Louis de Luxembourg, Count of Saint-Pol
|Also Known As:||"Luis Luxembourg", "Louis St. Pol"|
|Birthplace:||Saint Pol Sur Mer, Nord, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France|
|Death:||Died in Paris, Île-de-France, France|
|Cause of death:||Execution|
Son of Pierre I de Luxembourg, comte de Saint Pol and Margherita del Balzo, Countess of Saint-Pol
|Occupation:||Count of Saint-Pol, Brienne, Ligny, and Conversano|
|Managed by:||Private User|
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About Louis de Luxembourg, comte de Saint Pol
Louis de Luxembourg, Count of Saint-Pol
Louis de Luxembourg, Count of Saint-Pol, of Brienne, de Ligny, and Conversano (1418 – 19 December 1475) belonged to the Ligny branch of the House of Luxemburg and was Constable of France.
Saint-Pol was the eldest son of Peter of Luxembourg and Margaret de Baux. His older sister Jacqueline, better known as Jacquetta of Luxembourg, married John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford, and Louis was initially a supporter of the Lancastrian cause in the English Wars of the Roses.
He was brought up by his uncle, John II of Luxembourg, Count of Ligny, who named Louis as heir to his estates. However, King Charles VII of France sequestrated the estates on John's death in 1441. As a result, Saint-Pol sought a rapprochement with the French king and duly had his inheritance restored to him. However, the county of Guise was claimed by Charles, Count of Maine. The affair was settled by an agreement that Saint-Pol's sister Isabelle would marry the Count of Maine and receive the disputed lands as her dowry.
Saint-Pol became a close friend of the Dauphin Louis, the future King Louis XI of France and fought with him in Flanders and in Normandy. However, in 1465 Saint-Pol broke with his friend, now King, to join with the King's brother, Charles, Duke of Berry in the League of the Public Weal. At the battle of Montlhéry, he commanded the van of Charles the Bold's army, yet later was made constable of France by Louis XI. The Treaty of Conflans ended the war, while Saint-Pol received the hand of the King's sister-in-law, Maria of Savoy.
After this, he was persistently disloyal to the King, conspiring with Charles, Count of Charolais, and with Edward IV of England, his nephew by marriage. The final treason came in 1474 when Saint-Pol approached Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, who had already entered into a compact with Edward IV of England to dismember France in a renewal of the Hundred Years' War. The scheme envisaged the murder of Louis and the sub-division of France between Saint-Pol, the Dukes of Burgundy, Brittany, Bourbon and Namours, the Count of Maine and King Edward. Saint-Pol then proceeded to draw other magnates into the conspiracy.
The whole thing started to unravel after Louis and Edward concluded the Treaty of Picquigny in August 1475. Angered by this, Saint-Pol was imprudent enough to write to Edward, upbraiding him as a "cowardly, dishonoured and beggarly king". Edward promptly forwarded the letter to Louis, who now had all the proof he needed. A messenger was sent to the conspirator, in which he was informed that the King had 'need of a head such as his.' He was arrested in September 1475, and later imprisoned in the Bastille. Execution followed in December. Philippe de Commynes, the chief chronicler of Louis' reign, was to write that Saint-Pol had been "abandoned by God because he had tried with all his might to prolong the hostilities between the King and the Duke of Burgunday."
From 1468 to 1472 his chaplain was the well-known translator, author and scribe Jean Miélot.
Louis de Luxembourg married twice, first to Jeanne de Bar, Countess of Marle and Soissons (died 1462), and secondly to Marie of Savoy. He left at least nine legitimate children, including:
- John of Luxembourg, Count of Soissons
- Pierre II de Luxembourg
- Jacqueline of Luxembourg, married Philip I of Croy (died 1511)
- Anthony I, Count of Ligny
- Louis I de Luxembourg, Count of St. Pol, Brienne, Conversano, Ligny, & d'Enghien, Governor of Champagne1,2,3,4,5
- M, #19178, b. 1418, d. 19 December 1475
- Father Sir Pierre of Luxembourg, Count of St. Pol, Conversano, & Brienne, Seigneur d'Enghien3,6 b. 1390, d. 31 Aug 1433
- Mother Marguerite de Baux3,6 b. 1394, d. 15 Nov 1469
- Louis I de Luxembourg, Count of St. Pol, Brienne, Conversano, Ligny, & d'Enghien, Governor of Champagne married Louise Gamegnies DID NOT MARRY.7 Louis I de Luxembourg, Count of St. Pol, Brienne, Conversano, Ligny, & d'Enghien, Governor of Champagne Constable of France. He was born in 1418; Age 15 in 1433.3,5 He married Jeanne (Joan) de Bar, daughter of Sir Robert de Bar, Duke de Bar, Comte de Marle & Soissons, Sire d'Oisy, Grand Butler of France and Jeanne de Bethune, on 16 July 1435 at Chateau de Bohain, Bohain-en-Vermandois, Aisne, Picardie, France; They had 5 sons (Jean, Comte de Marle & Soissons; Sir Pierre, Comte de St. Pol., Ligny, & Roussy; Charles, Bishop-Duke of Laon; & Philippe) and 2 daughters (Hélène, wife of Janus of Svoy, Comte de Faucigny; & Jacqueline, wife of Philppe de Croy).2,3,4,5 A contract for the marriage of Louis I de Luxembourg, Count of St. Pol, Brienne, Conversano, Ligny, & d'Enghien, Governor of Champagne and Marie of Savoy was signed on 1 August 1466; They had 1 son (Louis, Prince of Altamura) and 1 daughter (Jeanne).3,5 Louis I de Luxembourg, Count of St. Pol, Brienne, Conversano, Ligny, & d'Enghien, Governor of Champagne died on 19 December 1475 at Paris, Seine, Ile-de-France, France; Beheaded.8,2,3,5
- Family 1 Louise Gamegnies
- Jeanne of Luxembourg+9
- Family 2 Marie of Savoy b. 20 Mar 1448, d. 1475
- Louis II, Prince of Altamura, Duke d'Andria & Venosa, Comte de Ligny d. 31 Dec 1503
- Jeanne de Luxembourg, Abbess of Gent10 d. a 1475
- Family 3 Jeanne (Joan) de Bar b. 1415, d. 14 May 1462
- Jacqueline de Luxembourg+11 d. 1511
- Helene de Luxembourg+11 d. 23 Aug 1488
- Antoine de Luxembourg, Comte de Brienne, Ligny, & Roussy, Vicomte de Machault, Baron de Rameru & Piney, Seigneur de Pugy, Ghistelles, & Warneton+11 d. 1519
- Philippe of Luxembourg10,11
- Jean de Luxembourg, Comte de Soissons & Marle, Governor of Burgundy10,11 b. 1437, d. 22 Jun 1476
- Peter II de Luxembourg, Comte de Brienne, Roussy, Soissons, Marle, & St. Pol+11 b. c 1440, d. 25 Oct 1482
- Charles of Luxembourg, Duke of Luxembourg10,11 b. 1447, d. 24 Nov 1509
- [S5890] Unknown author, Lineage and Ancestry of HRH Prince Charles by Paget, p. 203; Europaische Stammtafeln by Isenburg, chart 28, 29.
- [S2] Detlev Schwennicke, Europaische Stammtafeln, New Series, Vol. I/2, Tafel 228.
- [S2] Detlev Schwennicke, Europaische Stammtafeln, New Series, Vol. I/2, Tafel 231.
- [S11600] 40000 Ancestors of the Counts of Paris, 19-40.
- [S6] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry: 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 539.
- [S6] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry: 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 538.
- [S11600] 40000 Ancestors of the Counts of Paris, 17-325.
- [S11569] Europaische Stammtafeln, by Wilhelm Karl, Prinz zu Isenburg, Vol. VI, Tafels 28 & 29.
- [S56] Généalogie Famille de Carné.
- [S11569] Europaische Stammtafeln, by Wilhelm Karl, Prinz zu Isenburg, Vol. VI, Tafel 29.
- [S2] Detlev Schwennicke, Europaische Stammtafeln, New Series, Vol. I/2, Tafel 232.
- From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p638.htm#i19178
- Louis de Luxembourg, Comte de St. Pol
- M, #4780, b. circa 1418, d. 9 December 1475
- Last Edited=26 May 2013
- Consanguinity Index=0.0%
- Louis de Luxembourg, Comte de St. Pol was born circa 1418. He was the son of Pierre I de Luxembourg, Comte de St. Pol, Brienne et Conservan and Margherita del Balzo.1 He married Jeanne de Bar-Mousson, Comtesse de Marie et de Soissons, daughter of Robert de Bar, Comte de Bar, on 16 July 1435. He married Maria di Savoia, daughter of Ludovico I Duca di Savoia and Anne de Lusignan, Princess of Cyprus, in 1466.1 He died on 9 December 1475 at Paris, France.2
- He gained the title of Comte de St. Pol. He held the office of Constable of France.1
- Children of Louis de Luxembourg, Comte de St. Pol and Jeanne de Bar-Mousson, Comtesse de Marie et de Soissons
- Pierre II de Luxembourg, Comte de St. Pol+ d. 25 Oct 1482
- Antoine de Luxembourg, Comte de Brienne et de Ligny et de Roussy+2 b. 1445, d. 1519
- [S130] Wikipedia, online http;//www.wikipedia.org. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.
- [S3268] Hans Harmsen, "re: Chester Family," e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 21 August 2008. Hereinafter cited as "re: Chester Family."
- From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p478.htm#i4780
Louis de Luxembourg, comte de Saint Pol's Timeline
Saint Pol Sur Mer, Nord, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
December 19, 1475
Paris, Île-de-France, France