Óengus mac Áeda, Mórmaer na Moréb
|Also Known As:||"Angus mac Heth", "Oengus"|
|Death:||Died in Moray, Scotland|
|Cause of death:||killed in battle Strickathrow|
|Place of Burial:||Escocia|
|Occupation:||Earl of Moray|
|Managed by:||Private User|
About Angus, Mórmaer of Moray
GILLACOMGAIN (-burned alive 1032). Mormaer of Moray. The Annals of Ulster record that "Gilla Comgán son of Mael Brigte, earl of Moray was burned together with fifty people" in 1032. (Cawley's Medlands)
m [as her first husband, GRUOCH, daughter of BOITE--- (-)]. Her possible first marriage appears to be based on the following logic. The Continuation of the Synchronisms of Flann Mainistreach records Lulach as son of Macbeth. The Annals of Ulster record that "Lulach son of Gilla Comgain, over-king of Scotland was killed in battle by Mael Coluim son of Donnchad" in 1058. Dunbar, basing his argument on this and the other sources which are quoted in this section, states that "from the above it seems most probable that Lulach was son of Gillacomgan and step-son of Macbeth". In addition, the 12th century Cronica Regum Scottorum lists "Lulac nepos filii Boide" ["nephew of the son of Boite"] as successor of King Macbeth. However, there does not appear to be a surviving source which more specifically confirms that Macbeth´s queen was the widow of Gillacomgain and mother of Lulach. She married [secondly] ([after 1032]) Macbeth, who succeeded in 1040 as MACBETH King of Scotland. "Machbet filius Finlach…et Gruoch filia Bodhe, rex et regina Scottorum" made grants to the church of St Serf, although the document also names "Malcolmus Rex filius Duncani" which casts doubt on its authenticity. (Cawley's Medlands)
Mormaer Gillacomgain & his [wife] had [one child]: (Cawley's Medlands)
i) LULACH (-killed in battle Essie, Strathbogie 17 Mar 1058, bur Isle of Iona). As noted above, the primary sources are unclear concerning the parentage of Lulach. He succeeded [his stepfather] in 1057 as LULACH "the Simple" King of Scotland, crowned Aug 1057 at Scone Abbey, Perthshire. The Annals of Ulster record that "Lulach son of Gilla Comgain, over-king of Scotland was killed in battle by Mael Coluim son of Donnchad" in 1058.](Cawley's Medlands)
m ---. Finnghuala of Angus? The name of Lulach´s wife is not known.
Lulach & his wife had two children: (Cawley's Medlands)
(a) MAELSNECHTAI (-1085). A grant by "Maelsnecte son of Luloeg" to the church of Deer is recalled in a notice of grants between 565 and 1100. Mormaer of Moray until 1078. Monk. (Cawley's Medlands)
(b) daughter. Her parentage is confirmed by the Annals of Ulster which record the death in 1130 of "Angus son of the daughter of Lulach” in a battle “between the men of Scotland and the men of Moray”. The name of her husband is not known.
m ---. One child: (Cawley's Medlands)
(1) ANGUS (-killed in battle Strickathrow 1130). Mormaer of Moray. Moray was conquered by the Scots in 1130 after Mormaer Angus's defeat at Strickathrow. The Annals of Ulster record the death in 1130 of "Angus son of the daughter of Lulach” in a battle “between the men of Scotland and the men of Moray”. John of Fordun´s Scotichronicon (Continuator) records that "Malcolmus filius Macheth" lied to claim he was "filium Angusii comitis Moraviæ" who was killed "tempore…regis David…apud Strucathroth a Scotis". (Cawley's Medlands)
The name of McKee is of Scottish origin and associated with the Clan of Mackay
The Clan Mackay is said to have been once known as the Clan Morgan, a Morayshire clan of the 12th. century lead by Duncan mac Sithig. Many scholars believe that some of these early Morgan men married into the old MacEth Royal House of Moray, who are said to descend from a Earl Aed, husband of the daughter of Lulach, King of Scots, who died in 1057.
After the death of Earl Aed (c.1128) the leadership of Moray fell on his son Earl Angus, who had a son, or brother, known as Malcolm macHeth (MacEth), said progenitor of the Mackays. He and Earl Angus rose in rebellion against the new feudal laws imposed by David I upon their ancient kingdom of Moray. They were defeated. in 1130.
Earl Angus was slain and MacEth escaped to the isles where he saught protection under Somerled, Lord of the Isles. It may have been about this time that MacEth married Somerleds sister and had two known offspring, Donald and Gormiath (Blue eyes), who married Harold Maddadarson, Norse Earl of Orkney and Caithness.
From the period ending with the death of Earl Angus until 1134 Malcolm MacEth continued his struggle against the Scots king. Eventually he was captured and imprisioned at Roxburgh Castle, where his son Donald joined him in 1156.
Malcolm MacEth was released in 1157 and was made (the firs) Earl of Ross by Malcolm IV. The title was later forfiete by revolt. It was also about this time that Malcolm IV decided to end the MacEth struggle by evicting the Moraymen from their home lands and replace them with Norman and Saxons loyal to the Crown. Thus the ancestors of the Mackays wer e spent packing. Some fled northward, while others are said to have gone southward into Argyll, Islay, and Galloway, where their descendants are still found to this day
The Scots Peerage of 1910 tells us that the first of the MacEths to settle in Strathnaver was Iye MacEth, Chamberlain to Walter de Baltrodi, Bishop of Caithness. This Tye (sometimes Aodh) begot the bishops daughter Conchar with a child, who is said to have been named Iye mor MacIye, who, in the 13th. century obtained from his grandfather the bishop several acres of church lands at Durness, Strathnaver, now in the county of Sutherland.
The Mackays had held the lands of Strathnaver for many centuries before it was confirmed in a charter by the Lord of the Isles to his brother-in-law "Angusis Eyg of Strathnaver" (Angus Mackay) in the year 1415.
Donald Mackay of Farr, Strathnaver had his lands erected into a barony of Farr in 1529. His son Iye was charged with bastardy and had his lands taken under the rule of Oueen Mary, who granted Iye's lands to the Earl of Huntly, who sold the lands back to Iye but kept the feudal superiority, which he later gave to the Earl of Sutherland. Iye's son Uistean Du Mackay of Farr later gained control of his fathers lost lands. His son Donald Mackay of Farr was knighted in 1616 and became the first of the northern Mackay's to be raised to the peerage as Lord Rea (now Reay), in 1628. with remainder to his heirs-male.
Early chiefs continued to add to their possessions until 1624 when the Lands of the Mackay, also known as Duthaich Mhic Aoidh, reached their greatest extent; extending from Dromholstien in the east to Cape Wrath in the west, southward and ending just above Assynt. The Mackay lands had covered some eighty miles in length, by some eighteen to twenty miles in depth.
Strathnaver is a wild and rugged country of high mountains, fertile valleys, and open moorlands with rivers and lochs that offer excellent fishing. The Reay Forest, which lies along Strathnavers southern border, was once the home of great herds of deer. Sea fish were plentiful on the coast. Trout and Salmon, venison and wild game were all, at one time, in great supply.
The people of the Mackay Country, sometimes called Lord Reay's Country, raised sheep, cattle, and goats; selling their surplus in the markets of the south. Their main crops were barley, oats, and rye (potatoes and vegetables were not cultivated until much later). With these natural resources the people of the Lands of Mackay were almost self supporting and independents of out-siders.
In 1829 increased debts forced Eric Mackay, 7th. Lord Reay to sell the Mackay lands to the Sutherlands. The present Chief of the name and Clan of Mackay is Hugh William Mackay, 14th. Lord Reav and Baron Mackay in the Netherlands..
This well respected cadet of the Clan Mackay served as the main fighting force for the clan. Their progenitor was Ian Aberach Mackay, son of Chief Angus Du Mackay and his second wife a grand-daughter of King Robert II of Scotland.
The Aberachs made their home at Achness, in the Strath of Naver. It was from this strath that the greatest number of people were evicted during the sorrowful Sutherland clearance ARGYLL AND WESTERN MACKAYS
The earliest reference to these Mackays, who are said to descend from an early MacEth, is in a charter by Robert The Bruce, 1329, for lands in Kintyre to Gilchrist macYmar M'Cay (Mackay), which were reconfirmed by James V in 1542 to Ivor M Cay in the lands of Ugadale and Arnegill. These lands later passed to the Mackay in-laws, MacNeil/MacNeal of Ugadale in 1729.
In 1408 Brian Vicar Mackay obtained a charter of the lands of Islay from Macdonald of the Isles. From these early documents it appears that the Mackays of the Rhinns of Islay were crowners of the islands by the seventeenth century.
In Bute the Mackays who held lands there were known as Mackaw, Makkeae, Makkay, and now Mackay. -
The Mackies of Larg had recieved a charter of the lands of Cumloden from Robert The Bruce for the service of three bowman, the brothers M'Kie, Muiredach, and M'Clurg. Malcolm M Kie of Cumloden-M Kie is the first from whom a direct descent can be traced (1450).
The MacGhies of Galloway were land holders by 1290. The Town of Balmaghie (known earlier as Balmaceth), or Mackays Town, is named after this MacEth/MacGhie family.
Blackcastle Manuscript 1832 quoting Vide Collectanea de Robus Albanicis in Iona Club Transactions, V 1, p 341
Pedigree of the Mackay-South Family prepared by the late Iain Moncreiffe Bt, Burkes Peerage (www.burkes-peerage-baronetage.com/sites/contents/book/scotland...) states he was "Angus MacAoidh (died 1130), Mormaer of Moray."
Hugh or Angus (Aodh) Mac Eth
ABT 1097 - ____
BIRTH: ABT 1097, of Scotland
Father: Aoidh (Ethelred) Heth Earl of Moray
Mother: daughter of Lulach
Family 1 : Sister of King Malcolm IV
MARRIAGE: ABT 1152, Scotland
+Malcolm MAC ETH Earl of Ross
King of Moray
King Óengus of /Moray/
View Individual Summary
King Óengus of /Moray/ Pedrigee
Father: Ethelred Dunkeld of /Scotland/, Abbot of Dunkeld
death: 13 November 1093
Mother: Nn Daughter of King /Lulach/, Princess of Moray
King Malcolm III Canmore of /Scotland/
death: 13 November 1093
Grandmother: Princess Margaret of /England/
death: 16 November 1093
Maternal grandfather: King Lulach *the Fool* of /Scotland/
birth: antes de 1033
death: 17 March 1058
Maternal Grandmother: Fimmghuala of /Angus/
Additional Information for King Óengus of /Moray/
Óengus of Moray From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Óengus of Moray is the last King of Moray of the native line, ruling Moray from some unknown date until his death in 1130. Óengus is known to have been the son of the daughter of Lulach.1 This was perhaps how he attained the Kingship of the Men of Moray. There is a large temporal gap between Óengus and his last known predecessor, Máel Snechtai (d. 1085). It does not seem likely that Óengus had been ruling since that point, but of course it remains a possibility. If he were ruling during this whole period, then he would have been the one who incurred the wrath of King Alexander I, when the Moravians murdered Ladhmunn, the son of Domnall, the son of King Máel Coluim III Cenn Mór by Ingibjorg (i.e. Alexander's nephew). Orderic Vitalis wrote that in the year 1130, Óengus with Máel Coluim mac Áeda (or MacHeth) invaded Scotia with 5000 warriors. The Moravians were met by David's general, an old Anglo-Saxon noble named Edward Siwardsson. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle reported "a great slaughter" .2 The Annals of Ulster tells that 4000 Moravians were killed, and only 1000 Albanians.3 The Annals of Innisfallen makes clear what Orderic Vitalis said, that the battle took place in "Scotland", and was hence an invasion. 4 Siward defeated the Moravians and Óengus was killed. The royal Scottish army invaded Moray, which, as Orderic Vitalis puts it, "lacked a defender and lord."5 Why did Óengus invade? Was he pursuing his own claim against David, or was he pursuing a MacHeth claim? We simply do not know. What we do know is that the 1130 invasion led to the (re-)incorporation of the Moravian kingdom into Alba. It was probably regranted to William fitz Duncan, and after his death in 1147, was colonized by David's French, Flemish and English followers, although in the longer term, most of these were Gaelicized.  References 1. Annals of Ulster, s.a. 1130; Anderson, Early Sources, p. 173 2. Anderson, Scottish Annals, p. 166 3. Anderson, Early Sources., p. 173 4.' 'ibid., p. 173 5. Anderson, Scottish Annals, pp. 166-7  Bibliography Anderson, Alan Orr, Early Sources of Scottish History: AD 500-1286, 2 Vols, (Edinburgh, 1922) Anderson, Alan Orr, Scottish Annals from English Chroniclers: AD 500-1286, (London, 1908), republished, Marjorie Anderson (ed.) (Stamford, 1991) Roberts, John L., Lost Kingdoms: Celtic Scotland in the Middle Ages, (Edinburgh, 1997) --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Citing This Record
"Pedigree Resource File", database, FamilySearch (http://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.2.1/SG27-ZZ4 : accessed 2013-03-09), entry for King Óengus of /Moray/.
Submission submission id:MMSS-R6L person count:20442
Angus/Oengus was the last ruler of a (temporarily) independent Kingdom of Moray. He was the son of the daughter of Lulach, (step)son of King Macbeth, and his paternity is uncertain.
"... Lulach, son of Gilla Comgain, and presumably also of Gruoch, claimed the Scottish throne briefly before being himself killed in 1058. Lulach's son, Mael Snechtai, died in 1085 as 'king of Moray'. Later, an Earl named Aed or 'Heth' who witnesses royal charters early in the next century may also have been based in Moray. The last ruling member of the dynasty, styled 'king' or 'earl' of Moray, was Óengus (Angus) son of the daughter of Lulach. Óengus (Angus) challenged David I of Scotland in battle, but was defeated and killed at Stracathro in Angus, in 1130 and thus the Kingdom of Moray was destroyed by David I of Scotland.
With the death of Angus [began] the rapid feudalisation of Moray under Flemming Freskin, who was of Flemish and Norman descent and his descendants who adopted the significant designation 'de Moravia', which means 'of Moray'. (The de Moravia family would later become Earls of Sutherland in the 13th century). Claims that William fitz Duncan became the last Mormaer of Moray cannot be substantiated and his claim for the Scottish throne proved unsuccessful. Malcolm MacHeth, who rebelled against David I, but was later made Earl of Ross may have been related to the old rulers of Moray, as may also have been the mysterious Wimund. Later MacHeth claimants to Moray were unsuccessful." (Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mormaer_of_Moray#Before_1130:_Dynasty_of_Findl.C3.A1ich_to_.C3.93engus)
Malcolm MacHeth was probably not his son, but made that claim in order to advance his claim to the rulership of Moray. King Malcolm IV disagreed, but allowed him the mormaerdom of Ross, which had belonged to Aed/Heth/Beth/Head/(Hugh).