Yazdegerd II, King of Persia

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Yazdegerd

Also Known As: "Izdegerdes", "Yezdegerd", "of Persia", "Sassanid", "Emperor of Sasanian Persia"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Babylon,,,Iraq
Death: Died in (Persia), Iran
Immediate Family:

Son of Bahrám V "of the Wild Ass", King of Persia and Sapinud of Magadha
Husband of Dinak, Empress of Sasanian Persia and Dinak
Father of Hormizd III Sasani, King of Persia; Peroz I, Shah of Persia; Balash I 18th Sassanid King; <private> Sassanian prince leader of rebellion in 485; Hormizd, III of Persia and 3 others

Occupation: 15th Sassanid King of Persia, 7th Lakhmid King, sjah van Perzië
Managed by: LevShalem
Last Updated:

About Yazdegerd II, King of Persia

King: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yazdegerd_II_of_Persia

Yazdegerd II, ("made by God," Izdegerdes), fifteenth Sassanid King of Persia, reigned from 438 to 457.

In the beginning of his reign, Yazdegerd quickly attacked the Roman Empire with a mixed army of various nations, including his Indian allies, to eliminate the threat of a Roman build-up. The Romans had been constructing fortifications in the nearby Persian territory of Carrhae, in anticipation of subsequent expeditions. The Roman Emperor, Theodosius II (408–450), asked for peace and sent his commander personally to Yazdegerd's camp. In the ensuing negotiations in 441, both empires promised not to build any new fortifications in their border territories.

Yazdegerd gathered his forces in Neishabur in 443 and launched a prolonged campaign against the Kidarites. After numerous battles, he crushed them and drove them out beyond the Oxus river in 450.

During his eastern campaign, Yazdegerd grew suspicious of Christians in the army and the nobility and expelled many of them. He then persecuted the Assyrian Christians and, to a much lesser extent, Jews. Advancing his pro-Zoroastrian policy, he battled an uprising of Armenian Christians in the Battle of Vartanantz in 451.

In his later years, Yazdegerd became engaged again with the Kidarites until his death in AD 457. He pursued strict religious policies and persecuted various minorities.

See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yazdegerd_II_of_Persia for more information.


Yazdegerd II ("made by God," in Greek accounts Ἰσδιγέρδης, Isdigerdēs), fifteenth Sassanid King of Persia, was the son of Bahram V (421–438) and reigned from 438 to 457.

In the beginning of his reign, Yazdegerd quickly attacked the Eastern Roman Empire with a mixed army of various nations, including his Indian allies, to eliminate the threat of a Roman build-up. The Romans had been constructing fortifications in the nearby Persian territory of Carrhae, in anticipation of subsequent expeditions. The Roman Emperor, Theodosius II (408–450), asked for peace and sent his commander, Anatolius, personally to Yazdegerd's camp. In the ensuing negotiations in 441, both empires promised not to build any new fortifications in their border territories. Yazdegerd, gathered his forces in Neishabur in 443 and launched a prolonged campaign against the Kidarites. After numerous battles, he crushed them and drove them out beyond the Oxus river in 450.

During his eastern campaign, Yazdegerd grew suspicious of Christians in the army and the nobility and expelled many of them. He then persecuted the Assyrians Christians and, to a much lesser extent, Jews. Advancing his pro-Zoroastrian policy, he battled an uprising of Armenian Christians in the Battle of Vartanantz in 451.

In his later years, Yazdegerd became engaged again with the Kidarites until his death in 457. He pursued strict religious policies and persecuted various minorities.

Yazdegerd II

Sassanid dynasty

Preceded by

Bahram V Great King (Shah) of Persia

438 –457 Succeeded by

Hormizd III


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Mundhir_I_ibn_al-Nu%27man


Yazdegerd II (Middle Persian: ୩୦ୣ୪୥୲୩ Yazdākird, meaning "made by God"; New Persian: یزدگرد), was the sixteenth Sasanian King of Persia. He was the successor and son of Bahram V (420–438) and reigned from 438 to 457.

He spent most of his reign in war against the Hephthalites and imposing Zorastrianism on other people.

At the start of his reign, he continued his father’s policies. However, after some time, he turned away from these and started a policy of his own. When the Sasanian nobles told him that his new policies had offended the civilians, he said the following thing: "It is not correct for you to presume that the ways in which my father behaved towards you, maintaining you close to him, and bestowing upon you all that bounty, are incumbent upon all the kings that come after him ... each age has its own customs.

events: In the mid-5th century, the Sassanid King Yazdegerd II passed an edict requiring all the Christians in his empire to convert to Zoroastrianism, fearing that Christians might ally with Roman Empire, which had recently adopted Christianity as its official religion. This led to a rebellion of Albanians, along with Armenians and Georgians. At the Battle of Avarayr, the allied forces of Caucasian Albania, Georgia, and Armenia, devoted to Christianity, suffered defeat at the hands of the Sassanid army. Many of the Armenian nobility fled to the mountainous regions of Albania, particularly to Artsakh, which had become a center for resistance to Sassanid Persia. The religious center of the Albanian state also moved here. However, King Vache of Albania, a relative of Yazdegerd II, was forced to convert to Zoroastrianism, but soon thereafter converted back to Christianity.