Franz II Joseph Karl von Habsburg Lothringen, Emperor of the holy roman empire

Wien, Österreich, Deutschland(HRR)

您也姓von Habsburg Lothringen吗?

考证von Habsburg Lothringen氏源流

Franz II Joseph Karl von Habsburg Lothringen, Emperor of the holy roman empire的个人主页

与你的亲人和朋友分享你的家族树和家庭相册

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Franz II Joseph Karl von Habsburg Lothringen, Emperor of the holy roman empire

Russian: Франц 2 Габсбург, Emperor of the holy roman empire, German: Franz II Joseph Karl Von Habsburg (Habsburg-Lothringen), Erzhertog, Kaiser des Heiligen Römischen Reiches
生日 (67)
出生地 Firenze, Toscana, Deutschland(HRR)
逝世 1835年3月2日 (67)
Wien, Österreich
葬于 Wien, Österreich
直接亲属

Leopold II Habsbug-LothringenInfanta Maria Luísa of Spain, Holy Roman Empress之子
Wilhelmine Prinzessin von Baden; Archduchess Elisabeth of Austria; Maria Theresia von Neapel-Sizilien, Kaiserin von Österreich; Maria Ludovika Beatrix d'Asburgo-Este, Kaiserin von ÖsterreichKaroline Charlotte Auguste Wittelsbach, von Bayern的丈夫
Archduchess Ludovika Elisabeth of Austria; Archduchess Marie Louise of Austria; Ferdinand I, Kaiser von Österreich (Emperor of Austria); Erzherzogin Marie Karoline von Österreich; Caroline Ludovika Leopoldine von Habsburg-Lorraine, Erzherzogin另外8个之父
Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria (1767–1827), Queen consort of Saxony; Ferdinand III, granduca di Toscana; Maria Anna of Austria, Archduchess , Abbess at the Theresian Convent in Prague; Carl von Österreich-Teschen, Herzog von Teschen; Alexander Leopold, Erzherzog von Österreich另外10个的兄弟

Occupation: Holy Roman Emperor, Kaiser des Heiligen Römischen Reiches, Kaiser von Österreich, König von Böhmen, Kroatien und Ungarn, duc de Brabant
管理员 Günther Kipp
最近更新

About Franz II Joseph Karl von Habsburg Lothringen, Emperor of the holy roman empire

  • Archduke of Austria 1768 - 1792
  • Holy Roman Emperor 1792 - 1806
  • Emperor of Austria 1792 - 1835
  • Was the last Holy Roman Emperor

Golden Fleece - Knights: Austrian Branch

Links:

  • The Peerage
  • Geneall
  • Wikipedia
  • King of Hungary and Croatia, King of Bohemia: Reign 1 March 1792 – 2 March 1835 Coronation 6 June 1792, Buda / 9 August 1792, Prague

Predecessor: Leopold II Successor: Ferdinand I

  • Holy Roman Emperor, King in Germany: Reign 5 July 1792 – 6 August 1806 Coronation 14 July 1792, Frankfurt

Predecessor: Leopold II Successor: Office abolished

  • Emperor of Austria: Reign 11 August 1804 – 2 March 1835

Predecessor New creation Successor Ferdinand I

Francis II (German: Franz II, Erwählter Römischer Kaiser) (12 February 1768 – 2 March 1835) was the last Holy Roman Emperor, ruling from 1792 until 6 August 1806, when he dissolved the Holy Roman Empire after the disastrous defeat of the Third Coalition by Napoleon at the Battle of Austerlitz. In 1804, he had founded the Austrian Empire and became Francis I (Franz I.), the first Emperor of Austria (Kaiser von Österreich), ruling from 1804 to 1835, so later he was named the one and only Doppelkaiser (double emperor) in history. [1] For the two years between 1804 and 1806, Francis used the title and style by the grace of God elected Roman Emperor, always August, hereditary Emperor of Austria and he was called the Emperor of both Germany and Austria. He was also Apostolic King of Hungary and Bohemia as Francis I. He also served as the first president of the German Confederation following its establishment in 1815.

Francis I continued his leading role as an opponent of Napoleonic France in the Napoleonic Wars, and suffered several more defeats after Austerlitz. The proxy marriage of state of his daughter Marie Louise of Austria to Napoleon on 10 March 1810 was assuredly his most severe defeat. After the abdication of Napoleon following the War of the Sixth Coalition, Austria participated as a leading member of the Holy Alliance at the Congress of Vienna, which was largely dominated by Francis's chancellor Klemens Wenzel, Prince von Metternich culminating in a new European map and the restoration of Francis' ancient dominions (except the Holy Roman Empire which was dissolved). Due to the establishment of the Concert of Europe, which largely resisted popular nationalist and liberal tendencies, Francis became viewed as a reactionary later in his reign.

Francis was a son of Emperor Leopold II (1747–1792) and his wife Maria Luisa of Spain (1745–1792), daughter of Charles III of Spain. Francis was born in Florence, the capital of Tuscany, where his father reigned as Grand Duke from 1765–90. Though he had a happy childhood surrounded by his many siblings,[2] his family knew Francis was likely to be a future Emperor (his uncle Joseph had no surviving issue from either of his two marriages), and so in 1784 the young Archduke was sent to the Imperial Court in Vienna to educate and prepare him for his future role.[3]

Emperor Joseph II himself took charge of Francis's development. His disciplinarian regime was a stark contrast to the indulgent Florentine Court of Leopold. The Emperor wrote that Francis was "stunted in growth", "backward in bodily dexterity and deportment", and "neither more nor less than a spoiled mother's child". Joseph concluded that "…the manner in which he was treated for upwards of sixteen years could not but have confirmed him in the delusion that the preservation of his own person was the only thing of importance."[3]

Joseph's martinet method of improving the young Francis were "fear and unpleasantness".[4] The young Archduke was isolated, the reasoning being that this would make him more self-sufficient as it was felt by Joseph that Francis "fail[ed] to lead himself, to do his own thinking". Nonetheless, Francis greatly admired his uncle, if rather feared him. To complete his training, Francis was sent to join an army regiment in Hungary and he settled easily into the routine of military life.[5]

After the death of Joseph II in 1790, Francis's father became Emperor. He had an early taste of power while acting as Leopold's deputy in Vienna while the incoming Emperor traversed the Empire attempting to win back those alienated by his brother's policies.[6] The strain told on Leopold and by the winter of 1791, he became ill. He gradually worsened throughout early 1792; on the afternoon of 1 March Leopold died, at the relatively young age of 44. Francis, just past his 24th birthday, was now Emperor, much sooner than he had expected.


Francis II (German: Franz II., Erwählter Römischer Kaiser) (12 February 1768 – 2 March 1835) was the last Holy Roman Emperor, ruling from 1792 until 6 August 1806, when he dissolved the Holy Roman Empire after the decisive defeat at the hands of the First French Empire led by Napoleon at the Battle of Austerlitz. In 1804, he had founded the Austrian Empire and became Francis I (Franz I.), the first Emperor of Austria (Kaiser von Österreich), ruling from 1804 to 1835, so later he was named the one and only Doppelkaiser (double emperor) in history.[1] For the two years between 1804 and 1806, Francis used the title and style by the grace of God elected Roman Emperor, ever Augustus, hereditary Emperor of Austria and he was called the Emperor of both the Holy Roman Empire and Austria. He was also Apostolic King of Hungary and Bohemia as Francis I. He also served as the first president of the German Confederation following its establishment in 1815.

Francis II continued his leading role as an opponent of Napoleonic France in the Napoleonic Wars, and suffered several more defeats after Austerlitz. The proxy marriage of state of his daughter Marie Louise of Austria to Napoleon on 10 March 1810 was arguably his most severe personal defeat. After the abdication of Napoleon following the War of the Sixth Coalition, Austria participated as a leading member of the Holy Alliance at the Congress of Vienna, which was largely dominated by Francis's chancellor Klemens Wenzel, Prince von Metternich culminating in a new European map and the restoration of Francis' ancient dominions (except the Holy Roman Empire which was dissolved). Due to the establishment of the Concert of Europe, which largely resisted popular nationalist and liberal tendencies, Francis became viewed as a reactionary later in his reign.

Über Franz II Joseph Karl Von Habsburg, Erzhertog, Kaiser des Heiligen Römischen Reiches (Deutsch)

Franz ll. von Österreich-Ungarn 1792-1806 und Franz l. des Heilligen Römischen Reiches Deutscher Nation 1804-1835.

  • Bis zu seinem Tode 1835 blieb Franz außerdem König von Böhmen, Kroatien und Ungarn.
  • Seine Hausmacht in dem Haus Habsburg-Lothingen blieben nach wie vor in die haburgischen Erblande.
查看所有35

Franz II Joseph Karl von Habsburg Lothringen, Emperor of the holy roman empire的年谱

1768
1768年2月12日
Firenze, Toscana, Deutschland(HRR)
1768年4月8日
Firenze, Città Metropolitana di Firenze, Toscana, Italy
1790
1790年2月18日
22岁
Wien, Österreich, Deutschland(HRR)
1791
1791年12月12日
23岁
Vienna, Austria
1792
1792年3月1日
- 1835年3月2日
24岁