William 1st Baron Percy Aux Gernons

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William "Algernon" de Percy, 1st Baron

Also Known As: "1st Baron Percy", "William /Percy/", "Algernon"
Birthplace: Perci-En-Auge, Normandy, France
Death: Died in Mount Joy, near Jerusalem, Palestine
Place of Burial: Mountt Joy, Near Jerusalem, Palestine
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir Geoffrey de Percy lll "Count of Caux and Poictiers and Margaret dePercy
Husband of Emma de Port
Father of Alan Percy 2nd Baron of Percy; Walter De PERCY; William de PERCY, Whitby; Geoffrey Percy; Richard De Percy and 1 other
Brother of Abbot Serlo De de Percy and Picot Percy

Occupation: Baron, 1st Degree B. Percy
Managed by: Charles Arthur Chester
Last Updated:

About William 1st Baron Percy Aux Gernons

The title Baron Percy has been created several times in the Peerage of England. The first, in 1066, became extinct in 1299. The second, in 1299, became extinct in 1517. The third, in 1557, became extinct in 1670. The present creation was in 1722, by writ of summons.

Contents [hide]

1 Barons Percy, first Creation (1066)

2 Barons Percy (of Alnwick), second Creation (1299)

3 Barons Percy (of Alnwick), third Creation (1557)

4 Barons Percy, fourth Creation (1722)

5 References

[edit] Barons Percy, first Creation (1066)

William de Percy, 1st Baron Percy (d. 1096)

Alan de Percy, 2nd Baron Percy (ca. 1069-1135)

William de Percy, 3rd Baron Percy (d. ca. 1150)

William de Percy, 4th Baron Percy (1112-1175)

Henry de Percy, 5th Baron Percy (d. 1198)

William de Percy, 6th Baron Percy (1193-1245)

Henry de Percy, 7th Baron Percy (1228-1272)

Henry de Percy, 8th Baron Percy (1273-1314) (1299 created Baron Percy of Alnwick)

[edit] Barons Percy (of Alnwick), second Creation (1299)

Henry de Percy, 1st Baron Percy (1273-1314)

Henry de Percy, 2nd Baron Percy (1300-1351)

Henry de Percy, 3rd Baron Percy (1320-1368)

Henry Percy, 4th Baron Percy (1341-1408) (1377 created (1st) Earl of Northumberland)

until 1527 see: Earl of Northumberland (2nd to 5th)

[edit] Barons Percy (of Alnwick), third Creation (1557)

see Earl of Northumberland, 7th - 11th

[edit] Barons Percy, fourth Creation (1722)

This barony was created by error, when the 7th Duke of Somerset was called to Parliament in the barony Percy, which was believed to have been last held by his mother, Elizabeth. See this article for details.

Algernon Seymour, 1st Baron Percy, 7th Duke of Somerset (1684-1750)

Elizabeth Seymour, 2nd Baroness Percy (1716-1776)

Hugh Percy, 3rd Baron Percy, 2nd Duke of Northumberland (1742-1817)

Hugh Percy, 4th Baron Percy, 3rd Duke of Northumberland (1785-1847)

Algernon Percy, 5th Baron Percy, 4th Duke of Northumberland (1792-1865)

John James Hugh Henry Stewart-Murray, 6th Baron Percy, 7th Duke of Atholl (1840-1917)

John George Stewart-Murray, 7th Baron Percy, 8th Duke of Atholl (1871-1942)

James Thomas Stewart-Murray, 8th Baron Percy, 9th Duke of Atholl (1879-1957)

Hugh Algernon Percy, 9th Baron Percy, 10th Duke of Northumberland (1914-1988)

Henry Alan Walter Richard Percy, 10th Baron Percy, 11th Duke of Northumberland (1953-1995)

Ralph George Algernon Percy, 11th Baron Percy, 12th Duke of Northumberland (b. 1956)

[edit] References

Leigh Rayment's Peerage Page

thePeerage.com website

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baron_Percy"

Died: 1096

Buried: Mount Joy, Jerusalem

Notes: Said to have accompanied Hugh d'Avranches, later Earl of Chester, from Normandy to England. See The Complete Peerage vol.X,p436.

Father: Geoffrey De PERCY

Mother: Margaret ?

Married: Emma De PORT


1. Alan De PERCY (2º B. Percy)

2. Walter De PERCY

3. William De PERCY (Abbot of Whitby)

4. Richard De PERCY

In 1070 he was engaged on works connected with the rebuilding of York Castle after its destruction by the Danes and in 1072 he took part in the Conquerors expedition to Scotland.

In 1096 he set out on the first crusade and died and was buried at Mount Joy near Jerusalem. Following Williams dying wishes Sirralph Eversly a Knight carried his heart back to England and it was buried at Whitby Abbey.


William de Percy (d.1096/9), 1st feudal baron of Topcliffe in Yorkshire,[1] known as Aux Gernons ("with whiskers"), was a Norman who arrived in England immediately after the Norman Conquest of England of 1066, and was the founder of the powerful English House of Percy.

The Cartularium abbathiae de Whitteby states that Hugh d'Avranches and William de Percy arrived in England in 1067.[2]

It is possible that Percy had been one of the Normans to whom Edward the Confessor had given lands, but who were later expelled by Harold Godwinson. This may explain Percy's unusual epithet, Aux Gernons, as at the time Normans were generally cleanshaven and the English were not, and it may be that Percy had assimilated local custom.[3] Later generations of Percys would use the soubriquet, as the Christian name Algernon Following the rebellion of Gospatric Earl of Northumbria, and the subsequent Harrying of the North, large swathes of territory in northern England and the Earldom of Chester were granted to Hugh d'Avranches, who had been instrumental in the devastation. Percy in turn was granted territory by d'Avranches, in addition to those already held by him from the king.[4] At the time of the Domesday Book of 1086, Percy was in possession as a tenant-in-chief of a hundred and eighteen manors in Lincolnshire and the North Riding of Yorkshire, with further lands in Essex and Hampshire.[5]

Building works[edit]

Percy set about fortifying his landholdings, constructing motte and bailey castles at Spofforth and at Topcliffe, where was situated the caput of his feudal barony. He granted land to the Benedictine order and financed the construction of the new Whitby Abbey, amongst the ruins of the Anglo-Saxon Abbey of Streoneshalh.

Marriage and progeny[edit]

Percy married an English noblewoman called Emma de Porte, her epithet presumably came from her landholdings at Seamer, a once thriving harbour in North Yorkshire. It may be the case that the lands granted to Percy by the king were de jure uxoris.[6] By Emma de Porte, Percy produced four sons: Alan de Percy, 2nd feudal baron of Topcliffe (d.1130/5) who married Emma de Ghent, daughter of Gilbert I de Ghent (d. circa 1095).[1] Walter de Percy Willam de Percy, 2nd Abbot of Whitby Richard de Percy

Death on the First Crusade[edit]

Percy accompanied Duke Robert Curthose on the First Crusade, where he died within sight of Jerusalem. His body was buried at Antioch, and his heart was returned to England and is buried at Whitby.[7]

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William 1st Baron Percy Aux Gernons's Timeline

Perci-En-Auge, Normandy, France
Age 33
Northumberland, England
Age 35
Age 36
Kildale, North Riding, Yorkshire, England
Age 37
Whitby, Yorkshire, England
Age 39
Of, Whitby, Yorkshire, England
Age 41
Of, Whitby, Yorkshire, England
Age 62
Mount Joy, near Jerusalem, Palestine
May 16, 1931
Age 62