
- Jump up ^ F. W. Ragg (1910), "De Lancaster", Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society: 395–493)
- Jump up ^ Coucher Book of Furness Abbey, 1887, pp. 344–345
- Jump up ^ Farrer, "The Domesday Survey of North Lancashire and the Adjacent Parts of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Yorkshire", Transactions of the Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquarian Society: 88
- Jump up ^ "North Westmorland: The barony of Appleby", The Later Records relating to North Westmorland: or the Barony of Appleby, 1932, pp. 1–2
- Jump up ^ Nicholson; Burn, The History and Antiquities of the Counties of Westmorland and Cumberland, Volume 1, retrieved 9 July 2013
- Jump up ^ Nicolson; Burn, The History and Antiquities of the Counties of Westmorland and Cumberland, Volume 1, retrieved 9 July 2013
From the Celtic Casimir online family tree: http://www.celtic-casimir.com/webtree/6/31248.htm
William II DE LANCASTER 6th Baron of Kendal ,,,,
- Born: Abt 1154, Kendal, Westmorland, England
- Married: ,,
- Died: 1184, Lancaster, Lancashire, England ,
- William married Helwise (Helewise, Heloise, Hawise) DE STUTEVILLE, daughter of Sir Robert III DE STUTEVILLE of Cottingham and Hawise (Helewise) MURDAC ,,.
- (Helwise (Helewise, Heloise, Hawise) DE STUTEVILLE was born about 1156 in Lazenby, Cumberland, England and died after 1228 .)
1. Jim Weber <jim.weber at nwintl.com>, WorldConnect at Rootsweb (outdated link): http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=PED&db=jweber&id=I11952.
2. Newsgroup: soc.genealogy.medieval, at groups - google.com, Rosie Bevan, 7 Sep 2002.
3. Jim Weber <jim.weber at nwintl.com>, WorldConnect at Rootsweb (outdated link): http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=PED&db=jweber&id=I20897.
4. Jim Weber <jim.weber at nwintl.com>, WorldConnect at Rootsweb (outdated link): http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=jweber&id=I30026,
(Link current as of 7 December 2010): http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=PED&db=jweber&id=I05550.
5. Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999, 88-26.
From Darryl Lundys Peerage page on Sir William de Lancaster, Lord of Kendal:
Sir William de Lancaster, Lord of Kendal
- M, #412204, d. 1184
- Last Edited=3 Jan 2010
Sir William de Lancaster, Lord of Kendal was the son of William de Lancaster and Gundred de Warenne.
- He died in 1184.
- Sir William de Lancaster, Lord of Kendal was Steward to King Henry II.
- He gained the title of Lord of Kendal [feudal barony].
Child of Sir William de Lancaster, Lord of Kendal
- 1. Gilbert Lancaster+ d. 1220
- 1. [S4053] Christopher Davis, "re: Barton Family," e-mail message to Darryl Roger LUNDY (101053), 30 October 2009. Hereinafter cited as "re: Barton Family."
From Jim Weber's online family tree: http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=jweber&id=I05550
- Name: William II de LANCASTER , 6th Baron of Kendal  
- Sex: M
- Birth: ABT 1154 in Kendal, Westmorland, England
- Death: 1184 in Lancaster, Lancashire, England  
Father: William I de LANCASTER , 5th Baron of Kendal b: ABT 1124 in Kendal, Westmorland, England
Mother: Gundred de WARENNE b: ABT 1120 in Lewes, Sussex, England
Marriage 1 Helwise (Helewise\Heloise) de STUTEVILLE b: ABT 1156 in Lazenby, Cumberland, England
- Married: in 1st husband 
- 1. Hawise de LANCASTER b: ABT 1172 in Kendal, Westmorland, England
- 2. Henry de LEA b: 1177 in Lancaster, Lancashire, England
1. Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
- Page: 88-26
2. Title: Newsgroup: soc.genealogy.medieval, at groups - google.com
- Page: Rosie Bevan, 7 Sep 2002
From the English Wikipedia page on Furness Abbey:
Furness Abbey, or St. Mary of Furness is a former Cistercian monastery situated on the outskirts of the English town of Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria. The abbey dates back to 1123 and was once the second wealthiest and most powerful monastery in the country, behind only Fountains Abbey in North Yorkshire.
Founded in 1123 by Stephen, Count of Blois (close to 900 years ago), it was built originally for the Order of Savigny. Located in the 'Valley of the Deadly Nightshade' between Dalton-in-Furness and Barrow-in-Furness, the abbey is built entirely out of local sandstone. It passed in 1147 to the Cistercians, who gradually enlarged and rebuilt the original ornate church. The majority of the current ruins date from the 12th and 13th centuries. By the 15th century it had been completely re-modelled and had become the second richest and most powerful - as well as one of the grandest - Cistercian Abbeys in the UK, behind Fountains Abbey.
The monks of the abbey were large landowners, and the most powerful body in what was then a remote border territory. In particular, they were heavily influential on the Isle of Man. One of the kings of Mann and the Isles is buried at the abbey, as are many of the Bishops of Sodor and Man.
Rushen Abbey on the Isle was built on land owned by the monks. They also owned mines on the island, and built Piel Castle to control trade between the Furness Peninsula and the Isle of Man.
Being about 70 miles down the coast from Scotland, the monks occasionally found themselves in between the regularly warring Scots and English. When Robert the Bruce invaded England, the abbot paid to lodge and support him, rather than risk the wealth and power of the abbey.
The Abbey was disestablished and destroyed in 1537 during the English Reformation under the order of Henry VIII.
1. ^ No longer functional: http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/server/show/nav.00100100101300600200b
2. ^ History of the abbey by the Heritage Trail: http://www.theheritagetrail.co.uk/abbeys/furness_abbey.htm
3. ^ English Heritage (Link no longer functional)
4. ^ Furness Abbey - Catholic Encyclopedia article http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06324a.htm
5. ^ Rushen Abbey, Isle of Man, Ingram Consultancy (Link no longer functional)
William de Lancaster, 6th Baron of Kendall and Steward to King Henry II.
He married Helewise, daughter of Nicholas de Stuteville and had issue an
only daughter and heiress
1. Helewise living temp. (in the time of) King Richard I, married Gilbert fil Roger fil Reinfred, Baron of Kendall jure uxious.
William Ll de Lancaster, 1st Feudal Baron of Kendal's Timeline
Kendal Castle, Westmorland, England
Kendal, Westmoreland, England
Barton, Westmoreland, England
Furness Abbey, Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria, England.