Nikolaus II, 7th Prince Esterházy

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Nikolaus Ferdinand Esterházy of Galántha, II

Hungarian: Esterházy of Galántha II Miklós Ferdinánd
Birthdate: (67)
Birthplace: Wien (Vienna), Austria
Death: November 25, 1833 (67)
Como, Italy
Immediate Family:

Son of Anton I, 6th Prince Esterházy and Mária Terézia Erdődy de Monyorókerék et Monoszló
Husband of Maria Josepha Prinzessin von und zu Liechtenstein
Father of Paul III Anton, 8th Prince Esterházy; Miklós Károly Esterházy de Galántha and Princess Maria Leopoldine Josepha Aloysia Esterházy de Galántha
Brother of Antal Károly Esterházy de Galántha; Mária Therezia Esterházy de Galántha and Mária Leopoldina Esterházy de Galántha

Occupation: VII. Fürst Esterházy de Galántha
Managed by: FARKAS Mihály László
Last Updated:

About Nikolaus II, 7th Prince Esterházy


Miklós Ferdinand 7. Fürst Esterházy de Galántha [1,2,3,4]

1765 - 1833

First name(s) Nikolaus Ferdinand Franz Xaver Anton

Birth 12 Dec 1765 Wien

Sex Male

Lived In Hungary

Complete *

Died 25 Nov 1833 Como, Italy

Person ID I00044577 Leo

Last Modified 04 Jun 2002

Father Pal Antal Anselm, 6.Fürst Esterházy de Galántha, b. 11 Apr 1738, Wien Mother Gräfin Maria Theresia Reinhardine Caecilia Eva Erdödy de Monyorókerék et Monoszló, b. 23 Nov 1745, Wien

Family ID F00019201 Group Sheet

Family Princess Maria Josepha Hermenegildis von und zu Liechtenstein, b. 13 Apr 1768, Wien Married 15 Sep 1783 Wien

Children >

-1. Pál Antal, 8.Fürst Esterházy de Galántha, b. 10 Mar 1786, Wien >

-2. Princess Maria Leopoldine Josepha Aloysia Esterházy de Galántha, b. 31 Jan 1788, Wien

-3. Prince Miklós Karoly Esterházy de Galántha, b. 6 Apr 1799

Last Modified 04 Jun 2002

Family ID F00019218 Group Sheet


More like his grandfather than his father, he moved his court back to Kismarton (Eisenstadt) which had been neglected for thirty years. However, his ambitious plans for it were never implemented as years of spending had taken its toll on the Esterházy fortune, and as well he too continued this extravagance by buying the estate of Pottendorf in 1803 and then the Abbey of Edelstätten in Bavaria. He was a Field-Marshal and Ambassador; he was also the patron of Franz Liszt. As well, he created a museum for paintings in Vienna in the 'Gartenpalast'.

An unsubstantiated story tells of Napoléon having offered him the crown of Hungary in 1809; but had this been the case, he would have refused out of loyalty to the Habsburgs.

Another story tells of how he once put down a boastful Scottish landowner, proud of his 2,000 sheep, by telling him that he himself employed 2,500 shepherds, one for every hundred of his Merino breed.

Forrás / Source:

Prince Nikolaus II [Miklós Ferdinánd] (1765–1833)

Son of Anton. In his youth he served as an officer in the Guards and took the Grand Tour. Later on he served the Empire as a diplomat.

A dramatic moment in Nikolaus's career occurred in 1809 when Napoleon made him an offer to become King of an independent Hungary. Nicholas helped save the Empire by rejecting Napoleon's invitation. Actually, he went further than this, and raised a regiment of volunteers to help defend the Empire, an action he had previously taken in 1797.

During his Grand Tour experience Nikolaus developed a taste for the visual arts, and as Prince Nikolaus accumulated a great collection of drawings and paintings. His profligacy as a collector caused financial difficulties for the next two generations of the family.

Haydn biographer Karl Geiringer describes Nicolaus II thus: "He was as complete an autocrat as his grandfather had been, but lacked the latter's charm, kindliness, and genuine understanding of music . . . contemporaries described the prince's nature as 'worthy of an Asiatic despot'".[8]

Nikolaus II commissioned the six late masses of Haydn noted above, as well as the Mass in C of Ludwig van Beethoven. At the first performance of the Beethoven Mass, the Prince criticized the work, and Beethoven left his house in a rage.

The Prince could play the clarinet, or so it would appear from one of the portraits of him.

The splendour of Nikolaus II's reign was greatly diminished by a financial crisis that shook Austria in 1811.

Forrás / Source:,_Prince_Esterh%C3%A1zy

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Nikolaus II, 7th Prince Esterházy's Timeline

December 12, 1765
Wien (Vienna), Austria
March 10, 1786
Age 20
Wien (Vienna), Austria
January 31, 1788
Age 22
Wien (Vienna), Austria
April 6, 1799
Age 33
November 25, 1833
Age 67
Como, Italy