Yelverton Peyton, Sr.

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Yelverton Peyton, Sr.

Birthdate: (93)
Birthplace: Amherst, Virginia
Death: January 23, 1849 (93)
Silver Creek, Madison, Kentucky, United States
Place of Burial: Richmond, Madison, Kentucky, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Henry Peyton, of Stafford County and Sarah Peyton
Husband of Anna Peyton
Father of Mary Titus; Yelverton Peyton, Jr.; Jesse Peyton; John Guffy Peyton; Nancy Peyton and 5 others
Brother of William Peyton and Henry Lindsey Peyton "Soldier of the Revolution"

Managed by: Douglas L Whitlock
Last Updated:

About Yelverton Peyton, Sr.

Birth: Nov. 25, 1755 Amherst County Virginia, USA Death: Jan. 23, 1849 Silver Creek Madison County Kentucky, USA

Yelverton Peyton was born in Virginia and was a son of Henry Peyton who was killed by Indians on Virginia frontiers. He married Anna Guffey and was at Fort Boonesborough, Kentucky, in 1779. He resided in Peytontown, near Silver Creek, KY where he died. He was buried at his homeplace but removed to the Richmond, KY, Cemetery in later years. He was an Indian Spy and scout during the Revolutionary War and received a pension for his services. Their children were Jesse Peyton, b. Nov 17, 1778, m. Ermine Amy Chapple; Mary Polly Peyton, b. Aug 19, 1781, married William Titus and moved to Missouri; Susannah Peyton, b. June 2, 1783, m. Samuel D. Ross, and lived in Madison Co., KY; John Guffy Peyton, b. June 18, 1786, Madison Co., KY, d. 1829, lived in Howard Co., MO, married Sarah Carson, 1/2 sister of Kit Carson; Nancy Peyton, b. Apr. 16, 1789, d. Nov. 13, 1858, Ray Co., MO, m. John Ross; Lettice Peyton, b. Nov. 4, 1791, m. Bradley Cook; Yelverton Peyton, Jr., b. Dec. 17, 1793, m. Mildred White and lived in Randolph Co., MO; Guffey Peyton, b. Aug. 29, 1796, d. Mar. 15, 1871, Madison Co., KY, m. Elizabeth Moore; Craven Peyton, b. June 22, 1799, d. Sept. 13, 1876, m. Margaret Moore, and lived in Madison Co., Ky., Polly Ann Peyton, b. Sept. 6, 1806, d. May 12, 1885, m. Joel Hume, and lived in Howard Co., MO.

I have never been able to find who Yelverton's parents are. Many people have given him a father named Henry but there is no proof of it.

Family links:

 Anna Guffey Peyton (1762 - 1848)

 Guffee Peyton (1796 - 1871)*
  • Calculated relationship

Burial: Richmond Cemetery Richmond Madison County Kentucky, USA

Created by: Leota Rose Payton Record added: Aug 17, 2003 Find A Grave Memorial# 7771791


  • DAR Ancestor #: A090000
  • PEYTON, YELVERTON Ancestor #: A090000
  • Service:  VIRGINIA    Rank: PRIVATE
  • Birth:  11-25-1755    AMHERST CO VIRGINIA
  • Death:  1-23-1849     MADISON CO KENTUCKY
  • Pension Number: *S31291 Service Source: *S31291
  • Residence 1) County: PRINCE WILLIAM CO - State: VIRGINIA 
  • Spouse Number Name   1) ANNA GUFFEE  


Yelverton Peyton was born in Virginia and was a son of Henry Peyton who was killed by Indians on Virginia frontiers. He married Anna Guffey and was at Fort Boonesborough, Kentucky, in 1779. He resided in Peytontown, near Silver Creek, KY where he died. He was buried at his homeplace but removed to the Richmond, KY, Cemetery in later years. He was an Indian Spy and scout during the Revolutionary War and received a pension for his services.

Their children were

  1. Jesse Peyton, b. Nov 17, 1778, m. Ermine Amy Chapple;
  2. Mary Polly Peyton, b. Aug 19, 1781, married William Titus and moved to Missouri;
  3. Susannah Peyton, b. June 2, 1783, m. Samuel D. Ross, and lived in Madison Co., KY;
  4. John Guffy Peyton, b. June 18, 1786, Madison Co., KY, d. 1829, lived in Howard Co., MO, married Sarah Carson, 1/2 sister of Kit Carson;
  5. Nancy Peyton, b. Apr. 16, 1789, d. Nov. 13, 1858, Ray Co., MO, m. John Ross;
  6. Lettice Peyton, b. Nov. 4, 1791, m. Bradley Cook;
  7. Yelverton Peyton, Jr., b. Dec. 17, 1793, m. Mildred White and lived in Randolph Co., MO;
  8. Guffey Peyton, b. Aug. 29, 1796, d. Mar. 15, 1871, Madison Co., KY, m. Elizabeth Moore;
  9. Craven Peyton, b. June 22, 1799, d. Sept. 13, 1876, m. Margaret Moore, and lived in Madison Co., Ky., Polly Ann Peyton, b. Sept. 6, 1806, d. May 12, 1885, m. Joel Hume, and lived in Howard Co., MO.

I have never been able to find who Yelverton's parents are. Many people have given him a father named Henry but there is no proof of it.



Boone Papers 24C120 (Vol. 24 of Boone Papers, page 120) Mr. Craven Peyton wrote: "Yelverton Peyton was born in the State of Virginia in Albemarle County on the 25th day of November 1755 and remained there until the fall of 79 which time he and his three brothers together with some others came to Kentucky................ Draper Notes 18S238 (Vol. 18 of Draper Notes, page 238) From Guffey Peyton, son of Yelverton Peyton, residing in Madison County, Kentucky, born August 29, 1796. "Yelverton Peyton, son of Henry Peyton, was a native of Albermarle County, Virginia, on James River--the father was killed by Indians in going from his house to his barn--on Virginia frontiers--and Yelverton, John, Ephraim, and Thomas Peyton, brothers--all grown--and a stranger named Bonham, followed the Indians......... "Yelverton Peyton escaped unhurt and John and Thomas Peyton got in. Ephraim always had a turned foot in consequence of his broken ankle... "Yelverton Peyton came with a guard to Boonesboro in 1775, came through Boone's Gap....... (Vol. 18 of Draper Notes, continued.) page 249: "From Craven Peyton (about 65 years old) Madison County,Kentucky. son of Yelverton Peyton who lived the last 20 years of his life mostly with this son and on same farm, father died and is buried there: "Gravestones have inscribed: "Yelverton Peyton was born Nov. 25th 1755, died Jan. 23d 1849 "Ann Guffey Peyton born March 1762 died Dec. 15th 1848. Buried near Silver Creek, Madison County, Kentucky."

(Vol. 18 of Draper Notes, continued)

page 255 "William C. Peyton adds: That Yelverton Peyton was a brother of John and Eprhaim Peyton from Albermarle County, Virginia....Baillie Peyton killed at Mill Spring battle was a grandson." Lincoln County, Kentucky Entry Book 1779 Land was entered as follows:

 Craven Peyton, 1780 north of Boonesborough, page 29
 Yelverton Peyton, Aug. 31, 1780, on Silver Creek, page 36
 Ephraim Peyton, Jan. 11, 1782, on Green River, page 129
 Ephraim Peyton, Mar. 30, 1782, on Rowling Fork, page 147

BOONE PAPERS DRAPER NOTES ON MICROFILM, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 240120 Richmond, Kentucky April 14, 1852 Dear Sir: Your kind letter, the date of which is not recollected, came to hand and I have most unaccountably misplaced it; however, I delivered your messages to the descendants of the persons named. They have all promised to comply with your request - none of them have done so but Mr. Craven Payton who is a sensible but uneducated man. I enclose you his account, you can use the facts detailed in it........... Thomas Turner The following notes taken by Draper during a trip to Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Michigan, Western Canada, Kentucky, and Western Pennsylvania from July 6, 1863, through October 30, 1863. Notes on Border History and Biography illustrative of the lives of Boone, Clark, Kenton, Brady, Logan, Whitley, and others. PEYTON'S FIGHT IN TENNESSEE Page 238-240 From Guffy Peyton, son of YELVERTON PEYTON, residing in Madison Co., Ky., born Aug. 29, 1796. Yelverton Peyton, son of Henry Peyton, was a native of Albemarle County, Va. on James River. The father was killed by Indians in going from his house to his barn on Virginia frontiers and Yelverton*, John, Ephraim, and Thomas Peyton, brothers, all grown, and a stranger named Bonham followed the Indians. At night the whites camped. Indians crept upon and shot at them, wounding John's right arm, Thomas' thigh was broken, and Ephraim broke his ankle in jumping a steep bank--and Bonham was mortally wounded. Ephraim hearing the Indians cocking their guns, kicked the blankets covering them over the fire which darkened the place else all might have been killed. Bonham was found at the camp scalped...evidentally crept off and Indians departed, he was so cold he crept back to camp and died there. Yelverton Peyton escaped unhurt and John and Thomas got in. Ephraim always had a turned foot in consequences of his broken ankle - settler died in Washington County, Kentucky-died since the War of 1812 - 1815, abt, or eight miles below Springfield. John got in and the shattered bone was taken out and a gristle grew in so he could write and survey lands. Lived and died in Tennessee and his son was Hon. Baillie Peyton and several other children. A party went back with Yelverton Peyton and buried Bonham and brought in Thomas and Ephraim Peyton who were considerable distances apart and had some trouble in finding them. Thomas Peyton finally settled in Misssouri, don't know where nor anything of his children. Page 247: WHITLEY'S PURSUIT Yelverton Peyton was with Whitley's party who found the little girl - got wild having been out so long. Another time a child wandered off from a defeated camp, a dog with her. The dog came into the settlement and went back again - girl finally starved and the dog fed on the body - finally traced the dog to the place. It was thought the child was living when the dog was first seen but could not trail him then and when the child died and dog hungered he was tempted to eat. Page 248 MIKE STONER BEAR ADVENTURE Once Yelverton Peyton and Mike Stoner were in the woods together and came across a bear tree. Stoner said he would climb up an adjoining tree and rout the bear out when he did Peyton be in readiness to shoot it. Peyton remonstrated but Stoner never boltered - clambered up the adjoining tree and out on a limb so as to reach the bear at a large aperture where the bear had ingress and egress and then with his tomahawk pounded sharply on the tree and hallowered out "Who keeps de house?" A stirring was heard within when Peyton again begged Stoner to desist and come down quickly; Stoner renewed the pounding--soon the bear appeared first thrusting his head out of the hole looking around and reconnoitering and then made a dash for the limb on which Stoner sat and as the bear got near enough he coolly chopped off the toes of his fore paws and the bear in pain tumbled to the ground where the dogs attacked him and soon Peyton shot him. Page 240 SEPTEMBER 10, 1863 Craven Peyton thinks his grandfather got killed in Virginia - not in Tennessee at the time John Peyton and brother were wounded. Yelverton Peyton did live a while on Clinch River - probably only tarried. Came in 1779 to Kentucky - was not in the seige of Boonesborough - was on Bowman's Campaign, May, 1779, and went back to Virginia, got married and returned to Kentucky with his wife and others, got caught by a big snow, and winter-bound perhaps on Clinch and came on to Kentucky in the spring of 1780. Was much scouting and a good woodsman.

Will of Yelverton Peyton: Will Book J; page 88; Richmond, Madison County, Kentucky Court House

In the name of God Amen- I Yelverton Peyton Sen. of the County of Madison and State of Ky. Being in sound mind and memory do make and constitute this my last will & testament.--In the first place my will and desire is that all my just debts be paid. Secondly, I give and bequeath to my beloved wife Anne Peyton (should she outlive me) all my househould and kitchen furniture, also my negro woman Martha to be hers during her natural life, and after her death to be sold and equally divided between my following named children (Viz) Polly Titus, Susanna Ross, Nancy Ross, Lettice Cook, Polly Anne Hume, and John Peyton Decd's heirs, (that is said John Peyton's heirs gets the one sixth part). Thirdly, having divided off, and taken their receipts for the same to Jesse Payton, Yelverton Peyton Jr., Guffey Payton, and Crayven Peyton, as much of my estate as I allow them, I give, and bequeath after my death to Polly Titus, Susanna Ross, Nancy Ross, Letice Cook, Polly Anne Hume, and the Heirs of John Peyton, decd. my negro man Jacob, and my negro boy George together with all the money on hand and cash bonds due me after paying necessary expenses in settling up my estate, to the heirs and their heirs or assigns forever. My further will and desire is that at my death all my stock be sold with the exception of two milck cows and calves and the proceeds to be divided as the rest money is above stated, and that the cows and calves that is reserved is to be the property of my beloved wife during her life, and then to be sold and divided between the heirs above stated, and I do hereby constitute and appoint Allen Anderson executor of this my last will and testament. Witness my hand this 20th day of April, 1846.

Signed and acknowledged in the presence of Yelverton Peyton A D Anderson Craven Peyton x his mark


In the above will, notice that the name is spelled sometimes Payton and sometimes Peyton. Somewhere the name changed in subsequent generations to Payton, not Peyton in this particular branch. Information sent to me by another researcher: Yelverton Peyton, and his wife Anne Guffey Peyton, were at Fort Boonesborough with Daniel Boone. Boonesborough was founded in 1775. Their names are on the D.A.R. monument erected by the Boonesborough D.A.R. Chapter in 1907, commenorating the site of Fort Boonesborough. This monument is located in the Fort Boonesborough State Park.

Yelverton Payton settled along Silver Creek in Madison County, Kentucky, and there is a small settlement there today known as Peytontown. On a hill overlooking Peytontown is the old Peyton homestead. Not far from the house is the Peyton Cemetery where some of the Peytons are buried.

In 1973, Miss Lina Pond, a descendent of Samuel and Susannah (Peyton) Ross, (one of the daughters of Yelverton Peyton,) visited the old Peyton home. What follows is an account of her visit there:

We found that the Peytons had really lived in a mansion. I am sure that it was a magnificent place 100 years ago. From the front, it looked just like an ordinary house, perhaps not too large. When we walked around toward the back, we found that it was a huge place built of logs and covered with siding. On one side there was a big porch, enclosed on three sides by rooms with a field-stone patio. The entrance to the cellar, hall, kitchen, and other rooms was from this porch. Across the back was a large open porch with a room and a field-stone chimney which had fallen down. There were two chimneys in front. The walls of the entire house were of chestnut and oak logs and were standing up well, but the floors and porches were rotting and in poor shape. The open stairway was in the front hall. The rails and steps were in good condition, and you could see that the front windows are partly gone. We concluded that the entrance was from the road along the side of the hill to the left of the front of the house. Large pine trees and one old pear tree were still there, and this must have been the yard. One could see for miles in every direction from the house.

Yelverton Peyton came with a guard to Boonesborough in 1775--came through Boone's Gap in Madison County, Kentucky between head waters of Round Stone and Silver Creeks - a range of mountains through which Boone's trace passed. In passing through Powell's Valley, they were fired upon and several killed.

Page 240-241

                                          Charles English Killed

Once Yelverton and Charles English were together near English Station returning from hunting a horse stolen by a white man. English had dreamed one night that a rattlesnake bit him in the hide and the next day as they were riding along, Indians fired on them from the cane and shot English who fell from his horse and Peyton slid from his horse and darted into the cane hearing as he fled the tomahoawk cleave English's skull. Horses ran to Entlish Station and a party went back with Yelveryton Peyton and buried English.

Page 241-242

                                        Scouting Incident

Yelverton Peyton was selected to act as a spy and guard from Boonesborough to Boone's Gap - sometimes out as many as nine days at a time - watch and reconnoitre for Indian signs, and kill his game to live on and had to be exceedingly cautious when he would shoot a deer or turkey lest an Indian might hear the report of the gun and steal up and shoot him while securing his game. If signs were discovered he would report at Boonesborough. Near Boone's Gap - two miles north of the Gap is the Salt Lick - there he came one day and discovered a drop of fresh blood spreading upon the water in the Lick and at once knew an Indian had shortly before shot a deer there and he instantly made his way into the cane. While on this service he one day shot a deer and watched his game and soon discovered an Indian watching him and raised his gun to shoot the Indian when the Indian began zig-zagging--jumping one way and then another by aid of his hand seizing a bush and then another--so Peyton could not get a shot and the Indian thus got out of sight and cleared himself. Once killed - while spying - a fine fat bear.

Page 242 Bowman's Campaign

Under cover of a big fog went to attack the Indian town - Indians had port holes - would shoot at the port holes - a little Dutchman would keep peeping up though warned by Peyton and he finally received a shot which shattered his brains. Sun rose up and fog disappearing (Yelverton) saw men retreating and got a puncheon and held it on behind him with one hand and his rifle in the other and scampered off and several balls hit the puncheon but he escaped and joined the others.

Page 242-245

                                     Logan's Campaign, 1786

(Account tells of Indian attack on Edward Stevenson's family)

Indians were pursued by Capt. Whitley and party, Yelverton Peyton and Nathan Harris and others and pursued with several good hunting dogs - dogs would go forward till Indians in sight would strike the dogs with their tomahawks - Indians hastened off leaving blankets, leggings, and could trail them by their blood. When another pursuing party under Col. Benjamin Logan crossed the Indian trail and thus threw the dogs off the enemy's tracks and dogs did not get on the track after and the pursuit was abandoned. Stevenson was found to be badly wounded in the body and could not push back all the fat - he was quite fleshy, and had to cut it off and soon died. Yelverton Peyton was among those who early reached Stevenson and thought Stevenson was headstrong to go to settle when it was dangerous but he had got tired of being cowered in the fort. (Tells more on Stevenson's family.)

Page 245-246


Yelverton Peyton was out on Nickojack Campaign - one unfeeling white threw a live Indian babe into the river and its clothes kept it afloat - when Peyton raised his gun and threatened to shoot the man for his unhumanity if he did not go in and rescue the child. He did so. Some of the Indian women were told to go into their cabins and save what property they could - one squaw got out as big a load as she could carry and (_______) took it to a burning cabin and threw it into the flames - when asked the reason said she supposed it would please the whites. When some of the cabins were burned it was discovered there were holes of sweet potatoes beneath them and many of these were found cooked by the heat - Nathan Harris and others ate them.

Page 246

                                On Clark's Campaign in 1782

Yelverton Peyton was out. Capt. McCracken was wounded - and was carried on a horse litter - hurt him and had to carry him by hand with blankets and deer skins stretched across - he died. Another young man was slightly wounded on his arm and bragged of his wound - neglected - would not have it tied up - it inflamed and he died. Nickojack - one man - Gallie LeMar, a very brave one-was missing and some suggested that he had flinched, but Peyton said he knew better. In night they heard a heavy fall, like a bear shot from a tree. It proved to be Gallie LeMar who probably fell asleep, fell, and died in consequence.

Page 247

                              Estill's Defeat

Yelverton Peyton went and helped bury the dead at Estill's defeat. Miller withdrew his party else the Indians would have been defeated. (Tells of others in the battle - nothing more about Yelverton Peyton.)

Page 249

                             Bowman's Campaign

The evening before the attack divided into two parties to attack the town at daybreak the next morning. One party failed to come. The party (Logan's) with which Peyton was connected, got close up, within twenty steps, behind a fallen tree or log. The other party was to have given the signal to commence the attack but failed to give it. It was said they encountered unlooked for obstacles, and could not get their positions in time - and some said it was cowardice on part of Col. Bowman. At daylight the Indians began to fire from their portholes. Indians watched a man beside Peyton who kept peeping up his head and Peyton admonished him of the consequences, and he was soon shot through the forehead dead. Indians watched the nozzle of his gun. Peyton saw nearly all had gone. The man below him left the same log or tree and the man jumped down a steep bank into a branch. Indians shot at him but the bank hid and protected him and he crawled away safely. Peyton saw that it would not do to stay longer so he jumped down into the branch. Indians shooting at him - there he discovered a puncheon and putting it on his back for protection ran off - bullets tore up the ground around him but thinks none hit the puncheon and he escaped and joined his companions. Had some night fighting on the retreat - can't tell details and it was the third night before they got any rest.

Page 251

                       Clark's Campaign, 1782
                        continued from page 246

Capt. McCracken got wounded in the arm. When Col. Logan came along and asked if he was wounded? He said he was and that he would not take $500.00 for it. Seemed pleased that he should bear an honorable scar without probably making any danger. Logan said he had better take good care of it. But he neglected it and was soon taken quite ill and had to be carried on a horse litter and soon died. From the circumstances, it was thought the ball wounding him was poisoned.

Page 251 Incident

After some Indian fight a white man was found tomahawked on both sides of his head just below the ears and scalped - and lying on his face with a long spear and wooden handle driven through his body and into the ground. He was found breathing - turned over - the point of the spear protruding beyond the body was cleansed of the dirt and the instrument with great difficulty extracted. No one thought he could live - some of his brains oozed out of his tomahawk wounds - he was cared for - carried on a litter - finally recovered - and went on another campaign upon which he lost his life.

Page 252

                     From William C. Peyton

A wounded Indian in some fight crept through the bushes into a small cave - when he was discovered by a white man who was once a prisoner and recognized the Indian - commenced talking with him and extended his hand in friendship. The Indian whose name was the Little Hare made a desparate stab at the white who barely evaded it, the knife penetrating completely through his powder horn. He stepped back a little and shot the Indian dead. -- - - - -- --- ---The statements about Bowman's Campaign and Clark's Campaign and these two incidents were collaborated by William C. Peyton, son of Craven, who heard his grandfather relate them also.

Page 253

Edward Stevenson had a new settlement on the Walnut Meadow Fork of Paint Lick Creek, Kentucky.  The Indians came there and shot into his house, as the door was opened in the mornings - and broke Mrs. Stevenson's thigh while she was in bed, thinks a daughter seized an axe and aimed a blow at the Indian who had rushed into the house and was having a desperate struggle with her father and missed the Indian unfortunately struck her father cleaving the skin two or three inches above the eye but did not stun him.  The Indian had a large knife which he used on Stevenson and Stevenson snatching it used it on the Indian and so alternately blood was splattered all over the floor and sides of the room and furniture.  The blade of the knife was seized by Stevenson and by the Indian - drawn through his hand and badly cut - nearly cut off.  Finally the girl knocked down and killed the Indian with the axe.  Mr. Stevenson was so badly stabbed that he soon died.  Whites pursued the Indians and had dogs to trail which the Indians would strike at and drive back. - - - - - - William C. Peyton remembers hearing this from his grandfather.

Page 254

Yelverton Peyton was not out in the Indian Wars of 1774 - but was with Col. Benjamin Logan's party who buried the dead at the Blue Licks. Nickojack Campaign, 1794 - On some night alarm, men left their fires, the alarm proved false. LeMar clambered up a tree as the event proved and just before day, Yelverton Peyton and others heard a noise like the falling of a tree. LeMar was found in a dying condition. Peyton said it was regarded as one of the strangest of all as LeMar was always so brave and ready.

Page 255

Once when the men - probably from Whitley's Station (and - - - - thinks on Clark's campaign in the fall of 1782) the women were left entirely alone and saw not a man for three months.

William C. Peyton adds: That Yelverton Peyton was a brother of John and Ephraim Peyton from Albemarle County, Virginia. That when John Peyton was so badly wounded in Tennessee he was lying in camp - the ball entereing his elbow of his right arm and coming out at this shoulder shivering the bone - a new one grew in but that arm was considerably shorter than the other- the party was scattered. John Peyton was a surveyor, young Baillie Peyton killed at Mill Spring Battle was a grandson.

Page 256 Logan's Campaign 1786

Yelverton Peyton was out and said an Indian in the tall grass killed several whites and finally several rushed up and killed him. He then was found with powder in his gun and ball in his - - - - - - -.

September 10, 1863 From Caldwell Campbell, Madison County Kentucky

Heard Yelverton Peyton relate of Bowman's Campaign - That he, Peyton, was of Capt. Logan's party- waited for Bowman to give the signal but he did not give it.

Indian dogs began to growl and bark, and Logan saw a white girl plainly as she went to one of the Indian fires. At day-break the Indians discovered the White and betook themselves to their council house. Peyton and a few others were in or behind an old deserted Indian cabin - Peyton finally seeing others gone and going, seized a puncheon and ran down the branch or creek and said several balls hit pit-pat on the puncheon - Hence he had the soubriquet of Puncheon Peyton. He thought Bowman did not act bravely.

                                     HISTORY OF MIDDLE TENNESSEE   by A.  W. Putnam
                                     published 1859, Nashville, Tennessee.  

Page 246 1786-1787

 The history of the next attack upon any of these settlers we condense from Haywood, from the narratives of John Peyton, (John Peyton died at his residence on Station Camp Creek in Sumner County in 1833 at the age of 78)  himself and from John Carr.  This was an attack made by a large party of Cherokees upon John Peyton, a surveyor, Ephraim and Thomas Peyton, his brothers, Thomas Pugh, John Frazer, and Esquire Grand, in the month of February of this year.

The party of white men having killed much game had camped for the night on a small island just above the mouth of a creek which empties into the Cumberland River on the north side, near the line of Smith and Jackson counties between Carthage and Williamsburg.

The Indians were sixty in number under Cherokee Chief, Hanging Maw. The party of hunters or surveyors were fatigued and were lying upon the ground around their fire, their horses being fastened nearby. It was Sunday night; they had given some part of the evening to playing cards (for they had an old greasy pack, says Carr.) Their dogs and horses gave some intimation of danger, but the tired hunters concluded that wild animals - wolves - were attracted by the meat in camp, and there could be no other enemy near. Therefore, they "chunked up their fire" and laid themselves down again. John Peyton leaning on his elbow near the fire, hissing on the dogs.

Suddenly the Indians fired a volley upon them, wounding four of the six white men. As John Peyton jumped to his feet, he had the wisdom to throw his balnket over the fire thus giving himself and party some chance to excape in the darkness; and O! How great was that darkness! The whole party fled, escaping through the Indian lines. They cast their blankets from them and each pursued his own way through the woods bare-headed and without shoes. They were seventy miles from Bledsoe's Station, the ground was covered with snow, and yet each of these men after several days wandering arrived at the station and recovered of their wounds and exposure.

John Peyton was shot through the arm and shoulder, Thomas Peyton; through the thigh; Frazier through the leg: and Grand, through the knee. Thus four of the six were wounded

It is strange they were not all killed outright; marvellous that they ever reached home; and yet more that they all recoverd, and were often engaged in other Indian skirmishes. Ephraim Peyton and Pugh escaped without a wound, but Peyton, by jumping down the bank to cross the creek, sprained his ankle very badly, and lay for some time in agony. Crawling along on the ground he found a stick which answered the purpose of a staff to support and aid him in hobbling along. He was several days thus suffering - and laboring to reach the white settlement - the last one to come in. All the others had arrived one at a time each reporting all the others killed.

John Peyton sent a message the next year to the Indian Chief that he might retain the horses, blankets, saddles, guns and other articles. "if he would return the compass and chain." In reply the chief sent this:

"You, John Peyton, ran away like a coward, and left all your property and as for your land stealer" (the compass) "I have broken that against a tree."

The stream of water where these occurrences took place has ever since been known as "Defeated Creek." These men did not "give it up so." In a few years, they with others completed their surveys and established locations there.


State of Kentucky County of Madison

On this 275h day of August 1832 personally appeared in open Court before Gilliam Goodlon, (- - - ), and Christopher Harris, Justices of the county court in the county of Madison, aforesaid, now sitting that Yelverton Peyton a resident of said county of Madison, aged 77 years in November next, who being first duly sworn according to law doth on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the act of Congress passed June 7, 1832.

That he entered the service of the United States under the following named Officers and served as private. That he volunteered in 1777 from the boundary of the now county of Montgomery in Virginia and served a term of duty in the militia against the Indians. An express came that the Watauqua Fort was ambushed with the Indians and a call for relief - he was in a company commanded by Captain Joseph Renfro - William Terry was Lieut. - Colonel Rufeds - Colonel Archer and Colonel Miles Campbell were all officers on this expedition - we marched on towards the Fort but before we reached it we learned that the Indians had retreated - we were then discharged - he is unable to say how long he was out, but thinks before he reached home about thirty days.

In 1779 last March or April he came to Kentucky and helped build Whitteys Station in Lincoln County. In May 1779 he volunteered in Capt. John Kennedy's and performed a tour of duty across the Ohio to the old Chillicothe towns - Col. John Bowman ( - - - - - -) was absent on this tour between thirty and sixty days - after his return he continued at Whitteys Fort or Station during the remained of the year 1779 - acted as an Indian spy and guard.

In the spring of 1780 he went to English's Station near Crab Orchard. Continued in Capt. Kennedys Company and remained at said station during the year 1780 and 1781 and continued to act as an Indian spy till the fall of that year. He came across the Ohio as a volunteer in Captain Andrew Kincaid's Company - Col. George Rogers Clark, Commandant. Went to the Pickaway Towns on the Big Miami - was in the engagement

In 1786, he served in another campaign against the Indians across the Ohio under Gen. Ben. Logan. He states that from the spring of 1779 till the close of the year 1782 he was the greater portion of his time actively engaged either on compaigns or scouting parties against the Indians or acting as a spy against the Indians.

He has resided in Madison County, Kentucky between 30 and 40 years and has been in Kentucky since 1779. He has no documentary evidence to prove his services in his possession. He can prove most of this by Major John Kennedy and others. He hereby relinquishes claim whatever to a pension or anuity except the present and he declares his name is not on the pension roll of the agency of any state.

Witnessed: Joseph Kennedy Signed

                     Dr. Alex Miller                                   Yelverton Peyton

State of Kentuck Madison County

On this 7th day of January 1833 personally appeared in open court before John Hawkins, Henry B. Hawkins, Orville Matthias, Justices of the Madison County Court, now sitting, Yelverton Peyton, a resident of sait county, who being first duly sworn in according to law doth on his oath make the following declaration, supplementary to his declaration in said Court on the 27th day of August, 1832, in order to obtain his benefit of the Act of Congress passed June 7th 1832.

]He states that he served during the Revolutionary War as a Volunteer in the militia, as a private, on campaigns against the Indians and as an Indian spy not less than two years. That he served that length of time and longer he is certain, and for such services he claims a pension. He states that his recollection will not enable him to be more explicit in relation to this period of the Revolutionary War when he served. That he has noted in his original Declaration that he first served in 1777 in Virginia, in August or July, he thinks. In the spring of 1779 he came to Kentucky to Whitteys Fort or Station. From that time till the close of the year 1782, he acted as an Indian spy to the forts of Whittey and English, most of the time except when he was out on Campaigns against the Indians - that he was in Capt. John Kennedy's Company till after he was killed as he thinks in 1781. After that he was in Capt. Kincaid's Company till after 1782. Benjamin Logan was the Colonel - was frequently out with him on scouting parties against the Indians.

That he was born in Amherst County, Virginia, November 25, 1755, and that he has in his possession a record of his age taken by him from a record made by his father. That he does not recollect ever receiving any written discharge - if he ever did they are destroyed or mislaid. He states that Major Joseph Kennedy and Dr. Alexander Miller are his neighbors and have and can testify concerning his character and the belief of his services. Said Kennedy knows that he performed most of the services as he stated in this and his original declaration.

Subscribed and sworn to this day and year aforesaid

                                                                               Yelverton Peyton

Testified by statements from:

Mr. Peter Tribble, Clergyman John Hawkins George Alcorn David Irwin Henry B. Hawkins, J.P. Thomas Willis


William Barnett, a resident of the county, makes oath that he has been acquainted with Yelverton Peyton thirty years or more - has lived as his neighbor - that said Peyton has always been reputed and believed in his neighborhood to have been a soldier of the Revolution and an Indian fighter in the early settlements of Kentucky and affiant fully concurs in that opinion, Peyton has always sustained as good a character as any man. Barnett has also lived as a neighbor to Major Joseph Kennedy of Madison County for thirty years or more - that said Kennedy is upward of 70 years of age - and is and has always been reputed one of the early settlers of Kentucky. That he was an Indian fighter during the Revolution and has frequently heard it proved in court that Kennedy came to Kentucky in 1776.

Subscribed and sworn to this day February 15th, 1833 Signed Henry B. Hawkins, J.P. William Barnett


This day May 31, 1833 personally appeared before H.B. Hawkins, an acting Justice of the Peace in and for the County of Madison aforesaid, Yelverton Peyton a resident of said county and an applicant for a pension and whose original declaration made before the Madison County Court on the 27th day of August 1832 and supplementary statement made on the 7th January 1833 are now before us.

Said Peyton being first duly sworn according to law further states upon oath - He further states that shortly after he came to Kentucky in the Spring of 1779 he volunteered and was duly enrolled in Capt. John Kennedy's Company who then commanded Kennedy's Fort or Station. Col. Ben Logan was the Colonel from whom Capt. Kennedy received orders - applicant always supposed that Kennedy and Logan were both in commissions from the state of Virginia and still so understands. He states that after returning from the campaing across the Ohio as before stated he continued in said Kennedy's Company as a soldier and as such was almost constantly in service either as a guard in fthe Fort or as an Indian spy when ordered out. That he considered himself as a soldier in said company and bound to march at a moments warning to defend the Fort and Country against Indians.

He was at Whittey's Fort till 1780 when he went to English's Fort where he remained until the close of the year 1782 - continued in Kennedy's Company till he was killed in a battle with the Indians as applicant recollects in 1781. After his death he was duly enrolled in and served in Capt. Kincaid's Company - that he served in Kennedy and Kincaid's Companies under these orders more than two years from 1779 till some time in 1782. That if danger, privation, constant vigilances and hand fighting for more than two years entitle a man to a pension, he claims one. He states that it is not in his power at this time and day to state all the expeditions, campaigns, and skirmishes he performed and had with the Indians during the Revolutionary War. The campaigns which he served when he went out from each Fort and Captain's Company - sometimes as many as could in safety be spared. The numerous calls which were made upon applicant by his Captains for short scouts and excursions in the State and the neighborhoods of the Forts, he cannot detail. His best recollection is that he served during the Revolutionary War as a volunteer in campaigns against the Indians in Kentucky and out of it in Captains Kennedy, Kincaid, and some short time in Captain Sam Davis' Company more than 12 months - that as a soldier in the forts and as an Indian spy he served more than 12 months more and for such services he claims a pension.

Henry B. Hawkins, J.P. Signed

Yelverton Peyton


On this 14th day of October, 1833, personally appeared before Thomas Willis, a Justice of the Peace; Major Oswald Townsend, a resident of said County. He came to Kentucky in 1775 and has resided in Madison County ever since. In the year 1779, he became acquainted with Yelverton Peyton, an applicant for a pension.

Peyton served in Capt. John Kennedy's Company, who commanded Kennedy's Fort or Station. Peyton continued in Kennedy's Company until Kennedy was killed by Indians in 1781 or 1782. Townsend was frequently out on campaigns against the Indians and knows that Peyton was also out. After Kennedy was killed, Townsend's recollection is that Peyton was enrolled and served in Captain Kincaid's Company who was also under Logan as Colonel.

Peyton was sometimes serving in English's Fort, sometimes in Whitley's Fort and was from the time he first knew him in the Spring of the year 1779, most of his time in active service till the close of the war. He was esteemed a good soldier and has always sustained a very good character.

Signed and subscribed this day 14th October 1833, before me Signed Thomas Willis, J.P. Oswald Townsend

David Irvine, Clerk of Court, certified that Henry B. Hawkins and Thomas Willis were Justices of the Peace, November 29, 1833

Madison County Pensioners Revolution - War of 1812 - Indian Wars Certificate of Pension, Number 25246 issued. Book E, Volume 7, page 23

The said applicant for a pension had served in the War of the Revolution in the capacity of a private soldier in the line of the State of Virginia and on the date of December 14, 1833, he was placed on the Pension Roll, and on the date of March 4, 1831, he was at the age of 76 years.

The above named soldier was residing in the county of Madison in the State of Kentucky when he applied for a pension on the date of August 27, of the year 1832, while the said Yelverton Peyton was at the age of 77 years.

He states that he was born in the county of Amherst in the State of Virginia in the year 1755.

He resided in the following places prior to the opening of the Revolution; Amherst County, Virginia Montgomery County, Virginia, 1777

He has lived in the following places since the close of the War of the Rebellion: Madison County, State of Kentucky

He removed to Kentucky in the year 1792.

Page 124

The most noted scouts of the county were Thomas Brooks, William Cradlebaugh, and Oswald Townsend at Boonesborough; Nicholas Proctor and Yelverton Peyton at Estill Station; and William Harris and Benjamin Baxter on Muddy Creek.

A list of the items sold at his estate sale and who bought what for how much.  Amount realized from the sale was $1.141.97 3/4   Combined with other notes and moneys owed to him $2090.62 plus $25.00 received as the balance due on his pension.  The Negro man George brought the most money at $543.00 and was bought by Charles Gentry.  The other three slaves were bought by Guffey Peyton and Craven Peyton.
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Yelverton Peyton, Sr.'s Timeline

November 25, 1755
Amherst, Virginia
August 19, 1781
Age 25
Virginia, United States
June 18, 1786
Age 30
Madison County, Virginia, United States
December 17, 1793
Age 38
Madison County, Kentucky, United States
August 29, 1796
Age 40
Kentucky, United States
September 6, 1806
Age 50
Peytontown, Madison County, Kentucky, United States
January 23, 1849
Age 93
Madison, Kentucky, United States
January 1849
Age 93
Richmond, Madison, Kentucky, United States