Adolf van Egmont, duke of Guelders

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Adolf van Egmont, hertog van Gelre

Also Known As: "van Gelre", "von Geldern", "de Gueldres", "of Guelders", "Adolf van Egmont", "Duke of Guelders"
Birthdate: (39)
Birthplace: Grave, North Brabant, The Netherlands
Death: July 22, 1477 (39)
Tournai, Walloon Region, Belgium
Place of Burial: Hofkerk Doorne, Utrecht, Netherlands
Immediate Family:

Son of Arnold, duke of Guelders and Katharina von Kleve, duchess of Guelders
Husband of Catherine de Bourbon
Father of Ermgard van Gelre; Jan van Gelre; Reinier I van Gelre, heer van Grunsfort; Karel van Egmont, duke of Guelders; Filippa van Gelre and 1 other
Brother of Mary of Guelders, Queen consort of Scotland; Willem van Gelre; Margaret of Guelders; Katharina van Egmont, regent van Gelre; Willem van Gelre and 1 other

Occupation: Hertig i Geldern 1473-77, duc de Gueldre, Hertog van Gelre, graaf van Zutphen
Managed by: Marilyn Jeanne Haslem
Last Updated:

About Adolf van Egmont, duke of Guelders

The parents of Arnoud are Jan II van Egmond and Maria van Arkel, Maria was the daughter of Johanna van Gullik (who in turn was daughter of Willem II van Gulik en Maria van Gelre – see above). Lord Jan van Egmond (in Holland) had been the regent for Arnoud from 1423 till he became of age in 1433. The van Egmonds and the van Arkels were both influential noble family in Holland (see: Holland).

Jan and Maria had two children:

Arnoud (next duke) Willem, Stadholder of Gelre (provincial governor, appointed as the official representative of the Duke of Burgundy), married to Walburga van Moers Defying the Emperor by enlarging their privileges, Arnoud retained the confidence of the Estates of Gelre and enjoyed the support of Duke Philip of Burgundy. After Philip’s army was defeated by that of Jacoba of Bavaria, the Countess of Holland, Philip realised he needed allies in his claims to annex Holland and Zeeland to his growing empire. Arnoud agreed to support Philip in these claims. Emperor Sigismund proclaimed that these claims were illegitimate and ordered his subjects not to do any trade with Burgundy. This had a negative effect on the international trade on which Holland and Zeeland heavily depended. However, the German states didn’t react enthusiastically to the Emperor’s order. This in turn saw that under the leadership of Arnoud the alliance was extended and now also included Utrecht (where two competing bishops were involved in their own power struggle), Brabant and Kleve. This was an unsuccessful campaign, however this in the end did lead to the Kiss of Delft where Philip secured his future claims on the the territories.

However, Duke Arnoud fell out with his allies as his ongoing war efforts put an enormous burden on the cities and its people it finally came to a head when he interfered in the succession to the see of Utrecht. This allowed Philip of Burgundy to eventually join with the four major towns of Gelderland in the successful attempt of replace Duke Arnoud with his son Adolf. Initially it looked like Adolf would not pursue this and that the issue would be resolved in an amicable way, but after a party at the castle in Grave, on the 10th of January 1465, he imprisoned his father in the castle of Buren took the position of Duke van Gelre.

After Charles the Bold became the next Duke of Burgundy (1467) and after rejecting a compromise re the suzerainty of Burgundy over Gelre, Arnoud – with the assistance of Burgundy – was in 1471 reinstated as Duke and now Adolf was thrown into prison.

The situation in Gelre was rather different than that of most of the other states. Besides political opportunism, Gelre remained opposed to the Burgundian occupation. Against his own will, that of the Estates and against the law of the land, he had to pledge his duchy to Charles for 300,000 Rhenish florins. Arnoud died in his beloved city of Grave in 1473. Willem of Egmond (brother of the late Arnoud) was now appointed by the Duke of Burgundy as the Regent of Gelre.

Despite this appointment, the Estates of Gelre only recognised Adolf as their Duke.

With the sudden death of Charles the Bold in 1477, turmoil erupted throughout the Burgundian empire and Gelre – supported by the King of France, the arch enemy of Burgundy – used to opportunity to set itself free again. Willem was dismissed and Adolf was reinstated as Duke but also dies in that same year.




Family Sheet

HUSBAND

        Name: Adolf Of Geldern [1] Note
        Born: Abt 1440 at Of, Grave, Noord Brabant, Netherlands [2]
     Married: 28 Dec 1463 at Brugge
        Died: 22 Jul 1477 at Doornick [4]
      Father: Duke Arnold Guelders Of Gueldres
      Mother: Princess Katherine Von Kleve Of Kleve

WIFE

        Name: Princess Catherine Of Bourbon [5]
        Born: Abt 1442 at Of Liege, Liege, Belgium [6]
        Died: 21 May 1469 at Nijmegen, Gelderland, Netherlands [7]

Other Spouses: Duke Of Guelders Adolf

      Father: Duke Charles I De Bourbon
      Mother: Princess Agnes Of Burgundy

CHILDREN

        Name: Philippa De Guelders
        Born: 9 Nov 1467 at Of Slot Grave, Grave, Noord Brabant, Netherlands
        Died: 25 Feb 1546-1547
     Husband: Duke Rene Ii Of Lorraine
        Name: Karel Duke Of Guelders
        Born: 10 Nov 1467 at Slot Grave, Grave, Noord Brabant, Netherlands
        Died: 30 Jun 1538 at , Arnhem, Gelderland, Netherlands

SOURCES

1). royalfam.ged

2). royalfam.ged

4). royalfam.ged

5). royalfam.ged

6). royalfam.ged

7). royalfam.ged


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adolf_of_Egmond

Adolf of Egmond

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Adolf of Egmond (Grave, January 12, 1438 - Tournai, June 27, 1477) was a Duke of Guelders from 1465–1471 and in 1477.

He was the son of Arnold of Egmond, Duke of Guelders and Catherine of Cleves, daughter of Adolph I, Duke of Cleves.

In the battle of succession for Guelders, he imprisoned in 1465 his own father and became Duke with the support of Philip the Good, who also made him Knight in the Order of the Golden Fleece. In 1468 he won the Battle of Straelen against Cleves, but Charles the Bold reinstated his father Arnold, and Adolf was imprisoned in Hesdin.

After the death of Charles the Bold in 1477, he was liberated by the Flemish.

He died the same year at the head of a Flemish army besieging Tournai, after the States of Guelders had recognized him as Duke.

Adolf married Catharine of Bourbon (1440–1469), daughter of Charles I, Duke of Bourbon, in 1463. They had 2 children :

   * Philippa (1467–1547), married in 1485 René II, Duke of Lorraine (1451–1508)
   * Charles (1467–1538), later Duke of Guelders, married in 1518 with Elisabeth of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1494–1572), daughter of Henry I of Lüneburg.

Preceded by

Arnold Duke of Guelders

1465–1471 Succeeded by

Arnold

Preceded by

Charles the Bold Duke of Guelders

1477–1477 Succeeded by

Mary of Burgundy

This page was last modified on 27 April 2010 at 04:26.


Adolf of Egmond (Grave, January 12, 1438 - Tournai, June 27, 1477) was a Duke of Guelders, Count of Zutphen from 1465–1471 and in 1477.

He was the son of Arnold, Duke of Guelders and Catherine of Cleves, daughter of Adolph I, Duke of Cleves.

In the battle of succession for Guelders, he imprisoned in 1465 his own father and became Duke with the support of Philip the Good, who also made him Knight in the Order of the Golden Fleece. In 1468 he won the Battle of Straelen against Cleves, but Charles the Bold reinstated his father Arnold, and Adolf was imprisoned in Hesdin.

After the death of Charles the Bold in 1477, he was liberated by the Flemish.

He died the same year at the head of a Flemish army besieging Tournai, after the States of Guelders had recognized him as Duke.

Adolf married Catharine of Bourbon (1440–1469), daughter of Charles I, Duke of Bourbon, in 1463. They had 2 children :

Philippa (1467–1547), married in 1485 René II, Duke of Lorraine (1451–1508)

Charles (1467–1538), later Duke of Guelders, married in 1518 with Elisabeth of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1494–1572), daughter of Henry I of Lüneburg.

The Peerage


Stamboom nr. : 104.596.

Generatie : 17.

Hij is geboren in Doornik - Tournai is de franse vertaling van Doornik.

view all 13

Adolf van Egmont, duke of Guelders's Timeline

1438
January 12, 1438
Grave, North Brabant, The Netherlands
1439
March 15, 1439
Age 1
Arnhem, Arnhem, Gelderland, The Netherlands
March 15, 1439
Age 1
Arnhem,,Belgium
March 15, 1439
Age 1
Arnhem, , Belgium
1467
November 9, 1467
Age 29
Grave,North Brabant,Netherlands
November 9, 1467
Age 29
Grave, North Brabant, Netherlande
November 9, 1467
Age 29
Of Slot Grave,Grave,Noord-Brabant,Netherlands
1470
1470
Age 31
1475
1475
Age 36