Count Wolfgang I Graf von Fürstenberg

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Count Wolfgang I Graf von Fürstenberg

Birthdate: (44)
Death: December 31, 1509 (44)
Ortenberg Castle
Immediate Family:

Son of Konrad V, Graf zu Fürstenberg and Kunigunde, Gräfin von Matsch
Husband of Elisabeth von Solms-Braunfels
Father of Wilhelm von Fürstenberg; Friedrich II Graf von Fürstenberg and Anna Alexandrina von Fürstenberg
Brother of Heinrich (Henry) VII von Fürstenberg and Anna von Waldburg-Sonnenberg

Managed by: Ric Dickinson
Last Updated:

About Count Wolfgang I Graf von Fürstenberg

Wolfgang Graf zu Furstenberg, land steward of the Duchy Wirtemberg as .

Wolfgang (* 1 or 3 April [2] 1465 ; † 31st December 1509 at Ortenberg Castle ) was Count von Fürstenberg from 1484 until his death , as well as Landgraf von Baar , Herr zu Wolfach , Haslach and Hausach . He was closely connected to the Wuerttemberg rulers as well as the House of Hapsburg, and was one of the most influential men of his time in the south-west of Germany. In addition, during his reign, he was able to significantly expand the originally strongly fragmented territory of Fürstenberg and build up a coherent territorial government. Through these two developments, the county's entry into the real Reichspolitik took place during its reign. [3]

Life and Government Government Appeal and Rise

Wolfgang von Fürstenberg came from the main line of the Fürstenberg family and was the son of Count Konrad , who was from 1441 to 1484, and Countess Kunigund von Maetsch . After the death of his father on April 24, 1484, Wolfgang and his brother brother Henry VII joined together.

1485 Wolfgang was in the service of the Kurfürsten Philipp of the Palatinate , the year after the Emperor of hit him Holy Roman Empire , Maximilian I , at his coronation in Aachen on April 5 knighted . From 1489, Wolfgang von Fürstenberg served the Wuerttemberg rulers in various ways, but at the same time he also entered the Reichspolitik. In 1490 he took part in the siege of Hungarian-occupied Vienna by Maximilian [4] on August 30, 1492 ( according to other data, ) He annulled his council against a remuneration of 200 florins, and thus rose in government positions. Around 1500, Maximilian appointed Wolfgang to the "Royal Council and Chamberlain".

In 1497, he was appointed mayor of Maximilian to be the mayor of Wurttemberg. As such, he represented the twelve-headed Regency Council, founded by Duke Eberhard I , who, after the death of the ruler, took over the government business for his successor, Eberhard II, in 1496, which was regarded as non-governmental because of his "unregulated change of life." Shortly thereafter the young duke was overthrown; In May 1498 Maximilian handed over the land to the minor Count Ulrich of Württemberg , so that Wolfgang and the Regency Council continued to lead the government.

Commander in the Swabian War

In the Swabian War against the Confederation Wolfgang von Furstenberg was first commander about the beginning of 1499 Army of Württemberg appointed at the end of February, the besieged by the Swiss Engen shocked and address the troops stationed there of the Swabian League united. In the absence of support from other German princes, however, she could not prevent the Swiss from devastating Hegau . It had to confine itself to defending some fortified places; Only on February 23rd a small unit of Swiss citizens could be defeated at Aach . On the 8th In March, Wolfgang von Fuerstenberg was appointed the supreme commander-in- chief , that is, the commander- in- chief of the German army , on a Bundestag of the Swabian Confederation; Eight were assigned to him. As such he undertook a reconnaissance campaign on 14 March to Schaffhausen and attacked Neunkirch and Hallau on 4 April .

Representation of the battle of schwaderloh from the Chronicle of Johannes Stumpf On April 10, he began with a troop (400 to 600 men) Reisigern and about ten times as many foot soldiers a campaign in the Thurgau , where the next day the three villages Triboltingen , Ermatingen and Mannenbach were conquered. When the army, however, returned to Constance after a thorough plunder with two captured guns, its right flank was attacked by the Swiss. The next battle in the Schwaderloh cost the Swabia 1300 men, the Swiss about 100: The alcoholic and loaded rich booty Wolfgang's fled farewell, While the cavalry under the Count himself had to defend himself against the spies, and, according to tradition, proved great bravery. After this defeat, the remaining troops were returned to the Hegau. A second incursion of the Swiss could be repulsed by the rapid procurement of reinforcements, and the siege of the village of Stockach in the Hegau could be ended from the outside .

Wolfgang's brother Heinrich, who was appointed Maximilian on 24 April by the chief field leader of the front Austrian lands and his colleague , was killed on 22 July at the Battle of Dornach . At this time, Wolfgang was no longer aware of any major warfare. Maximilian himself had now arrived in the war zone and himself led a number of attacks, while the Swabian Confederation concentrated on purely defensive measures for fear of Swiss offensives and did not support the king.

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Count Wolfgang I Graf von Fürstenberg's Timeline

April 1, 1465
January 7, 1491
Age 25
June 19, 1496
Age 31
at Castle Water Lappe in Ense (district of Soest)
December 31, 1509
Age 44
Ortenberg Castle