Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York

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Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York

生日 (42)
出生地 Conisbrough, Yorkshire, , England
逝世 1415年10月25日 (42)
Agincourt, Pas-de-Calais, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
葬于 St Mary the Virgin and All Saints Churchyard, Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire, England
直接亲属

Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of YorkIsabella of Castile, Duchess consort of York之子
Philippa de Mohun, Lady of the Isle of WightBeatriz de Portugal, reina consorte de Castilla的丈夫
Constance of York, Countess of GloucesterRichard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge的兄弟

Occupation: 2nd Duke of York
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About Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York

Sir Edward of Norwich, 1st Duke of Norwich, 1st Duke of Albermale, 2nd Duke of York, 2nd Earl of Cambridge, Duke of Aumale KG (1373 – 25 October 1415) was a member of the English royal family who died at the Battle of Agincourt.

The son of Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, and his first wife Isabella of Castile. His paternal grandparents were Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. His maternal grandparents were King Pedro of Castile and Maria de Padilla.

Edward is thought to have been born in Norwich. He was close to his cousin King Richard II, and was created Earl of Rutland by him in 1390, Earl of Cork in about 1396 and then Duke of Aumale in 1397. This association put him out of favour after the usurpation of King Henry IV, and he was deprived of his Dukedom. In 1400 he participated in the Epiphany Rising, an attempted coup against Henry IV to restore the deposed Richard II, but Edward betrayed the conspirators to the king resulting in the death of many of his peers by mob violence. In 1402 he succeeded his father as Duke of York. He married a widow, Philippa de Mohun, but there were no children from their marriage.

Edward wrote “The Master of Game”, a translation of the most famous of the hunting treatises of the Middle Ages, the “Livre de Chasse” of Gaston Phoebus, Count de Foix, adding five chapters of his own.

Edward took part in King Henry V's war on France and died at the Battle of Agincourt, the major English casualty in that battle.

On his death, the dukedom did not immediately pass to his nephew, Richard Plantagenet, as Richard's father Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge, had been attainted for treason, but the younger Richard was eventually restored to the Dukedom.

As the Duke of Aumerle, he is a major character in William Shakespeare's Richard II, and he is also a minor character in Henry V. Although his death is depicted by Shakespeare and his adapters as an act of heroism, it was in fact more of an accident: along with many of the French knights, he was unable to remain upright when unhorsed in the fray and effectively died of suffocation under a pile of other men and horses. thumb|150px|Coat of arms.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Arms

As a grandson, in the male line, of the sovereign, Edward bore the arms of the kingdom, differenced by a label argent 3-point, per pale Castile and Leon. Upon his father's death in 1402, Edward inherited his arms, which were those of the kingdom, differentiated by a label argent of three points, each bearing three torteaux gules.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_of_Norwich,_2nd_Duke_of_York

See also:

http://www.thepeerage.com/p10198.htm#i101980

http://www.geneall.net/U/per_page.php?id=1255

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=37688323

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Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York的年谱

1373
1373年
Conisbrough, Yorkshire, , England
1415
1415年10月25日
42岁
Agincourt, Pas-de-Calais, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
1930
1930年11月1日
42岁
1930年11月1日
42岁
1930年11月1日
42岁
1931
1931年3月27日
42岁
1931年3月27日
42岁
1931年3月27日
42岁
1965
1965年12月7日
42岁