About Sir Andrew Murray
Sir Andrew Murray (1298–1338), also known as Sir Andrew Moray or Sir Andrew Murray of Bothwell, was a Scottish military leader who commanded resistance forces loyal to David II of Scotland against Edward Balliol and Edward III of England during the Second War of Scottish Independence. He was twice chosen as Guardian of Scotland, from 1332 to 1333, and again from 1335 until his death in 1338.
Murray was the son of Andrew Moray, William Wallace's companion-in-arms, who died at the Battle of Stirling Bridge shortly before Murray's birth. Murray acceded his father to the lordship of Petty and his uncle, Sir William Murray, to the lordship of Bothwell in Lanarkshire. He was married for the second time in 1327 to the Lady Christina Bruce, sister of Robert I of Scotland.
In 1335 he won an important victory at the Battle of Culblean against a force led by David III Strathbogie, titular Earl of Atholl, the principal supporter of Edward Balliol in north Scotland.
From 1335 to 1338, Murray led Scottish raids against the English strongholds in southern Scotland. Murray's resistance campaign systematically destroyed all English fortresses along the Scotland-England frontier. The success of the Scottish resistance coupled with the increasing build-up for the war between France and England forced Edward Balliol and Edward III to withdraw their armies from Scotland.
Murray died in 1338 at his Avoch Castle and was buried at Dunfermline Abbey.
a) ANDREW Moray of Bothwell (1298-Avoch 1338, bur Rosemarkie in Moray, transferred to Dunfermline). His parentage is confirmed by John of Fordun´s Scotichronicon (Continuator) which records that "Andreas de Moravia, pater Andreæ nobilis" was killed "III Id Sep" in 1297 "apud pontem de Strivelyne". Inquisitions dated 28 Nov 1300 (writ 10 Nov 1300) following the death of "William de Moray" record that "Andrew de Moray, slain at Stirling against the king, son of the late Sir Andrew de Moray, has a lawful son…Andrew who dwells in Moray…two years of age at Pentecost last" was his heir. John of Fordun´s Scotichronicon (Continuator) records that "nobilis Andreas de Moravia custos Scotiæ, post obsidionem castri de Edinburgh" died in 1338 "apud Davach" and was buried "in Rosmarky", his bones later transferred to "Dunfermelyn…altari B. Virginis". The Liber Pluscardensis records the death "apud locum de Davach" in 1338 of "dominus Andreas de Moravia, custos Scociæ" and his burial "apud Rosmarkin". Regent of Scotland. [m firstly ---. As Andrew´s known wife was probably past child-bearing age when they married, it is likely that his two sons were born from an otherwise unrecorded first marriage.] m [secondly] (Papal dispensation 20 Sep 1326, Cambuskenneth 1326) as her third husband, CHRISTIAN Bruce, widow firstly of GRATNEY Earl of Mar and secondly of Sir CHRISTOPHER Seton, daughter of ROBERT Bruce Earl of Carrick & his first wife Margaret Ctss of Carrick (-[1356/27 Jan 1357], bur Dunfermline). John of Fordun´s Scotichronicon (Continuator) records the marriage of "Andreas de Moravia" and "dominam Christianam sororem…regis" at Cambuskenneth in 1326. The Papal dispensation for the marriage of "Andree de Moravia domino de Bothvile" and "Cristiane de Setono nate quondam Robert de Bruys", issued by Pope John XXII, is dated 20 Sep 1326. Andrew & his [first] wife had two children:
i) JOHN de Moray (-[20 Apr/5 Sep] 1351). Lord of Bothwell. "Thomas de Moravia panetarius Scotie" confirmed a donation by "bone memorie Johannis de Moravia fratris mei senioris" to Moray, for the soul of "bone memorie domini Andree de Moravia patris mei", by charter dated 8 May 1353. m (Papal dispensation 21 Nov 1348) as her first husband, MARGARET Graham Ctss of Menteith, widow of firstly of Sir JOHN Moray of Bothwell, divorced wife secondly of THOMAS Earl of Mar, and widow thirdly of Sir JOHN Drummond of Concraig, daughter of Sir JOHN Graham & his wife Mary Ctss of Menteith (-[21 Jul 1372/4 May 1380]). She married secondly (Papal dispensations 15 Aug 1352 and 29 May 1354, divorced before Feb 1359) as his first wife, Thomas Earl of Mar, thirdly (Papal dispensation 1360) John Drummond of Concraig, and fourthly (Papal dispensation 9 Sep 1361) as his first wife, Robert Stewart, who succeeded as Earl of Menteith in 1361, de iure uxoris, and was appointed Duke of Albany in 1398.
ii) THOMAS de Moray of Bothwell (-1361). "Thomas de Moravia panetarius Scotie" confirmed a donation by "bone memorie Johannis de Moravia fratris mei senioris" to Moray, for the soul of "bone memorie domini Andree de Moravia patris mei", by charter dated 8 May 1353. m as her first husband, JOAN Moray of Drumsagard, daughter of MAURICE Moray Earl of Strathearn & his wife Joan Menteith (-[Jan 1403/Aug 1409]). She married secondly (Papal dispensation 23 Jul 1362) Archibald Douglas "the Grim", who succeeded in 1388 as 3rd Earl of Douglas. "Archebaldus de Douglas dñs Galwidie et de Bothevile" confirmed "terras de Arbuthnot" to "Philippo de Arbuthnot et Margarete de Douglas filie Jacobi de Douglas militis dñi de Dalkeith" by charter dated 25 Oct 1372 which names "Joneta sponsam nostram".
(9) Sir Andrew Moray. He was mortally wounded at the battle of Stirling Bridge, 11th September 1297, fighting for Sir William Wallace. He had a posthumous son: -
(10)Sir Andrew Moray, died 1338, who was a strong supporter of King Robert Bruce. First Marriage -
- 10 (a) Sir John (No. 11).
- 10 (b) Sir Thomas (No. 12).
Sir Andrew Murray's Timeline
Bothwell, Lanark, Scotland
Bothwell, Midlothian, Scotland
Avoch, Ross and Cromarty, Scotland, United Kingdom