John Murray, 3rd Duke of Atholl

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About John Murray, 3rd Duke of Atholl

John Murray, 3rd Duke of Atholl KT, PC (6 May 1729 – 5 November 1774), known as John Murray until 1764, was a Scottish peer and Tory politician.

Murray was the eldest son of Lord George Murray, fifth son of John Murray, 1st Duke of Atholl. James Murray and George Murray were his younger brothers.

Murray sat as Member of Parliament for Perthshire from 1761 to 1764. On 8 January 1764, his uncle and father-in-law, the 2nd Duke of Atholl died. Murray should have been heir to the dukedom, which was only able to descend through the male line; but he was ineligible since his father had fought in Jacobite Rising of 1745 and consequently been attained in the blood. However, on 7 February 1764, the House of Lords deemed Murray as the rightful heir to his uncle's title (notwithstanding the attainder of his father) and he succeed him as 3rd Duke of Atholl. He was elected a Scottish Representative Peer in 1766. He was Grand Master of the Ancient Grand Lodge of England from 1771 until 1774, and Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Scotland from 1773 to 1774.

Atholl married his first cousin, Lady Charlotte, daughter of James Murray, 2nd Duke of Atholl, at Dunkeld, on 23 October 1753. They had nine children:

  1. Lady Charlotte Murray (1754–1808)
  2. John Murray, 4th Duke of Atholl (1755–1830)
  3. The Right Reverend Lord George Murray (1761–1803)
  4. Lord William Murray (1762–1796)
  5. Lady Amelia Murray (1763–1818)
  6. Lady Jane Murray (1764–1846)
  7. Lord Henry Murray (1767–1805)
  8. Lady Mary Murray (1769–1814)
  9. The Very Reverend Lord Charles Murray-Aynsley (1771–1808)

Atholl died in November 1774, aged 45, after drowning in the River Tay in a fit of delirium and was buried at Dunkeld. His eldest son John succeeded him in the dukedom.,_3rd_Duke_of_Atholl Pge 23 (No. 104)

104) George Murray, sixth son of John (No. 102), born 4th October 1694; died 11th October 1760. He fought for the Jacobites in 1715, 1719, and 1745, and held high command in the Prince's army at Prestonpans and Culloden. He escaped to Holland and was attainted. On 3rd June 1728 he married Amelia, daughter of Dr James Murray of Glencarse and Strowan (No. 181, c). She was served heir to her father 30th July 1754, and died 29th March 1766, leaving:

  • 104(a) John (No. 105 below).
  • 104(b) Major-General James Murray of Strowan, born 19th March 1734; died unmarried 19th March 1794. He was M.P. for Perthshire 1773-80 and 1784-94.
  • 104(c) Vice- Admiral George Murray of Pitcaithly, born 22nd August 1741; died s.p. 17th October 1797. He married, 13th May 1784, Wilhelmina, daughter of Thomas, fifth Lord King. She died 29th December 1795.


icn_check.gif Burkes Peerage Extract (Full document attached)

JOHN MURRAY, 3rd Duke of Atholl, KT (1767); born 6 May 1729; Capt 54th Foot, MP (Tory) Perthshire 1761–64, rep S peer 1766–74; married 23 Oct 1753 his cousin CHARLOTTE, BARONESS STRANGE in her own right (died 13 Oct 1805; seeabove), only surviving child and heiress of 2nd Duke of Atholl (with whom he sold their sovereignty of the Isle of Man 1765 to the Br Govt for £70,000 cash down (over £3,600,000 in early–2000s terms) and £2,000 (over £103,000 in early–2000s terms) a year for their joint lives, reserving their real estate ownership rights), and died 5 Nov 1774,

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John Murray, 3rd Duke of Atholl's Timeline

May 6, 1729
August 2, 1754
Age 25
June 30, 1755
Age 26
December 5, 1757
Age 28
January 6, 1759
Age 29
January 30, 1761
Age 31
March 20, 1762
Age 32
July 3, 1763
Age 34
Scotland, United Kingdom
December 2, 1764
Age 35