Joseph August, Erzherzog von Österreich

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Archduke Joseph August Viktor Klemens Maria Viktor Klemens Maria von Habsburg-Lothringen, of Austria, Prince of Hungary and Bohemia

Russian: Иосиф Август Габсбург, of Austria, Prince of Hungary and Bohemia
Birthdate: (89)
Birthplace: Alcsútdoboz, Fejér County, Hungary
Death: July 6, 1962 (89)
Rain, Bavaria, Germany (Natural causes)
Immediate Family:

Son of Joseph Karl Ludwig, Erzherzog von Österreich and Princess Clotilde Marie Adelheid Amalie von Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld-Koháry, Erzherzogin von Österreich
Husband of Princess Auguste of Bavaria (1875–1964), Archduchess of Austria
Father of Joseph Franz, Erzherzog von Österreich; Princess Gisela Auguste Anna Maria of Austria; Archduchess Sophie Klementine Elisabeth Klothilde Maria Austria; Archduke Ladislaus of Luitpold of Austria; Archduke Matthias of Joseph Albrecht Anton Ignatius Austria and 1 other
Brother of Elisabeth Klementine Klothilde Maria Amalie of Austria; Maria Dorothea Amalie Archduchess of Austria; Margarethe von Österreich; Ladislaus Philipp, Erzherzog von Österreich; Prinzessin ELISABETH Henriette Klothilde Maria Viktoria of Austria and 1 other

Occupation: Erzherzog von Österreich, Archduke of Austria, Archduke of Austria; Regent of Hungary (Aug. 7, 1919 - Aug. 23, 1919)
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About Joseph August, Erzherzog von Österreich

Joseph August began his military career in 1890 when he was commissioned into Infantry Regiment #1 as a Leutnant. He was soon promoted to Oberleutnant and was transferred to Infantry Regiment #72 in 1893. He was transferred to Dragoon Regiment #6 in 1894 and then transferred to Honvéd Hussar Regiment #1 by the Kaiser and promoted to the rank of Major. He took command of this regiment in 1904 and then went on to command 79th Honvéd infantry brigade in 1908 then finally the 31st infantry division at Budapest in 1911.

August was highly decorated before World War I broke out. Some of his awards include The Bronze Military Merit Medal, Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Joseph, The Marianer Cross of the Deutscher Ritterorden, The Order of the Black Eagle, The 1st Class of the Order of the Red Eagle, The Grand Cross of the Victorian Order of Great Britain, the Grand Cross of the Order of Karl III, and the Grand Cross of the Bulgarian Order of Cyrill and Methodius.

In 1914 August was involved in combat in the Galician theatre and took command of the VII Corps and was involved in fighting in the Carpathian Mountains. After Italy became involved in the war he was transferred to the Carinthian border and involved in fighting the Isonzo army. August remained on this front until the 9th battle of the Isonzo in 1916 a period in which once again he was highly decorated. August was highly liked by his troops, especially those of Hungarian nationality.

In November 1916 August was put in command of the Heeresfront fighting against Russian and Romanian forces. In January 1918 he was put in command of the 6th army in the Southern theatre and that July took over the Armeegruppe Tirol, which was the 10th and 11th Armies. Finally he was put in command of the Heeresgruppe Kövess in Balkan theatre. He became the last field marshal (Generalfeldmarschall) of the Austro-Hungarian Army on October 24, 1918, as an attempt by Kaiser Karl to calm Hungarian nationalists.

On October 27, 1918 Kaiser Karl made August the "Homo Regius" of Hungary, but August asked to be released from his oath of allegiance from the Kaiser. He then began negotiations and appointed Graf János Hadik to build a new national government. However the Aster Revolution revolution broke out on October 31, 1918, deterring his plans. In November, the independent Hungarian Democratic Republic was proclaimed, only to be replaced a few months later by the communist Hungarian Soviet Republic. This revolution was to fail : the popular August survived unharmed and once again became the head of state "Reichsverweser" and appointed a Prime Minister. He did however want to restore Kaiser Karl back to the throne and because of this was forced to abdicate in 23 October 1919. In 1927 he became a member of the newly established House of Lords. He later became an honorary member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and was its president from 1936-1944. He fled Hungary for the United States in 1944 but later returned to Germany. He died in 1962 at Rain near Straubing.

Joseph August's granddaughter Archduchess Ilona of Austria (b. 1927) married George Alexander, Duke of Mecklenburg. Her son George Borwin, Duke of Mecklenburg is the current head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.

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Joseph August, Erzherzog von Österreich's Timeline

August 9, 1872
Alcsútdoboz, Fejér County, Hungary
March 28, 1895
Age 22
Brno, South Moravia, Czech Republic
July 5, 1897
Age 24
March 11, 1899
Age 26
January 3, 1901
Age 28
June 26, 1904
Age 31