Charles III "the Short", King of Naples, Hungary and Croatia

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Charles III "the Short" de Naples

别名字号 "Karlo II. Drački", "di Durazzo/ Draški"
生日 (41)
出生地 Durazzo (Durres) prefecture of W. Albania.
逝世 1386年2月17日 (37-45)
Budapest, Budapest, Budapest, Hungary
葬于 King of Naples

Louis d'Anjou, comte de GravinaMargareta/Marjeta Sanseverino之子
Elisabeth Königin von Ungarn; Margherita di DurazzoMary, Queen of Hungary and Croatia的丈夫
Ladislas d'Anjou, re di NapoliJoan II de Naples, Queen of Naples之父
Johann Horwarth Prinz von Durazzo的兄弟

管理员 Noah Tutak

About Charles III "the Short", King of Naples, Hungary and Croatia

Charles the Short or Charles of Durazzo (1345 – 24 February 1386) was King of Naples and titular King of Jerusalem from 1382 to 1386 as Charles III, and King of Hungary from 1385 to 1386 as Charles II. In 1382 Charles created the order of Argonauts of Saint Nicholas. In 1383 he succeeded to the Principality of Achaea on the death of James of Baux.

Succession in Naples He was the son of Louis of Durazzo and Margaret of Sanseverino. As the great-grandchild of King Charles II of Naples, he was a second cousin to Queen Joan I (both agnatically) and also adopted by her as a child, since he was the only male of the senior Angevin line of Sicily. Joan I was infatuated with him throughout her life. However, much to her displeasure, her romantic interest in him was never requited. In 1369 he married Margaret of Durazzo, the daughter of Joan's younger sister Marie, and his own first cousin.

The conflict between Joan and Pope Urban VI caused the Pope (as feudal overlord of the kingdom) to declare her dethroned in 1381 and give the kingdom to Charles. He marched on the Kingdom of Naples with a Hungarian army, defeated the King Consort Otto, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen at San Germano, seized the city and besieged her in the Castel dell'Ovo. After Otto's failed attempt to relieve her, Charles captured her and had her imprisoned at San Fele. Soon afterwards, when reached by news that her adopted heir, Louis I of Anjou, was setting an expedition to conquer back Naples, Charles had the Queen strangled in prison in 1382. Then he succeeded to the crown.

War for Naples Louis's expedition counted to some 40,000 troops, including those of Amadeus VI of Savoy, and had the financial support of Antipope Clement VII and Bernabò Visconti of Milan. Charles, who counted on the mercenary companies under John Hawkwood and Bartolomeo d'Alviano, for a total of some 14,000 men, was able to divert the French from Naples to other regions of the kingdom and to harass them with guerrilla tactics. Amadeus fell ill and died in Molise on 1 March 1383, and his troops abandoned the field. Louis asked for help to his king in France, who sent him an army under Enguerrand VII, Lord of Coucy. The latter was able to conquer Arezzo and then invade the Kingdom of Naples, but midway was reached by the news that Louis had suddenly died at Bisceglie on 20 September 1384.

In the meantime relationships with Urban VI became strained, as he suspected that Charles was plotting against him. In January 1385 he had six cardinals arrested, and one, under torture, revealed Charles' conjure. He thus excommunicated Charles, his wife and raised an interdict over the Kingdom of Naples. The King replied sending Alberico da Barbiano to besiege the pope in Nocera. After six months of siege, Urban was freed by two Neapolitan barons who had sided with Louis of Anjou, Raimondello Orsini and Tommaso di Sanseverino.

Succession in Hungary While Urban took refuge in Genoa, Charles left the Kingdom to move to Hungary. Here, on the death of Louis I of Hungary, he had claimed the Hungarian throne as the senior Angevin male, and ousted Louis' daughter Mary of Hungary in December, 1385. However, Elisabeth of Bosnia, widow of Louis and mother of Mary, arranged to have Charles assassinated on 7 February 1386. He died of wounds at Visegrád on 24 February.

He was buried in Belgrade. His son Ladislaus succeeded him in Naples, while the regents of Mary of Hungary reinstated her as Queen of Hungary.

Children Charles III and Margaret of Durazzo had three children:

Mary of Durazzo (1369 - 1371). Joan II of Naples (23 June 1373 – 2 February 1435). Ladislaus of Naples (11 February 1377 – 6 August 1414).


Charles III "the Short", King of Naples, Hungary and Croatia的年谱

Durazzo (Durres) prefecture of W. Albania.
Zadar, Općina Zadar, Zadar County, Croatia
Naples (Italy)
Budapest, Budapest, Budapest, Hungary
King of Naples