George VI, King of the United Kingdom

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King George VI Albert Frederick Arthur (George) Windsor, King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions

Also Known As: "Bertie", "the Stammerer", "Albert Frederick Arthur George", "The King of England and Scotland", "George VI"
Birthdate: (56)
Birthplace: York Cottage, Sandringham Estate, Sandringham, Norfolk, England
Death: February 6, 1952 (56)
Sandringham House, Sandringham, Norfolk, England (Lung Cancer)
Place of Burial: King George VI Memorial Chapel / St. George's Chapel, Windsor, Berkshire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of George V, King of the United Kingdom and Queen Mary Victoria (Mary) Augusta Louise Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes of Teck, Queen consort of the United Kingdom and Empress consort of India
Husband of Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
Father of Elizabeth II, Queen of the United Kingdom and Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon
Brother of Prince Edward, Duke of Windsor (Edward VIII); Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood; Duke of Gloucester Henry William Frederick Albert Windsor, Prince, Duke of Gloucester; Prince George Edward Alexander Edmund Windsor, Duke of Kent and Prince John of the United Kingdom

Occupation: King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth, The King of England and Scotland, King, Duke of Kent, King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, Monarchy
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About George VI, King of the United Kingdom

George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth from 11 December 1936 until his death. He was the last Emperor of India and the first Head of the Commonwealth.

Known publicly as Albert until his accession, and "Bertie" among his family and close friends, George VI was born in the reign of his great-grandmother Queen Victoria, and was named after his great-grandfather Albert, Prince Consort. As the second son of King George V, he was not expected to inherit the throne and spent his early life in the shadow of his elder brother, Edward. He attended naval college as a teenager, and served in the Royal Navy and Royal Air Force during the First World War. In 1920, he was made Duke of York. He married Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon in 1923 and they had two daughters, Elizabeth and Margaret. In the mid-1920s, he had speech therapy for a stammer, which he never fully overcame.

George's elder brother ascended the throne as Edward VIII upon the death of their father in 1936. However, later that year Edward revealed his desire to marry divorced American socialite Wallis Simpson. British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin advised Edward that for political and religious reasons he could not marry a divorced woman and remain king. Edward abdicated to marry Simpson, and George ascended the throne as the third monarch of the House of Windsor.

During George's reign, the break-up of the British Empire and its transition into the Commonwealth of Nations accelerated. The parliament of the Irish Free State removed direct mention of the monarch from the country's constitution on the day of his accession. The following year, a new Irish constitution changed the name of the state to Ireland and established the office of President. From 1939, the Empire and Commonwealth – except Ireland – was at war with Nazi Germany. War with Italy and Japan followed in 1940 and 1941, respectively. Though Britain and its allies were ultimately victorious in 1945, the United States and the Soviet Union rose as pre-eminent world powers and the British Empire declined. After the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947, George remained king of both countries, but relinquished the title of Emperor of India in June 1948. Ireland formally declared itself a republic and left the Commonwealth in 1949, and India became a republic within the Commonwealth the following year. George adopted the new title of Head of the Commonwealth. He was beset by health problems in the later years of his reign. He was succeeded by his elder daughter, Elizabeth II.


a short summary from Wikipedia:

George VI

  • King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions (more...)
    • Reign: 11 December 1936 – 6 February 1952
    • Coronation: 12 May 1937
    • Predecessor: Edward VIII
    • Successor: Elizabeth II
  • Emperor of India
    • Reign: 11 December 1936 – 15 August 1947
    • Predecessor : Edward VIII
  • Spouse: Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
  • Issue:
    • Elizabeth II
    • Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon
  • Full name:
    • Albert Frederick Arthur George
  • House: House of Windsor
  • Father: George V
  • Mother: Mary of Teck
  • Born: 14 December 1895
    • York Cottage, Sandringham House, Norfolk, United Kingdom
  • Died: 6 February 1952 (aged 56)
    • Sandringham House, Norfolk
  • Burial: 15 February 1952
    • St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle
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Wikipedia links:

Afrikaans, العربية, Беларуская, Български, Bosanski, Česky, Dansk, Deutsch, Ελληνικά, English, Español, Eesti, فارسی, Suomi, Français, עברית, Magyar, Bahasa Indonesia, Íslenska, Italiano, 日本語, 한국어, Lietuvių, Latviešu, Македонски, Bahasa Melayu, Nederlands, ‪Norsk (bokmål)‬, Polski, Português, Română, Русский, Srpskohrvatski / Српскохрватски, Slovenčina, Српски / Srpski, Svenska, ไทย, Türkçe, Українська, Tiếng Việt, 中文

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other links:

http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=george6

http://www.englishmonarchs.co.uk/windsor_3.htm

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=1446

http://www.geneall.net/U/per_page.php?id=6522

http://www.nndb.com/people/870/000068666/

http://www.royalist.info/execute/biog?person=717

http://www.thepeerage.com/p10068.htm

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Citations:

[S3] Marlene A. Eilers, Queen Victoria's Descendants (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1987), page 171. Hereinafter cited as Queen Victoria's Descendants.

[S130] Wikipedia, online http;//www.wikipedia.org. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.

[S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page cxxxix. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.

[S8] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition, 2 volumes (Crans, Switzerland: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 1999), volume 1, page cv. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition.

[S3] Marlene A. Eilers, Queen Victoria's Descendants, page 172.

[S4] C.F.J. Hankinson, editor, DeBretts Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage and Companionage, 147th year (London, U.K.: Odhams Press, 1949), page 22. Hereinafter cited as DeBretts Peerage, 1949.

[S4] C.F.J. Hankinson, DeBretts Peerage, 1949, page 21.

[S18] Matthew H.C.G., editor, Dictionary of National Biography on CD-ROM (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1995), reference "George VI, 1895-1952". Hereinafter cited as Dictionary of National Biography.

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George VI, King of the United Kingdom's Timeline

1895
December 14, 1895
York Cottage, Sandringham Estate, Sandringham, Norfolk, England
1896
February 17, 1896
St. Mary Magdalene's Church, Sandringham, Norfolk, England
February 17, 1896
Sandringham, England
1909
1909
- 1911
Age 13
East Cowes, Isle of Wight, United Kingdom
1926
April 21, 1926
Age 30
17 Bruton Street, Mayfair, London, England
1930
August 21, 1930
Age 34
Glamis Castle, Angus, Scotland
1952
February 6, 1952
Age 56
Sandringham House, Sandringham, Norfolk, England
February 6, 1952
Age 56