Reverend John Knox

Is your surname Knox?

Research the Knox family

Reverend John Knox's Geni Profile

Records for John Knox

1,316,003 Records

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!


John Knox

Also Known As: "The Reformer"
Birthdate: (58)
Birthplace: Giffordgate, Haddington, East Lothian, Scotland
Death: November 24, 1572 (54-62)
Edinburgh?/St.Andrews, Midlothian, Scotland
Place of Burial: Edinburgh, Scotland
Immediate Family:

Son of William Knox, indweller in Haddington and Unknown Wife of William Knox
Husband of Margery Knox and Margaret Stewart
Father of Nathaniel Knox; Eleazar Knox; Martha Fairlie; Margaret Pont and Elizabeth Knox
Brother of William Knox, merchant in Preston

Occupation: Founder of presbyterianism, Preacher, The Reformer, Founder of Presbyterian Church
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Reverend John Knox › English Bible History His father was William Knox, who [family tradition says] fought at the Battle of Flodden [but survived], and his mother was an educated woman named Sinclair.

Two sons by first wife (Marjorie/Margery Bowes): Eleazar and Nathaniel. Both died in young adulthood without offspring.

Three daughters by second wife (Margaret Stewart of Ochiltree): Margaret, Martha (possibly twins), and Elizabeth.

No other known children.

(His older brother William is not well documented, and there may have been other brothers and sisters.)

Genealogical Accounts

  1. Reverend Charles Rogers, LL.D., Memoirs of John Knox and of the Knox Family (Grampian Club, London, 1879), 184 pp.

Biographical Account Published by Wikipedia

John Knox (c. 1510 – 24 November 1572) was a Scottish clergyman and leader of the Protestant Reformation who is considered the founder of the Presbyterian denomination. He was educated at the University of St Andrews and worked as a notary-priest. Influenced by early church reformers such as George Wishart, he joined the movement to reform the Scottish church. He was caught up in the ecclesiastical and political events that involved the murder of Cardinal Beaton in 1546 and the intervention of the regent of Scotland, Mary of Guise. He was taken prisoner by French forces the following year and exiled to England on his release in 1549.

While in exile, Knox was licensed to work in the Church of England, where he quickly rose in the ranks to serve King Edward VI of England as a royal chaplain. In this position, he exerted a reforming influence on the text of the Book of Common Prayer. In England he met and married his first wife, Marjorie. When Mary Tudor ascended the throne and re-established Roman Catholicism, Knox was forced to resign his position and leave the country.

Knox first moved to Geneva and then to Frankfurt. In Geneva, he met John Calvin, from whom he gained experience and knowledge of Reformed theology and Presbyterian polity. He created a new order of service, which was eventually adopted by the reformed church in Scotland. He left Geneva to head the English refugee church in Frankfurt but he was forced to leave over differences concerning the liturgy, thus ending his association with the Church of England.

On his return to Scotland, he led the Protestant Reformation in Scotland, in partnership with the Scottish Protestant nobility. The movement may be seen as a revolution, since it led to the ousting of Mary of Guise, who governed the country in the name of her young daughter, Mary, Queen of Scots. Knox helped write the new confession of faith and the ecclesiastical order for the newly created reformed church, the Kirk. He continued to serve as the religious leader of the Protestants throughout Mary's reign. In several interviews with the queen, Knox admonished her for supporting Catholic practices. Eventually, when she was imprisoned for her alleged role in the murder of her husband, Lord Darnley, and James VI enthroned in her stead, he openly called for her execution. He continued to preach until his final days.

John Knox was born sometime between 1505 and 1515 in or near Haddington, the county town of East Lothian. His father, William Knox, was a farmer. All that is known of his mother is that her maiden name was Sinclair and that she died when John Knox was a child.

On 26 March 1564 Knox stirred controversy again, when he married Margaret Stewart, the daughter of an old friend, Andrew Stewart, a member of the Stuart family and a distant relative of the queen, Mary Stuart. The marriage was unusual because he was a widower of fifty, while the bride was only seventeen.] Very few details are known of their domestic life. They had three daughters, Martha, Margaret, and Elizabeth.

Knox was survived by his five children and his second wife. Nathaniel and Eleazar, his two sons by his first wife, attended Cambridge University, and died at a young age without issue. His second wife, Margaret, remarried to Andrew Ker, one of those involved in the murder of David Rizzio. Knox's three daughters also married: Martha to Alexander Fairlie; Margaret to Zachary Pont, son of Robert Pont and brother of Timothy Pont; and Elizabeth to John Welsh, a minister of the Kirk.


view all

Reverend John Knox's Timeline

Giffordgate, Haddington, East Lothian, Scotland
May 23, 1557
Age 43
Geneva, Genève, Geneva, Switzerland
November 29, 1558
Age 44
Geneva, Genève, Geneva, Switzerland
November 1565
Age 51
Age 53
Scotland, United Kingdom
Age 56
Irongay, Kincardineshire, Scotland
November 24, 1572
Age 58
Edinburgh?/St.Andrews, Midlothian, Scotland
Edinburgh, Scotland