Historical records matching Zelik Rogowin
About Zelik Rogowin
Zelik along with his brother Aaron, Aaron's wife Fay and their cousin Eliezer (Lozr) Rogowin were Partisans who fought with other Russian Partisans and suceeded against the Nazis on the White Russian Front during WWII. His roll was to blow-up German supply trains and to conduct ambushes against the Germans and their collaborators. He told me that when the Germans were retreating from Stalingrad and if any of the escaping Germans went through their territory it was part of their mission to make sure that they the Germans would never return to Germany.
Zelik's brother Aaron told me how they became Partisans. When the Germans arrived in Volozhin around 1942 the Germans planned two "Aktions". The purpose of the Aktions were to murder all the Jews of Volozhin. There were about 2000+ Jews in Volozhin. They were murdered by either gathering them together in the Synagogue (there were three in Volozhin), and burning all within the Schul or taking them to the Soccer Field and shooting them. Other Jews my Grandfather Moshe and Aunt Nechammah among them chose to hide in town where they could. These unfortunate souls were discovered and where shot where they stood. The shooters in the instance of my Grandfather Moshe and Aunt Nechammah were Lithuanian SS. Today most of the Jews who are not burried in the Jewish Cemetary next to the town's famous Yeshiva are burried in the soccer field.
Aaron told me that his wife Fay told him and Zelik that they must run to the Forest inorder to survive. They did. After the Aktions and when most of the Jews of Volozhin were murdered Zelik, Aaron, Fay and their cousin Eliezer were placed in a "Concentration Camp' where they were used by the German's to repair weapons used by the Germans. Since Aaron was a soldier in the then defeated Polish Army he had an understanding of weapons and how they worked. During their stay in the "Concentration Camp" they planned and executed their escape taking with them rifles, munitions, etc. Finding themselves in the Birch Forest of White Russia they set-up a camp and practiced with their weapons. They then were surrounded by Russian Partisans who took them to be part of their command. Zelik marched in the Liberation of Minsk Parade. During a skirmish he was shot by German machine gun fire in both legs and spent about six months in a hospital in Moscow where he recuperated. At that time he returned to Volozhin where the War was over. He came to the United States around 1949 where he stayed at our house.