Reinoud III, heer van Brederode, burggraaf van Utrecht

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About Reinoud III, heer van Brederode, burggraaf van Utrecht

Reinoud III van Brederode was an influential and wealthy man. He was born in 1492 as a son of Walraven II van Brederode and Margaretha van Borselen. Reinoud succeeded his father as lord of Ameide and Vianen in 1531. He developed a good relationship with Emperor Charles V, serving as his chamberlain and counsellor, and he often attended the court in Brussels; he was also made a Knight of the Golden Fleece in 1531. His wife Philippote van der Marck had been a lady-in-waiting with Charles V’s sister Margaret of Austria before her marriage. She was a daughter of Robert II van der Marck and Catharina de Croy, a descendant of one of the most powerful families of the Southern Netherlands. Reinoud and Philippote had ten children together: five sons and five daughters.

On the retable in the family chapel Reinoud, Philippote and their children are shown kneeling on either side of a now missing image of Christ’s Resurrection. The figure of Reinoud can be identified by his chain of the Order of the Golden Fleece. The survival of this retable, albeit in a damaged state, is quite remarkable. Hendrik van Brederode, who succeeded his father Reinoud III as lord of Vianen, was drawn to the new doctrine of Protestantism. He became one of the most foremost rebels against the Spanish domination. It was under his command that the church of Vianen was cleansed immediately in 1566, the year of Iconoclastic Fury in the Netherlands. However, there is no evidence that the iconoclasm was accompanied by violence and destruction in Vianen. A preserved inventory from 1567 shows that some of the church furnishings were moved to Castle Batestein, the residence of the Van Brederode family, but the monument and retable were left in place. Local Roman Catholics were allocated a different venue in the city of Vianen in which to practise their religion

The tomb monument that was built for Reinoud III van Brederode and his wife is part of the furnishings of a family chapel in which the living could commemorate the deceased members of the family, thereby closing the circle of life and death. In the chapel they belonged to a single group. Collectively they could attend Mass and the living could pray for the salvation of the souls of the dead. So the furniture of the chapel fits well in the tradition of medieval memoria. In addition, the tomb and retable showed the importance and wealth of the Van Brederode family. Reinoud died in 1556 and was buried near his wife. Yet the chapel did not immediately fall into disuse when the church became a Protestant place of worship, for the tomb vault remained in use until 1679, the year in which the last male descendant was buried there.

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Reinoud III, heer van Brederode, burggraaf van Utrecht's Timeline

September 4, 1492
Castle Brederode, Santpoort, Netherlands
Age 27
Age 37
December 20, 1531
Age 39
Brussels, Belgium
Age 39
Age 42
Age 55
September 25, 1556
Age 64
City of Brussels, Brussels, Belgium