Yezdagird III, Shah of Persia

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Records for Shahansah Yazdgerd of Persia

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Shahansah Yazdgerd of Persia, 29th & Last Sassanid King

Also Known As: "Sabour Ibn Sahra Braz", "يزدجرد", "Yazdegerd III. Shehreyaar", "Emperor of Sasanian Persia"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Ctesiphon, Iran
Death: Died in Merv, Turkmenistan
Place of Burial: Merv, Turkmenistan
Immediate Family:

Son of Shahrijar, Prince of Sasanian Persia and Maryam Zauja-e-Shehreyaar Zauja-e-Shehreyaar bin Shairooba
Husband of Zamaspdukht Sassaniande; <private> daughter of vassal king of Sindh in the Sassanid Empire and Maryanh (Fictitious)
Father of Princess Adragh of Persia Sassaniande; <private> son of Yazdegerd III and pretender to the Sasanian throne; <private>; <private> last Sassanian Shahinshah; <private> daughter of Yazdeguerd III (43rd and last Sassanian Shahinshah of Eranshahr r.632-651) and 10 others

Occupation: King of of Persia, koning van Perzië
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Yezdagird III, Shah of Persia

Ruled 632-651; Arab Conquest, end of Sasanian Empire.


Yazdgerd III (also spelled Yazdegerd or Yazdiger, Persian: یزدگرد سوم, "made by God") was the twenty-ninth and last king of the Sassanid dynasty of Iran and a great-grandson of our ancestor King Khosro II (590–628), who had been murdered by his son (Yazdgard's grandfather, our ancestor) King Kavadh II of Persia in 628. Yazdgerd III ascended the throne on June 16, 632 after a series of internal conflicts.

Yazdgerd III reigned as a youth and never truly exercised authority. In his first year the Arab invasion of Iran began, and in 636 the Battle of al-Qādisiyyah decided the fate of the Persian empire. To gain some modest supports from the Persian Empire's old rival, the Roman Empire of the East, he sought an alliance with the Emperor Heraclius who then married off his young granddaughter, Manyanh, the daughter of Heraclius Constantine III and Princess Gregoria of Persia. Yazdgerd and Manyanh had issue.

Following the battle of al-Qādisiyyah the Caliph 'Umar ibn al-Khattāb besought Yazdgerd III to convert to Islam. Yazdgerd III issued a reply in which he refuted that Zoroastrians were not polytheistic and highlighted that the Iranians were cultured and civilized in contrast to the Arabs. Though this letter's authenticity is questionable to say the least, and is most likely a forgery

Arabs occupied Ctesiphon, and the young King fled into Media. Yazdgerd III then fled eastward from one district to another, until at last he was killed by a local miller for his purse at Merv in 651.

The rest of the nobles who fled settled in central Asia where they contributed greatly in spreading Persian culture and language in those regions. They also contributed to the establishment of the first native Iranian dynasty, the Samanid dynasty, which sought to retain some Sassanid traditions while still promoting Islam.

The Zoroastrian religious calendar, which is still in use today, uses the regnal year of Yazdgerd III as its base year. Its calendar era (year numbering system), which is accompanied by a Y.Z. suffix, thus indicates the number of years since the emperor's coronation in 632 AD.

See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yazdgerd_III for more information.


29th & Last Sassanid King of Iran

Source 1: http://www.thefullwiki.org/Yazdegerd_III

Source 2: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yazdegerd_III


Yazdgerd III (also spelled Yazdegerd or Yazdiger, Persian: یزدگرد سوم, "made by God") was the twenty-ninth and last king of the Sassanid dynasty of Iran and a grandson of Khosrau II (590–628). His father was Shahryar whose mother was Miriam, the daughter of the Byzantine Emperor Maurice. Yazdgerd's daughter, Izdundad, was married to Bustanai ben Haninai, the Jewish exilarch.

The Bahai religious leader Bahá'u'lláh's ancestry can be traced back to Yazdgerd III.

Yazdgerd III ascended the throne on 16 June 632 after a series of internal conflicts.

Yazdgerd III reigned as a youth and had never truly exercised authority. The Muslim conquest of Persia began in his first year of reign, and ended with the Battle of al-Qādisiyyah. Yazdegerd sought an alliance with Emperor Heraclius, who was an old rival of the Persian Empire.

[The Muslim conquest of Persia, also known as the Arab conquest of Iran led to the end of the Sasanian Empire in 651 and the eventual decline of the Zoroastrian religion in Iran. The rise of Muslims coincided with a significant political, social, economic and military weakness in Persia. Once a major world power, the Sassanian Empire had exhausted its human and material resources after decades of warfare against the Byzantine Empire. The internal political situation had deteriorated, with the King Khosrau II being executed and ten new claimants taking the throne within just four years. The last one, Yazdegerd III, who had to face the Muslim invasion, was eight years old.]

Following the battle of al-Qādisiyyah, the Arabs occupied Ctesiphon, and the young King fled eastward into Media going from one district to another, until at last he was killed by a local miller for his purse at Merv in 651.

The legend is that he was killed by a miller who robbed him of his clothes and jewellery, but there is a strong suspicion that the governor of Merv, was the real culprit

Ferdowsi a contemporary of Mahmud of Ghazni recounts the killing of Yazdegerd by the miller at the behest of Mahuy Suri

“ Mahui sends the miller to cut off his head on pain of losing his own, and having none of his race left alive. His chiefs hear this and cry out against him, and a Mobed of the name of Radui tells him that to kill a king or prophet will bring evil upon him and his son, and is supported in what he says by a holy man of the name of Hormuzd Kharad Shehran, and Mehronush.

The miller most unwillingly goes in and stabs him with a dagger in the middle. Mahui's horsmen all go and see him and take off his clothing and ornaments, leaving him on the ground . All the nobles curse Mahui and wish him the same fate.

The rest of the nobles who fled settled in central Asia where they contributed greatly in spreading Persian culture and language in those regions. They also contributed to the establishment of the first native Iranian dynasty, the Samanid dynasty, which sought to retain some Sassanid traditions while still promoting Islam.

The Zoroastrian religious calendar, which is still in use today, uses the regnal year of Yazdgerd III as its base year. Its calendar era (year numbering system), which is accompanied by a Y.Z. suffix, thus indicates the number of years since the emperor's coronation in 632 AD.

Yazdgerd's son Pirooz II fled to China.

Yazdgerd's daughter Shahrbanu is believed to be the wife of Husayn ibn Ali.

Yazdgerd's other daughter Izdundad was married to Bustanai ben Haninai, the Jewish exilarch.

The Bahai religious leader Bahá'u'lláh's ancestry can be traced back to Yazdgerd III.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yazdegerd_III


http://akevoth.org/genealogy/duparc/3702.htm

King Yazdegerd (Yazadagird), birth CA 610 Persia, died 651 murdered near Merv by a miller, occupation: King of Parthia 633-651, son of Shahrijar and nn

Yazdgerd III (also spelled Yazdegerd or Yazdiger, Persian: "made by God") was the twenty-ninth and last king of the Sassanid dynasty and a grandson of Khosrau II (590û628), who had been murdered by his son Kavadh II of Persia in 628. His fathe r was Shahryar whose mother was Miriam, the daughter of the Byzantine Emperor Maurice. [1] Yazdgerd III ascended the throne on June 16 after a series of internal conflicts.

Yazdgerd III reigned as a youth and never truly exercised authority. In his first year the Arab invasion of Persia began, and in 636 the Battle of al-Qadisiyyah decided the fate of the Persian empire. To gain some modest supports from the Persia n Empire's old rival, the Roman Empire of the East, he sought an alliance with the Emperor Heraclius who then married off his young granddaughter, Manyanh, the daughter of Heraclius Constantine III and Princess Gregoria of Persia. Yazdgerd an d Manyanh had issue.

Arabs occupied Ctesiphon , and the young King fled into Media. Yazdgerd III then fled eastward from one district to another, until at last he was killed by a local miller for his purse at Merv .[1]

The rest of the nobles who fled settled in central Asia where they contributed greatly in spreading Persian culture and language in those regions. They also contributed to the establishment of the first native Iranian dynasty, the Samanid dynasty , which sought to retain some Sassanid traditions while still promoting Islam.

The Zoroastrian religious calendar , which is still in use today, uses the regnal year of Yazdgerd III as its base year. Its calendar era (year numbering system), which is accompanied by a Y.Z. suffix, thus indicates the number of years since th e emperor's coronation in 632 CE.

Yazdgerd's son Pirooz fled to China

----------------------------

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yazdegerd_III


Shah of Persia


Sassanid King of Iran

http://www.thefullwiki.org/Yazdegerd_III

Petit-fils de Khosro II et Chîrin, fils du prince Shâhriar et d'une concubine noire. Lors du massacre des princes royaux perpétré par Kavadh II, il est sauvé de la mort par sa grand-mère et caché en province dans le Fars2.

Avec l'aide du général Rostam, il s'empare de la capitale Ctésiphon à l'âge de 16 ans. Le début de son règne le 16 juin 632 est la date initiale de l'ère qui porte son nom (ère de Yazdgard, qui marque le début du calendrier des Pârsî). Il règne en concurrence avec son cousin Hormizd VI jusqu'à l'assassinat de celui-ci en janvier 633.

Dès 633/634, il doit faire face à l'invasion des Arabes musulmans qui ont déjà razzié l'Irak au cours de la période de conflits dynastiques des années 628/632. Ses généraux sont vaincus dans plusieurs batailles, dont Rostam Farrokhzad en 635 à Qâdisiya, non loin de Hira, ce qui entraîne la perte de la capitale Ctésiphon en 637, puis une série de défaites la même année lors des batailles d'Ahvāz, Jalula, Rām Hurmuz et la conquête du Khouzistan par les Arabes. En 641/642, la défaite de Firuzān (i. e. : Pérozân) à la bataille de Nihāvand entraîne la perte de la Médie, et le roi Yazdgard III doit se réfugier dans le sud de ses États. Deux nouvelles défaites de ses troupes, commandées par Shahrvarāz Jādhuyih à Ispahan en 642 puis en 643 lors de la bataille de Wāj Rudh par le dynaste arménien Varaz-Tiroç II Bagratouni, qui entraîne la perte de Reyy, l'obligent à fuir dans l'est de l'empire.

Alors que les dynastes locaux du Tabaristan concluent des trêves avec les Arabes, il se réfugie à Merv dans l'extrême-est de l'empire, auprès du mazbân Mâhôe où il est assassiné à l'automne 651. Son corps, jeté dans une rivière et repêché par des paysans, est identifié et inhumé par Élie, l'évêque chrétien nestorien de Merv.

D'après Masudi, historien arabe chiite, Yazdgard III avait trois filles, Adrek ou Adragh, Chahin ou Shahr Banû, qui aurait épousé Al-Hussein ibn Ali, et Mardawend, et aussi deux fils, Bahram et Péroz III

http://bit.ly/1L46Msj

http://bit.ly/1XZJxJg

http://bit.ly/1NXDRe6

Sassanian Shahs http://antikforever.com/Perse/Sassanides/Sassanides.htm

Sasanian family tree : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sasanian_family_tree#Sasanian_family_tree

list of shahinshah of the Sassanid empire https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_shahanshahs_of_the_Sasanian_Empire

About Yezdagird III, Shah of Persia (Persian)

دوران ۶۳۲- ۶۵۱ میلادی زادگاه استخر محل مرگ مرو پیش از پیروز سوم پس از خسرو چهارم دودمان ساسانی پدر شهریار فرزندان پیروز سوم، شهربانو، بهرام، ادرگ، مردآوند دین زردشتی

یزدگرد سوم سی و چهارمین و آخرین پادشاه ساسانی، پسر شهریار و نوهٔ خسرو پرویز و همسر محبوبش شیرین بود. در سال ۶۳۲ میلادی چون کسی از خانوادهٔ سلطنتی باقی نمانده بود، او را پیدا کرده و بر تخت نشاندند. [۱] به قولی هنگام بر تخت نشستن ۲۱ سال داشت و به مدت بیست سال پادشاهی کرد. با بپادشاهی رسیدن یزدگرد، بعد از چندین سال‌آشوب و تفرقه، سرانجام آرامش به ایران بازگشت و همه به اطاعت او درآمدند. [۲]

حمله اعراب به ایران در زمان پادشاهی او رخ‌داد که به تسخیر تیسفون و تقریباً سراسر قلمرو ساسانیان و شکست و آوارگی یزدگرد انجامید. یزدگرد در نتیجهٔ خیانت گروهی از زیردستانش در پیرامون مرو در آسیابی کشته‌شد.

http://bit.ly/1WIOybW

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