Yechiel Michel HaLevi Epstein "Aruch Hashulchan"

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Rabbi Yechiel Michel Ha'Levi the Aruch ha-Shulchan (Epstein)

Hebrew: רבי יחאל מיכל אפשטיין
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Babruysk, Mogilev Province, Belarus
Death: 1908 (79)
Navahrudak, Hrodzyenskaya Voblasts’, Belarus
Immediate Family:

Son of Reverend Rev. Aarelle Isaac Halevi Hurwitz
Husband of Michlah Epstein
Father of Batya Miriam (Mirel) Berlin; Rav Baruch HaLevi Epstein "Torah Temimah"; Jacon Epstein; Brina Walbrinska; Daughter of YM Epstein Shachor - Wahrhaftig and 1 other

Managed by: Eilat Gordin Levitan
Last Updated:

About Yechiel Michel HaLevi Epstein "Aruch Hashulchan"

Rabbi Yechiel Michel Epstein

Yechiel Michel Epstein (1829-1908), often called "the Aruch ha-Shulchan" (after his main work, Aruch HaShulchan), was a Rabbi and posek (authority in Jewish law) in Lithuania. His surname is often preceded by ha-Levi, as he descended from a family of Levites.

Yechiel Michel Epstein was born into a family of wealthy army contractors for the Czarist Russian army in Babruysk (presently in Belarus). His wife was the sister of Naftali Zvi Yehuda Berlin (the Netziv), who would become the rosh yeshiva (head) of the Volozhin Yeshiva . (Berlin was later to marry a daughter of Epstein, after being widowed of his first wife.)

Epstein studied Torah locally, and was encouraged to do so by the town's rabbi and his parents (the concept of an out-of-town yeshiva was only slowly gaining ascendancy). After his marriage he received semicha (rabbinic ordination) and accepted his first position.

Epstein became the rabbi of Novozypkov (east of Minsk), a town with a large number of Hasidic Jews, mainly adherents of Chabad Lubavitch. He visited their rebbe, Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneersohn (the Tzemach Tzedek), and forged a close relationship with him; this would increase his status in Hasidic circles.

Nine years after accepting his position in Novozypkov, in 1863, Epstein was appointed as the rabbi of Novogrudok (or Novogradok, south of Minsk), where he would serve for 34 years, until his death. Here, he was recognised as a posek (decisor of Jewish law), and he was to compose most of his writings in Novogrudok.

Epstein was involved in many charitable endeavors. He was particularly close to Rabbi Shmuel Salant, Chief Rabbi of Jerusalem, and wrote extensively on the obligation of all Jews to support the Rabbi Meir Baal Haneis Salant charity that Rabbi Salant founded in Israel in 1871.

Epstein died on 22 Adar II 5668 (1908), and is buried in Novogrudok. His son, Rabbi Baruch Epstein, was a bookkeeper by profession but produced a number of scholarly and popular works, most notably the Torah Temimah.

[edit] Works

   * Aruch HaShulchan a work of Halakha, which traces the origins of each law and custom to its source, states the view of the Rishonim and arrives at a psak (decision) - often supported by (and sometimes in disagreement with) the Acharonim;
   * Aruch HaShulchan he'Atid (Laying the Table of the Future) - a parallel work to Arukh HaShulkhan summarising and analysing the laws that will apply in Messianic times; this work became more relevant when Jewish farming communities were re-established in Israel, since many agricultural laws which apply only in Israel are covered in this work;
   * Or li-Yesharim (a commentary on the classic work Sefer ha-Yashar, attributed to the Tosafist Rabbi Yaakov ben Meir, Rabbeinu Tam);
   * Mical ha-Mayim - a commentary on the Jerusalem Talmud;
   * Leil Shimurim - a commentary on the Haggada.

[edit] References

   * Chaim Shapiro. The Aruch HaShulchan. In: "The Torah Personality", ed. Rabbi Nisson Wolpin. Brooklyn, New York: Mesorah publications, 1988. ISBN 0-89906-860-X.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yechiel_Michel_Epstein


Yechiel Michel Epstein (1829-1908), often called "the Aruch ha-Shulchan" (after his main work, Aruch HaShulchan), was a Rabbi and posek (authority in Jewish law) in Lithuania. His surname is often preceded by ha-Levi, as he descended from a family of Levites.

Contents

Biography

Yechiel Michel Epstein was born into a family of wealthy army contractors for the Czarist Russian army in Babruysk (presently in Belarus). His wife was the sister of Naftali Zvi Yehuda Berlin (the Netziv), who would become the rosh yeshiva (head) of the Volozhin Yeshiva . (Berlin was later to marry a daughter of Epstein, after being widowed of his first wife.)

Epstein studied Torah locally, and was encouraged to do so by the town's rabbi and his parents (the concept of an out-of-town yeshiva was only slowly gaining ascendancy). After his marriage he received semicha (rabbinic ordination) and accepted his first position.

Epstein became the rabbi of Novozypkov (east of Minsk), a town with a large number of Hasidic Jews, mainly adherents of Chabad Lubavitch. He visited their rebbe, Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneersohn (the Tzemach Tzedek), and forged a close relationship with him; this would increase his status in Hasidic circles.

Nine years after accepting his position in Novozypkov, in 1863, Epstein was appointed as the rabbi of Novogrudok (or Novogradok, south of Minsk), where he would serve for 34 years, until his death. Here, he was recognised as a posek (decisor of Jewish law), and he was to compose most of his writings in Novogrudok.

Epstein was involved in many charitable endeavors. He was particularly close to Rabbi Shmuel Salant, Chief Rabbi of Jerusalem, and wrote extensively on the obligation of all Jews to support the Rabbi Meir Baal Haneis Salant charity that Rabbi Salant founded in Israel in 1871.

Epstein died on 22 Adar II 5668 (1908), and is buried in Novogrudok. His son, Rabbi Baruch Epstein, was a bookkeeper by profession but produced a number of scholarly and popular works, most notably the Torah Temimah.

Works

   * Aruch HaShulchan a work of Halakha, which traces the origins of each law and custom to its source, states the view of the Rishonim and arrives at a psak (decision) - often supported by (and sometimes in disagreement with) the Acharonim;
   * Aruch HaShulchan he'Atid (Laying the Table of the Future) - a parallel work to Arukh HaShulkhan summarising and analysing the laws that will apply in Messianic times; this work became more relevant when Jewish farming communities were re-established in Israel, since many agricultural laws which apply only in Israel are covered in this work;
   * Or li-Yesharim (a commentary on the classic work Sefer ha-Yashar, attributed to the Tosafist Rabbi Yaakov ben Meir, Rabbeinu Tam);
   * Mical ha-Mayim - a commentary on the Jerusalem Talmud;
   * Leil Shimurim - a commentary on the Haggada.

(taken from Wikipedia)


Author of Arukh Ha'Shulkhan.

-----------------------------

http://wiki.geni.com/index.php/Jewish_Dynasties

About Yechiel Michel HaLevi Epstein "Aruch Hashulchan" (עברית)

נולד בעיר בוברויסק בבלארוס לראשקא ור' אהרן יצחק הלוי, שהיה תלמיד חכם וסוחר. משפחתו, משפחת אפשטיין היא נצר למשפחת בנבנשתי הספרדית, ואף לרבי אהרון הלוי שאליו מיוחס חיבור ספר החינוך.

היה תלמידו המובהק של רבי אליהו גולדברג אב"ד בוברויסק. נישא למיכלה, בתו של ר' יעקב ברלין (אביו של הנצי"ב מוולוז'ין)‏[1], ושאף לעסוק במסחר ולא ברבנות, אולם לאחר שהשליש שהופקד בידו כסף הנדוניה שלו פשט את הרגל, וחוסר הצלחתו במסחר, קיבל עליו הרב אפשטיין להתמנות לרב.

בשנת ה'תרכ"ה (1856 לערך), בגיל 27, מונה כאב בית דין בעיר החסידית נובוז'יבקוב ברוסיה. אף שבעצמו היה נצר למשפחת מתנגדים, התייחס הרב אפשטיין באהדה לחסידות. לאחר שהתמנה לרב בעיר, נסע הרב אפשטיין לתקופה לאדמו"ר מחב"ד הצמח צדק, ולמד ממנו את דרכי פסיקת ההלכה.

בשנת ה'תרמ"ג (1883 לערך), בגיל 45, עבר לנובהרדוק שם שימש כרב העיר 34 שנה. משפחתו

   בנו הרב ברוך הלוי אפשטין מחבר הפירוש "תורה תמימה" על החומש,
   נכדו הרב מאיר בר-אילן
   גיסו וחתנו הנצי"ב, ראש ישיבת וולוז'ין (הנצי"ב נשא את בתיה מרים, בת הערוך השלחן ובת אחותו (מיכלה) (לאשה שנייה)‏[2]‏[3]
   בנו הרב דובער אפשטיין, מעסקני היישוב הישן בירושלים.

מקור: ויקיפדיה

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