Wisigarda of the Lombards

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Wisigarda dei Langobardi

Also Known As: "Visgarda", "Visigarda", "Wisegard", "Wisigarde"
Birthplace: Italy
Death: 542 (22-31)
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Waccho, king of the Lombards and Austrigusa of the Gepids
Wife of Theudebert I, king of the Franks at Reims
Mother of Berthoara de Metz
Sister of Waldrada of the Lombards
Half sister of Waltari, King of the Lombards

Occupation: Princesse, de Lombardie
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Wisigarda of the Lombards

Wisigard (ca. 510 - ca. 540) or Wisigardis was a Frankish Queen in the 6th century.

The life of Wisigard is slightly known by Gregory of Tours's Historia Francorum.[1] She was daughter of Wacho, king of the Lombards and grew up in the middle Danube region. After an abnormally long term of engagement of seven years, Wisigard married Theudebert I, Merovingian king of Austrasia. Around 531 Theuderich I, father of Theudebert I, had arranged the engagement for political reasons. But because of a liaison Theudebert had with a Roman woman named Deuteria, the union with Wisigard fell through. Anew for political reasons Theudebert abandoned Deoteria and finally married Wisigard in 537 or 538. Shortly after their wedding, she died.


a) THEODEBERT ([499/504]-end 547). Gregory of Tours names Theodebert as son of Theoderich, specifying that he was born before the death of his paternal grandfather[67]. His birth date range is narrowed more precisely to [499/504] on the assumption that he was a young adolescent when he led the Frankish campaign against the Danes, dated to 515: Gregory of Tours records that his father sent him "with a powerful army" to repel the Danish invasion led by Chlochilaich[68]. The Liber Historiæ Francorum records that "Theudericus et Theudobertus filius eius et Chlotharius rex" invaded Thuringia and attacked "Ermenfredum regem Toringorum"[69]. He succeeded his father in 533 as THEODEBERT I King of the Franks at Reims, Gregory of Tours recording that his childless uncle Childebert then adopted him as his heir[70]. Gregory records King Theodebert's campaign in northern Italy, which he appears to date to before the death of Queen Wisigardis which is recorded in the following section[71]. Theodebert subjugated Pannonia and threatened to attack Byzantium across the Danube. He was killed while hunting[72]. Gregory of Tours records that he died in the fourteenth year of his reign, and 37 years after the death of his paternal grandfather[73]. The Marii Episcopi Aventicensis Chronica records the death in 548 of "Theudebertus rex magnus Francorum"[74]. m firstly ([end 533/early 534]) as her second husband, DEOTERIA, widow of -, daughter of -. Gregory of Tours records that Theodebert seduced Deoteria, wife of an inhabitant of Cabrières near Béziers, after his betrothal to Wisigardis, and in a later passage that he married her after the death of his father[75]. According to Gregory of Tours, Theodebert deserted her after being pressured to marry his previous betrothed, but refused to take her back after his second wife died[76]. m secondly (betrothed before 533, 540) WISIGARDIS, daughter of WACHO King of the Lombards & his second wife Ostrogotha of the Gepides (-[541/42]). Paulus Diaconus names "Wisigarda…[et] secunda Walderada" as the two daughters of King Wacho & his second wife, specifying that Wisigarda married "Theodeperto regi Francorum[77]. Gregory of Tours records that Theoderich betrothed his son Theodebert to "Wisigard, a king's daughter" and in a later passage that Theodebert married her "seven years [after he] had become engaged to [her]" after being pressured to desert Deoteria but that Wisigardis "soon died"[78]. m thirdly ([542/47]) -. Gregory of Tours records that Theodebert "married another woman" after his second wife died but gives no details[79]. MEDLANDS King Theodebert & his first wife had two children:

King Theodebert & his [first/second/third] wife had one child:

iii) BERTHOARA (-after 566). The Carmina of Fortunat name "Berthoara…filie digna patri, te, Theudebercthe" when recording that she encouraged the building of the baptistry of the church of Mainz[92]. She is not mentioned by Gregory of Tours, and it is not known who was her mother. MEDLANDS